John 2:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
In the temple courts he found people selling cattle, sheep and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging money.

New Living Translation
In the Temple area he saw merchants selling cattle, sheep, and doves for sacrifices; he also saw dealers at tables exchanging foreign money.

English Standard Version
In the temple he found those who were selling oxen and sheep and pigeons, and the money-changers sitting there.

New American Standard Bible
And He found in the temple those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables.

King James Bible
And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In the temple complex He found people selling oxen, sheep, and doves, and He also found the money changers sitting there.

International Standard Version
In the Temple he found people selling cattle, sheep, and doves, as well as moneychangers sitting at their tables.

NET Bible
He found in the temple courts those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers sitting at tables.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he found in The Temple those that were selling lambs, sheep and doves, and there were money exchangers sitting.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He found those who were selling cattle, sheep, and pigeons in the temple courtyard. He also found moneychangers sitting there.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers seated;

King James 2000 Bible
And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:

American King James Version
And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:

American Standard Version
And he found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he found in the temple them that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting.

Darby Bible Translation
And he found in the temple the sellers of oxen and sheep and doves, and the money-changers sitting;

English Revised Version
And he found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:

Webster's Bible Translation
And found in the temple those that sold oxen, and sheep, and doves, and the changers of money, sitting:

Weymouth New Testament
And He found in the Temple the dealers in cattle and sheep and in pigeons, and the money-changers sitting there.

World English Bible
He found in the temple those who sold oxen, sheep, and doves, and the changers of money sitting.

Young's Literal Translation
and he found in the temple those selling oxen, and sheep, and doves, and the money-changers sitting,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:12-22 The first public work in which we find Christ engaged, was driving from the temple the traders whom the covetous priests and rulers encouraged to make a market-place of its courts. Those now make God's house a house of merchandise, whose minds are filled with cares about worldly business when attending religious exercises, or who perform Divine offices for love of gain. Christ, having thus cleansed the temple, gave a sign to those who demanded it, to prove his authority for so doing. He foretells his death by the Jews' malice, Destroy ye this temple; I will permit you to destroy it. He foretells his resurrection by his own power; In three days I will raise it up. Christ took again his own life. Men mistake by understanding that according to the letter, which the Scripture speaks by way of figure. When Jesus was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered he has said this. It helps much in understanding the Divine word, to observe the fulfilling of the Scriptures.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 14. - He found in the temple (ἱερόν); the vast enclosure, surrounded by colonnades, where the courts of the Gentiles were situated beyond and outside the courts of "the women" and "the priests." Within the latter was the sanctuary (ναός), or sacred adytum, where the altars of sacrifice and incense faced the veil of the holiest of all. In the court of the temple had been allowed a secular market for sacrificial beasts. An exchange for money was also set up,where Jews were ready to furnish, on usurious terms, the proper coin, the sacred half shekel (value, one shilling and threepence), in which form alone was the temple tax received from the provincial visitors or pilgrims from distant lands. No coin bearing the image of Caesar, or any foreign prince, or any idolatrous symbol then so common, would be allowed in the sacred treasury. So the Lord found those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the exchangers of money sitting; a busy bazaar, deteriorating the idea of the temple with adverse associations. The three sacrificial animals mentioned were those most frequently required. The strangers, doubtless, needed some market where these could be obtained, and where the sufficient guarantee of their freedom from blemish could be secured. It was also indispensable that exchange of coins should have been made feasible for the host of strangers. The profanation effected by transacting these measures in the temple courts was symptomatic of widespread secularism, an outward indication of the corruption of the entire idea of worship, and of the selfishness and pride which had vitiated the solemnity and spirituality of the sacrificial ritual. Geikie has given a very brilliant description of this scene; so also Edersheim, 'Life of Jesus the Messiah.' The money (κέρμα) was probably derived from a word (κείρω) meaning "to cut," and referred to the minute coins which were required for convenient exchange. The κόλλυβος, which gives its name to κολλυβιστής of the following verse, is also the name of a small (κολοβός, equivalent to "mutilated") coin used for purposes of exchange. The smaller the coin the better, as the minute differences of weight of the foreign coins would thus be more easily measured.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And found in the temple,.... Not in the holy place itself, nor in the court of the priests, where the sacrifices were offered, nor in the court of the women, nor in the court of the Israelites, where the people worshipped; but in the court of the Gentiles, or the outward court, even all that space of ground which was between the wall which divided the whole from common ground, and the buildings of the temple, and which was open to the air; for the whole sacred enclosure, or all within the wall, went by the name of the temple. Into this all strangers might come; and the passover now being at hand, here were

those that sold oxen, and sheep, and doves: the oxen, or bullocks, were for the Chagigah, or feast kept on the second day of the passover; See Gill on John 18:28; and the sheep, or lambs, as the Persic version reads, for the passover supper; and the doves were for the offerings of the poorer sort of new mothers: with these they were supplied from the Mount of Olives. It is said (c),

"there were two cedar trees on the Mount of Olives, and under one of them were four shops of them that sold things for purification; and out of one of them they brought forty bushels of young doves every month: and out of them the Israelites had enough for the nests, or the offerings of turtle doves;''

See Gill on Matthew 21:12;

and the changers of money sitting: who changed foreign money into the current coin of the Jews, strangers coming, at this feast, from several parts of the world; and sometimes there was need of changing shekels into half shekels, which, at certain times, were paid for the ransom of Israelites; see the note on the place above mentioned.

(c) Echa Rabbati, fol. 52. 4.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

14-17. in the temple—not the temple itself, as Joh 2:19-21, but the temple-court.

sold oxen, &c.—for the convenience of those who had to offer them in sacrifice.

changers of money—of Roman into Jewish money, in which the temple dues (see on [1771]Mt 17:24) had to be paid.

John 2:14 Additional Commentaries
Context
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
13The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14And He found in the temple those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables. 15And He made a scourge of cords, and drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen; and He poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables;…
Cross References
Ezekiel 36:38
as numerous as the flocks for offerings at Jerusalem during her appointed festivals. So will the ruined cities be filled with flocks of people. Then they will know that I am the LORD."

Malachi 3:1
"I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come," says the LORD Almighty.

Matthew 21:12
Jesus entered the temple courts and drove out all who were buying and selling there. He overturned the tables of the money changers and the benches of those selling doves.

Mark 11:15
On reaching Jerusalem, Jesus entered the temple courts and began driving out those who were buying and selling there. He overturned the tables of the money changers and the benches of those selling doves,

Mark 11:17
And as he taught them, he said, "Is it not written: 'My house will be called a house of prayer for all nations'? But you have made it 'a den of robbers.'"

Luke 19:45
When Jesus entered the temple courts, he began to drive out those who were selling.

John 2:15
So he made a whip out of cords, and drove all from the temple courts, both sheep and cattle; he scattered the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables.
Treasury of Scripture

And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:

Deuteronomy 14:23-26 And you shall eat before the LORD your God, in the place which he …

Matthew 21:12 And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that …

Mark 11:15 And they come to Jerusalem: and Jesus went into the temple, and began …

Luke 19:45,46 And he went into the temple, and began to cast out them that sold …

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