Revelation 9:14
New International Version
It said to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, "Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates."

New Living Translation
And the voice said to the sixth angel who held the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great Euphrates River.”

English Standard Version
saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.”

Berean Study Bible
saying to the sixth angel with the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.”

Berean Literal Bible
saying to the sixth angel, the one having the trumpet, "Release the four angels, those having been bound at the great river Euphrates."

New American Standard Bible
one saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, "Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates."

King James Bible
Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates.

Christian Standard Bible
say to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, "Release the four angels bound at the great river Euphrates."

Contemporary English Version
The voice spoke to this angel and said, "Release the four angels who are tied up beside the great Euphrates River."

Good News Translation
The voice said to the sixth angel, "Release the four angels who are bound at the great Euphrates River!"

Holman Christian Standard Bible
say to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, "Release the four angels bound at the great river Euphrates."

International Standard Version
It told the sixth angel who had the trumpet, "Release the four angels who are held at the great Euphrates River."

NET Bible
saying to the sixth angel, the one holding the trumpet, "Set free the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates!"

New Heart English Bible
saying to the sixth angel who had one trumpet, "Free the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Which said to the sixth Angel that had a trumpet: “Loose the four Angels imprisoned at the great river Euphrates.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The voice said to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, "Release the four angels who are held at the great Euphrates River."

New American Standard 1977
one saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, Loose the four angels who are bound in the great river Euphrates.

King James 2000 Bible
Saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, Loose the four angels who are bound in the great river Euphrates.

American King James Version
Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates.

American Standard Version
one saying to the sixth angel that had one trumpet, Loose the four angels that are bound at the great river Euphrates.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Saying to the sixth angel, who had the trumpet: Loose the four angels, who are bound in the great river Euphrates.

Darby Bible Translation
saying to the sixth angel that had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound at the great river Euphrates.

English Revised Version
one saying to the sixth angel, which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound at the great river Euphrates.

Webster's Bible Translation
Saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, Loose the four angels who are bound in the great river Euphrates.

Weymouth New Testament
It said to the sixth angel--the angel who had the trumpet, "Set at liberty the four angels who are prisoners near the great river Euphrates."

World English Bible
saying to the sixth angel who had one trumpet, "Free the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates!"

Young's Literal Translation
saying to the sixth messenger who had the trumpet, 'Loose the four messengers who are bound at the great river Euphrates;'
Study Bible
The Sixth Trumpet
13Then the sixth angel sounded his trumpet, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar before God 14saying to the sixth angel with the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.” 15So the four angels who had been prepared for this hour and day and month and year were released to kill a third of mankind.…
Cross References
Genesis 15:18
On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, "To your descendants I have given this land--from the river of Egypt to the great River Euphrates--

Deuteronomy 1:7
Resume your journey and go to the hill country of the Amorites; go to all the neighboring peoples in the Arabah, in the hill country, in the foothills, in the Negev, and along the seacoast to the land of the Canaanites and to Lebanon, as far as the great River Euphrates.

Joshua 1:4
Your territory shall extend from the wilderness and Lebanon to the great River Euphrates--all the land of the Hittites--and west as far as the Great Sea.

Revelation 7:1
After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back its four winds so that no wind would blow on land or sea or on any tree.

Revelation 7:2
And I saw another angel ascending from the east, with the seal of the living God. And he called out in a loud voice to the four angels who had been given power to harm the land and the sea:

Revelation 16:12
Then the sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up to prepare the way for the kings of the East.

Treasury of Scripture

Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates.

to the.

Revelation 8:2,6
And I saw the seven angels which stood before God; and to them were given seven trumpets…

loose.

Revelation 9:15
And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men.

Revelation 16:12
And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared.

the great.

Genesis 2:14
And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.

2 Samuel 8:3
David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.

Jeremiah 51:63
And it shall be, when thou hast made an end of reading this book, that thou shalt bind a stone to it, and cast it into the midst of Euphrates:







Lexicon
saying
λέγοντα (legonta)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3004: (a) I say, speak; I mean, mention, tell, (b) I call, name, especially in the pass., (c) I tell, command.

to the
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

sixth
ἕκτῳ (hektō)
Adjective - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1623: Sixth. Ordinal from hex; sixth.

angel
ἀγγέλῳ (angelō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 32: From aggello; a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication, a pastor.

with
ἔχων (echōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2192: To have, hold, possess. Including an alternate form scheo skheh'-o; a primary verb; to hold.

the
τὴν (tēn)
Article - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

trumpet,
σάλπιγγα (salpinga)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4536: A trumpet, the sound of a trumpet. Perhaps from salos; a trumpet.

“Release
Λῦσον (Lyson)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3089: A primary verb; to 'loosen'.

the
τοὺς (tous)
Article - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

four
τέσσαρας (tessaras)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5064: Four. Or neuter tessara a plural number; four.

angels
ἀγγέλους (angelous)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 32: From aggello; a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication, a pastor.

who
τοὺς (tous)
Article - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

are bound
δεδεμένους (dedemenous)
Verb - Perfect Participle Middle or Passive - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 1210: To bind, tie, fasten; I impel, compel; I declare to be prohibited and unlawful. A primary verb; to bind.

at
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

the
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

great
μεγάλῳ (megalō)
Adjective - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3173: Large, great, in the widest sense.

river
ποταμῷ (potamō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4215: A river, torrent, stream. Probably from a derivative of the alternate of pino; a current, brook or freshet, i.e. Running water.

Euphrates.”
Εὐφράτῃ (Euphratē)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2166: The Euphrates, boundary river of the province Syria. Of foreign origin; Euphrates, a river of Asia.
Verse 14. - Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet. Tregelles reads, "Saying to the sixth angel, Thou that hast the trumpet," etc.; but the common rendering is much more probable. Here the angel is represented as directly causing the incidents which follow; in the other cases, we are only told that each angel "sounded." Loose the four angels which are hound in the great river Euphrates. This vision has led to a great variety of interpretations. Some are obviously absurd; in all these is considerable doubt and difficulty. The following is offered as a possible solution to some extent, though it is not pretended that every difficulty is satisfactorily disposed cf. In making this suggestion, the following circumstances have been borne in mind:

(1) The trumpet visions seem constructed upon a systematic plan, and therefore it seems likely that this judgment, like the fifth and the seventh, is a spiritual one (vide supra).

(2) The objects of this punishment are those who commit the sins described in vers. 20, 21.

(3) The vision must have borne some meaning for these to whom it was first delivered. It seems unlikely, therefore, that events are here portrayed which could not possibly have been foreseen and understood by the early Christians. This seems to exclude (except possibly in a secondary sense) all reference to the papacy, etc. (as Wordsworth).

(4) Whether the angels here described are good angels or bad angels makes no material difference to the main part of the vision, which is to set forth punishment for the ungodly, sanctioned or originated by God.

(5) The object of the punishment is to bring men to repentance, but it largely fails to do so (ver. 21). We therefore conclude that the whole judgment portrays the spiritual evils which afflict the ungodly in this life, and which give them, as it were, a foretaste of their doom in the life to come. Sin frequently brings unrest and trouble immediately in its train; seldom, if ever, peace and satisfaction. The stings of sin are, perhaps, none the less potent because their effect is frequently unseen by the general public. The terror of the murderer, the shame of the thief, the abasement and physical suffering of the impure, the delirium tremens of the drunkard, are very real torments. The number of such inflictions is, indeed, great enough to be described as "two myriads of myriads" (ver. 16): they destroy a part, but not the greater part (ver. 15, "the third part") of men; and yet how largely they fail to bring men to repentance! Such punishment is a foretaste of hell, as seems to be foreshadowed in the "fire and smoke and brimstone" of vers. 17, 18. Wordsworth and others contend that the "four angels" are good angels, who have been hitherto restrained. As remarked above, the point is not a material one, but it seems more probable that evil angels are intended. Their loosing does not necessarily mean that they are loosed at a time subsequent to this vision, but only that they are under the control of God, Who allows them freedom to carry out this mission. Thus also, in the case of the other judgments, it has been pointed out that the period of their operation may extend throughout all ages, from the beginning to the end of the world. They arise from the Euphrates. Many writers point out that this river was looked upon by the Israelites as the natural source from which sprang their enemies (see Isaiah 7:20; Isaiah 8:7; Jeremiah 46:10). Indeed, the Euphrates was looked upon as the boundary of the Jewish kingdom (Genesis 15:18; Deuteronomy 1:7; Deuteronomy 11:24; Joshua 1:4; 2 Samuel 8:3; 1 Chronicles 5:9); hence those coming from out of the Euphrates were frequently enemies. The expression may be merely accessory to the general filling up of the picture, or it may teach us that the punishments which follow flow from their natural source, viz. men's sins (cf. Revelation 16:12, where the Euphrates is certainly alluded to as the source from whence arise hostile hosts). 9:13-21 The sixth angel sounded, and here the power of the Turks seems the subject. Their time is limited. They not only slew in war, but brought a poisonous and ruinous religion. The antichristian generation repented not under these dreadful judgments. From this sixth trumpet learn that God can make one enemy of the church a scourge and a plague to another. The idolatry in the remains of the eastern church and elsewhere, and the sins of professed Christians, render this prophecy and its fulfilment more wonderful. And the attentive reader of Scripture and history, may find his faith and hope strengthened by events, which in other respects fill his heart with anguish and his eyes with tears, while he sees that men who escape these plagues, repent not of their evil works, but go on with idolatries, wickedness, and cruelty, till wrath comes upon them to the utmost.
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