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Smith's Bible DictionaryMyrrh
This substance is mentioned in (Exodus 30:23) as one of the ingredients of the "oil of holy ointment:" in (Esther 2:12) as one of the substances used in the purification of women; in (Psalms 45:8; Proverbs 7:17) and in several passages in Canticles, as a perfume. The Greek occurs in (Matthew 2:11) among the gifts brought by the wise men to the infant Jesus and in (Mark 15:23) it is said that "wine mingled with myrrh" was offered to but refused by, our Lord on the cross. Myrrh was also used for embalming. See John 19;39 and Herod. ii. 86. The Balsamodendron myrrha , which produces the myrrh of commerce, has a wood and bark which emit a strong odor; the gum which exudes from the bark is at first oily, but becomes hard by exposure to the air. (This myrrh is in small yellowish or white globules or tears. The tree is small, with a stunted trunk, covered with light-gray bark, It is found in Arabia Felix. The myrrh of (Genesis 37:25) was probably ladalzum , a highly-fragrant resin and volatile oil used as a cosmetic, and stimulative as a medicine. It is yielded by the cistus , known in Europe as the rock rose, a shrub with rose-colored flowers, growing in Palestine and along the shores of the Mediterranean. --ED.) For wine mingled with myrrh see GALL.
ATS Bible DictionaryMyrrh
A precious gum yielded by a tree common in Africa and Arabia, which is about eight or nine feet high; its wood hard, and its trunk thorny. It was of several kinds, and various degrees of excellence. The best was an ingredient in the holy ointment, Exodus 30:23. It was also employed in perfumes, Esther 2:12 Psalm 45:8 So 4:6 5:5,13; and in embalming, to preserve the body from corruption, John 19:39. The magi, who came from the East to worship Christ, offered him myrrh, Matthew 2:11.
In Mark 15:23, is mentioned "wine mingles with myrrh," which was offered to Jesus previous to his crucifixion, and intended to deaden the anguish of his sufferings. It was a custom among the Hebrews to give such stupefying liquors to persons who were about to be capitally punished, Proverbs 31:6. Some have thought that the myrrhed wine of Mark is not the same as the "vinegar mingled with gall" of Matthew 27:34. They suppose the myrrhed wine was given to our Lord from a sentiment of sympathy, to prevent him from feeling too sensibly the pain of his sufferings; while the potation mingled with gall, of which he would not drink, was given from cruelty. But the other explanation is the more probable. See GALL.
Easton's Bible DictionaryHebrews mor.
(1.) First mentioned as a principal ingredient in the holy anointing oil (Exodus 30:23). It formed part of the gifts brought by the wise men from the east, who came to worship the infant Jesus (Matthew 2:11). It was used in embalming (John 19:39), also as a perfume (Esther 2:12; Psalm 45:8; Proverbs 7:17). It was a custom of the Jews to give those who were condemned to death by crucifixion "wine mingled with myrrh" to produce insensibility. This drugged wine was probably partaken of by the two malefactors, but when the Roman soldiers pressed it upon Jesus "he received it not" (Mark 15:23). (see GALL.)
This was the gum or viscid white liquid which flows from a tree resembling the acacia, found in Africa and Arabia, the Balsamodendron myrrha of botanists. The "bundle of myrrh" in Cant. 1:13 is rather a "bag" of myrrh or a scent-bag.
(2.) Another word lot is also translated "myrrh" (Genesis 37:25; 43:11; R.V., marg., "or ladanum"). What was meant by this word is uncertain. It has been thought to be the chestnut, mastich, stacte, balsam, turpentine, pistachio nut, or the lotus. It is probably correctly rendered by the Latin word ladanum, the Arabic ladan, an aromatic juice of a shrub called the Cistus or rock rose, which has the same qualities, though in a slight degree, of opium, whence a decoction of opium is called laudanum. This plant was indigenous to Syria and Arabia.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary(n.) A gum resin, usually of a yellowish brown or amber color, of an aromatic odor, and a bitter, slightly pungent taste. It is valued for its odor and for its medicinal properties. It exudes from the bark of a shrub of Abyssinia and Arabia, the Balsamodendron Myrrha. The myrrh of the Bible is supposed to have been partly the gum above named, and partly the exudation of species of Cistus, or rockrose.
International Standard Bible EncyclopediaMYRRH
Greek4669. smurnizo -- to be like myrrh, to mingle with myrrh
... to be like myrrh, to mingle with myrrh. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: smurnizo
Phonetic Spelling: (smoor-nid'-zo) Short Definition: I mingle with myrrh ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4669.htm - 7k
4666. smurna -- myrrh (used as an ointment and for embalming)
4667. Smurna -- "myrrh," Smyrna, an Ionian city in Asia Minor
250. aloe -- aloe
3464. muron -- ointment
Strong's Hebrew4753. mor -- myrrh
... myrrh. Transliteration: mor or mor Phonetic Spelling: (mor) Short Definition: myrrh.
Word Origin from marar Definition myrrh NASB Word Usage myrrh (12). myrrh. ...
/hebrew/4753.htm - 6k
3910. lot -- myrrh
2153. Zilpah -- one of Jacob's wives
A Bundle of Myrrh
Fragrant Spices from the Mountains of Myrrh. "Thou Art all Fair ...
A Bundle of Myrrh is My Well-Beloved unto Me; He Shall Abide ...
God's Cup of Myrrh
Moreover, Flies Falling into Myrrh, and Suffocated Therein, Make ...
It is Related Also that vinegar was Given Him to Drink, or Wine ...
Until the Day Break and the Shadows Flee Away, I Will Get Me to ...
I Rose up to Open to My Beloved; My Hands Dropped with Myrrh, and ...
His Cheeks are as a Bed of Spices, Prepared by the Perfumers; his ...
Spikenard and Saffron; Calamus and Cinnamon with all the Trees of ...
ThesaurusMyrrh (22 Occurrences)
... It was a custom of the Jews to give those who were condemned to death by
crucifixion "wine mingled with myrrh" to produce insensibility. ...
/m/myrrh.htm - 18k
Aloes (5 Occurrences)
Stacte (1 Occurrence)
Liquid (15 Occurrences)
Cinnamon (4 Occurrences)
Sweet-smelling (14 Occurrences)
Spice (25 Occurrences)
Frankincense (22 Occurrences)
Ointment (29 Occurrences)
Cassia (3 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceMyrrh (22 Occurrences)
Matthew 2:11 They came into the house and saw the young child with Mary, his mother, and they fell down and worshiped him. Opening their treasures, they offered to him gifts: gold, frankincense, and myrrh.
Mark 15:23 They offered him wine mixed with myrrh to drink, but he didn't take it.
Luke 7:37 and behold, a woman in the city, who was a sinner, and knew that he was sitting at meat in the house of the Pharisee, having taken an alabaster box of myrrh,
Luke 7:38 and standing at his feet behind him weeping, began to wash his feet with tears; and she wiped them with the hairs of her head, and kissed his feet, and anointed them with the myrrh.
Luke 7:46 My head with oil thou didst not anoint, but she has anointed my feet with myrrh.
John 19:39 Nicodemus, who at first came to Jesus by night, also came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred Roman pounds.
Revelation 18:13 and cinnamon, incense, perfume, frankincense, wine, olive oil, fine flour, wheat, sheep, horses, chariots, and people's bodies and souls.
Genesis 37:25 They sat down to eat bread, and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and saw a caravan of Ishmaelites was coming from Gilead, with their camels bearing spices and balm and myrrh, going to carry it down to Egypt.
Genesis 43:11 Their father, Israel, said to them, "If it must be so, then do this. Take from the choice fruits of the land in your bags, and carry down a present for the man, a little balm, a little honey, spices and myrrh, nuts, and almonds;
Exodus 30:23 "Also take fine spices: of liquid myrrh, five hundred shekels; and of fragrant cinnamon half as much, even two hundred and fifty; and of fragrant cane, two hundred and fifty;
1 Kings 10:25 They brought every man his tribute, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and clothing, and armor, and spices, horses, and mules, a rate year by year.
2 Chronicles 9:24 They brought every man his tribute, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and clothing, armor, and spices, horses, and mules, a rate year by year.
Esther 2:12 Each young woman's turn came to go in to King Ahasuerus after her purification for twelve months (for so were the days of their purification accomplished, six months with oil of myrrh, and six months with sweet fragrances and with preparations for beautifying women).
Psalms 45:8 All your garments smell like myrrh, aloes, and cassia. Out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made you glad.
Proverbs 7:17 I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon.
Song of Songs 1:13 My beloved is to me a sachet of myrrh, that lies between my breasts.
Song of Songs 3:6 Who is this who comes up from the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all spices of the merchant?
Song of Songs 4:6 Until the day is cool, and the shadows flee away, I will go to the mountain of myrrh, to the hill of frankincense.
Song of Songs 4:14 spikenard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with every kind of incense tree; myrrh and aloes, with all the best spices,
Song of Songs 5:1 I have come into my garden, my sister, my bride. I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk. Eat, friends! Drink, yes, drink abundantly, beloved.
Song of Songs 5:5 I rose up to open for my beloved. My hands dripped with myrrh, my fingers with liquid myrrh, on the handles of the lock.
Song of Songs 5:13 His cheeks are like a bed of spices with towers of perfumes. His lips are like lilies, dropping liquid myrrh.
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