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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

bransh: Represented by very many words in the Hebrew.

(1) zemorah used especially of a vine branch. The spies "cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes" (Numbers 13:23). See also Ezekiel 15:2 Nahum 2:2. "They put the branch to their nose" (Ezekiel 8:17), refers to some unknown idolatrous practice, as does also Isaiah 17:10, "thou plantest pleasant plants, and settest it with strange slips," or "vine slips of a strange (god)" the Revised Version, margin.

(2) yoneqeth, literally "a sucker." "The tender branch thereof will not cease" (Job 14:7). Used figuratively of Israel, Psalm 80:11 (the Revised Version (British and American) "shoots"); Ezekiel 17:22 the King James Version; Hosea 14:6, and of the wicked, Job 8:16 (the Revised Version (British and American) "shoots"), 15:30.

(3) kippah, Job 15:32. Isaiah 9:14; Isaiah 19:15, the Revised Version (British and American) has "palm-branch," "Therefore Yahweh will cut off from Israel head and tail, palm-branch and rush, in one day" (9:14).

(4) netser (of the same Hebrew root, according to many commentators, as Nazareth), literally "a little shoot springing from the root" ("out of a shoot from her roots," Daniel 11:7), which may be planted out to grow (Isaiah 11:1; Isaiah 60:21), or may be rooted out and thrown away (Isaiah 14:19).

(5) tsemach. The "branch" of Messianic prophecy. See PROPHECY. "In that day shall the branch (m "shoot" or "sprout") of Yahweh be beautiful and glorious" (Isaiah 4:2); "a shoot out of the stock of Jesse" (Isaiah 11:1); "a righteous branch" (Jeremiah 23:5; Jeremiah 33:15): "my servant the Branch" (Zechariah 3:8); "the man whose name is the Branch" (Zechariah 6:12).

(6) qanah, is used for the "branches" of the golden candlesticks (Exodus 25:32; Exodus 37:18). Literally, qanah means a "reed." There are a number of words, less frequently used, meaning "branch":

(7) baddim (plural only used; Ezekiel 17:6; Ezekiel 19:14).

(8) dalith (plural only used; Jeremiah 11:16).

(9) maTTeh (Ezekiel 19:11).

(10) ca`iph (Isaiah 18:5; ce`appah (plural) (Ezekiel 31:6); car`appah (Ezekiel 31:5)).

(11) `anaph (Malachi 4:1 Psalm 80:11); `anaph (Daniel 4:14, 21); `eneph (Ezekiel 36:8).

(12) pu'rah, "a bough" (Isaiah 10:33); po'roth (pl. only) (Ezekiel 31:5, 8).

(13) tsammereth, "foliage" or "boughs of trees," literally "locks" or "fleece" of trees (Ezekiel 17:3; Ezekiel 31:3).

(14) qatsir (collective) (Job 14:9), "boughs" (Psalm 80:11), "branches."

(15) shibbeleth, the two olive branches of Zechariah 4:12.

(16) soqch, root meaning "to interweave" (Judges 9:49); sokhah (Judges 9:48), "boughs."

(17) sarigh (pl. only, sarighim), "branches" (of the vine) (Genesis 40:10 Joel 1:7). Represented in Greek in the New Testament:

(1) baion (John 12:13), "a palm branch."

(2) klados (Matthew 13:32; Matthew 21:8; Matthew 24:32 Mark 4:32; Mark 13:28 Luke 13:19 Romans 11:16, 17, 18, 19, 21).

(3) klema, a slip or cutting of the vine, especially one cut off to be grafted into another plant (John 15:2, 4, 5, 6).

(4) stibos (= stoibas), a "twig" or "bough" (Mark 11:8).

E. W. G. Masterman


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