Exodus 19:22
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Even the priests, who approach the LORD, must consecrate themselves, or the LORD will break out against them."

New Living Translation
Even the priests who regularly come near to the LORD must purify themselves so that the LORD does not break out and destroy them."

English Standard Version
Also let the priests who come near to the LORD consecrate themselves, lest the LORD break out against them.”

New American Standard Bible
"Also let the priests who come near to the LORD consecrate themselves, or else the LORD will break out against them."

King James Bible
And let the priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Even the priests who come near the LORD must purify themselves or the LORD will break out in anger against them."

International Standard Version
Even the priests who approach the LORD must consecrate themselves. Otherwise, the LORD will attack them."

NET Bible
Let the priests also, who approach the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break through against them."

New Heart English Bible
Let the priests also, who come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth on them."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Even the priests who are allowed to come near the LORD must set themselves apart as holy, or the LORD will violently kill them."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And let the priests also, that come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.'

New American Standard 1977
“And also let the priests who come near to the LORD consecrate themselves, lest the LORD break out against them.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And also let the priests who come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves lest the LORD break forth upon them.

King James 2000 Bible
And let the priests also, who come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.

American King James Version
And let the priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth on them.

American Standard Version
And let the priests also, that come near to Jehovah, sanctify themselves, lest Jehovah break forth upon them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The priests also that come to the Lord, let them be sanctified, lest he strike them.

Darby Bible Translation
And the priests also, who come near to Jehovah, shall hallow themselves, lest Jehovah break forth on them.

English Revised Version
And let the priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.

Webster's Bible Translation
And let the priests also who come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.

World English Bible
Let the priests also, who come near to Yahweh, sanctify themselves, lest Yahweh break forth on them."

Young's Literal Translation
and also the priests who are coming nigh unto Jehovah do sanctify themselves, lest Jehovah break forth on them.'
Study Bible
The Lord Visits Sinai
21Then the LORD spoke to Moses, "Go down, warn the people, so that they do not break through to the LORD to gaze, and many of them perish. 22"Also let the priests who come near to the LORD consecrate themselves, or else the LORD will break out against them." 23Moses said to the LORD, "The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai, for You warned us, saying, 'Set bounds about the mountain and consecrate it.'"…
Cross References
Exodus 19:24
Then the LORD said to him, "Go down and come up again, you and Aaron with you; but do not let the priests and the people break through to come up to the LORD, or He will break forth upon them."

Exodus 24:5
He sent young men of the sons of Israel, and they offered burnt offerings and sacrificed young bulls as peace offerings to the LORD.

Leviticus 10:3
Then Moses said to Aaron, "It is what the LORD spoke, saying, 'By those who come near Me I will be treated as holy, And before all the people I will be honored.'" So Aaron, therefore, kept silent.

Leviticus 21:6
'They shall be holy to their God and not profane the name of their God, for they present the offerings by fire to the LORD, the food of their God; so they shall be holy.

Numbers 11:18
"Say to the people, 'Consecrate yourselves for tomorrow, and you shall eat meat; for you have wept in the ears of the LORD, saying, "Oh that someone would give us meat to eat! For we were well-off in Egypt." Therefore the LORD will give you meat and you shall eat.
Treasury of Scripture

And let the priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth on them.

the priests

Exodus 24:5 And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt …

Leviticus 10:1-3 And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, …

Isaiah 52:11 Depart you, depart you, go you out from there, touch no unclean thing; …

sanctify

Exodus 19:5,14,15 Now therefore, if you will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, …

break

2 Samuel 6:6-8 And when they came to Nachon's threshing floor, Uzzah put forth his …

1 Chronicles 13:9-11 And when they came to the threshing floor of Chidon, Uzza put forth …

1 Chronicles 15:13 For because you did it not at the first, the LORD our God made a …

2 Chronicles 30:3,15,18,19 For they could not keep it at that time, because the priests had …

Acts 5:5,10 And Ananias hearing these words fell down, and gave up the ghost: …

1 Corinthians 11:30-32 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep…

(22) The priests.--This has been called an anachronism, since the Levitical priesthood was not as yet instituted. But the Israelites, like all other ancient tribes or races, must have had priests long ere this, appointed upon one principle or another. It is a reasonable conjecture that hitherto the heads of families had exercised sacerdotal functions.

Break forth--i.e., punish in some open and manifest way. Compare the "breach" upon Uzzah (2Samuel 6:8).

Verse 22. - Let the priests also. It has been objected, that no priests had been as yet appointed, and that we have here therefore an anachronism. But every nation in ancient times had priests, appointed on one principle or another: and the Levitical priesthood must be regarded as having superseded one previously existent, not as the first priesthood known to Israel. We have a second mention of priests, previous to the appointment of Aaron's sons to the office (in Exodus 24:5), which confirms the present passage. Sanctify themselves. The verb used is identical with that which occurs in ver. 10; and there is no reason to believe that any different sanctification was intended. The natural inference is that the priests had neglected to sanctify themselves. (See the introductory paragraph.) Lest the Lord break forth. Compare 2 Samuel 6:8, where we have an instance of such a "breaking forth" upon Uzzah. And let the priests also, which come near unto the Lord,.... Either the firstborn, as the Jews generally interpret it, so Jarchi and Aben Ezra; who were sanctified to the Lord, and in whose stead afterwards the Levites were taken; or the sons of Aaron, who should be, and were potentially, though not actually priests, as Ben Gersom expresses it, from an ancient book of theirs called Mechilta; or rather some principal persons, as heads of families and the like, who, before the priesthood was settled in the family of Aaron, officiated as priests, and drew nigh to God, and offered up sacrifices for themselves and others, and were distinguished from others by this character, and therefore do not intend princes, as some interpret the word; for the description of them will not agree to them, but plainly points to a sort of men, to whom it was peculiar to perform that office. These Moses is bid to charge that they

sanctify themselves; in the same manner as the people in general were before ordered, and keep themselves within the same bounds; not daring to transgress them, because they were persons that used to draw nigh to God in the performance of religious actions:

lest the Lord break forth upon them; and smite them, that they die, in like manner as he made a breach on Uzzah afterwards for touching the ark of the Lord, 2 Samuel 6:6. 19:16-25 Never was there such a sermon preached, before or since, as this which was preached to the church in the wilderness. It might be supposed that the terrors would have checked presumption and curiosity in the people; but the hard heart of an unawakened sinner can trifle with the most terrible threatenings and judgments. In drawing near to God, we must never forget his holiness and greatness, nor our own meanness and pollution. We cannot stand in judgment before him according to his righteous law. The convinced transgressor asks, What must I do to be saved? and he hears the voice, Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved. The Holy Ghost, who made the law to convince of sin, now takes of the things of Christ, and shows them to us. In the gospel we read, Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us. We have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins. Through him we are justified from all things, from which we could not be justified by the law of Moses. But the Divine law is binding as a rule of life. The Son of God came down from heaven, and suffered poverty, shame, agony, and death, not only to redeem us from its curse, but to bind us more closely to keep its commands.
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