Genesis 12:18
New International Version
So Pharaoh summoned Abram. “What have you done to me?” he said. “Why didn’t you tell me she was your wife?

New Living Translation
So Pharaoh summoned Abram and accused him sharply. “What have you done to me?” he demanded. “Why didn’t you tell me she was your wife?

English Standard Version
So Pharaoh called Abram and said, “What is this you have done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife?

Berean Study Bible
So Pharaoh summoned Abram and asked, “What have you done to me? Why didn’t you tell me she was your wife?

King James Bible
And Pharaoh called Abram, and said, What is this that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife?

New King James Version
And Pharaoh called Abram and said, “What is this you have done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife?

New American Standard Bible
Then Pharaoh called Abram and said, “What is this that you have done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife?

NASB 1995
Then Pharaoh called Abram and said, “What is this you have done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife?

NASB 1977
Then Pharaoh called Abram and said, “What is this you have done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife?

Amplified Bible
Then Pharaoh called Abram and said, “What is this that you have done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife?

Christian Standard Bible
So Pharaoh sent for Abram and said, “What have you done to me? Why didn’t you tell me she was your wife?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Pharaoh sent for Abram and said, “What have you done to me? Why didn’t you tell me she was your wife?

American Standard Version
And Pharaoh called Abram, and said, What is this that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Pharaoh called Abram and said to him, “What is this that you have done to me? Why did you not show me that she is your wife?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Pharao having called Abram, said, What is this thou hast done to me, that thou didst not tell me that she was thy wife?

Contemporary English Version
Finally, the king sent for Abram and said to him, "What have you done to me? Why didn't you tell me Sarai was your wife?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Pharao called Abram, and said to him: What is this that thou hast done to me? Why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife.

English Revised Version
And Pharaoh called Abram, and said, What is this that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife?

Good News Translation
Then the king sent for Abram and asked him, "What have you done to me? Why didn't you tell me that she was your wife?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then Pharaoh called for Abram. "What have you done to me?" he asked. "Why didn't you tell me that she's your wife?

International Standard Version
Pharaoh summoned Abram and asked, "What have you done to me! Why didn't you tell me that she was your wife?

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Pharaoh called Abram, and said: 'What is this that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife?

Literal Standard Version
And Pharaoh calls for Abram and says, “What [is] this you have done to me? Why have you not declared to me that she [is] your wife?

NET Bible
So Pharaoh summoned Abram and said, "What is this you have done to me? Why didn't you tell me that she was your wife?

New Heart English Bible
Pharaoh summoned Abram and said, "What is this that you have done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife?

World English Bible
Pharaoh called Abram and said, "What is this that you have done to me? Why didn't you tell me that she was your wife?

Young's Literal Translation
And Pharaoh calleth for Abram, and saith, 'What is this thou hast done to me? why hast thou not declared to me that she is thy wife?

Additional Translations ...
Context
Abram and Sarai in Egypt
17The LORD, however, afflicted Pharaoh and his household with severe plagues because of Abram’s wife Sarai. 18So Pharaoh summoned Abram and asked, “What have you done to me? Why didn’t you tell me she was your wife? 19Why did you say, ‘She is my sister,’ so that I took her as my wife? Now then, here is your wife. Take her and go!”…

Cross References
Genesis 12:19
Why did you say, 'She is my sister,' so that I took her as my wife? Now then, here is your wife. Take her and go!"

Genesis 20:3
One night, however, God came to Abimelech in a dream and told him, "You are as good as dead because of the woman you have taken, for she is a married woman."

Genesis 20:9
Then Abimelech called Abraham and asked, "What have you done to us? How have I sinned against you, that you have brought such tremendous guilt upon me and my kingdom? You have done things to me that should not be done."

Genesis 20:10
Abimelech also asked Abraham, "What prompted you to do such a thing?"

Genesis 26:10
"What is this you have done to us?" asked Abimelech. "One of the people could easily have slept with your wife, and you would have brought guilt upon us."

Genesis 29:25
When morning came, there was Leah! "What have you done to me?" Jacob said to Laban. "Wasn't it for Rachel that I served you? Why have you deceived me?"


Treasury of Scripture

And Pharaoh called Abram and said, What is this that you have done to me? why did you not tell me that she was your wife?

Genesis 3:13
And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.

Genesis 4:10
And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.

Genesis 20:9,10
Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said unto him, What hast thou done unto us? and what have I offended thee, that thou hast brought on me and on my kingdom a great sin? thou hast done deeds unto me that ought not to be done…









Verses 18, 19. - And Pharaoh called Abram and said, What is this that thou hast done unto me t why didst thou not tell me she was thy wife? In which case we are bound to believe the monarch that he would not have taken her. Why saidst thou, She is my sister? so I might have taken her to me to wife (which as yet he had not done; an indirect proof both of the monarch's honorable purpose towards Sarai and of Sarai's unsullied purity): now therefore behold thy wife, take her, and go thy way. According to Josephus ('Bell. Jud.' 5. 9:4) Sarah was only one night in Pharaoh's house; but this is obviously incorrect.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
So Pharaoh
פַרְעֹה֙ (p̄ar·‘ōh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6547: Pharaoh -- a title of Egypt kings

summoned
וַיִּקְרָ֤א (way·yiq·rā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7121: To call, proclaim, read

Abram
לְאַבְרָ֔ם (lə·’aḇ·rām)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 87: Abram -- 'exalted father', the original name of Abraham

and asked,
וַיֹּ֕אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 559: To utter, say

“What
מַה־ (mah-)
Interrogative
Strong's 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

have you done to me?
עָשִׂ֣יתָ (‘ā·śî·ṯā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

Why
לָ֚מָּה (lām·māh)
Interrogative
Strong's 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

did you not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

tell
הִגַּ֣דְתָּ (hig·gaḏ·tā)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 5046: To be conspicuous

me she
הִֽוא׃ (hî)
Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

was your wife?
אִשְׁתְּךָ֖ (’iš·tə·ḵā)
Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 802: Woman, wife, female


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OT Law: Genesis 12:18 Pharaoh called Abram and said What (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 12:17
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