1 Peter 5:3
New International Version
not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock.

New Living Translation
Don't lord it over the people assigned to your care, but lead them by your own good example.

English Standard Version
not domineering over those in your charge, but being examples to the flock.

Berean Study Bible
not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock.

Berean Literal Bible
not as exercising lordship over those in your charge, but being examples to the flock.

New American Standard Bible
nor yet as lording it over those allotted to your charge, but proving to be examples to the flock.

King James Bible
Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.

Christian Standard Bible
not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock.

Contemporary English Version
Don't be bossy to those people who are in your care, but set an example for them.

Good News Translation
Do not try to rule over those who have been put in your care, but be examples to the flock.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock.

International Standard Version
Do not lord it over the people entrusted to you, but be examples to the flock.

NET Bible
And do not lord it over those entrusted to you, but be examples to the flock.

New Heart English Bible
neither as lording it over those entrusted to you, but making yourselves examples to the flock.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Not as lords of the flock, but as you would be excellent examples.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Don't be rulers over the people entrusted to you, but be examples for the flock to follow.

New American Standard 1977
nor yet as lording it over those allotted to your charge, but proving to be examples to the flock.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and not as having lordship over the heritage of the Lord, but in such a manner as to be examples of the flock.

King James 2000 Bible
Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being examples to the flock.

American King James Version
Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.

American Standard Version
neither as lording it over the charge allotted to you, but making yourselves ensamples to the flock.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Neither as lording it over the clergy, but being made a pattern of the flock from the heart.

Darby Bible Translation
not as lording it over your possessions, but being models for the flock.

English Revised Version
neither as lording it over the charge allotted to you, but making yourselves ensamples to the flock.

Webster's Bible Translation
Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being examples to the flock.

Weymouth New Testament
not lording it over your Churches but proving yourselves patterns for the flock to imitate.

World English Bible
neither as lording it over those entrusted to you, but making yourselves examples to the flock.

Young's Literal Translation
neither as exercising lordship over the heritages, but patterns becoming of the flock,
Study Bible
Instructions to Elders
2Be shepherds of God’s flock that is among you, watching over them not out of compulsion, but because it is God’s will; not out of greed, but out of eagerness; 3not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock. 4And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the crown of glory that will never fade away.…
Cross References
Numbers 18:7
But only you and your sons shall attend to your priesthood for everything concerning the altar, and for what is inside the veil, and you are to perform that service. I am giving you the work of the priesthood as a gift, but any outsider who comes near the sanctuary must be put to death."

Ezekiel 34:4
You have not strengthened the weak, healed the sick, bound up the injured, brought back the strays, or searched for the lost. Instead, you have ruled them with violence and cruelty.

Matthew 20:25
But Jesus called them aside and said, "You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their superiors exercise authority over them.

John 13:15
I have set you an example so that you should do as I have done for you.

2 Corinthians 1:24
Not that we lord it over your faith, but we are fellow workers with you for your joy, because it is by faith that you stand firm.

Philippians 3:17
Join one another in following my example, brothers, and carefully observe those who live according to the pattern we set for you.

1 Thessalonians 1:7
As a result, you have become an example to all the believers in Macedonia and Achaia.

2 Thessalonians 3:9
Not that we lack this right, but we wanted to offer ourselves as an example for you to imitate.

1 Timothy 4:12
Let no one despise your youth, but set an example for the believers in speech, in conduct, in love, in faith, in purity.

Titus 2:7
In everything, show yourself to be an example by doing good works. In your teaching show integrity, dignity,

Treasury of Scripture

Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.

as.

Ezekiel 34:4
The diseased have ye not strengthened, neither have ye healed that which was sick, neither have ye bound up that which was broken, neither have ye brought again that which was driven away, neither have ye sought that which was lost; but with force and with cruelty have ye ruled them.

Matthew 20:25,26
But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them…

Matthew 23:8-10
But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren…

being lords over.

1 Peter 2:9
But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:

Deuteronomy 32:9
For the LORD'S portion is his people; Jacob is the lot of his inheritance.

Psalm 33:12
Blessed is the nation whose God is the LORD; and the people whom he hath chosen for his own inheritance.

but.

1 Corinthians 11:11
Nevertheless neither is the man without the woman, neither the woman without the man, in the Lord.

Philippians 3:17
Brethren, be followers together of me, and mark them which walk so as ye have us for an ensample.

Philippians 4:9
Those things, which ye have both learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, do: and the God of peace shall be with you.







Lexicon
not
μηδ’ (mēd’)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3366: And not, not even, neither´┐Żnor. From me and de; but not, not even; in a continued negation, nor.

lording it over
κατακυριεύοντες (katakyrieuontes)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2634: To exercise authority over, overpower, master. From kata and kurieuo; to lord against, i.e. Control, subjugate.

those entrusted to you,
κλήρων (klērōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2819: (a) a lot, (b) a portion assigned; hence: a portion of the people of God assigned to one's care, a congregation.

but
ἀλλὰ (alla)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 235: But, except, however. Neuter plural of allos; properly, other things, i.e. contrariwise.

being
γινόμενοι (ginomenoi)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 1096: A prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be, i.e. to become, used with great latitude.

examples
τύποι (typoi)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5179: From tupto; a die, i.e. a stamp or scar; by analogy, a shape, i.e. A statue, style or resemblance; specially, a sampler, i.e. A model or instance.

to the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

flock.
ποιμνίου (poimniou)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4168: A little flock. Neuter of a presumed derivative of poimne; a flock, i.e. group.
(3) Neither as being lords.--Rather, nor yet as lording it. The English version is somewhat too strict for the Greek and for the sense. There is a sense in which the heads of the Church are, and ought to be, lords and princes over the rest; but this is very different from "lording it," acting tyrannically, forgetting the constitutional rights of their subjects.

Over God's heritage.--Quite literally, Over the lots. The word first of all means (as in Matthew 27:35 or Acts 1:26) the actual scrap of paper or wood that was tossed. Then it comes to mean (like the word "lot" in the language of auctions) the piece of property that falls by lot to any one's share. Then all notion of chance disappears, and it comes to mean the portion assigned to any one. So St. Peter says that Simon Magus has "no share nor lot in this thing" (Acts 8:21). In Acts 26:18, Colossians 1:12, the same word is rendered "inheritance." In Acts 17:4, our version endeavours, not very successfully, through the Latin word "consorted," to keep up the underlying notion of the Greek, which literally is "were allotted to Paul and Silas." Here, therefore, we must understand "the lots," over which the clergy are not to lord it, to be the different congregations, districts, parishes, dioceses, which had been allotted to them. At the same time it does not at all imply that any process like drawing of lots had been resorted to in their appointment, as is seen from Acts 17:4, just cited. It will be seen that our version is misleading in substituting singular for plural, and in inserting the word "God's." The whole flock is God's (1Peter 5:2), purchased with His own blood; but the "allotments" are the portions assigned by Him to the different clergy. It is some consolation to see, when we groan under the lives and characters of some church officers now, that even in the Apostles' days cowardice, greed, and self-assertion were not unknown.

Ensamples to the flock.--The best way of becoming a real prince and lord over men is to show them by example what they ought to do, like Chaucer's Parson, who--

"Cristes lore and hys Apostlis twelve

He taught, but fyrst hee practys'd it himselve."

Leighton well quotes from Nazianzen: "Either teach not, or teach by living."

Verse 3. - Neither as being lords over God's heritage; rather, as in the Revised Version, neither as lording it over the charge allotted to you. The κατά ιν τηε verb κατακυριέω is not only intensive, it implies something of scorn and tyranny or even of hostility, as also in καταδυναστεύω (James 2:6); comp. Matthew 20:25. The literal rendering of the clause is, "lording it over the lots." The Authorized Version, following Beza, supplies τοῦ Θεοῦ, "God's heritage." But if this were the apostle's meaning, he would surely have used the singular, κλῆρος, "the lot or portion of God;" and it is very unlikely that he would have left the most important word to be supplied. Some commentators take κλῆροι in its modern sense, of the clergy, as if St. Peter was commanding the bishops not to tyrannize over the inferior clergy. But this view involves an anachronism; the word had not acquired this meaning in St. Peter's time. It is clearly best to understand it of the lots or portions assigned to individual presbyters. The word κλῆρος originally meant a "lot" (Matthew 27:35; Acts 1:26), then portions assigned by casting lots, as the possessions of the tribes of Israel (Joshua 18 and 19), then any portion or inheritance however obtained; thus in Deuteronomy 10:9 the Lord is said to be the Inheritance κλῆρος of the Levites. In later times the word was applied to the clergy, who were regarded as, in a special sense, the Lord's portion or inheritance, perhaps because God was pleased to take the tribe of Levi instead of the firstborn, saying, the Levites shall be mine (Numbers 3:12). But being ensamples to the flock; literally, becoming examples. They must imitate the great Example, the Lord Jesus, and, by gradual imitation of his blessed character, become examples themselves. Thus they will acquire a more salutary influence and a truer authority. "The life should command, and the tongue persuade" (Athanasius, quoted by Fronmuller). 5:1-4 The apostle Peter does not command, but exhorts. He does not claim power to rule over all pastors and churches. It was the peculiar honour of Peter and a few more, to be witnesses of Christ's sufferings; but it is the privilege of all true Christians to partake of the glory that shall be revealed. These poor, dispersed, suffering Christians, were the flock of God, redeemed to God by the great Shepherd, living in holy love and communion, according to the will of God. They are also dignified with the title of God's heritage or clergy; his peculiar lot, chosen for his own people, to enjoy his special favour, and to do him special service. Christ is the chief Shepherd of the whole flock and heritage of God. And all faithful ministers will receive a crown of unfading glory, infinitely better and more honourable than all the authority, wealth, and pleasure of the world.
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