Exodus 19:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
And the LORD said to Moses, "Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow. Have them wash their clothes

New Living Translation
Then the LORD told Moses, "Go down and prepare the people for my arrival. Consecrate them today and tomorrow, and have them wash their clothing.

English Standard Version
the LORD said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments

New American Standard Bible
The LORD also said to Moses, "Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments;

King James Bible
And the LORD said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And the LORD told Moses, "Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow. They must wash their clothes

International Standard Version
The LORD told Moses, "Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow. They must wash their clothes,

NET Bible
The LORD said to Moses, "Go to the people and sanctify them today and tomorrow, and make them wash their clothes

New Heart English Bible
The LORD said to Moses, "Go to the people, and sanctify them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So the LORD said to Moses, "Go to the people, and tell them they have two days to get ready. They must set themselves apart as holy. Have them wash their clothes

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Go unto the people, and sanctify them to-day and to-morrow, and let them wash their garments,

New American Standard 1977
The LORD also said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments;

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the LORD said unto Moses, Go unto the people and sanctify them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes

King James 2000 Bible
And the LORD said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes,

American King James Version
And the LORD said to Moses, Go to the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes,

American Standard Version
And Jehovah said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to-day and to-morrow, and let them wash their garments,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said to him: Go to the people, and sanctify them to day, and to morrow, and let them wash their garments.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah said to Moses, Go to the people, and hallow them to-day and to-morrow, and let them wash their clothes;

English Revised Version
And the LORD said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments,

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD said to Moses, Go to the people, and sanctify them to-day and to-morrow, and let them wash their clothes,

World English Bible
Yahweh said to Moses, "Go to the people, and sanctify them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments,

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Go unto the people; and thou hast sanctified them to-day and to-morrow, and they have washed their garments,
Study Bible
Israel at Mount Sinai
9The LORD said to Moses, "Behold, I will come to you in a thick cloud, so that the people may hear when I speak with you and may also believe in you forever." Then Moses told the words of the people to the LORD. 10The LORD also said to Moses, "Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments; 11and let them be ready for the third day, for on the third day the LORD will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people.…
Cross References
Revelation 22:14
Blessed are those who wash their robes, so that they may have the right to the tree of life and may enter the city by its gates.

Genesis 35:2
So Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him, "Put away the foreign gods which are among you, and purify yourselves and change your garments;

Leviticus 11:44
'For I am the LORD your God. Consecrate yourselves therefore, and be holy, for I am holy. And you shall not make yourselves unclean with any of the swarming things that swarm on the earth.

Leviticus 11:45
'For I am the LORD who brought you up from the land of Egypt to be your God; thus you shall be holy, for I am holy.'"

Leviticus 15:5
'Anyone, moreover, who touches his bed shall wash his clothes and bathe in water and be unclean until evening;

Numbers 8:7
"Thus you shall do to them, for their cleansing: sprinkle purifying water on them, and let them use a razor over their whole body and wash their clothes, and they will be clean.

Numbers 8:21
The Levites, too, purified themselves from sin and washed their clothes; and Aaron presented them as a wave offering before the LORD. Aaron also made atonement for them to cleanse them.

Numbers 11:18
"Say to the people, 'Consecrate yourselves for tomorrow, and you shall eat meat; for you have wept in the ears of the LORD, saying, "Oh that someone would give us meat to eat! For we were well-off in Egypt." Therefore the LORD will give you meat and you shall eat.

Numbers 19:19
Then the clean person shall sprinkle on the unclean on the third day and on the seventh day; and on the seventh day he shall purify him from uncleanness, and he shall wash his clothes and bathe himself in water and shall be clean by evening.

Joshua 3:5
Then Joshua said to the people, "Consecrate yourselves, for tomorrow the LORD will do wonders among you."
Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD said to Moses, Go to the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes,

sanctify

Exodus 16:15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, …

Leviticus 11:44,45 For I am the LORD your God: you shall therefore sanctify yourselves, …

Joshua 3:5 And Joshua said to the people, Sanctify yourselves: for to morrow …

Joshua 7:13 Up, sanctify the people, and say, Sanctify yourselves against to …

1 Samuel 16:5 And he said, Peaceably: I am come to sacrifice to the LORD: sanctify …

2 Chronicles 29:5,34 And said to them, Hear me, you Levites, sanctify now yourselves, …

2 Chronicles 30:17-19 For there were many in the congregation that were not sanctified…

Job 11:5 But oh that God would speak, and open his lips against you;

1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but you are washed, but you are sanctified, …

wash

Exodus 19:14 And Moses went down from the mount to the people, and sanctified …

Genesis 35:2 Then Jacob said to his household, and to all that were with him, …

Leviticus 11:25 And whoever bears ought of the carcass of them shall wash his clothes, …

Leviticus 15:5 And whoever touches his bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself …

Numbers 8:7,21 And thus shall you do to them, to cleanse them: Sprinkle water of …

Numbers 31:24 And you shall wash your clothes on the seventh day, and you shall …

Zechariah 3:3,4 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel…

Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having …

Revelation 7:14 And I said to him, Sir, you know. And he said to me, These are they …

(10) Go unto the people, and sanctify them.--The approaching manifestation required, above all things, that the people should be "sanctified." Sanctification is twofold--outward and inward. The real essential preparation for approach to God is inward sanctification; but no external command can secure this. Moses was therefore instructed to issue directions for outward purification; and it was left to the spiritual insight of the people to perceive and recognise that such purity symbolised and required internal purification as its counterpart. The external purification was to consist in three things--(1) Ablution, or washing of the person; (2) washing of clothes; and (3) abstinence from sexual intercourse (Exodus 19:15).

Let them wash their clothes.--The Levitical law required the washing of clothes on many occasions (Leviticus 11:25; Leviticus 11:28; Leviticus 11:40; Leviticus 13:6; Leviticus 13:34; Leviticus 13:58; Leviticus 14:8-9; Leviticus 14:47; Leviticus 15:5-22, &c.) In connection with purification. The same idea prevailed in Egypt (Herod., 2:37), in Greece (Horn. Od., iv. 1. 759), and in Rome (Dollinger, Jew and Gentile, vol. ii., p. 82). It is a natural extension of the idea that ablution of the person cleanses, not from physical only, but from moral defilement.

Verses 10-15. - THE PREPARATION OF THE PEOPLE AND OF THE MOUNTAIN FOR THE MANIFESTATION OF GOD UPON IT. The people having accepted God's terms, the time had come for the revelation in all its fulness of the covenant which God designed to make with them. This, it was essential, they should perceive and know to come from God, and not to be the invention of Moses. God, therefore, was about to manifest himself. But ere he could do this with safety, it was requisite that certain preparations should be made. Before man can be fit to approach God, he needs to be sanctified. The essential sanctification is internal; but, as internal purity and holiness cannot be produced at a given moment, Moses was ordered to require its outward symbol, external bodily cleanliness, by ablution and the washing of clothes, as a preliminary to God's descent upon the mountain (vers. 10, 13). It would be generally understood that this external purity was symbolical only, and needed to be accompanied by internal cleanliness. Further, since even the purest of men is impure in God's sight, and since there would be many in the congregation who had attempted no internal cleansing, it was necessary to provide that they should not draw too near, so as to intrude on the holy ground or on God's presence. Moses was therefore required to have a fence erected round the mountain, between it and the people, and to proclaim the penalty of death against all who should pass it and touch the mount (vers. 12, 13). In executing these orders, Moses gave an additional charge to the heads of families, that they should purify themselves by an act of abstinence which he specified (ver. 15) Verse 10. - Go unto the people. Moses had withdrawn himself from the people to report their words to God (vers. 8, 9). He was now commanded to return to them. Sanctify them. Or "purify them." Purification in Egypt was partly by washing, partly, by shaving the hair, either front the head only, or from the entire body (Herod. 2:37), partly perhaps by other rites. The Israelites seem ordinarily to have purified themselves by washing only. To-day and to-morrow. The fourth and fifth of Sivan, according to the Jewish tradition, the Decalogue having been given upon the sixth. The requirement of a two-days' preparation marked the extreme sanctity of the occasion. Let them wash their clothes. Compare Leviticus 15:5. Rich people could "change their garments" on a sacred occasion (Genesis 35:2); the poorer sort, having no change, could only wash them. And the Lord said unto Moses,.... On the fourth day, according to the Targum of Jonathan:

go unto the people; go down from the mountain, from the top of it, where he now was, to the camp of Israel, which was pitched before it:

and sanctify them today and tomorrow; the fourth and fifth days of the month; that is, he was, to instruct them how they were to sanctify themselves in an external way, by washing themselves, as after mentioned, their bodies and clothes, and by abstaining from all sensual pleasures, lawful or unlawful:

and let them wash their clothes; which the Jews understood not of their garments, but of their bodies also; teaching them by these outward things the necessity of internal purity and holiness, to appear before God: these outward rites were in use before the law of Moses, as appears from Genesis 35:2 and the Heathens themselves have similar notions of the cleanness of bodies and garments, as well as the purity of mind, being acceptable to their deities (n).

(n) "Casta placent superis, pura cum veste venito". Tibullus. 19:9-15 The solemn manner in which the law was delivered, was to impress the people with a right sense of the Divine majesty. Also to convince them of their own guilt, and to show that they could not stand in judgment before God by their own obedience. In the law, the sinner discovers what he ought to be, what he is, and what he wants. There he learns the nature, necessity, and glory of redemption, and of being made holy. Having been taught to flee to Christ, and to love him, the law is the rule of his obedience and faith.
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