Genesis 35:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
So Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him, "Get rid of the foreign gods you have with you, and purify yourselves and change your clothes.

New Living Translation
So Jacob told everyone in his household, "Get rid of all your pagan idols, purify yourselves, and put on clean clothing.

English Standard Version
So Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him, “Put away the foreign gods that are among you and purify yourselves and change your garments.

New American Standard Bible
So Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him, "Put away the foreign gods which are among you, and purify yourselves and change your garments;

King James Bible
Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you, and be clean, and change your garments:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Jacob said to his family and all who were with him, "Get rid of the foreign gods that are among you. Purify yourselves and change your clothes.

International Standard Version
Jacob announced to his household and to everyone with him, "Throw away the foreign gods that you've kept among you, purify yourselves, and change your clothes.

NET Bible
So Jacob told his household and all who were with him, "Get rid of the foreign gods you have among you. Purify yourselves and change your clothes.

New Heart English Bible
Then Jacob said to his household, and to all who were with him, "Put away the foreign gods that are among you, purify yourselves, change your garments.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So Jacob said to his family and those who were with him, "Get rid of the foreign gods which you have, wash yourselves until you are ritually clean, and change your clothes.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all that were with him: 'Put away the strange gods that are among you, and purify yourselves, and change your garments;

New American Standard 1977
So Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him, “Put away the foreign gods which are among you, and purify yourselves, and change your garments;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then Jacob said unto his household and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you and be clean and change your garments:

King James 2000 Bible
Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the foreign gods that are among you, and be clean, and change your garments:

American King James Version
Then Jacob said to his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you, and be clean, and change your garments:

American Standard Version
Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the foreign gods that are among you, and purify yourselves, and change your garments:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Jacob having called together all his household, said: Cast away the strange gods that are among you, and be cleansed and change your garments.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jacob said to his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you, and cleanse yourselves, and change your garments;

English Revised Version
Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you, and purify yourselves, and change your garments:

Webster's Bible Translation
Then Jacob said to his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you, and be clean, and change your garments:

World English Bible
Then Jacob said to his household, and to all who were with him, "Put away the foreign gods that are among you, purify yourselves, change your garments.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jacob saith unto his household, and unto all who are with him, 'Turn aside the gods of the stranger which are in your midst, and cleanse yourselves, and change your garments;
Study Bible
Jacob Returns to Bethel
1Then God said to Jacob, "Arise, go up to Bethel and live there, and make an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau." 2So Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him, "Put away the foreign gods which are among you, and purify yourselves and change your garments; 3and let us arise and go up to Bethel, and I will make an altar there to God, who answered me in the day of my distress and has been with me wherever I have gone."…
Cross References
Genesis 18:19
"For I have chosen him, so that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the LORD by doing righteousness and justice, so that the LORD may bring upon Abraham what He has spoken about him."

Genesis 31:19
When Laban had gone to shear his flock, then Rachel stole the household idols that were her father's.

Genesis 31:30
"Now you have indeed gone away because you longed greatly for your father's house; but why did you steal my gods?"

Exodus 19:10
The LORD also said to Moses, "Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments;

Exodus 19:14
So Moses went down from the mountain to the people and consecrated the people, and they washed their garments.

Joshua 24:15
"If it is disagreeable in your sight to serve the LORD, choose for yourselves today whom you will serve: whether the gods which your fathers served which were beyond the River, or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are living; but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD."

1 Samuel 7:3
Then Samuel spoke to all the house of Israel, saying, "If you return to the LORD with all your heart, remove the foreign gods and the Ashtaroth from among you and direct your hearts to the LORD and serve Him alone; and He will deliver you from the hand of the Philistines."

1 Samuel 16:5
He said, "In peace; I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. Consecrate yourselves and come with me to the sacrifice." He also consecrated Jesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice.
Treasury of Scripture

Then Jacob said to his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you, and be clean, and change your garments:

unto his.

Genesis 18:19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household …

Joshua 24:15 And if it seem evil to you to serve the LORD, choose you this day …

Psalm 101:2-7 I will behave myself wisely in a perfect way. O when will you come …

strange.

Genesis 31:19,34 And Laban went to shear his sheep: and Rachel had stolen the images …

Exodus 20:3,4 You shall have no other gods before me…

Exodus 23:13 And in all things that I have said to you be circumspect: and make …

Deuteronomy 5:7 You shall have none other gods before me.

Deuteronomy 6:14 You shall not go after other gods, of the gods of the people which …

Deuteronomy 7:25 The graven images of their gods shall you burn with fire: you shall …

Deuteronomy 11:28 And a curse, if you will not obey the commandments of the LORD your …

Deuteronomy 32:16 They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations …

Joshua 23:7 That you come not among these nations, these that remain among you; …

Joshua 24:2,20,23 And Joshua said to all the people, Thus said the LORD God of Israel, …

Judges 10:16 And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the …

Ruth 1:15 And she said, Behold, your sister in law is gone back to her people, …

1 Samuel 7:3 And Samuel spoke to all the house of Israel, saying, If you do return …

2 Samuel 7:23 And what one nation in the earth is like your people, even like Israel, …

2 Kings 17:29 However, every nation made gods of their own, and put them in the …

1 Chronicles 16:26 For all the gods of the people are idols: but the LORD made the heavens.

Jeremiah 5:7 How shall I pardon you for this? your children have forsaken me, …

Jeremiah 16:20 Shall a man make gods to himself, and they are no gods?

Daniel 5:4 They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of …

Acts 19:26 Moreover you see and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost …

1 Corinthians 10:7 Neither be you idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, …

2 Corinthians 6:15-17 And what concord has Christ with Belial? or what part has he that …

Galatians 4:8 However, then, when you knew not God, you did service to them which …

clean.

Genesis 35:22 And it came to pass, when Israel dwelled in that land, that Reuben …

Genesis 34:2,24,25 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, …

Exodus 19:10,14 And the LORD said to Moses, Go to the people, and sanctify them to …

Leviticus 15:5 And whoever touches his bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself …

Leviticus 17:16 But if he wash them not, nor bathe his flesh; then he shall bear his iniquity.

Numbers 31:24 And you shall wash your clothes on the seventh day, and you shall …

2 Kings 5:10,12,13 And Elisha sent a messenger to him, saying, Go and wash in Jordan …

Job 1:5 And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that …

Psalm 51:2,7 Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin…

Ecclesiastes 5:1 Keep your foot when you go to the house of God, and be more ready …

Isaiah 1:16 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before …

Isaiah 52:11 Depart you, depart you, go you out from there, touch no unclean thing; …

Jeremiah 13:27 I have seen your adulteries, and your neighings, the lewdness of …

Ezekiel 18:31 Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby you have transgressed; …

Ezekiel 20:7 Then said I to them, Cast you away every man the abominations of …

Ezekiel 36:25 Then will I sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean: …

John 13:10,11 Jesus said to him, He that is washed needs not save to wash his feet, …

2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves …

Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having …

James 4:8 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, …

1 Peter 2:1,2 Why laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and …

Jude 1:23 And others save with fear, pulling them out of the fire; hating even …

(2) Strange gods.--Besides Rachel's teraphim, many, probably, of the persons acquired by Jacob at Haran were idolaters, and had brought their gods with them. Besides these, the numerous men and women who formed the"tafs" of the Shechemites were certainly worshippers of false deities. The object, then, of this reformation was not merely to raise Jacob's own family to a higher spiritual state, but also to initiate the many heathen belonging to their households into the true religion. Outward rites of purification and changes of garment were to accompany the religious teaching given, because of their symbolical value; and we can well believe that much deep and earnest religious feeling would be evoked by the solemnities which accompanied this drawing near of the whole tribe to God. This reformation is also interesting as being the first of a long series of such acts constantly recurring in the history of Israel; and especially it is parallel to the sanctification of the people at Sinai. There, also, there was the initiation not merely of the lineal Israel, but also of the mixed multitude, into the true religion--for Jacob's family had then grown into a nation; and there, also, symbolical washings were enjoined (Exodus 19:10-14). These subsequently were still practised under the Law, and grew into the baptism by which we are now admitted into the Church of Christ.

Verses 2, 3. - Then Jacob said unto his household (i.e. those more immediately belonging to his family), and to all that were with him (referring probably to the captured Shechemites), Put away the strange gods - literally, the gods of the stranger, including most likely the teraphim of Laban, which Rachel still retained, and other objects of idolatrous worship, either brought by Jacob's servants from Mesopotamia, or adopted in Canaan, or perhaps possessed by the captives - that are among you, and be clean, - literally, cleanse yourselves. The word is that which afterwards describes the purifications of the law (Numbers 19:11, 12; Leviticus 14:4; Leviticus 15:13). Aben Ezra interprets it as meaning that they washed their bodies; and Michaelis views the rite as a kind of baptism, signifying their adoption of the true religion of Jehovah - a quasi baptism of repentance, like that afterwards preached by John (vide 'Suppl.,' p. 1000) - and change your garments. The directions here given are very similar to those which were subsequently issued at Sinai (Exodus 19:10), and were meant to symbolize a moral and spiritual purification of the mind and heart. And let us arise, and go to Bethel. "This is obviously not the first time Jacob acquainted his family with the vision at Bethel (Inglis). And I will make there an altar unto God, - El is probably employed because of its proximity to and connection with Bethel, or house of El, and the intended contrast between the El of Bethel and the strange Elohim which Jacob's household were commanded to put away (cf. Quarry, p. 512) - who answered me in the day of my distress, - this seems to imply that Jacob prayed at Bethel before he slept, if it does not refer to his supplication before meeting, Esau (Genesis 32:9) - and was with me in the way which I went. This language clearly looks back to Bethel (vide Genesis 28:20). Then Jacob said unto his household,.... His wives and children:

and to all that were with him; his menservants and maidservants, and such as remained with him of the captives of Shechem, who might choose to continue with him:

put away the strange gods that are among you; meaning not the teraphim or images of Laban's, which Rachel had stolen from him; for it can hardly be thought that these should be retained so many years in Jacob's family, and used in an idolatrous manner; but rather such as might be among the Canaanitish servants that had been lately taken into Jacob's service, or that were among the captives of Shechem, or taken along with the spoil of that city; and so the Targum of Jonathan calls them the idols of the people, which they brought from the idols' temple at Shechem; and the words may be rendered, "the gods of the strangers" (s), that is, of the Shechemites, who were Heathens and aliens, strangers to the true God, the knowledge and worship of him:

and be clean; either by abstaining from their wives, as some interpret it, from Exodus 19:10; or rather by washing their bodies, as Aben Ezra gives the sense of it; their hands were full of the blood of the Shechemites, and needed to be washed and purified, as the Targum of Jonathan has it, from the pollutions of the slain, before they went to Bethel, the house of God; and these outward ablutions and purifications were significative of inward cleansing by the grace of God, and of outward reformation of life and manners; see Isaiah 1:15,

and change your garments: which might be stained with blood, and therefore not fit to appear in before God, or were old and worn out, or sordid apparel: changing and washing of garments were also emblems of renewing of the mind, and cleansing of the soul, and of the change of heart and life, as well as of pleasure, delight, and cheerfulness in appearing before God.

(s) "deos alenigenarum", Pagninus; "alienigenae", Montanus, Schmidt; "alieni populi", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator. 2. Then Jacob said unto his household … Put away the strange gods that are among you—Hebrew, "gods of the stranger," of foreign nations. Jacob had brought, in his service, a number of Mesopotamian retainers, who were addicted to superstitious practices; and there is some reason to fear that the same high testimony as to the religious superintendence of his household could not have been borne of him as was done of Abraham (Ge 18:19). He might have been too negligent hitherto in winking at these evils in his servants; or, perhaps, it was not till his arrival in Canaan, that he had learnt, for the first time, that one nearer and dearer to him was secretly infected with the same corruption (Ge 31:34). Be that as it may, he resolved on an immediate and thorough reformation of his household; and in commanding them to put away the strange gods, he added,

be clean, and change your garments—as if some defilement, from contact with idolatry, should still remain about them. In the law of Moses, many ceremonial purifications were ordained and observed by persons who had contracted certain defilements, and without the observance of which, they were reckoned unclean and unfit to join in the social worship of God. These bodily purifications were purely figurative; and as sacrifices were offered before the law, so also were external purifications, as appears from the words of Jacob; hence it would seem that types and symbols were used from the fall of man, representing and teaching the two great doctrines of revealed truth—namely, the atonement of Christ and the sanctification of our nature.35:1-5 Beth-el was forgotten. But as many as God loves, he will remind of neglected duties, one way or other, by conscience or by providences. When we have vowed a vow to God, it is best not to defer the payment of it; yet better late than never. Jacob commanded his household to prepare, not only for the journey and removal, but for religious services. Masters of families should use their authority to keep up religion in their families, Jos 24:15. They must put away strange gods. In families where there is a face of religion, and an altar to God, yet many times there is much amiss, and more strange gods than one would suppose. They must be clean, and change their garments. These were but outward ceremonies, signifying the purifying and change of the heart. What are clean clothes, and new clothes, without a clean heart, and a new heart? If Jacob had called for these idols sooner, they had parted with them sooner. Sometimes attempts for reformation succeed better than we could have thought. Jacob buried their images. We must be wholly separated from our sins, as we are from those that are dead and buried out of sight. He removed from Shechem to Beth-el. Though the Canaanites were very angry against the sons of Jacob for their barbarous usage of the Shechemites, yet they were so kept back by Divine power, that they could not take the opportunity now offered to avenge them. The way of duty is the way of safety. When we are about God's work, we are under special protection; God is with us, while we are with him; and if He be for us, who can be against us? God governs the world more by secret terrors on men's minds than we are aware of.
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