Matthew 26:27
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of you.

New Living Translation
And he took a cup of wine and gave thanks to God for it. He gave it to them and said, "Each of you drink from it,

English Standard Version
And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink of it, all of you,

New American Standard Bible
And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He gave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of you;

King James Bible
And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then He took a cup, and after giving thanks, He gave it to them and said, "Drink from it, all of you.

International Standard Version
Then he took a cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of you,

NET Bible
And after taking the cup and giving thanks, he gave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of you,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he took a cup, and he gave thanks and he gave to them, and he said, “Take, drink from it, all of you.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then he took a cup and spoke a prayer of thanksgiving. He gave it to them and said, "Drink from it, all of you.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And taking the cup and having given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;

King James 2000 Bible
And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink you all of it;

American King James Version
And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink you all of it;

American Standard Version
And he took a cup, and gave thanks, and gave to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.

Darby Bible Translation
And having taken [the] cup and given thanks, he gave [it] to them, saying, Drink ye all of it.

English Revised Version
And he took a cup, and gave thanks, and gave to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;

Webster's Bible Translation
And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;

Weymouth New Testament
And He took the cup and gave thanks, and gave it to them saying, "Drink from it, all of you;

World English Bible
He took the cup, gave thanks, and gave to them, saying, "All of you drink it,

Young's Literal Translation
and having taken the cup, and having given thanks, he gave to them, saying, 'Drink ye of it -- all;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

26:26-30 This ordinance of the Lord's supper is to us the passover supper, by which we commemorate a much greater deliverance than that of Israel out of Egypt. Take, eat; accept of Christ as he is offered to you; receive the atonement, approve of it, submit to his grace and his government. Meat looked upon, be the dish ever so well garnished, will not nourish; it must be fed upon: so must the doctrine of Christ. This is my body; that is, spiritually, it signifies and represents his body. We partake of the sun, not by having the sun put into our hands, but the beams of it darted down upon us; so we partake of Christ by partaking of his grace, and the blessed fruits of the breaking of his body. The blood of Christ is signified and represented by the wine. He gave thanks, to teach us to look to God in every part of the ordinance. This cup he gave to the disciples with a command, Drink ye all of it. The pardon of sin is that great blessing which is, in the Lord's supper, conferred on all true believers; it is the foundation of all other blessings. He takes leave of such communion; and assures them of a happy meeting again at last; Until that day when I drink it new with you, may be understood of the joys and glories of the future state, which the saints shall partake with the Lord Jesus. That will be the kingdom of his Father; the wine of consolation will there be always new. While we look at the outward signs of Christ's body broken and his blood shed for the remission of our sins, let us recollect that the feast cost him as much as though he had literally given his flesh to be eaten and his blood for us to drink.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 27. - He took the cup. Many good manuscripts have "a cup," and some modern editors omit the article; but this cup was the only one on the table at the time; so the reading matters not. This was probably the third cup at the close of the Paschal meal (see on ver. 21). The wine of the country is what we call a red wine (compare "the blood of grapes," Genesis 49:11); it was mixed with a little water when used at the table. This third cup was termed "the cup of blessing" (cf. 1 Corinthians 10:16), because over it was spoken a special benediction, and it was regarded as the principal cup, following, as it did, the eating of the lamb. Gave thanks (εὐχαριστήσας). The thanksgiving was a blessing (see on ver. 26). The celebration of Christ's death and the remembrance of the incalculable blessings obtained thereby may well be termed the Holy Eucharist, the great sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving. Gave (ἔδωκεν) it to them. The aorist here used would imply strictly that he gave the cup once for all, herein differentiating the action from that employed in distributing the bread. St. Luke's expression, "Take this, and divide it among yourselves," refers to an earlier stage of the supper. In the present connection he nearly agrees with the other synoptists. It is possible that the cup was passed from hand to hand after it had been blessed by Christ. Drink ye all of it. St Mark adds, "And they all drank of it." Strange it is that, with these words written in the Scripture, any Church should have the hardihood to deny the cup to any qualified Christian. The Romanist's assertion that the cup is for priests alone, as it was given to the apostles only, and was destined for them and their sacerdotal successors, would apply equally to the consecrated bread, and then what becomes of the general use of the ordinance? If we would have life in us, we must not only eat Christ's flesh, but drink his blood. We need to be refreshed as well as strengthened in the battle of life, and it may well be that the mutilation of the sacrament carries with it spiritual effects that impede the soul's health.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And he took the cup and gave thanks,.... For the Jews blessed, or gave thanks for their wine, as well as for their food, and generally did it in this form (w):

"Blessed art thou, O Lord, our God, the king of the world, who hast created the "fruit of the vine".

Hence the phrase, "the fruit of the vine", in Matthew 26:29, not that we are to suppose, that Christ used or confined himself to this form of words: and it is to be observed, that they not only gave thanks for their wine before food, and whilst they were eating (x), but also after meat; and as this relates to the blessing of the cup after eating, or as the Apostle Paul says, "when he had supped",

1 Corinthians 11:25. I shall only transcribe what the Jews say (y) concerning that:

"When wine is brought to them after food, if there is but that cup there, the house of Shammai say, , "he blesses", or gives thanks "for the wine", and after that gives thanks for the food: the house of Hillell say, he gives thanks for the food, and after that gives thanks for the wine.

And as this was usual at ordinary meals, to bless or give thanks for the wine, so at the passover; and which our Lord continued in his supper, and is to be practised by us. It should be further known, that the wine at the passover, and so what Christ used at his supper, was red,

"Says R. Jeremiah (z) it is commanded to perform this duty,

"with red wine".

And elsewhere it is said (a),

"that it is necessary, that there should be in it (the wine) taste and look.

The gloss on it is, , "that it should be red": and which, as it most fitly represented the blood sprinkled on the door posts of the Israelites, when the Lord passed over their houses; so the blood of Christ, shed for the remission of the sins of his people. It is scarcely worth observing the measure of one of the cups, that was used at such a time: they say (b), that the four cups which were drank at this feast, held an, Italian quart of wine, so that one cup contained half a pint. More particularly, they ask how much is the measure of a cup? the answer is, two fingers square, and a finger and a half and the third part of a finger deep; or as it is elsewhere (c), the fifth part of a finger:

and gave it to them, saying, drink ye all of it; for this is not to be restrained from one sort of communicants, and only partook of by another; but all are to drink of the cup, as well as eat of the bread: whether here is not an allusion to the custom of the Jews at the passover, when they obliged all to drink four cups of wine, men, women, and children, and even the poorest man in Israel, who was maintained out of the alms dish (d), may be considered,

(w) Haggadah Shel Pesach. fol. 241. 1.((x) Vid. Misn. Beracot, c. 6. sect. 1. 6. (y) Ib. c. 8. sect. 8. (z) T. Hieros. Pesach. fol. 37. 3. & Sabbat, fol. 11. 1.((a) T. Bab. Pesach. fol. 108. 2. & R. Samuel ben Meir in ib. (b) T. Hieros. Sabbat, fol. 11. 1.((c) T. Bab. Pesach. fol. 109. 1.((d) Misn. Pesach. c. 10. sect. 1. T. Bab. Pesach. fol. 108. 1. Mitzvot Torah, pr. affirm. 41.



Matthew 26:27 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Lord's Supper Instituted
26While they were eating, Jesus took some bread, and after a blessing, He broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, "Take, eat; this is My body." 27And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He gave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of you; 28for this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins.…
Cross References
Matthew 15:36
Then he took the seven loaves and the fish, and when he had given thanks, he broke them and gave them to the disciples, and they in turn to the people.

Matthew 26:26
While they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to his disciples, saying, "Take and eat; this is my body."

Matthew 26:28
This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

1 Corinthians 10:16
Is not the cup of thanksgiving for which we give thanks a participation in the blood of Christ? And is not the bread that we break a participation in the body of Christ?
Treasury of Scripture

And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink you all of it;

he took.

Mark 14:23,24 And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to …

Luke 22:20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament …

Drink.

Psalm 116:13 I will take the cup of salvation, and call on the name of the LORD.

Songs 5:1 I am come into my garden, my sister, my spouse: I have gathered my …

Songs 7:9 And the roof of your mouth like the best wine for my beloved, that …

Isaiah 25:6 And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make to all people a …

Isaiah 55:1 Ho, every one that thirsts, come you to the waters, and he that has …

1 Corinthians 10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the …

1 Corinthians 11:28 But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, …

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