Luke 3:2
New International Version
during the high-priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the wilderness.

New Living Translation
Annas and Caiaphas were the high priests. At this time a message from God came to John son of Zechariah, who was living in the wilderness.

English Standard Version
during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness.

Berean Study Bible
during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the wilderness.

Berean Literal Bible
during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came upon John son of Zechariah in the wilderness.

New American Standard Bible
in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness.

King James Bible
Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

Christian Standard Bible
during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, God's word came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness.

Contemporary English Version
Annas and Caiaphas were the Jewish high priests. At that time God spoke to Zechariah's son John, who was living in the desert.

Good News Translation
and Annas and Caiaphas were High Priests. At that time the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the desert.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, God's word came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness.

International Standard Version
and Annas and Caiaphas high priests, a message from God came to John, the son of Zechariah, in the wilderness.

NET Bible
during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness.

New Heart English Bible
in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John, the son of Zechariah, in the wilderness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
During The High Priesthood of Khanan and of Qaiapha, the word of God came upon Yohannan, son of Zachariah, in the wilderness.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
It was at the time when Annas and Caiaphas were chief priests that God spoke to John, son of Zechariah, in the desert.

New American Standard 1977
in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came upon John the son of Zachariah in the wilderness.

King James 2000 Bible
Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zachariah in the wilderness.

American King James Version
Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came to John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

American Standard Version
in the highpriesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Under the high priests Annas and Caiphas; the word of the Lord was made unto John, the son of Zachary, in the desert.

Darby Bible Translation
in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, [the] word of God came upon John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness.

English Revised Version
in the high-priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

Webster's Bible Translation
Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came to John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

Weymouth New Testament
during the High-priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, a message from God came to John, the son of Zechariah, in the Desert.

World English Bible
in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness.

Young's Literal Translation
Annas and Caiaphas being chief priests -- there came a word of God unto John the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness,
Study Bible
The Mission of John the Baptist
1In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, while Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, Herod tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, 2during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the wilderness. 3He went into all the region around the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins,…
Cross References
Matthew 3:1
In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the wilderness of Judea

Matthew 26:3
At that time the chief priests and elders of the people assembled in the courtyard of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas,

Mark 1:2
As it is written in Isaiah the prophet: "Behold, I will send My messenger ahead of You, who will prepare Your way."

Mark 1:3
"A voice of one calling in the wilderness, 'Prepare the way for the Lord, make straight paths for Him.'"

John 18:13
They brought Him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year.

John 18:24
Then Annas sent Him, still bound, to Caiaphas the high priest.

Acts 4:6
along with Annas the high priest, Caiaphas, John, Alexander, and many others from the high priest's family.

Treasury of Scripture

Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came to John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

Annas.

John 11:49-51
And one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all, …

John 18:13,14,24
And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year…

Acts 4:6
And Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the kindred of the high priest, were gathered together at Jerusalem.

the word.

Luke 1:59-63
And it came to pass, that on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child; and they called him Zacharias, after the name of his father…

Jeremiah 1:2
To whom the word of the LORD came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign.

Jeremiah 2:1
Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying,

in.

Luke 1:80
And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, and was in the deserts till the day of his shewing unto Israel.

Isaiah 40:3
The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.

Matthew 3:1
In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea,







Lexicon
during
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

[the] high priesthood
ἀρχιερέως (archiereōs)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 749: High priest, chief priest. From arche and hiereus; the high-priest; by extension a chief priest.

of Annas
Ἅννα (Hanna)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 452: Annas, high priest at Jerusalem. Of Hebrew origin; Annas, an Israelite.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

Caiaphas,
Καϊάφα (Kaiapha)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2533: Caiaphas, Jewish high priest. Of Chaldee origin; the dell; Caiaphas, an Israelite.

[the] word
ῥῆμα (rhēma)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4487: From rheo; an utterance, ; by implication, a matter or topic; with a negative naught whatever.

of God
Θεοῦ (Theou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2316: A deity, especially the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very.

came
ἐγένετο (egeneto)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Middle - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1096: A prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be, i.e. to become, used with great latitude.

to
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

John
Ἰωάννην (Iōannēn)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2491: Of Hebrew origin; Joannes, the name of four Israelites.

son
υἱὸν (huion)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5207: A son, descendent. Apparently a primary word; a 'son', used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship.

of Zechariah
Ζαχαρίου (Zachariou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2197: Of Hebrew origin; Zacharias, the name of two Israelites.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

the
τῇ (tē)
Article - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

wilderness.
ἐρήμῳ (erēmō)
Adjective - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2048: Lonesome, i.e. waste.
(2) Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests.--Strictly speaking, there could be only one high priest, and the office was filled at this time by Caiaphas. Annas had been appointed by the Roman Procurator Quirinus, A.D. 7. In A.D. 14, he had to give way to Ishmael, who was appointed by Gratus successor to Quirinus; then followed Eleazar and Simon, and then, in A.D. 25, Joseph Caiaphas, who had married the daughter of Annas (John 18:13). It was natural that this relationship should involve the restoration, as far as possible, of his old dignity, and either as the Nasi or President of the Sanhedrin, or as the Sagan or deputy of the high priest, he may have acted as a coadjutor, as in our Lord's trial, and come to be spoken of as still high priest. Five of his sons, it may be noted, filled the Pontifical office in succession. In Acts 4:6, he is named as distinctly the high priest. In St. John, as above, he shares the judicial authority with Caiaphas. St. Matthew and St. Mark do not name him.

Unto John the son of Zacharias.--This description of the Baptist is peculiar to St. Luke.

(2) As we go further back the names are all different till we come to Zerubbabel; and the list in St. Luke from Zerubbabel to Joseph contains twenty names, inclusive, while those in St. Matthew are only thirteen.

(2) The difference in the number of names presents no real difficulty. We have seen (Note on Matthew 1:9) that St. Matthew omits three names in the list of kings in order to adapt it to the memoria technica of fourteen names in each group, and what he did in one case he may well have done in another for the same reason.

Verse 2. - Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests. The older authorities read, "in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas." The mention of two high priests arises from the fact of the legitimate high priest, Annas, having been deposed some fifteen years previously by the action of the then Roman procurator, Valerius Gratus In spite of this official deposition, he still apparently continued to be regarded as the legitimate high priest by the great majority of his countrymen. His great position and claim to the pontifical office, as we shall see, was markedly recognized at the time of the state trial of our Lord. Since his deposition by the Roman government, four high priests had been promoted in succession to the office of chief pontiff. It appears that at this time and for a long series of years, this great and powerful man, although not daring publicly to defy the Roman authority by assuming the insignia of the high priest, filled the office of Nasi, or president of the Sanhedrin. The word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness. In the days of the above-mentioned rulers - pagan and Jewish, civil and ecclesiastical-came the summons to the son of Zacharias in his solitude in the wilderness. From childhood he had been designated for some great work, and he knew it; his whole early life had been a training for it; and at last the summons came. We are not told of its special form; it was doubtless a theophany, or a vision somewhat similar to the which revealed to Moses and Isaiah, to Jeremiah and Ezekiel, their special work, and the way in which that special work was to be done. 3:1-14 The scope and design of John's ministry were, to bring the people from their sins, and to their Saviour. He came preaching, not a sect, or party, but a profession; the sign or ceremony was washing with water. By the words here used John preached the necessity of repentance, in order to the remission of sins, and that the baptism of water was an outward sign of that inward cleansing and renewal of heart, which attend, or are the effects of true repentance, as well as a profession of it. Here is the fulfilling of the Scriptures, Isa 40:3, in the ministry of John. When way is made for the gospel into the heart, by taking down high thoughts, and bringing them into obedience to Christ, by levelling the soul, and removing all that hinders us in the way of Christ and his grace, then preparation is made to welcome the salvation of God. Here are general warnings and exhortations which John gave. The guilty, corrupted race of mankind is become a generation of vipers; hateful to God, and hating one another. There is no way of fleeing from the wrath to come, but by repentance; and by the change of our way the change of our mind must be shown. If we are not really holy, both in heart and life, our profession of religion and relation to God and his church, will stand us in no stead at all; the sorer will our destruction be, if we do not bring forth fruits meet for repentance. John the Baptist gave instructions to several sorts of persons. Those that profess and promise repentance, must show it by reformation, according to their places and conditions. The gospel requires mercy, not sacrifice; and its design is, to engage us to do all the good we can, and to be just to all men. And the same principle which leads men to forego unjust gain, leads to restore that which is gained by wrong. John tells the soldiers their duty. Men should be cautioned against the temptations of their employments. These answers declared the present duty of the inquirers, and at once formed a test of their sincerity. As none can or will accept Christ's salvation without true repentance, so the evidence and effects of this repentance are here marked out.
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