Song of Solomon 1:17
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The beams of our house are cedars; our rafters are firs.

New Living Translation
fragrant cedar branches are the beams of our house, and pleasant smelling firs are the rafters.

English Standard Version
the beams of our house are cedar; our rafters are pine.

New American Standard Bible
"The beams of our houses are cedars, Our rafters, cypresses.

King James Bible
The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
the beams of our house are cedars, and our rafters are cypresses.

International Standard Version
The beams of our house are cedar, our rafters are pine.

NET Bible
the cedars are the beams of our bedroom chamber; the pines are the rafters of our bedroom.

New Heart English Bible
The beams of our house are cedars. Our rafters are firs.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The cedars will be the walls of our house. The cypress trees will be our rafters.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The beams of our houses are cedars, And our panels are cypresses.

New American Standard 1977
“The beams of our houses are cedars,
            Our rafters, cypresses.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.

King James 2000 Bible
The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.

American King James Version
The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.

American Standard Version
The beams of our house are cedars, And our rafters are firs.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The beams of our houses are of cedar, our rafters of cypress trees.

Darby Bible Translation
The beams of our houses are cedars, Our rafters are cypresses.

English Revised Version
The beams of our house are cedars, and our rafters are firs.

Webster's Bible Translation
The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.

World English Bible
The beams of our house are cedars. Our rafters are firs. Beloved

Young's Literal Translation
The beams of our houses are cedars, Our rafters are firs, I am a rose of Sharon, a lily of the valleys!

Study Bible
16"How handsome you are, my beloved, And so pleasant! Indeed, our couch is luxuriant! 17"The beams of our houses are cedars, Our rafters, cypresses.
Cross References
1 Kings 6:9
So he built the house and finished it; and he covered the house with beams and planks of cedar.

1 Kings 6:10
He also built the stories against the whole house, each five cubits high; and they were fastened to the house with timbers of cedar.

2 Chronicles 3:5
He overlaid the main room with cypress wood and overlaid it with fine gold, and ornamented it with palm trees and chains.

Jeremiah 22:14
Who says, 'I will build myself a roomy house With spacious upper rooms, And cut out its windows, Paneling it with cedar and painting it bright red.'
Treasury of Scripture

The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.


Songs 8:9 If she be a wall, we will build on her a palace of silver: and if …

2 Chronicles 2:8,9 Send me also cedar trees, fir trees, and algum trees, out of Lebanon: …

Psalm 92:12 The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree: he shall grow like …

1 Timothy 3:15,16 But if I tarry long, that you may know how you ought to behave yourself …

Hebrews 11:10 For he looked for a city which has foundations, whose builder and maker is God.

1 Peter 2:4,5 To whom coming, as to a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but …


Songs 7:5 Your head on you is like Carmel, and the hair of your head like purple; …

Ezekiel 41:16 The door posts, and the narrow windows, and the galleries round about …

Ezekiel 42:3 Over against the twenty cubits which were for the inner court, and …

(17) Rafters.--Marg., galleries (comp. Song of Solomon 7:5); LXX., ?????????; Vulg., laquearia; Heb., raht, from rahat = run, flow: hence (1) a gutter, from the water running down (Gen. 3:38); (2) a curl, from its flowing down the neck (Song of Solomon 7:5--Hebrews 6); (3) here rafters, or roof beams, from their spreading overhead. "Our couch was the green grass, the arches of our bower the cedar branches, and its rafters the firs." Others read rachitim, 1Kings 4:33.

Fir.--Heb., berth (Aramaic form of bersh), a tree often mentioned in connection with cedar as an emblem of majesty, &c. (Ezekiel 31:8; Isaiah 37:24; Isaiah 60:13). "The plain here has evidently been buried deep under sand long ages ago, precisely as at Beirt, and here are the usual pine forests growing upon it (Beirt is by some derived from berth). These are the finest specimens we have seen in Palestine, though every sandy ridge of Lebanon and Hermon is clothed with them. In my opinion it is the Heb. bersh, concerning which there is so much confusion in the various translations of the Bible . . . the generic name for the pine, of which there are several varieties in Lebanon. Cypress is rarely found there, but pine everywhere, and it is the tree used for beams and rafters (Thomson, The Land and Book, p. 511). The Pinus maritima and the Aleppo pine are the most common, the latter being often mistaken for the Scotch fir. (See Tristram, Nat. Hist. of Bible, p. 353, &c.)

The beams of our house are cedar,.... Or "houses" (k); where their bed was, and where they had fellowship and communion together. By which may be meant particular congregations or churches, in which houses Christ has a property, being of his building and beautifying; where he takes up his rest and residence, and where he feeds and feasts with his people, and to the privileges of which all the saints have a right: and by the "beams" of these houses may be intended the ministers of the word, who are pillars here, as James, John, and Cephas, were; and who are the means of supporting and strengthening such communities, by their excellent doctrines and exemplary lives: or common saints may be meant, who are also beams and pillars in the churches of Christ; and serve greatly to support, strengthen, and cement the spiritual building, fitly framed together: and these being of "cedar" wood, of a pleasant smell, and durable, may denote their gratefulness and acceptableness to Christ and his church, in the exercise of grace, and discharge of duty; and of their continuance and perseverance therein, having in them the incorruptible and immortal seed of divine grace; see Psalm 92:12;

and our rafters of fir; which Pliny says (l) is the best and strongest wood for roofing and raftering: by these may be meant the ordinances of the Gospel, which are that to the churches as "rafters" are to a house, the means of supporting and strengthening it; so by the ordinances saints are supported in their spiritual state, and by them their spiritual strength is renewed; and these being said to be of "fir", which is a pleasant and lasting wood, may signify the delight that is had in ordinances, and the continuance of them. Some render the word by "cypress" (m); which is also of a pleasant smell (n), and very durable, never admits of worms, nor ever rots, nor is ever sensible of old age (o); and so may denote the pleasure that saints take in ordinances, and the long continuance of them, as of the present ones, which will remain until the second coming of Christ. Some think the "brutine" tree (p) is meant, which Pliny calls "bruta" (q); and is near in sound to the word here used, is much like the cypress, and of a sweet smell, like cedar; it grows beyond Pasitigris, on Mount Zagras. Some will have it to be the tree of paradise; and, so applied to ordinances, may signify the same as before. The word for "rafters" is elsewhere rendered "gutters" and "troughs" for water; and some (r) render it so here, and are so called from water running in them: and as the grace of God is often expressed by water, this is commonly conveyed in the use of ordinances; these are the canals in which it runs. Moreover the same word is translated "galleries", in Sol 7:5; which, as Kimchi and Ben Melech observe, were buildings in high houses in which men walked from house to house, or from one end of the house to the other; and might be called by this name, from their droning along the sides of houses, and seem to be like our "balconies": now ordinances are the galleries or "walking places" (s), where Christ and his people walk and converse together.

(k) "domorum nostrarum", V. L. Pagninus, Montanus, &c. "aedium nostrarum", Marckius. (l) Nat. Hist. l. 16. c. 42. (m) Sept. "cypressina", V. L. Tigurine version; so David de Pomis, and others. (n) Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 16. c. 33. , Theocrit. Epigram. 4. v. 7. (o) Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 16. c. 33. 40, 49. (p) "E brutis", Junius & Tremellius, Ainsworth, Brightman, Marckius; "brutiua", Cocceius, Michaelis. (q) Nat. Hist. l. 19. c. 17. (r) "canales nostri"; so some in Vatablus, Tigurine version; "impluvium nostruim", Hiller. de Keri & Kethib, p. 84. (s) "Ambulachra nostra", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Marckius, Michaelis. 17. our house—see on [673]So 1:16; but primarily, the kiosk (Isa 11:10), "His rest." Cedar is pleasing to the eye and smell, hard, and never eaten by worms.

fir—rather, "cypress," which is hard, durable, and fragrant, of a reddish hue [Gesenius, Weiss, and Maurer]. Contrasted with the shifting "tents" (So 1:5), His house is "our house" (Ps 92:13; Eph 2:19; Heb 3:6). Perfect oneness of Him and the bride (Joh 14:20; 17:21). There is the shelter of a princely roof from the sun (Ps 121:6), without the confinement of walls, and amidst rural beauties. The carved ceiling represents the wondrous excellencies of His divine nature. 1:9-17 The Bridegroom gives high praises of his spouse. In the sight of Christ believers are the excellent of the earth, fitted to be instruments for promoting his glory. The spiritual gifts and graces which Christ bestows on every true believer, are described by the ornaments then in use, ver. 10,11. The graces of the saints are many, but there is dependence upon each other. He who is the Author, will be the Finisher of the good work. The grace received from Christ's fulness, springs forth into lively exercises of faith, affection, and gratitude. Yet Christ, not his gifts, is most precious to them. The word translated camphire, signifies atonement or propitiation. Christ is dear to all believers, because he is the propitiation for their sins. No pretender must have his place in the soul. They resolved to lodge him in their hearts all the night; during the continuance of the troubles of life. Christ takes delight in the good work which his grace has wrought on the souls of believers. This should engage all who are made holy, to be very thankful for that grace which has made those fair, who by nature were deformed. The spouse (the believer) has a humble, modest eye, discovering simplicity and godly sincerity; eyes enlightened and guided by the Holy Spirit, that blessed Dove. The church expresses her value for Christ. Thou art the great Original, but I am but a faint and imperfect copy. Many are fair to look at, yet their temper renders them unpleasant: but Christ is fair, yet pleasant. The believer, ver. 16, speaks with praise of those holy ordinances in which true believers have fellowship with Christ. Whether the believer is in the courts of the Lord, or in retirement; whether following his daily labours, or confined on the bed of sickness, or even in a dungeon, a sense of the Divine presence will turn the place into a paradise. Thus the soul, daily having fellowship with the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, enjoys a lively hope of an incorruptible, undefiled, and unfading inheritance above.
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