John 2:24
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
But Jesus would not entrust himself to them, for he knew all people.

New Living Translation
But Jesus didn't trust them, because he knew human nature.

English Standard Version
But Jesus on his part did not entrust himself to them, because he knew all people

Berean Study Bible
But Jesus did not entrust Himself to them, for He knew all men.

Berean Literal Bible
But Jesus on His part did not did entrust Himself to them, because of His knowing all men,

New American Standard Bible
But Jesus, on His part, was not entrusting Himself to them, for He knew all men,

King James Bible
But Jesus did not commit himself unto them, because he knew all men,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Jesus, however, would not entrust Himself to them, since He knew them all

International Standard Version
Jesus, however, did not entrust himself to them, because he knew all people

NET Bible
But Jesus would not entrust himself to them, because he knew all people.

New Heart English Bible
But Jesus did not trust himself to them, because he knew everyone,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But Yeshua did not entrust himself to them, because he knew all men,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesus, however, was wary of these believers. He understood people

New American Standard 1977
But Jesus, on His part, was not entrusting Himself to them, for He knew all men,

Jubilee Bible 2000
But Jesus did not trust himself unto them because he knew all men

King James 2000 Bible
But Jesus did not commit himself unto them, because he knew all men,

American King James Version
But Jesus did not commit himself to them, because he knew all men,

American Standard Version
But Jesus did not trust himself unto them, for that he knew all men,

Douay-Rheims Bible
But Jesus did not trust himself unto them, for that he knew all men,

Darby Bible Translation
But Jesus himself did not trust himself to them, because he knew all [men],

English Revised Version
But Jesus did not trust himself unto them, for that he knew all men,

Webster's Bible Translation
But Jesus did not commit himself to them, because he knew all men.

Weymouth New Testament
But for His part, Jesus did not trust Himself to them, because He knew them all,

World English Bible
But Jesus didn't trust himself to them, because he knew everyone,

Young's Literal Translation
and Jesus himself was not trusting himself to them, because of his knowing all men,
Study Bible
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
23While He was in Jerusalem at the Passover Feast, many people saw the signs He was doing and believed in His name. 24But Jesus did not entrust Himself to them, for He knew all men. 25He did not need any testimony about man, for He knew what was in a man.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 31:21
"Then it shall come about, when many evils and troubles have come upon them, that this song will testify before them as a witness (for it shall not be forgotten from the lips of their descendants); for I know their intent which they are developing today, before I have brought them into the land which I swore."

1 Kings 8:39
then hear in heaven Your dwelling place, and forgive and act and render to each according to all his ways, whose heart You know, for You alone know the hearts of all the sons of men,

Acts 1:24
And they prayed, "Lord, You know everyone's heart. Show us which of these two You have chosen

Acts 15:8
And God, who knows the heart, showed His approval by giving the Holy Spirit to them, just as He did to us.
Treasury of Scripture

But Jesus did not commit himself to them, because he knew all men,

did.

John 6:15 When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him …

Matthew 10:16,17 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the middle of wolves: be you …

because.

John 1:42,46,47 And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, …

John 5:42 But I know you, that you have not the love of God in you.

John 6:64 But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the …

John 16:30 Now are we sure that you know all things, and need not that any man …

John 21:17 He said to him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, love you me? …

1 Samuel 16:7 But the LORD said to Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the …

1 Chronicles 28:9 And you, Solomon my son, know you the God of your father, and serve …

1 Chronicles 29:17 I know also, my God, that you try the heart, and have pleasure in …

Jeremiah 17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: …

Matthew 9:4 And Jesus knowing their thoughts said, Why think you evil in your hearts?

Mark 2:8 And immediately when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned …

Acts 1:24 And they prayed, and said, You, Lord, which know the hearts of all …

Hebrews 4:13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight…

Revelation 2:23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall …

(24) But beneath this shallow surface there is the unbroken ledge of rock. They are easily moved just because they are not deeply moved. The eye which looked at, looked into, others (comp. John 1:47 et seq.), saw to the very depth of their hearts too, and knew all. It saw in that depth that the true inner man did not believe, did not commit itself to Him; it found not the spiritual receptivity, and there could not therefore be the spiritual revelation. He, on His part, did not commit Himself unto them. (Comp. John 8:31, Note.) Our version gives the correct sense, but it should be noted that "believed" in John 2:23, and "commit" here, represent the same Greek word.

Verses 24, 25. - But Jesus did not (imperfect) trust himself to them; not even to those who had "trusted on his Name." This remarkable expression corresponds with many actions and methods of Jesus. When he was offered the homage of devils, he forbade them to speak. When those who had been simply healed of bodily disease began garrulously to proclaim his praises, he silenced them. He had no faith in their faith, and consequently did not open to them more of his nature; still less did he assume, as they would have liked him to do, an immediate and outward Messiahship of political revolt. He did not break the bruised reed nor quench the smoking flax, and often made use of the smallest remnant of spiritual apprehension; but even in Galilee, when they would by force have made him a king, "he sent the multitudes away." The apparently arbitrary permission given to others to proclaim his Name (as, e.g., to the healed demoniac of Gergesa, Luke 8:39; cf. Luke 9:57-62) suggests the precise inquiry which John had felt from the first Jerusalem visit, and which, with profound insight, he thus meets: "He did not trust himself to them," owing to the fact that he knew - (γινώσκειν by apperceptive and continuous processes) - all (men) persons. He penetrated their thoughts, discerned their character, saw the meaning of their faith, the burden of their wishes, the regal passions that consumed them - he knew all. And also because he had no need that any should testify what was in (the) man; for he himself - without such aid - knew what was in (the) man. The definite articles here may either restrict the meaning to the men who happened one by one to come under his searching glance (John 7:51; Meyer), or it may mean "man" generically, "human nature" in all its peril, weakness, and self-deception. Geikie ('Life of Christ,' 1, 508) gives a novel, though entirely indefensible, translation: "He needed not that any should bear witness respecting him as man." The better and more accurate translation is the first; but since his glance is universal and contact with souls continuous - man by man - the statement thus embraces even more than is involved in the generic sense. The knowledge of man (homo) "generically" would not embrace his individualities - would leave out the specialities of each case. The particularism of Christ's penetrative glance gives the stronger and better explanation of the reserve of Christ in dealing with these half-believers, than the generic or rather universal knowledge which is supposed to be involved. N.B. -

(1) There is a so called faith to which Christ will not unveil himself - will not give himself.

(2) The great reward of faith in Christ is the faith of Christ.

(3) Faith in the Name of Christ, produced now by "signs," real or artificial, fictitious or sacramental, mystic, or miraculous, or aesthetic, by series Biblicae, or exaggerated ideas of special providence, is not comparable to the faith in Christ himself, which the truth about him excites.

(4) It is to the latter rather than to the former that the golden gates of the heart of Jesus are opened.



But Jesus did not commit himself unto them,.... The sense according to some of the ancients is, that he did not commit the whole of the Gospel to them; he did not make known to them all his mind and will; this he only did to the twelve apostles, his special disciples and friends; nor was the time come, that he would make known, or have made known, the things concerning his person, office, obedience, sufferings, death, and resurrection from the dead: but rather the meaning is, that he did not trust himself with these persons, who believed in him, on the basis of his miracles; he did not take them into the number of his associates; he did not admit them to intimacy with him; nor did he freely converse with them, or make any long stay among them; but soon withdrew himself from hence, and went into other parts of Judea, and into Galilee:

because he knew all men: good and bad: all openly profane sinners, and all their actions; not only their more public ones, but those that are done in the dark, and which are the most secretly devised, and levelled against the saints; and he so knew them, as to bring them into judgment: and all good men, true believers; he knows their persons, as they are his Father's choice, his gift of them to him, his own purchase, and as called by his grace; and so as to distinguish them at the last day, and give up the full account of every one of them to his Father: he knows the worst of them, the sin that dwells in them, their daily infirmities, their secret personal sins; their family sins, both of omission and commission; and their church sins, or which are committed in the house of God; and takes notice of them, so as to resent them, and chastise them for them; he knows the best of them, their graces, their faith, hope, love, patience, humility, self-denial, &c; he knows their good works, and all their weaknesses and their wants: and he knows all nominal professors, on what basis they take up their profession, and what trust they place in it; he can distinguish between grace and mere profession, and discern the secret lusts which such indulge, and the springs and progress of their apostasy: he knew all these men, that upon seeing his miracles, professed at this time to believe in him; he knew the hypocrisy and dissimulation of some of them; and he knew the notions they had of a temporal Messiah, and the temporal views they had in believing in him; and their design to set him up as a temporal prince, as some afterwards would have done: knew the flashy affections of others, who were like John's hearers, that were pleased for a while; he knew what sort of faith it was they believed in him with, that it would not hold long, nor they continue with him; for he knew not only all persons, but "all things", as some copies read here; see John 21:17. 24. did not commit—"entrust," or let Himself down familiarly to them, as to His genuine disciples.2:23-25 Our Lord knew all men, their nature, dispositions, affections, designs, so as we do not know any man, not even ourselves. He knows his crafty enemies, and all their secret projects; his false friends, and their true characters. He knows who are truly his, knows their uprightness, and knows their weaknesses. We know what is done by men; Christ knows what is in them, he tries the heart. Beware of a dead faith, or a formal profession: carnal, empty professors are not to be trusted, and however men impose on others or themselves, they cannot impose on the heart-searching God.
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