Philippians 3:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
I want to know Christ--yes, to know the power of his resurrection and participation in his sufferings, becoming like him in his death,

New Living Translation
I want to know Christ and experience the mighty power that raised him from the dead. I want to suffer with him, sharing in his death,

English Standard Version
that I may know him and the power of his resurrection, and may share his sufferings, becoming like him in his death,

New American Standard Bible
that I may know Him and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death;

King James Bible
That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
My goal is to know Him and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death,

International Standard Version
I want to know the Messiah —what his resurrection power is like and what it means to share in his sufferings by becoming like him in his death,

NET Bible
My aim is to know him, to experience the power of his resurrection, to share in his sufferings, and to be like him in his death,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
That by it I may know Yeshua and the power of his resurrection, and that I may share in his sufferings and be conformed with his death,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
that knows Christ. Faith knows the power that his coming back to life gives and what it means to share his suffering. In this way I'm becoming like him in his death,

Jubilee Bible 2000
That I may know him and the power of his resurrection and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death,

King James 2000 Bible
That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;

American King James Version
That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable to his death;

American Standard Version
that I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, becoming conformed unto his death;

Douay-Rheims Bible
That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable to his death,

Darby Bible Translation
to know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being conformed to his death,

English Revised Version
that I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, becoming conformed unto his death;

Webster's Bible Translation
That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable to his death;

Weymouth New Testament
I long to know Christ and the power which is in His resurrection, and to share in His sufferings and die even as He died;

World English Bible
that I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, becoming conformed to his death;

Young's Literal Translation
to know him, and the power of his rising again, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being conformed to his death,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:1-11 Sincere Christians rejoice in Christ Jesus. The prophet calls the false prophets dumb dogs, Isa 56:10; to which the apostle seems to refer. Dogs, for their malice against faithful professors of the gospel of Christ, barking at them and biting them. They urged human works in opposition to the faith of Christ; but Paul calls them evil-workers. He calls them the concision; as they rent the church of Christ, and cut it to pieces. The work of religion is to no purpose, unless the heart is in it, and we must worship God in the strength and grace of the Divine Spirit. They rejoice in Christ Jesus, not in mere outward enjoyments and performances. Nor can we too earnestly guard against those who oppose or abuse the doctrine of free salvation. If the apostle would have gloried and trusted in the flesh, he had as much cause as any man. But the things which he counted gain while a Pharisee, and had reckoned up, those he counted loss for Christ. The apostle did not persuade them to do any thing but what he himself did; or to venture on any thing but that on which he himself ventured his never-dying soul. He deemed all these things to be but loss, compared with the knowledge of Christ, by faith in his person and salvation. He speaks of all worldly enjoyments and outward privileges which sought a place with Christ in his heart, or could pretend to any merit and desert, and counted them but loss; but it might be said, It is easy to say so; but what would he do when he came to the trial? He had suffered the loss of all for the privileges of a Christian. Nay, he not only counted them loss, but the vilest refuse, offals thrown to dogs; not only less valuable than Christ, but in the highest degree contemptible, when set up as against him. True knowledge of Christ alters and changes men, their judgments and manners, and makes them as if made again anew. The believer prefers Christ, knowing that it is better for us to be without all worldly riches, than without Christ and his word. Let us see what the apostle resolved to cleave to, and that was Christ and heaven. We are undone, without righteousness wherein to appear before God, for we are guilty. There is a righteousness provided for us in Jesus Christ, and it is a complete and perfect righteousness. None can have benefit by it, who trust in themselves. Faith is the appointed means of applying the saving benefit. It is by faith in Christ's blood. We are made conformable to Christ's death, when we die to sin, as he died for sin; and the world is crucified to us, and we to the world, by the cross of Christ. The apostle was willing to do or to suffer any thing, to attain the glorious resurrection of saints. This hope and prospect carried him through all difficulties in his work. He did not hope to attain it through his own merit and righteousness, but through the merit and righteousness of Jesus Christ.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 10. - That I may know him (τοῦ γνῶναι αὐτόν). For the grammatical construction, see Winer, sect. 44:b. For the sense, comp. John 17:3, where Dr. Westcott notes, "In such a connection, Knowledge expresses the apprehension of the truth by the whole nature of man. It is not an acquaintance with facts as external, nor an intellectual conviction of their reality, but an appropriation of them (so to speak) as an influencing power into the very being of him who knows them." Γινώσκειν differs from εἰδέναι: εἰδέναι is "to know," γιγνώσκειν is "to recognize" or "to become acquainted with." We must be found in Christ in order to know him; we must have that righteousness which is through the faith of Christ, for we can know him only by being made like unto him. Comp. 1 John 2:2, "When he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is;" and now those who see him by faith are in their measure being transformed into the same image. For the knowledge here spoken of is a personal knowledge, gained, not by hearing or reading, but by direct personal communion with the Lord; it is not theoretical, but experimental. "non expertus fuerit, non intelligit" (Anselm, quoted by Meyer). And the power of his resurrection. The resurrection of Christ was a glorious manifestation of Divine power (Romans 1:4). That resurrection is now a power in the spiritual life of Christians: it stimulates the spiritual resurrection, the resurrection from the death of sin unto the life of righteousness (comp. Romans 6:4; Colossians 2:12). It is the center of our most cherished hopes, the evidence of our immortality, the earnest of the resurrection of the body. And the fellowship of his sufferings. This clause and the last are bound together under one article, according to the best manuscripts. There is a very close connection between them (comp. Romans 8:17; 2 Timothy 2:11, 12). To know the quickening power of his resurrection, we must share his sufferings. The Christian, meditating in loving thought on the sufferings of Christ, is led to feel ever a deeper, a more awful sympathy with the suffering Savior. And if, when we are called to suffer, we take it patiently, looking unto Jesus, then our sufferings are united with his sufferings, "we suffer with him." And he who hath borne our griefs and carried our sorrows feels for us in his sacred heart, being "touched with the feeling of our infirmities." This fellowship in suffering leads through his grace to fellowship in glory (comp. 2 Corinthians 4:10; Romans 6:5). Being made conformable unto his death; rather, as R.V., becoming conformed. The participle is present: it implies a continual progress. It is derived from the word μορφή, form, used in Philippians 2:6 (where see note), and denotes, not a mere external resemblance, but a deep, real, inner conformity. The reference is not to the impending death of martyrdom, but to that daffy dying unto self and the world which the apostle exhibited in the heroic self-denials of his holy life: he was "crucified with Christ" (Galatians 2:20; comp. also 1 Corinthians 15:31).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

That I may know him,.... The Ethiopic version reads "by faith"; and to the same sense the Syriac. The apostle did know Christ, and that years ago; he knew whom he had believed; he knew him for himself; he knew his personal interest in him; nor did he know any but him in the business of salvation: but his knowledge of Christ, though it was very great, it was, imperfect; he knew but in part, and therefore desired to know more of Christ, of the mystery and glories of his person, of the unsearchable riches of his grace, of his great salvation, and the benefits of it, of his love, which passes perfect knowledge, and to have a renewed and enlarged experience of communion with him. The apostle here explains what he means by winning Christ, for the sake of which he suffered the loss of all things, and counted them but dung; it was, that he might attain to a greater knowledge of the person and grace of Christ:

and the power of his resurrection; not that power which was put forth by his Father, and by himself, in raising him from the dead; but the virtue which arises from it, and the influence it has on many things; as on the resurrection of the saints: it is the procuring cause of it, they shall rise by virtue of union to a risen Jesus; it is the firstfruits, which is the earnest and pledge of their resurrection, as sure as Christ is risen, so sure shall they rise; it is the exemplar and pattern of theirs, their bodies will be raised and fashioned like to the glorious body of Christ; and this the apostle desired to know, experience, and attain unto. Christ's resurrection has an influence also on the justification of his people; when Christ died he had the sins of them all upon him, and he died for them, and discharged as their public head and representative, and they in him: hence it is said of him, that "he was raised again for our justification", Romans 4:25. Now, though the apostle was acquainted with this virtue and influence of Christ's resurrection, he desired to know more of it, for the encouragement of his faith to live upon Christ, as the Lord his righteousness. Moreover, the regeneration of men is owing to the resurrection of Christ; as to the abundant mercy of God, as the moving cause, so to the resurrection of Christ, as the means or virtual cause; and therefore are said to be "begotten again by the resurrection of Christ from the dead", 1 Peter 1:3. This power and virtue the apostle had had an experience of, yet he wanted to feel more of it, in exciting the graces of the spirit to a lively exercise, in raising his affections, and setting them on things above, and in engaging him to seek after them, and set light by things on earth, and in causing him to walk in newness of life, in likeness or imitation of Christ's resurrection, to all which that strongly animates and encourages; see Colossians 3:1.

And the fellowship of his sufferings; either his personal sufferings, and so signifies a sharing in, and a participation of the benefits arising from them; such as reconciliation for sin, peace with God, pardon, righteousness, nearness to God, &c. or the sufferings of his members for him, and with him, and which Christ reckons his own: these the apostle was willing to take his part in, and lot of, knowing, that those that are partakers of his sufferings in this sense, shall reign with him, and be glorified together. What the Jews deprecated, the apostle was desirous of; namely, sharing in the sorrows and sufferings of the Messiah, and which they reckon the greatest happiness to be delivered from,

"The disciples of R. Eleazar (y) asked him, what a man should do that he may be delivered , "from the sorrows of the Messiah?" he must study in the law, and in beneficence.

And elsewhere they say (z),

"he that keeps the three meals on the sabbath day shall be delivered from three punishments, , "from the sorrows of the Messiah", and from the damnation of hell, and from the war of Gog and Magog.

But our apostle rejoiced in his sufferings for Christ, and was desirous of filling up the afflictions of Christ in his flesh, for his body's sake, the church:

being made conformable unto his death; either in a spiritual sense dying daily unto sin, 1 Corinthians 15:31, having the affections, with the lusts, crucified, Galatians 5:24, and the deeds of the body mortified, Romans 8:13, and so planted in the likeness of his death, Romans 6:5; or rather in a corporeal sense, bearing always in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, 2 Corinthians 4:10, and being continually exposed to death for his sake, and ready to suffer it whenever called to it,

(y) T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 98. 2.((z) T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 118. 1. See Cetubot, fol. 111. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

10. That I may know him—experimentally. The aim of the "righteousness" just mentioned. This verse resumes, and more fully explains, "the excellency of the knowledge of Christ" (Php 3:8). To know HIM is more than merely to know a doctrine about Him. Believers are brought not only to redemption, but to the Redeemer Himself.

the power of his resurrection—assuring believers of their justification (Ro 4:25; 1Co 15:17), and raising them up spiritually with Him, by virtue of their identification with Him in this, as in all the acts of His redeeming work for us (Ro 6:4; Col 2:12; 3:1). The power of the Divine Spirit, which raised Him from literal death, is the same which raises believers from spiritual death now (Eph 1:19, 20), and shall raise their bodies from literal death hereafter (Ro 8:11).

the fellowship of his sufferings—by identification with Him in His sufferings and death, by imputation; also, in actually bearing the cross whatever is laid on us, after His example, and so "filling up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ" (Col 1:24); and in the will to bear aught for His sake (Mt 10:38; 16:24; 2Ti 2:11). As He bore all our sufferings (Isa 53:4), so we participate in His.

made conformable unto his death—"conformed to the likeness of His death," namely, by continued sufferings for His sake, and mortifying of the carnal self (Ro 8:29; 1Co 15:31; 2Co 4:10-12; Ga 2:20).

Philippians 3:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
Knowing Christ is Above All
9and may be found in Him, not having a righteousness of my own derived from the Law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which comes from God on the basis of faith, 10that I may know Him and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death; 11in order that I may attain to the resurrection from the dead.
Cross References
Jeremiah 9:23
This is what the LORD says: "Let not the wise boast of their wisdom or the strong boast of their strength or the rich boast of their riches,

John 17:3
Now this is eternal life: that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.

Romans 6:5
For if we have been united with him in a death like his, we will certainly also be united with him in a resurrection like his.

Romans 8:17
Now if we are children, then we are heirs--heirs of God and co-heirs with Christ, if indeed we share in his sufferings in order that we may also share in his glory.

Romans 8:36
As it is written: "For your sake we face death all day long; we are considered as sheep to be slaughtered."

2 Corinthians 1:5
For just as we share abundantly in the sufferings of Christ, so also our comfort abounds through Christ.

Galatians 6:17
From now on, let no one cause me trouble, for I bear on my body the marks of Jesus.

Ephesians 4:13
until we all reach unity in the faith and in the knowledge of the Son of God and become mature, attaining to the whole measure of the fullness of Christ.

Philippians 3:8
What is more, I consider everything a loss because of the surpassing worth of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whose sake I have lost all things. I consider them garbage, that I may gain Christ

1 Peter 4:13
But rejoice inasmuch as you participate in the sufferings of Christ, so that you may be overjoyed when his glory is revealed.

2 Peter 1:13
I think it is right to refresh your memory as long as I live in the tent of this body,
Treasury of Scripture

That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable to his death;

I. See on ver.

Philippians 3:8 Yes doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency …

1 John 2:3,5 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments…

and the power.

John 5:21-29 For as the Father raises up the dead, and vivifies them; even so …

John 10:18 No man takes it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power …

John 11:25,26 Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believes …

Acts 2:31-38 He seeing this before spoke of the resurrection of Christ, that his …

Romans 6:4-11 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like …

Romans 8:10,11 And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the …

1 Corinthians 15:21-23 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead…

2 Corinthians 1:10 Who delivered us from so great a death, and does deliver: in whom …

2 Corinthians 4:10-13 Always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that …

2 Corinthians 13:4 For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he lives by the …

Ephesians 1:19-21 And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, …

Colossians 2:13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your …

Colossians 3:1 If you then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, …

1 Thessalonians 4:14,15 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also …

1 Peter 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ…

1 Peter 4:1,2 For as much then as Christ has suffered for us in the flesh, arm …

Revelation 1:18 I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for ever …

and the fellowship.

Matthew 20:23 And he said to them, You shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized …

Romans 6:3-5 Know you not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ …

Romans 8:17,29 And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; …

2 Corinthians 1:5 For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us, so our consolation …

Galatians 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ …

Colossians 1:24 Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which …

2 Timothy 2:11,12 It is a faithful saying: For if we be dead with him, we shall also …

1 Peter 4:13,14 But rejoice, inasmuch as you are partakers of Christ's sufferings; …

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