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Smith's Bible Dictionary

in its legal and technical sense, is applied to the ritual observances whereby an Israelite was formally absolved from the taint of uncleanness. The essence of purification, in all eases, consisted in the use of water, whether by way of ablution or aspersion; but in the majora delicta of legal uncleanness, sacrifices of various kinds were added and the ceremonies throughout bore an expiatory character. Ablution of the person and of the clothes was required in the cases mentioned in (Leviticus 15:18; 11:25,40; 15:18,17) In cases of childbirth the sacrifice was increased to a lamb of the first year, with a pigeon or turtle-dove. (Leviticus 12:8) The ceremonies of purification required in cases of contact with a corpse or a grave are detailed in (Numbers 19:1) ... The purification of the leper was a yet more formal proceeding, and indicated the highest pitch of uncleanness. The rites are described in (Leviticus 14:4-32) The necessity of purification was extended in the post-Babylonian Period to a variety of unauthorized cases. Cups and pots and brazen vessels were washed as a matter of ritual observance. (Mark 7:4) The washing of the hands before meals was conducted in a formal manner. (Mark 7:3) What play have been the specific causes of uncleanness in those who came up to purify themselves before the Passover, (John 11:55) or in those who had taken upon themselves the Nazarites' vow, (Acts 21:24,26) we are not informed. In conclusion it may he observed that the distinctive feature. In the Mosaic rites of purification is their expiatory character. The idea of uncleanness was not peculiar to the Jew; but with all other nations simple ablution sufficed: no sacrifices were demanded. The Jew alone was taught by the use of expiatory offerings to discern to its fullest extent the connection between the outward sign and the inward fount of impurity.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
The process by which a person unclean, according to the Levitical law, and thereby cut off from the sanctuary and the festivals, was restored to the enjoyment of all these privileges.

The great annual purification of the people was on the Day of Atonement (q.v.).

But in the details of daily life there were special causes of cermonial uncleanness which were severally provided for by ceremonial laws enacted for each separate case. For example, the case of the leper (Leviticus 13, 14), and of the house defiled by leprosy (14:49-53; see also Matthew 8:2-4). Uncleanness from touching a dead body (Numbers 19:11; Hosea 9:4; Haggai 2:13; Matthew 23:27; Luke 11:44). The case of the high priest and of the Nazarite (Leviticus 21:1-4, 10, 11; Numbers 6:6, 7; Ezek. 44:25). Purification was effected by bathing and washing the clothes (Leviticus 14:8, 9); by washing the hands (Deuteronomy 21:6; Matthew 27:24); washing the hands and feet (Exodus 30:18-21; Hebrews 6:2, "baptisms", R.V. marg., "washings;9:10); sprinkling with blood and water (Exodus 24:5-8; Hebrews 9:19), etc. Allusions to this rite are found in Psalm 26:6; 51:7; Ezek. 36:25; Hebrews 10:22.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The act of purifying; the act or operation of separating and removing from anything that which is impure or noxious, or heterogeneous or foreign to it; as, the purification of liquors, or of metals.

2. (n.) The act or operation of cleansing ceremonially, by removing any pollution or defilement.

3. (n.) A cleansing from guilt or the pollution of sin; the extinction of sinful desires, appetites, and inclinations.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia



49. hagnismos -- purification
... purification. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: hagnismos Phonetic
Spelling: (hag-nis-mos') Short Definition: purification Definition: (ceremonial ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/49.htm - 6k

2512. katharismos -- a cleansing
... Noun, Masculine Transliteration: katharismos Phonetic Spelling: (kath-ar-is-mos')
Short Definition: cleansing, purifying, purification Definition: cleansing ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2512.htm - 7k

2514. katharotes -- cleanness
... Cognate: 2514 (a noun) -- purification, particularly a type resulting from
(making acceptable offerings). See 2513 (). ... purification. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2514.htm - 7k

4473. rhantismos -- sprinkling
... Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: rhantismos Phonetic Spelling:
(hran-tis-mos') Short Definition: sprinkling, purification Definition: sprinkling ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4473.htm - 6k

38. hagiasmos -- consecration, sanctification
... holiness, sanctification. From hagiazo; properly, purification, ie (the state) purity;
concretely (by Hebraism) a purifier -- holiness, sanctification. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/38.htm - 7k

Strong's Hebrew
2893. tahorah -- purifying, cleansing
... Word Origin from taher Definition purifying, cleansing NASB Word Usage becomes clean
(1), cleansed (1), cleansing (6), purification (4), purifying (1). ...
/hebrew/2893.htm - 6k

2892a. tohar -- purity, purifying
... 2892, 2892a. tohar. 2892b . purity, purifying. Transliteration: tohar Short
Definition: purification. Word Origin from taher Definition ...
/hebrew/2892a.htm - 5k

8562. tamruq -- a scraping, rubbing
... cosmetics. Word Origin from maraq Definition a scraping, rubbing NASB Word
Usage cosmetics (3). cleanse, thing for purification. Or ...
/hebrew/8562.htm - 6k

4795. maruq -- a scraping, rubbing
... purification. From maraq; properly, rubbed; but used abstractly, a rubbing (with
perfumery) -- purification. see HEBREW maraq. 4794, 4795. maruq. 4796 . ...
/hebrew/4795.htm - 6k

2892. tohar -- purity, purifying
... clearness, glory, purifying From taher; literally brightness; ceremonially purification
-- clearness, glory, purifying. see HEBREW taher. 2891, 2892. ...
/hebrew/2892.htm - 5k

2403b. chattath -- sin, sin offering
... Word Origin from chata Definition sin, sin offering NASB Word Usage offering for
the sin (1), punishment (3), purification from sin (2), sin (93), sin offering ...
/hebrew/2403b.htm - 5k

2403. chatta'ah -- sinful thing, sin
... sinful thing, sin. Transliteration: chatta'ah Phonetic Spelling: (khat-taw-aw')
Short Definition: sin. punishment of sin, purification for sin, offering ...
/hebrew/2403.htm - 5k


The Purification
... The Treasury of Sacred Song. Book First CCLXXXII THE PURIFICATION. Bless'd are the
pure in heart, For they shall see our GOD; The secret of the LORD is theirs,. ...
/.../palgrave/the treasury of sacred song/cclxxxii the purification.htm

The Purification of Mary
... XVI. THE PURIFICATION OF MARY. ... Footnotes: [142] Luke 2.. 22-39. (SB). [143] The laws
about Purification' and offerings after childbirth are in Lev. 12. ...
/.../emmerich/the life of the blessed virgin mary/xvi the purification of mary.htm

... Homily XI. Chapter XXVIII."Purification. ... I mean purification, not approaching to
a man's own wife when she is in separation, for so the law of God commands. ...
/.../unknown/the clementine homilies/chapter xxviii purification.htm

The Sacrifice of Purification, and the Ransom of the First-Born ...
... THE BIRTH OF CHRIST. Section 17. The Sacrifice of Purification, and the Ransom of
the First-born; their Weight as Proof against the Mythical Theory. ...
/.../section 17 the sacrifice of.htm

November the Fourteenth the Purification of Love
... NOVEMBER The Fourteenth THE PURIFICATION OF LOVE. JOHN xxi.15-25. "Lovest
thou Me?" There was a day, only a little while back, when ...
/.../november the fourteenth the purification.htm

The Purification of the virgin and the Presentation in the Temple
(Luke 2:21-38.) ... It was otherwise with the purification' of the mother. ...
/.../the life and times of jesus the messiah/chapter vii the purification of.htm

Whether Purification of the Heart is an Effect of Faith
... Article Two Whether Purification of the Heart is an Effect of Faith. Whether
Purification of the Heart is an Effect of Faith We proceed ...
/.../aquinas/nature and grace/article two whether purification of.htm

The Presentation of Christ, or Purification of St. Mary
... II. THE CHRISTIAN YEAR The Presentation of Christ, or Purification of St. Mary.
[1026]273 In his temple now behold him [1027]274 Hail to the Lord who comes. ...
/.../the presentation of christ or.htm

Letter iv. --Purification of the Heart.
... THE FRUIT THEREOF. Letter IV."Purification of the Heart. From the bottom of my heart
I bless God, my dear Sister, for carrying on His work in you. ...
/.../abandonment to divine providence/letter iv purification of the heart.htm

In his Temple Now Behold Him
... II. THE CHRISTIAN YEAR Holy Days: The Presentation of Christ, or Purification of
St. Mary 273. In his temple now behold him. [1029]St. ...
/.../holy days the presentation of.htm

Purification (25 Occurrences)
... The great annual purification of the people was on the Day of Atonement (qv). ... Int.
Standard Bible Encyclopedia. PURIFICATION. pu-ri-fi-ka'-shun. ...
/p/purification.htm - 18k

Purification-offering (1 Occurrence)
Purification-offering. Purification, Purification-offering. Purifications .
Multi-Version Concordance Purification-offering (1 Occurrence). ...
/p/purification-offering.htm - 6k

Uncleanness (56 Occurrences)
... in training Israel to a realization of a higher conception-the real difference between
sin and holiness, ie between moral defilement and moral purification? ...
/u/uncleanness.htm - 38k

Purified (44 Occurrences)
... Then Paul took the men, and the next day, purified himself and went with them into
the temple, declaring the fulfillment of the days of purification, until the ...
/p/purified.htm - 20k

... The verb is used to denote the ceremonial purification of the Jews before eating,
by pouring water on the hands (Luke 11:38 Mark 7:4); to signify the ...
/n/nonimmersionist.htm - 38k

... The verb is used to denote the ceremonial purification of the Jews before eating,
by pouring water on the hands (Luke 11:38 Mark 7:4); to signify the ...
/n/non-immersionist.htm - 38k

... Noah Webster's Dictionary. 1. (n.) A washing or cleansing of the body as
a religious ritual; purification; as, water of ablution. ...
/a/ablution.htm - 18k

View (86 Occurrences)
... The verb is used to denote the ceremonial purification of the Jews before eating,
by pouring water on the hands (Luke 11:38 Mark 7:4); to signify the ...
/v/view.htm - 81k

Appointed (385 Occurrences)
... Mark 1:44 and saying, "Be careful not to tell any one, but go and show yourself
to the Priest, and for your purification present the offerings that Moses ...
/a/appointed.htm - 35k

Offering (850 Occurrences)
... Mark 1:44 and saying, "Be careful not to tell any one, but go and show yourself
to the Priest, and for your purification present the offerings that Moses ...
/o/offering.htm - 39k

Bible Concordance
Purification (25 Occurrences)

Mark 1:44 and saying, "Be careful not to tell any one, but go and show yourself to the Priest, and for your purification present the offerings that Moses appointed as evidence for them."

Luke 2:22 When the days of their purification according to the law of Moses were fulfilled, they brought him up to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord

Luke 5:14 He ordered him to tell no one. "But go," He said, "show yourself to the Priest, and make the offering for your purification which Moses appointed, as evidence for them."

John 2:6 Now there were six stone jars standing there (in accordance with the Jewish regulations for purification)

John 3:25 There arose therefore a questioning on the part of John's disciples with some Jews about purification.

Acts 21:24 these having taken, be purified with them, and be at expence with them, that they may shave the head, and all may know that the things of which they have been instructed concerning thee are nothing, but thou dost walk -- thyself also -- the law keeping.
(See NIV)

Acts 21:26 Then Paul took the men, and the next day, purified himself and went with them into the temple, declaring the fulfillment of the days of purification, until the offering was offered for every one of them.

Hebrews 1:3 His Son is the radiance of his glory, the very image of his substance, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself made purification for our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

Hebrews 9:13 for if the blood of bulls, and goats, and ashes of an heifer, sprinkling those defiled, doth sanctify to the purifying of the flesh,
(See RSV)

2 Peter 1:9 For he who lacks these things is blind, seeing only what is near, having forgotten the cleansing from his old sins.
(See NAS)

Exodus 29:36 And every day shalt thou offer the bullock of sin-offering for atonement: and thou shalt cleanse the altar, when thou makest atonement for it; and thou shalt anoint it, to sanctify it.
(See JPS)

Leviticus 12:4 She shall continue in the blood of purification thirty-three days. She shall not touch any holy thing, nor come into the sanctuary, until the days of her purifying are completed.

Leviticus 12:5 But if she bears a female child, then she shall be unclean two weeks, as in her period; and she shall continue in the blood of purification sixty-six days.

Leviticus 12:6 "'When the days of her purification are completed, for a son, or for a daughter, she shall bring to the priest at the door of the Tent of Meeting, a year old lamb for a burnt offering, and a young pigeon, or a turtledove, for a sin offering:

Numbers 8:7 And thus shalt thou do unto them, to cleanse them: sprinkle the water of expiation upon them, and let them cause a razor to pass over all their flesh, and let them wash their clothes, and cleanse themselves.

Numbers 19:9 And a man that is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer, and lay them up without the camp in a clean place, and it shall be kept for the congregation of the children of Israel for a water of separation: it is a purification for sin.

Numbers 19:17 And for an unclean person they shall take of the ashes of the burnt heifer of purification for sin, and running water shall be put thereto in a vessel:

1 Chronicles 23:28 For their station was at the side of the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of the LORD, in the courts, and in the chambers, and in the purifying of all holy things, even the work of the service of the house of God;
(See NIV)

2 Chronicles 29:24 And the priests slaughtered them, and they made purification for sin with their blood upon the altar, to make an atonement for all Israel; because for all Israel, said the king, is the burnt-offering and the sin-offering.

2 Chronicles 30:19 who sets his heart to seek God, Yahweh, the God of his fathers, though not cleansed according to the purification of the sanctuary.

Nehemiah 12:45 They performed the duty of their God, and the duty of the purification, and so did the singers and the porters, according to the commandment of David, and of Solomon his son.

Esther 2:3 And let the king appoint officers in all the provinces of his kingdom, that they may gather together all the fair young virgins unto Shushan the palace, to the house of the women, unto the custody of Hege the king's chamberlain, keeper of the women; and let their things for purification be given them:

Esther 2:9 And the maiden pleased him, and she obtained kindness of him; and he speedily gave her her things for purification, with such things as belonged to her, and seven maidens, which were meet to be given her, out of the king's house: and he preferred her and her maids unto the best place of the house of the women.

Esther 2:12 Each young woman's turn came to go in to King Ahasuerus after her purification for twelve months (for so were the days of their purification accomplished, six months with oil of myrrh, and six months with sweet fragrances and with preparations for beautifying women).

Zechariah 13:1 In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, for sin and for uncleanness.
(See JPS)



Purification by Abstaining from Sexual Intercourse

Purification by Blood

Purification by Fire, for Things That Resist Fire

Purification for Those Who had Recently Killed Someone in Battle

Purification for Women: After Childbirth

Purification for Women: After Menstruation

Purification for Women: Before Marriage

Purification of Paul, to Show his Fidelity to the Law

Purification of the Jews Before the Passover Celebration

Purification: Figurative

Purification: Penalty to be Imposed Upon Those Who do not Observe the Ordinances Concerning

Purification: Scriptures Relating To

Purification: Traditions of the Elders Concerning

Purification: Washing Hands in Water, Symbolical of Innocency

Purification: Washing Parts of Animal Sacrifices in Water

Purification: Water of

Related Terms

Purification-offering (1 Occurrence)

Uncleanness (56 Occurrences)

Purified (44 Occurrences)




View (86 Occurrences)

Appointed (385 Occurrences)

Offering (850 Occurrences)

Red (124 Occurrences)

Accomplished (64 Occurrences)

Xerxes (24 Occurrences)

Unwashen (3 Occurrences)

Ointments (9 Occurrences)

Woman's (20 Occurrences)

Fragrances (2 Occurrences)

Turtledove (5 Occurrences)

Purifying (17 Occurrences)

Preparations (16 Occurrences)

Bleeding (9 Occurrences)

Beautification (1 Occurrence)

Beautifying (1 Occurrence)

Bathing (9 Occurrences)

Circumcision (98 Occurrences)

Cosmetics (3 Occurrences)

Ahasuerus (28 Occurrences)

Lake (45 Occurrences)

Evidence (41 Occurrences)

Sprinkling (48 Occurrences)

Prescribed (31 Occurrences)

Heifer (22 Occurrences)

Sprinkle (37 Occurrences)

Blood (435 Occurrences)

Wit (28 Occurrences)



Present (577 Occurrences)

Consecrated (101 Occurrences)

Azazel (3 Occurrences)

Fire (602 Occurrences)

Myrrh (22 Occurrences)


Completed (109 Occurrences)

Follows (65 Occurrences)

Between (2624 Occurrences)

Bath (13 Occurrences)

Separation (50 Occurrences)


Doctrine (52 Occurrences)

Greece (15 Occurrences)

Lady (37 Occurrences)

Months (65 Occurrences)

Baptism (76 Occurrences)

Fulfilled (143 Occurrences)

Beauty (98 Occurrences)

Continue (144 Occurrences)

Heal (62 Occurrences)

Ancient (64 Occurrences)

Year-old (6 Occurrences)

Nehushtan (1 Occurrence)


Nail (9 Occurrences)

Notice (44 Occurrences)


Upholds (12 Occurrences)

Universe (19 Occurrences)

Ordered (264 Occurrences)

Offerings (480 Occurrences)

Offered (320 Occurrences)

Jars (28 Occurrences)

Jew (34 Occurrences)

Jewish (49 Occurrences)

John's (27 Occurrences)

Lysias (3 Occurrences)

Water (4571 Occurrences)

Water-vessels (2 Occurrences)

Waterpot (1 Occurrence)

Izrahiah (1 Occurrence)

Fulfilment (25 Occurrences)

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