Joel 2:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD.

New Living Translation
The sun will become dark, and the moon will turn blood red before that great and terrible day of the LORD arrives.

English Standard Version
The sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the great and awesome day of the LORD comes.

New American Standard Bible
"The sun will be turned into darkness And the moon into blood Before the great and awesome day of the LORD comes.

King James Bible
The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the great and awe-inspiring Day of the LORD comes.

International Standard Version
The sun will be given over to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the coming of the great and terrifying Day of the LORD.

NET Bible
The sunlight will be turned to darkness and the moon to the color of blood, before the day of the LORD comes--that great and terrible day!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The sun will become dark, and the moon will become as red as blood before the terrifying day of the LORD comes."

Jubilee Bible 2000
The sun shall be turned into darkness and the moon into blood before the great and the terrible day of the LORD comes.

King James 2000 Bible
The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD comes.

American King James Version
The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of the LORD come.

American Standard Version
The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of Jehovah cometh.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood: before the great and dreadful day of the Lord doth come.

Darby Bible Translation
The sun shall be changed to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the great and terrible day of Jehovah come.

English Revised Version
The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of the LORD come.

Webster's Bible Translation
The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of the LORD shall come.

World English Bible
The sun will be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of Yahweh comes.

Young's Literal Translation
The sun is turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, Before the coming of the day of Jehovah, The great and the fearful.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:28-32 The promise began to be fulfilled on the day of Pentecost, when the Holy Spirit was poured out, and it was continued in the converting grace and miraculous gifts conferred on both Jews and Gentiles. The judgments of God upon a sinful world, only go before the judgment of the world in the last day. Calling on God supposes knowledge of him, faith in him, desire toward him, dependence on him, and, as evidence of the sincerity of all this, conscientious obedience to him. Those only shall be delivered in the great day, who are now effectually called from sin to God, from self to Christ, from things below to things above.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 31. - The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of the Lord come. These wonders in the heavens follow the wonders on earth, and these obscurations of the heavenly bodies - the darkening of the sun and the dull blood-like appearance of the moon - were portents of coming judgment. These miraculous phenomena, if literally employed, may refer to those portentous sights which, as the Jewish historian Josephus and the Roman historian Tacitus testify, were witnessed, both by besiegers and besieged, during the siege and before the destruction of Jerusalem. But taken symbolically, as is preferable, blood symbolizes bloodshed; fire, the firing of a town in time of war; and pillars of smoke, the clouds of smoke rolling up to heaven from the burning or smouldering ruins of a town or city set on fire by the enemy; while the darkening of the sun and the turning of the moon into a dull blood-red would portend approaching judgment, and a change, political and ecclesiastical, in the existing constitution of things. Here particularly, by reading Joel's prophecy in the light of the New Testament, we shall understand with tolerable clearness the meaning of the symbols of the sun and moon. The symbolic language of Joel's prediction found its fulfilment, at least in part, within less than half a century from the time when Peter spoke. Scarce forty years from that Pentecostal outpouring and the ruling powers, civil and ecclesiastical, of the Jewish nation came to an end. The Jewish Church and Hebrew commonwealth went out in darkness. The moon of the latter began to wane from the first day the Roman power was set up in Palestine, but at the destruction of the capital the light of that moon was extinguished for ever; the sun of the former was long getting obscured by clouds, but at last it underwent a total and final eclipse. But why, it may be asked, are sun and moon thus symbolic of rulers superior and inferior, or of rulers of greater and less importance, or of rulers in Church and state? By the original constitution of these luminaries, as specified in the record of Creation, they were actually appointed to this, and so naturally enough the physical here, as elsewhere, underlies the symbolic, as we read, "God made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night." Thus what was commenced when Judaea became a Roman province was completed when Jerusalem was destroyed and the temple burnt by the Roman army under Titus. "The day of the Lord" is an expression very common with the prophets, and always expressive of some severe visitation or special judgment. Thus we read in this same Book of the Prophet Joel, "The day of the Lord is at hand, and as a destruction from the Almighty shall it come." Again in Amos 5:18, "The day of the Lord is darkness, and not light." But other days of judicial visitation were not to be compared with this. The day of Babylon's destruction is called by Isaiah simply "the day of the Lord;" so Jeremiah speaks of the day of the destruction of Pharaoh's army at the Euphrates as "the day of the Lord;" and Joel himself designates the day of Jerusalem's destruction of Nebuchadnezzar as "the day of the Lord." But the day mentioned in the text before us is "that great and notable day of the Lord," and so it was the day of the final destruction and desolation of Jerusalem.





Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood,.... Not by eclipses, as Aben Ezra; but by the clouds of smoke arising from the burning of towns and cities, which would be so great as to obscure the sun, and through which the moon would look like blood: or all, this may be understood in a figurative sense of the change that should be made in the ecclesiastic and civil state of the Jewish nation, signified by the "heavens" and "earth"; and particularly that their king or kingdom should be in a low, mean, and distressed condition, designed by the sun; and the change of their priesthood is signified by the "moon": so Vitringa on Isaiah 24:23; interprets the "sun" here of King Agrippa, the last king of the Jews in obscurity; and the "moon" of Ananias junior, the high priest, slain by the zealots:

before the great and the terrible day of the Lord come; not the fall of Gog and Magog, as Kimchi; not the day of the last judgment, but of the destruction of Jerusalem; not by the Chaldeans, but by the Romans; their last destruction, which was very great and terrible indeed, and in which there was a manifest appearance of the hand and power of God; see Malachi 4:1. Maimonides (u) interprets it of the destruction of Sennacherib near Jerusalem; but if that sense is not acceptable, he proposes that of the destruction of Gog and Magog, in the times of the Messiah.

(u) Moreh Nevochim, par. 2. c. 19. p. 271.



Joel 2:31 Additional Commentaries
Context
I will Pour Out My Spirit
30"I will display wonders in the sky and on the earth, Blood, fire and columns of smoke. 31"The sun will be turned into darkness And the moon into blood Before the great and awesome day of the LORD comes. 32"And it will come about that whoever calls on the name of the LORD Will be delivered; For on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem There will be those who escape, As the LORD has said, Even among the survivors whom the LORD calls.
Cross References
Matthew 24:29
"Immediately after the distress of those days "'the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from the sky, and the heavenly bodies will be shaken.'

Mark 13:24
"But in those days, following that distress, "'the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light;

Luke 21:25
"There will be signs in the sun, moon and stars. On the earth, nations will be in anguish and perplexity at the roaring and tossing of the sea.

Acts 2:20
The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord.

Revelation 6:12
I watched as he opened the sixth seal. There was a great earthquake. The sun turned black like sackcloth made of goat hair, the whole moon turned blood red,

Revelation 6:13
and the stars in the sky fell to earth, as figs drop from a fig tree when shaken by a strong wind.

Revelation 8:12
The fourth angel sounded his trumpet, and a third of the sun was struck, a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of them turned dark. A third of the day was without light, and also a third of the night.

Isaiah 13:9
See, the day of the LORD is coming --a cruel day, with wrath and fierce anger-- to make the land desolate and destroy the sinners within it.

Isaiah 13:10
The stars of heaven and their constellations will not show their light. The rising sun will be darkened and the moon will not give its light.

Isaiah 34:4
All the stars in the sky will be dissolved and the heavens rolled up like a scroll; all the starry host will fall like withered leaves from the vine, like shriveled figs from the fig tree.

Jeremiah 4:28
Therefore the earth will mourn and the heavens above grow dark, because I have spoken and will not relent, I have decided and will not turn back."

Ezekiel 32:7
When I snuff you out, I will cover the heavens and darken their stars; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon will not give its light.

Joel 2:1
Blow the trumpet in Zion; sound the alarm on my holy hill. Let all who live in the land tremble, for the day of the LORD is coming. It is close at hand--

Joel 2:2
a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and blackness. Like dawn spreading across the mountains a large and mighty army comes, such as never was in ancient times nor ever will be in ages to come.

Joel 2:10
Before them the earth shakes, the heavens tremble, the sun and moon are darkened, and the stars no longer shine.

Joel 2:11
The LORD thunders at the head of his army; his forces are beyond number, and mighty is the army that obeys his command. The day of the LORD is great; it is dreadful. Who can endure it?

Joel 3:15
The sun and moon will be darkened, and the stars no longer shine.

Zechariah 14:6
On that day there will be neither sunlight nor cold, frosty darkness.

Malachi 4:1
"Surely the day is coming; it will burn like a furnace. All the arrogant and every evildoer will be stubble, and the day that is coming will set them on fire," says the LORD Almighty. "Not a root or a branch will be left to them.

Malachi 4:5
"See, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before that great and dreadful day of the LORD comes.
Treasury of Scripture

The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of the LORD come.

sun.

Joel 2:10 The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the …

Joel 3:1,15 For, behold, in those days, and in that time, when I shall bring …

Isaiah 13:9,10 Behold, the day of the LORD comes, cruel both with wrath and fierce …

Isaiah 34:4,5 And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall …

Matthew 24:29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be …

Matthew 27:45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land to the ninth hour.

Mark 13:24,25 But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, …

Luke 21:25 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the …

Revelation 6:12,13 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, see, there was …

the great.

Zephaniah 1:14-16 The great day of the LORD is near, it is near, and hastens greatly, …

Malachi 4:1,5 For, behold, the day comes, that shall burn as an oven; and all the …

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