1 Kings 5
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Materials for the Temple
(2 Chronicles 2:1-10)

1Now when Hiram king of Tyre heard that Solomon had been anointed king in his father’s place, he sent envoys to Solomon; for Hiram had always been friends with David.

2And Solomon relayed this message to Hiram:

3“As you are aware, because of the wars waged on all sides against my father David, he could not build a house for the Name of the LORD his God until the LORD had put his enemies under his feet. 4But now the LORD my God has given me rest on every side, and there is no adversary or crisis.

5So behold, I plan to build a house for the Name of the LORD my God, according to what the LORD said to my father David: ‘I will put your son on your throne in your place, and he will build the house for My Name.’

6Now therefore, order that cedars of Lebanon be cut down for me. My servants will be with your servants, and I will pay your servants whatever wages you set, for you know that there are none among us as skilled in logging as the Sidonians.”

Hiram’s Reply
(2 Chronicles 2:11-18)

7When Hiram received Solomon’s message, he rejoiced greatly and said, “Blessed be the LORD this day! He has given David a wise son over this great people!” 8Then Hiram sent a reply to Solomon, saying:

“I have received your message; I will do all you desire regarding the cedar and cypress timber. 9My servants will haul the logs from Lebanon to the sea, and I will float them in rafts by sea to the place you specify. There I will separate the logs, and you can take them away. And in exchange, you can meet my needs by providing my household with food.”

10So Hiram provided Solomon with all the cedar and cypress timber he wanted, 11and year after year Solomon would provide Hiram with twenty thousand corsa of wheat as food for his household, as well as twenty thousand bathsb of pure olive oil.

12And the LORD gave Solomon wisdom, as He had promised him. There was peace between Hiram and Solomon, and the two of them made a treaty.

Solomon’s Workmen and Laborers
(2 Chronicles 2:2)

13Then King Solomon conscripted a labor force of thirty thousand men from all Israel. 14He sent them to Lebanon in monthly shifts of ten thousand, so that they would spend one month in Lebanon and two months at home. And Adoniram was in charge of the labor force.

15Solomon had 70,000 porters and 80,000 stonecutters in the mountains, 16not including his 3,300c foremen who supervised the workers.

17And the king commanded them to quarry large, costly stones to lay the foundation of the temple with dressed stones. 18So Solomon’s and Hiram’s builders, along with the Gebalites, quarried the stone and prepared the timber and stone for the construction of the temple.


11 a That is, probably about 3,800 tons or 3,400 metric tons of wheat
11 b That is, approximately 116,000 gallons or 440,000 liters (LXX; see also 2 Chronicles 2:10); Hebrew twenty cors
16 c Hebrew; some LXX manuscripts (see also 2 Chronicles 2:2 and 2:18) 3,600

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