John 18:4
New International Version
Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to him, went out and asked them, "Who is it you want?"

New Living Translation
Jesus fully realized all that was going to happen to him, so he stepped forward to meet them. "Who are you looking for?" he asked.

English Standard Version
Then Jesus, knowing all that would happen to him, came forward and said to them, “Whom do you seek?”

Berean Study Bible
Jesus, knowing all that was coming upon Him, stepped forward and asked them, “Whom are you seeking?”

Berean Literal Bible
Therefore Jesus, knowing all things that are coming upon Him, having gone forth, also said to them, "Whom do you seek?"

New American Standard Bible
So Jesus, knowing all the things that were coming upon Him, went forth and said to them, "Whom do you seek?"

King James Bible
Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye?

Christian Standard Bible
Then Jesus, knowing everything that was about to happen to him, went out and said to them, "Who is it that you're seeking?"

Good News Translation
Jesus knew everything that was going to happen to him, so he stepped forward and asked them, "Who is it you are looking for?"

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Jesus, knowing everything that was about to happen to Him, went out and said to them, "Who is it you're looking for?""

International Standard Version
Then Jesus, knowing everything that was going to happen, went forward and asked them, "Who are you looking for?"

NET Bible
Then Jesus, because he knew everything that was going to happen to him, came and asked them, "Who are you looking for?"

New Heart English Bible
Jesus therefore, knowing all the things that were happening to him, went forth, and said to them, "Who are you looking for?"

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But Yeshua, because he knew all these things had come upon him, went out and said to them, “Whom are you seeking?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesus knew everything that was going to happen to him. So he went to meet them and asked, "Who are you looking for?"

New American Standard 1977
Jesus therefore, knowing all the things that were coming upon Him, went forth, and said to them, “Whom do you seek?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
Jesus therefore, knowing all the things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye?

King James 2000 Bible
Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek you?

American King James Version
Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come on him, went forth, and said to them, Whom seek you?

American Standard Version
Jesus therefore, knowing all the things that were coming upon him, went forth, and saith unto them, Whom seek ye?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said to them: Whom seek ye?

Darby Bible Translation
Jesus therefore, knowing all things that were coming upon him, went forth and said to them, Whom seek ye?

English Revised Version
Jesus therefore, knowing all the things that were coming upon him, went forth, and saith unto them, Whom seek ye?

Webster's Bible Translation
Jesus therefore, knowing all things that were coming upon him, went forth, and said to them, Whom seek ye?

Weymouth New Testament
Jesus therefore, knowing all that was about to befall Him, went out to meet them. "Who are you looking for?" He asked them.

World English Bible
Jesus therefore, knowing all the things that were happening to him, went forth, and said to them, "Who are you looking for?"

Young's Literal Translation
Jesus, therefore, knowing all things that are coming upon him, having gone forth, said to them, 'Whom do ye seek?'
Study Bible
The Betrayal of Jesus
3So Judas brought a band of soldiers and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees. They arrived at the garden carrying lanterns, torches, and weapons. 4Jesus, knowing all that was coming upon Him, stepped forward and asked them, “Whom are you seeking?” 5“Jesus of Nazareth,” they answered. Jesus said, “I am He.” And Judas, His betrayer, was standing there with them.…
Cross References
John 6:64
However, there are some of you who do not believe." (For Jesus had known from the beginning which of them did not believe and who would betray Him.)

John 13:1
It was now just before the Passover Feast, and Jesus knew that His hour had come to leave this world and return to the Father. Having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the very end.

John 13:11
For He knew who would betray Him. That is why He said, "Not all of you are clean."

John 18:5
"Jesus of Nazareth," they answered. Jesus said, "I am He." And Judas, His betrayer, was standing there with them.

John 18:7
So He asked them again, "Whom are you seeking?" "Jesus of Nazareth," they answered.

Treasury of Scripture

Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come on him, went forth, and said to them, Whom seek you?

knowing.

John 10:17,18
Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again…

John 13:1
Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.

John 19:28
After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.

Whom.

1 Kings 18:10,14-18
As the LORD thy God liveth, there is no nation or kingdom, whither my lord hath not sent to seek thee: and when they said, He is not there; he took an oath of the kingdom and nation, that they found thee not…

Nehemiah 6:11
And I said, Should such a man as I flee? and who is there, that, being as I am, would go into the temple to save his life? I will not go in.

Psalm 3:6
I will not be afraid of ten thousands of people, that have set themselves against me round about.







Lexicon
Jesus,
Ἰησοῦς (Iēsous)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2424: Of Hebrew origin; Jesus, the name of our Lord and two other Israelites.

knowing
εἰδὼς (eidōs)
Verb - Perfect Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1492: To know, remember, appreciate.

all
πάντα (panta)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

that
τὰ (ta)
Article - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

was coming
ἐρχόμενα (erchomena)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 2064: To come, go.

upon
ἐπ’ (ep’)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

Him,
αὐτὸν (auton)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

stepped forward
ἐξῆλθεν (exēlthen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1831: To go out, come out. From ek and erchomai; to issue.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

asked
λέγει (legei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3004: (a) I say, speak; I mean, mention, tell, (b) I call, name, especially in the pass., (c) I tell, command.

them,
αὐτοῖς (autois)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

“Whom
Τίνα (Tina)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

are you seeking?”
ζητεῖτε (zēteite)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 2212: To seek, search for, desire, require, demand. Of uncertain affinity; to seek; specially, to worship, or to plot.
(4) Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come (better, were coming) upon him.--Comp. Matthew 26:45.

Went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye?--i.e., probably, went forth from the garden itself. (Comp. Note on John 18:26.) Other possible interpretations are, "went forth from the depth of the garden;" or, "went forth from the circle of the disciples standing round;" or, "went forth from the shade of the tree into the moonlight." For the word, comp. John 18:1, and Matthew 14:14). The kiss of Judas, mentioned in all the earlier Gospels, must be placed here between "went forth" and "said unto them."

For the question, comp. Matthew 26:50. Jesus will boldly face the danger, and direct it upon Himself, that the disciples may be saved from it (John 18:8).

Verse 4. - Jesus then - the οϋν implies that our Lord discerned the approach of the hostile band - knowing all the things that were coming upon him - in full consciousness of his position, and in voluntary sacrifice of himself to the will of God and the purpose of his mission - went forth; i.e. from the garden enclosure - see Ver. 1 - (say Meyer and Godet); from the recesses of the garden or the garden-house (say others); partly in consequence of the language of the kinsman of Maichus," Did I not see thee in the garden?" But this is perfectly compatible with the obvious fact that the eight disciples and the favored three should have shrunk behind our Lord when he calmly emerged from the entrance to the garden, and that their position would be thus sufficiently indicated. It is remarkable that John, who has been accused of personal malice to Judas (i.e. by those who, like Renan, admit, to a certain extent, the Johan-nine authorship), does not refer to the traitor's kiss. This well-attested and traditionally sustained incident is not excluded by the narrative before us - indeed, the second reference to Judas seems to imply something special in his conduct, which is needed to account for it. We can hardly suppose that it could have taken place before the Lord Jesus had uttered his solemn word, but it may easily have occurred as the first answer to his summons. And saith unto them, Whom seek ye? 18:1-12 Sin began in the garden of Eden, there the curse was pronounced, there the Redeemer was promised; and in a garden that promised Seed entered into conflict with the old serpent. Christ was buried also in a garden. Let us, when we walk in our gardens, take occasion from thence to mediate on Christ's sufferings in a garden. Our Lord Jesus, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth and asked, Whom seek ye? When the people would have forced him to a crown, he withdrew, ch.
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