Romans 11:10
New International Version
May their eyes be darkened so they cannot see, and their backs be bent forever."

New Living Translation
Let their eyes go blind so they cannot see, and let their backs be bent forever."

English Standard Version
let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see, and bend their backs forever.”

Berean Study Bible
May their eyes be darkened so they cannot see, and their backs be bent forever.”

Berean Literal Bible
Let their eyes be darkened not to see, and their backs bent over forever."

New American Standard Bible
"LET THEIR EYES BE DARKENED TO SEE NOT, AND BEND THEIR BACKS FOREVER."

King James Bible
Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back alway.

Christian Standard Bible
Let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see, and their backs be bent continually.

Contemporary English Version
Blindfold their eyes! Don't let them see. Bend their backs beneath a burden that will never be lifted."

Good News Translation
May their eyes be blinded so that they cannot see; and make them bend under their troubles at all times."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Let their eyes be darkened so they cannot see, and their backs be bent continually.

International Standard Version
Let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see, and keep their backs forever bent."

NET Bible
let their eyes be darkened so that they may not see, and make their backs bend continually."

New Heart English Bible
Let their eyes be darkened, so that they can't see, and their backs be bent continually."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Let their eyes be darkened, lest they see, and may their back always be bent over.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Let their vision become clouded so that they cannot see. Let them carry back-breaking burdens forever."

New American Standard 1977
“LET THEIR EYES BE DARKENED TO SEE NOT, AND BEND THEIR BACKS FOREVER.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
Let their eyes be darkened that they may not see, and bow down their back always.

King James 2000 Bible
Let their eyes be darkened that they may not see, and bow down their back always.

American King James Version
Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back always.

American Standard Version
Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, And bow thou down their back always.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see: and bow down their back always.

Darby Bible Translation
let their eyes be darkened not to see, and bow down their back alway.

English Revised Version
Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, And bow thou down their back alway.

Webster's Bible Translation
Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back always.

Weymouth New Testament
Let darkness come over their eyes that they may be unable to see, and make Thou their backs continually to stoop."

World English Bible
Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see. Bow down their back always."

Young's Literal Translation
let their eyes be darkened -- not to behold, and their back do Thou always bow down.'
Study Bible
The Remnant of Israel
9And David says: “May their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution to them. 10May their eyes be darkened so they cannot see, and their backs be bent forever.” 11I ask then, did they stumble so as to lose their share? Certainly not! However, because of their trespass, salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel jealous.…
Cross References
Psalm 69:22
May their table become a snare; may it be a retribution and a trap.

Psalm 69:23
may their eyes be darkened so they cannot see, and their backs be bent forever.

Treasury of Scripture

Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back always.

their eyes.

Romans 11:8
(According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day.

Romans 1:21
Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.

Psalm 69:23
Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and make their loins continually to shake.

and bow.

Deuteronomy 28:64-68
And the LORD shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, even wood and stone…

Isaiah 51:23
But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict thee; which have said to thy soul, Bow down, that we may go over: and thou hast laid thy body as the ground, and as the street, to them that went over.

Isaiah 65:12
Therefore will I number you to the sword, and ye shall all bow down to the slaughter: because when I called, ye did not answer; when I spake, ye did not hear; but did evil before mine eyes, and did choose that wherein I delighted not.







Lexicon
{May} their
αὐτῶν (autōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

eyes
ὀφθαλμοὶ (ophthalmoi)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3788: The eye; fig: the mind's eye. From optanomai; the eye; by implication, vision; figuratively, envy.

be darkened
σκοτισθήτωσαν (skotisthētōsan)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Passive - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4654: To darken. From skotos; to obscure.

[so] they cannot see,
βλέπειν (blepein)
Verb - Present Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 991: (primarily physical), I look, see, perceive, discern. A primary verb; to look at.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

their
αὐτῶν (autōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

backs
νῶτον (nōton)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3577: The back (of men or animals). Of uncertain affinity; the back.

be bent
σύνκαμψον (synkampson)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4781: To oppress, bend together. From sun and kampto; to bend together, i.e. to afflict.

forever.”
παντὸς (pantos)
Adjective - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
(10) Let their eyes be darkened.--In the Apostle's sense, "Let them be spiritually blinded, incapable of discerning or receiving the truth, and let their backs be bowed with the yoke of spiritual thraldom!" The Hebrew is, "Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not, and make their loins continually to shake." On which Perowne remarks: "The darkening of the eyes denotes weakness and perplexity, as the enlightening of the eyes denotes renewed vigour and strength. Similarly, the shaking of the loins is expressive of terror and dismay and feebleness."

11:1-10 There was a chosen remnant of believing Jews, who had righteousness and life by faith in Jesus Christ. These were kept according to the election of grace. If then this election was of grace, it could not be of works, either performed or foreseen. Every truly good disposition in a fallen creature must be the effect, therefore it cannot be the cause, of the grace of God bestowed on him. Salvation from the first to the last must be either of grace or of debt. These things are so directly contrary to each other that they cannot be blended together. God glorifies his grace by changing the hearts and tempers of the rebellious. How then should they wonder and praise him! The Jewish nation were as in a deep sleep, without knowledge of their danger, or concern about it; having no sense of their need of the Saviour, or of their being upon the borders of eternal ruin. David, having by the Spirit foretold the sufferings of Christ from his own people, the Jews, foretells the dreadful judgments of God upon them for it, Ps 69. This teaches us how to understand other prayers of David against his enemies; they are prophecies of the judgments of God, not expressions of his own anger. Divine curses will work long; and we have our eyes darkened, if we are bowed down in worldly-mindedness.
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