1 Kings 5:14
New International Version
He sent them off to Lebanon in shifts of ten thousand a month, so that they spent one month in Lebanon and two months at home. Adoniram was in charge of the forced labor.

New Living Translation
He sent them to Lebanon in shifts, 10,000 every month, so that each man would be one month in Lebanon and two months at home. Adoniram was in charge of this labor force.

English Standard Version
And he sent them to Lebanon, 10,000 a month in shifts. They would be a month in Lebanon and two months at home. Adoniram was in charge of the draft.

Berean Study Bible
He sent them to Lebanon in monthly shifts of 10,000 men, so that they would spend one month in Lebanon and two months at home. And Adoniram was in charge of the forced labor.

King James Bible
And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses: a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home: and Adoniram was over the levy.

New King James Version
And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month in shifts: they were one month in Lebanon and two months at home; Adoniram was in charge of the labor force.

New American Standard Bible
Then he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month in shifts; they were in Lebanon for a month, and two months at home. And Adoniram was in charge of the forced laborers.

NASB 1995
He sent them to Lebanon, 10,000 a month in relays; they were in Lebanon a month and two months at home. And Adoniram was over the forced laborers.

NASB 1977
And he sent them to Lebanon, 10,000 a month in relays; they were in Lebanon a month and two months at home. And Adoniram was over the forced laborers.

Amplified Bible
He sent them to Lebanon, 10,000 a month in shifts; one month they were in Lebanon and two months at home. Adoniram was in charge of the forced laborers.

Christian Standard Bible
He sent ten thousand to Lebanon each month in shifts; one month they were in Lebanon, two months they were at home. Adoniram was in charge of the forced labor.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He sent 10,000 to Lebanon each month in shifts; one month they were in Lebanon, two months they were at home. Adoniram was in charge of the forced labor.

American Standard Version
And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses; a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home; and Adoniram was over the men subject to taskwork.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he sent them to Lebanon, they were exchanged ten thousand per month; a month they were in Lebanon and two months in one’s house, and Aduniram was authorized over the taxes.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he sent them to Libanus, ten thousand taking turn every month: they were a month in Libanus and two months at home: and Adoniram was over the levy.

Contemporary English Version
and he put Adoniram in charge of these workers. Solomon divided them into three groups of 10,000. Each group worked one month in Lebanon and had two months off at home.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he sent them to Libanus, ten thousand every month by turns, so that two months they were at home: and Adoniram was over this levy.

English Revised Version
And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses: a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home: and Adoniram was over the levy.

Good News Translation
and put Adoniram in charge of them. He divided them into three groups of 10,000 men, and each group spent one month in Lebanon and two months back home.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He sent a shift of 10,000 men to Lebanon for a month. They would spend one month in Lebanon and two months at home. Adoniram was in charge of forced labor.

International Standard Version
He sent 10,000 men to Lebanon in shifts lasting one month. They worked one month in Lebanon for every two months they worked at home. Adoniram was placed in charge of the conscripted labor.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses: a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home; and Adoniram was over the levy.

Literal Standard Version
and he sends them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month, by changes; they are in Lebanon [for] a month [and] two months in their own house; and Adoniram [is] over the tribute.

NET Bible
He sent them to Lebanon in shifts of 10,000 men per month. They worked in Lebanon for one month, and then spent two months at home. Adoniram was supervisor of the work crews.

New Heart English Bible
He sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses; a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home; and Adoniram was over the men subject to forced labor.

World English Bible
He sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses; a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home; and Adoniram was over the men subject to forced labor.

Young's Literal Translation
and he sendeth them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month, by changes, a month they are in Lebanon, two months in their own house; and Adoniram is over the tribute.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Solomon's Workmen and Laborers
13Then King Solomon conscripted a labor force of 30,000 men from all Israel. 14He sent them to Lebanon in monthly shifts of 10,000 men, so that they would spend one month in Lebanon and two months at home. And Adoniram was in charge of the forced labor. 15Solomon had 70,000 porters and 80,000 stonecutters in the mountains,…

Cross References
1 Kings 4:6
Ahishar was in charge of the palace; and Adoniram son of Abda was in charge of the forced labor.

1 Kings 12:18
Then King Rehoboam sent out Adoram, who was in charge of the forced labor, but all Israel stoned him to death. And King Rehoboam mounted his chariot in haste and escaped to Jerusalem.

2 Chronicles 10:18
Then King Rehoboam sent out Hadoram, who was in charge of the forced labor, but the Israelites stoned him to death. And King Rehoboam mounted his chariot in haste and escaped to Jerusalem.


Treasury of Scripture

And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses: a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home: and Adoniram was over the levy.

a month

1 Kings 4:7-19
And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision…

1 Chronicles 27:1-15
Now the children of Israel after their number, to wit, the chief fathers and captains of thousands and hundreds, and their officers that served the king in any matter of the courses, which came in and went out month by month throughout all the months of the year, of every course were twenty and four thousand…

Adoniram

1 Kings 4:6
And Ahishar was over the household: and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the tribute.









Verse 14. - And he sent them to Lebanon ten thousand a month, by courses [Heb. changes]: a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home [they had to serve, that is to say, four months out of the twelve - no very great hardship], and Adoniram [see on 1 Kings 4:6; 12:18] was over the levy.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
He sent them
וַיִּשְׁלָחֵ֣ם (way·yiš·lā·ḥêm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's 7971: To send away, for, out

to Lebanon
לְבָנ֗וֹנָה (lə·ḇā·nō·w·nāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's 3844: Lebanon -- a wooded mountain range on the northern border of Israel

in monthly
בַּחֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ (ba·ḥō·ḏeš)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2320: The new moon, a month

shifts
חֲלִיפ֔וֹת (ḥă·lî·p̄ō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 2487: Alternation

of ten
עֲשֶׂ֨רֶת (‘ă·śe·reṯ)
Number - masculine singular construct
Strong's 6235: Ten

thousand,
אֲלָפִ֤ים (’ă·lā·p̄îm)
Number - masculine plural
Strong's 505: A thousand

so that they would spend
יִהְי֣וּ (yih·yū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

one month
חֹ֚דֶשׁ (ḥō·ḏeš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2320: The new moon, a month

in Lebanon
בַלְּבָנ֔וֹן (ḇal·lə·ḇā·nō·wn)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 3844: Lebanon -- a wooded mountain range on the northern border of Israel

[and] two
שְׁנַ֥יִם (šə·na·yim)
Number - md
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

months
חֳדָשִׁ֖ים (ḥo·ḏā·šîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 2320: The new moon, a month

at home.
בְּבֵית֑וֹ (bə·ḇê·ṯōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1004: A house

And Adoniram [was]
וַאֲדֹנִירָ֖ם (wa·’ă·ḏō·nî·rām)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 141: Adoniram -- 'my Lord is exalted', one of Solomon's leaders

in charge
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

of the labor force.
הַמַּֽס׃ (ham·mas)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4522: Body of forced laborers, forced service, taskworkers, taskwork, serfdom


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Adoniram Adoni'ram Bands Changes Charge Control Country Courses Forced Home House Laborers Lebanon Month Months Spent Subject Taskwork Ten Thousand Tribute Working
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OT History: 1 Kings 5:14 He sent them to Lebanon ten thousand (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg)
1 Kings 5:13
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