Genesis 21:9
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham was mocking,

New Living Translation
But Sarah saw Ishmael--the son of Abraham and her Egyptian servant Hagar--making fun of her son, Isaac.

English Standard Version
But Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to Abraham, laughing.

Berean Study Bible
But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham was mocking her son,

New American Standard Bible
Now Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to Abraham, mocking.

King James Bible
And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking.

Christian Standard Bible
But Sarah saw the son mocking--the one Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham.

Good News Translation
One day Ishmael, whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham, was playing with Sarah's son Isaac.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But Sarah saw the son mocking--the one Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham.

International Standard Version
Nevertheless, when Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian—whom Hagar had borne to Abraham—making fun of Isaac,

NET Bible
But Sarah noticed the son of Hagar the Egyptian--the son whom Hagar had borne to Abraham--mocking.

New Heart English Bible
Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to Abraham, mocking.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Sarah saw that Abraham's son by Hagar the Egyptian was laughing at Isaac.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne unto Abraham, making sport.

New American Standard 1977
Now Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to Abraham, mocking.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had born unto Abraham, mocking.

King James 2000 Bible
And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne unto Abraham, mocking.

American King James Version
And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born to Abraham, mocking.

American Standard Version
And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne unto Abraham, mocking.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when Sara had seen the son of Agar the Egyptian playing with Isaac her son, she said to Abraham:

Darby Bible Translation
And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to Abraham, mocking.

English Revised Version
And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had borne unto Abraham, mocking.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had borne to Abraham, mocking.

World English Bible
Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to Abraham, mocking.

Young's Literal Translation
and Sarah seeth the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she hath borne to Abraham, mocking,
Study Bible
Sarah Turns Against Hagar
9But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham was mocking her son, 10and she said to Abraham, “Expel the slave woman and her son, for the slave woman’s son will never share in the inheritance with my son Isaac!”…
Cross References
Galatians 4:29
At that time, however, the son born by the flesh persecuted the son born by the Spirit. It is the same now.

Genesis 16:1
Now Abram's wife Sarai had not borne a child to him, but she had an Egyptian maidservant named Hagar.

Genesis 16:4
And he slept with Hagar, and she conceived. But when Hagar realized that she was pregnant, she began to despise her mistress.

Genesis 21:8
So the child grew and was weaned, and Abraham held a great feast on the day Isaac was weaned.

Proverbs 22:10
Drive out the mocker, and conflict will depart; even quarreling and insults will cease.

Treasury of Scripture

And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born to Abraham, mocking.

Sarah.

Genesis 16:3-6,15 And Sarai Abram's wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram …

Genesis 17:20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: Behold, I have blessed him, …

Egyptian.

Genesis 16:1,15 Now Sarai Abram's wife bore him no children: and she had an handmaid, …

mocking.

2 Kings 2:23,24 And he went up from there to Bethel: and as he was going up by the …

2 Chronicles 30:10 So the posts passed from city to city through the country of Ephraim …

2 Chronicles 36:16 But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and …

Nehemiah 4:1-5 But it came to pass, that when Sanballat heard that we built the …

Job 30:1 But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers …

Psalm 22:6 But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people.

Psalm 42:10 As with a sword in my bones, my enemies reproach me; while they say …

Psalm 44:13,14 You make us a reproach to our neighbors, a scorn and a derision to …

Proverbs 20:11 Even a child is known by his doings, whether his work be pure, and …

Lamentations 1:7 Jerusalem remembered in the days of her affliction and of her miseries …

Galatians 4:22,29 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a female …

Hebrews 11:36 And others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings, yes, moreover …







(9) Mocking.--The verb used here is the same as that rendered to laugh in Genesis 21:6, but in an intensive conjugation. What exactly Ishmael was doing is not said, but we may dismiss all those interpretations which charge him with abominable wickedness; for had he been guilty of any such criminal conduct, the sending him away would not have been so "very grievous in Abraham's sight" (Genesis 21:11). On the other hand, we may feel sure that Sarah was not without good reason for her conduct; for St. Paul bears witness that Ishmael persecuted Isaac (Galatians 4:29). The LXX. and Vulg. translate playing, sporting, and Gesenius thinks that he was "dancing gracefully; "but if this were all, Sarah's jealousy would have been most unjust. When, however, we consider that Ishmael had been for fourteen years the heir, and that he now fell back into an inferior position, we cannot be surprised if at this banquet in his rival's honour he gave way to spiteful feelings, and by word and gesture derided and ridiculed him. Hagar too had probably never regarded Sarah with much affection since her forced return, and now that her son was disinherited, her bitterness would grow more intense. These jealousies are the inevitable results of polygamy; and wherever it exists, the father's life is made wretched by the intrigues of the women for their children.

Verse 9. - And Sarah saw - at the feast already mentioned (Knobel, Keil); probably also on different occasions since the birth of Isaac - the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking. Παίζοντα μετὰ Ισαὰκ τοῦ υἰοῦ αὐτης (LXX.), ludentem cum Isaaco filio sue (Vulgate), playing like a child (Aben Ezra, Knobel, Tuch, Ilgen), playing and dancing gracefully (Gesenius); but the stronger sense of the word, implying mockery, scoffing, irritating and deriding laughter (Kimchi, Vatablus, Grotius, Calvin, Rosenmüller, Keil, Kalisch, 'Speaker's Commentary,' Murphy), besides being admissible (cf. Genesis 19:14; Genesis 26:8; Genesis 39:14, 17; Exodus 32:6), seems involved in the Piel form of the participle מְצַחֵק (Kurtz), and is demanded by Galatians 4:29. That Ishmael ridiculed the banquet on the occasion of Isaac's weaning (Malvenda), quarreled with him about the heirship (Fagins, Piseator), and perhaps made sport of him as a father of nations (Hengstenberg), though plausible conjectures, are not stated in the text. Ainsworth dates from this event the 400 years of Israel's oppression (vide Genesis 15:13). And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian,.... That is, Ishmael, who is not expressed by name, but described by being a son of Hagar, a servant of Sarah's, and an Egyptian woman; all which seems to be observed by way of slight, both to Hagar and her son:

which she had born unto Abraham; not unto Sarah, as she proposed to herself, when she gave her maid to Abraham, Genesis 16:2. This son of Abraham she saw

mocking; either at the entertainment made at the weaning of Isaac; or rather at Isaac himself, laughing at his name, and treating him with contempt as his younger brother, and boasting that he was the firstborn, and that the inheritance belonged to him; and threatening what he would do to him, should he hereafter offer to dispute it with him, under pretence of the promise of God that he should be Abraham's heir, and at which promise also he may be supposed to mock: and that this contention was about the inheritance seems plain from the words of Sarah in Genesis 21:10; and in it Ishmael might not only rise to high words, but come to blows, and beat his brother; for it is observed the word used sometimes so signifies, 2 Samuel 2:14; wherefore the apostle might truly call it a persecution, Galatians 4:29; and as even cruel mockings are, Hebrews 11:35. As for the various senses the Jewish commentators put upon this, there does not seem to be any foundation for them, as that Ishmael was committing idolatry, and endeavouring to draw his brother into it; or was talking in an indecent and lascivious manner, in order to corrupt his mind; or that he was intending and attempting to take away his life, by shooting an arrow at him, and pretending it was but in jest and in play; See Gill on Galatians 4:29. 9. Sarah saw the son of Hagar … mocking—Ishmael was aware of the great change in his prospects, and under the impulse of irritated or resentful feelings, in which he was probably joined by his mother, treated the young heir with derision and probably some violence (Ga 4:29).21:9-13 Let us not overlook the manner in which this family matter instructs us not to rest in outward privileges, or in our own doings. And let us seek the blessings of the new covenant by faith in its Divine Surety. Ishmael's conduct was persecution, being done in profane contempt of the covenant and promise, and with malice against Isaac. God takes notice of what children say and do in their play; and will reckon with them, if they say or do amiss, though their parents do not. Mocking is a great sin, and very provoking to God. And the children of promise must expect to be mocked. Abraham was grieved that Ishmael should misbehave, and Sarah demand so severe a punishment. But God showed him that Isaac must be the father of the promised Seed; therefore, send Ishmael away, lest he corrupt the manners, or try to take the rights of Isaac. The covenant seed of Abraham must be a people by themselves, not mingled with those who were out of covenant: Sarah little thought of this; but God turned aright what she said.
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