1 Chronicles 21:30
New International Version
But David could not go before it to inquire of God, because he was afraid of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

New Living Translation
But David was not able to go there to inquire of God, because he was terrified by the drawn sword of the angel of the LORD.

English Standard Version
but David could not go before it to inquire of God, for he was afraid of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

Berean Study Bible
but David could not go before it to inquire of God, because he was afraid of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

New American Standard Bible
But David could not go before it to inquire of God, for he was terrified by the sword of the angel of the LORD.

New King James Version
But David could not go before it to inquire of God, for he was afraid of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

King James Bible
But David could not go before it to inquire of God: for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

Christian Standard Bible
but David could not go before it to inquire of God, because he was terrified of the sword of the LORD's angel.

Good News Translation
but David was not able to go there to worship God, because he was afraid of the sword of the LORD's angel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
but David could not go before it to inquire of God, because he was terrified of the sword of the LORD's angel.

International Standard Version
but David was not going before it to inquire of God, because he was afraid of the sword carried by the angel of the LORD.

NET Bible
But David could not go before it to seek God's will, for he was afraid of the sword of the LORD's messenger.

New Heart English Bible
But David couldn't go before it to inquire of God; for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
However, David couldn't go there to consult God because he was frightened by the sword of the LORD's Messenger.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But David could not go before it to inquire of God; for he was terrified because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

New American Standard 1977
But David could not go before it to inquire of God, for he was terrified by the sword of the angel of the LORD.

Jubilee Bible 2000
but David could not go before it to enquire of God, for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
But David could not go before it to inquire of God: for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

American King James Version
But David could not go before it to inquire of God: for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

American Standard Version
But David could not go before it to inquire of God; for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of Jehovah.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And David could not go before it to enquire of God; for he hasted not because of the sword of the angel of the Lord.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David could not go to the altar there to pray to God: for he was seized with an exceeding great fear, seeing the sword of the angel of the Lord.

Darby Bible Translation
But David could not go before it to inquire of God; for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of Jehovah.

English Revised Version
But David could not go before it to inquire of God: for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
But David could not go before it to inquire of God: for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

World English Bible
But David couldn't go before it to inquire of God; for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
and David is not able to go before it to seek God, for he hath been afraid because of the sword of the messenger of Jehovah.
Study Bible
David Builds an Altar
29For the tabernacle of the LORD that Moses had made in the wilderness and the altar of burnt offering were presently at the high place in Gibeon, 30but David could not go before it to inquire of God, because he was afraid of the sword of the angel of the LORD.
Cross References
1 Chronicles 21:29
For the tabernacle of the LORD that Moses had made in the wilderness and the altar of burnt offering were presently at the high place in Gibeon,

1 Chronicles 22:1
Then David said, "This is the house of the LORD God, and this is the altar of burnt offering for Israel."

Treasury of Scripture

But David could not go before it to inquire of God: for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

he was afraid

1 Chronicles 21:16
And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of the LORD stand between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders of Israel, who were clothed in sackcloth, fell upon their faces.

1 Chronicles 13:12
And David was afraid of God that day, saying, How shall I bring the ark of God home to me?

Deuteronomy 10:12
And now, Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul,







Lexicon
but David
דָּוִ֛יד (dā·wîḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

could
יָכֹ֥ל (yā·ḵōl)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3201: To be able, have power

not
וְלֹא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

go
לָלֶ֥כֶת (lā·le·ḵeṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 1980: To go, come, walk

before it
לְפָנָ֖יו (lə·p̄ā·nāw)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

to inquire
לִדְרֹ֣שׁ (liḏ·rōš)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 1875: To tread, frequent, to follow, to seek, ask, to worship

of God,
אֱלֹהִ֑ים (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

because
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

he was afraid
נִבְעַ֔ת (niḇ·‘aṯ)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1204: To fall upon, startle, terrify

of
מִפְּנֵ֕י (mip·pə·nê)
Preposition-m | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

the sword
חֶ֖רֶב (ḥe·reḇ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2719: Drought, a cutting instrument, as a, knife, sword

of the angel
מַלְאַ֥ךְ (mal·’aḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

of the LORD.
יְהוָֽה׃ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel
(30) But (and) David could not go before it--i.e., the Tabernacle at Gibeon and the altar of burnt offering (1Chronicles 16:4; 1Chronicles 16:37; 1Chronicles 16:39).

To enquire of God.--To seek Him, that is, to seek His favour by sacrifice and prayer. (But comp. 1Chronicles 13:3; 1Chronicles 15:13.)

For he was afraid because of the sword.--"David could not go to Gibeon," says Keil, "because of the sword of the angel of Jehovah: i.e., on account of the pestilence which raged at Gibeon." Others have thought that the awful vision of the angel had stricken him with some bodily weakness. A more natural explanation is that the menacing aspect of the apparition overawed the king, so that he durst not follow the usual course in the present instance. It made, as we should say, an indelible impression upon his mind as to the sanctity of the place where it appeared. (Comp. Genesis 28:17; Exodus 3:5; Joshua 5:15; Judges 6:21; Judges 6:26.)

21:1-30 David's numbering the people. - No mention is made in this book of David's sin in the matter of Uriah, neither of the troubles that followed it: they had no needful connexion with the subjects here noted. But David's sin, in numbering the people, is related: in the atonement made for that sin, there was notice of the place on which the temple should be built. The command to David to build an altar, was a blessed token of reconciliation. God testified his acceptance of David's offerings on this altar. Thus Christ was made sin, and a curse for us; it pleased the Lord to bruise him, that through him, God might be to us, not a consuming Fire, but a reconciled God. It is good to continue attendance on those ordinances in which we have experienced the tokens of God's presence, and have found that he is with us of a truth. Here God graciously met me, therefore I will still expect to meet him.
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OT History: 1 Chronicles 21:30 But David couldn't go before it (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
1 Chronicles 21:29
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