John 2:23
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Now while he was in Jerusalem at the Passover Festival, many people saw the signs he was performing and believed in his name.

New Living Translation
Because of the miraculous signs Jesus did in Jerusalem at the Passover celebration, many began to trust in him.

English Standard Version
Now when he was in Jerusalem at the Passover Feast, many believed in his name when they saw the signs that he was doing.

Berean Study Bible
While He was in Jerusalem at the Passover Feast, many people saw the signs He was doing and believed in His name.

Berean Literal Bible
And when He was in Jerusalem in the Passover, in the Feast, many believed in His name, beholding His signs that He was doing.

New American Standard Bible
Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name, observing His signs which He was doing.

King James Bible
Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast day, many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
While He was in Jerusalem at the Passover Festival, many trusted in His name when they saw the signs He was doing.

International Standard Version
While Jesus was in Jerusalem for the Passover Festival, many people believed in him because they saw the signs that he was doing.

NET Bible
Now while Jesus was in Jerusalem at the feast of the Passover, many people believed in his name because they saw the miraculous signs he was doing.

New Heart English Bible
Now when he was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in his name, after seeing his signs which he did.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But when Yeshua was staying in Jerusalem at Passover during the feast, many trusted in him because they saw the miracles that he performed.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
While Jesus was in Jerusalem at the Passover festival, many people believed in him because they saw the miracles that he performed.

New American Standard 1977
Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name, beholding His signs which He was doing.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast day, many believed in his name, seeing the signs which he did.

King James 2000 Bible
Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast day, many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did.

American King James Version
Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast day, many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did.

American Standard Version
Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, during the feast, many believed on his name, beholding his signs which he did.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now when he was at Jerusalem, at the pasch, upon the festival day, many believed in his name, seeing his signs which he did.

Darby Bible Translation
And when he was in Jerusalem, at the passover, at the feast, many believed on his name, beholding his signs which he wrought.

English Revised Version
Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, during the feast, many believed on his name, beholding his signs which he did.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast day, many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he performed.

Weymouth New Testament
Now when He was in Jerusalem, at the Festival of the Passover, many became believers in Him through watching the miracles He performed.

World English Bible
Now when he was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in his name, observing his signs which he did.

Young's Literal Translation
And as he was in Jerusalem, in the passover, in the feast, many believed in his name, beholding his signs that he was doing;
Study Bible
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
22After He was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered that He had said this. Then they believed the Scripture and the word that Jesus had spoken. 23While He was in Jerusalem at the Passover Feast, many people saw the signs He was doing and believed in His name. 24But Jesus did not entrust Himself to them, for He knew all men.…
Cross References
John 2:11
Jesus performed this first sign at Cana in Galilee. He thus revealed His glory, and His disciples believed in Him.

John 2:13
When the Jewish Passover was near, Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

John 4:45
Yet when He arrived, the Galileans welcomed Him. They had seen all the great things He had done in Jerusalem at the feast, for they had gone there as well.

John 5:36
But I have testimony more substantial than that of John. For the works that the Father has given Me to accomplish--the very works I am doing--testify about Me that the Father has sent Me.

John 6:2
A large crowd followed Him because they saw the signs He had performed on the sick.

John 7:31
Many in the crowd, however, believed in Him and said, "When the Christ comes, will He perform more signs than this man?"

John 11:45
Therefore many of the Jews who had come to Mary, and had seen what Jesus did, believed in Him.

1 John 3:23
And this is His commandment: that we should believe in the name of His Son, Jesus Christ, and we should love one another just as He commanded us.
Treasury of Scripture

Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast day, many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did.

many.

John 3:2 The same came to Jesus by night, and said to him, Rabbi, we know …

John 6:14 Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, …

John 7:31 And many of the people believed on him, and said, When Christ comes, …

John 8:30,31 As he spoke these words, many believed on him…

John 12:42,43 Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him; but …

Matthew 13:20,21 But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that …

Mark 4:16,17 And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, …

Luke 8:13 They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word …

Galatians 5:6 For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision avails any thing, nor uncircumcision; …

Ephesians 3:16,17 That he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to …

James 2:19,20 You believe that there is one God; you do well: the devils also believe, …

(23) In the feast day.--Omit the word "day" after feast. The italics show that there is no word to express it in the Greek, and it gives the impression of one day, whereas the feast extended over a week. The idea of time, moreover, is not expressed by "in the feast." The sentence means, When He was in the feast (engaged in keeping the feast) at Jerusalem, during the Passover.

Many believed.--The persons are distinct from the official representatives of the nation (John 2:18-19), as the place, Jerusalem, is distinguished from the Temple.

When they saw the miracles.--Better, as before, signs. The original words imply that their faith was dependent upon the signs which they gazed upon, without entering into their deeper meaning. It was the impulsive response of the moment, not based upon a previous preparation, nor resulting in a present deep conviction. It came far short of the faith of the disciples, who passed from a true knowledge of Moses and the Prophets to a true knowledge of Christ without a sign; but it came far above the disbelief of scribes and Pharisees, who after a sign rejected Him. It was not the prepared good ground bringing forth abundantly; but neither was it the hardened wayside which did not receive the seed at all.

Verse 23-ch. 3:2. -

(3) Numerous signs in Jerusalem, with their twofold effects. Verse 23. - A new paragraph is commenced here. The conversation with Nicodemus is prefaced by a very remarkable summary of facts, and a hint of principles of action, which are intended to throw light on the great discourse, which hears the same kind of relation to St. John's Gospel that the sermon on the mount does to St. Matthew's Gospel. It is a compendium of the Christian faith. The very fulness and sufficiency of it suggests the doubt of its authenticity. Is not the Lord's reticence on other occasions, and even his enigmatic, parabolic methods of teaching, in decided contrast with the abundance of the revelations with which Nicodemus was favoured? We are tempted to ask - What was the evangelist's source of information? The only reply that seems to me rational is that John himself was the auditor of this discourse, and has preserved it for the edification and solace of the world. The disciple whom Jesus loved never left him, but was perpetually drinking in his words, and, with a genuine Hebrew retentiveness, preserved them intact; at all events, he so reproduced the leading ideas of the conversation. This is, we maintain, a far more scientific treatment of the authorities than the hypothesis of a Johannist of the second century having gathered up and idealized the synoptic records of the scribes, who, by sundry questions, brought forth from the Lord some of his most characteristic teaching. Thoma urges that we have here a spiritual rechauffe of "the rich young man," of "the lawyer," and of the story of Paul, himself a Pharisee, when finally convinced that he needed a new creation and a spiritual life! First of all, then, we have the place, general period, and specific time referred to: Now when he was in Jerusalem - not the temple, but in the houses and streets, and perhaps suburbs, of Jerusalem (Ἱερουσαλύμοις the plural form used generally in the Gospel, while Ἱερουσαλήμ is used in the Revelation in symbolic sense) - at the Passover; a period generally covering nine or ten days of celebration, extending from the first purifying of the houses from all leaven and the drawing of pure water on the thirteenth Nisan, the paschal meal on the fourteenth Nisan, the feasts in the evenings of the great days of convocation, fifteenth and twenty-first of the month, and the ceremonies of the intervening six days. In the feast must refer to one or ether of the great days of convocation, worship, and feasting. Many believed on his Name; i.e. on his Messiahship, rather than on himself, as their Prophet, Purifier, self-sacrificing Priest, or than on himself as Lamb of God or Son of God. They accepted on easy terms, with a fickle and perhaps eager fanaticism, the first impression produced by him when they saw the signs which he was making of his heavenly mission and nature. We must conclude, therefore, that he did in many ways partially unveil himself. Nicodemus heard of these "signs," and referred them to a Divine commission. John does not here, nor elsewhere, say what these signs were - whether they consisted of effects produced on nature or on men, whether they were deeds of healing, or of moral compulsion, or repression, or reformation. Great expectations with reference to a coming Christ had been excited in the breasts of tens of thousands by John the Baptist's fiery ministry. The result was that men now flocked to Jesus in greater numbers than they had done to him (John 3:26). The faith that they exercised was neither deep nor appreciative, yet it was worthy of the name of faith. Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover,.... Whither he went, in order to keep it, that being at hand, and now come; see John 2:13;

in the feast day; either on the day the Chagigah was eaten, which was sometimes emphatically called "the feast", as in Numbers 28:16, "and in the fourteenth day of the first month, is the passover of the Lord; and in the fifteenth day of this month, is the feast"; the passover lamb was eaten on the fourteenth day of the month "Nisan", and the "Chagigah" was on the fifteenth; in the former only a lamb was eaten, in the other, cattle out of the herds; hence mention is made, both of flocks and herds, for the keeping the passover, Deuteronomy 16:2. Jarchi's note upon the place is, that the herds were for the Chagigah, with which the Talmud (l) agrees; and Jonathan ben Uzziel paraphrases the words thus,

"and ye shall slay the passover before the Lord your God, between the evenings, and the sheep and oxen on the morrow, in that very day, for the joy of the feast;''

for it was observed with great joy and mirth: and the rather this is here meant, since the "Chagigah" is not only called "the feast", but this here is distinguished from the passover, as that is in the passage above cited, Numbers 28:16. For the passover here, seems to be the general name for the whole seven days of the festival; and the feast to be the particular feast of the first day of it, which was the fifteenth; to which may be added, that on this day all the males made their appearance in court (m); and so was a very proper time for Christ to work his miracles in, when there were so many spectators: though it may design the whole time of the feast, all the seven days of unleavened bread; during which time Christ was at Jerusalem, and wrought miracles, which had the following effect:

many believed in his name; that he was some great prophet, or the prophet, or the Messiah; they gave an historical assent unto him as such, at least for that time:

when they saw the miracles which he did; for as miracles, according to the prophecies of the Old Testament, were to be performed by the Messiah, such as giving sight to the blind, causing the deaf to hear, the dumb to speak, and the lame to walk, Isaiah 35:5; so they were expected by the ancient Jews, that they would be wrought by him, when he came; wherefore these Jews, seeing such like wonderful things wrought by Jesus, they concluded he must be the Messiah: though the modern ones, in order to shift off the evidence of Jesus being the Messiah, from his miracles, deny that miracles are the characteristic of the Messiah, or will be performed by him; at least, that there is no necessity of them to prove him to be the person. What miracles these were, which were now wrought by Christ, are not recorded by this, or any other evangelist; see John 20:30. However, being surprised at the marvellous things he did, and upon the evidence of these extraordinary works, there were many that concluded he must be come from God; among these it seems as if Nicodemus was one; see John 3:2; great part of these, at least some of them, were only nominal and temporary believers, who were not to be confided in as true disciples, and hearty followers of Christ; and who continued not long in the same mind and profession, as appears by what follows.

(l) Pesachim, fol. 70. 2.((m) Maimon. Hilch. Chagigah, c. 1. sect. 1.23-25. in the feast day—the foregoing things occurring probably before the feast began.

many believed—superficially, struck merely by "the miracles He did." Of these we have no record.2:23-25 Our Lord knew all men, their nature, dispositions, affections, designs, so as we do not know any man, not even ourselves. He knows his crafty enemies, and all their secret projects; his false friends, and their true characters. He knows who are truly his, knows their uprightness, and knows their weaknesses. We know what is done by men; Christ knows what is in them, he tries the heart. Beware of a dead faith, or a formal profession: carnal, empty professors are not to be trusted, and however men impose on others or themselves, they cannot impose on the heart-searching God.
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