Romans 16:16
New International Version
Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ send greetings.

New Living Translation
Greet each other in Christian love. All the churches of Christ send you their greetings.

English Standard Version
Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you.

Berean Study Bible
Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ send you greetings.

Berean Literal Bible
Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you.

New American Standard Bible
Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you.

King James Bible
Salute one another with an holy kiss. The churches of Christ salute you.

Christian Standard Bible
Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ send you greetings.

Contemporary English Version
Be sure to give each other a warm greeting. All of Christ's churches greet you.

Good News Translation
Greet one another with the kiss of peace. All the churches of Christ send you their greetings.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ send you greetings.

International Standard Version
Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of the Messiah greet you.

NET Bible
Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you.

New Heart English Bible
Greet one another with a holy kiss. The churches of Christ greet you.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Invoke the peace of one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of The Messiah invoke your peace.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Greet each other with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you.

New American Standard 1977
Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Salute one another with a holy kiss. All the congregations {Gr. ekklesia – called out ones} of Christ salute you.

King James 2000 Bible
Greet one another with a holy kiss. The churches of Christ greet you.

American King James Version
Salute one another with an holy kiss. The churches of Christ salute you.

American Standard Version
Salute one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ salute you.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Salute one another with an holy kiss. All the churches of Christ salute you.

Darby Bible Translation
Salute one another with a holy kiss. All the assemblies of Christ salute you.

English Revised Version
Salute one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ salute you.

Webster's Bible Translation
Salute one another with a holy kiss. The churches of Christ salute you.

Weymouth New Testament
Salute one another with a holy kiss. All the Churches of Christ send greetings to you.

World English Bible
Greet one another with a holy kiss. The assemblies of Christ greet you.

Young's Literal Translation
salute one another in a holy kiss; the assemblies of Christ do salute you.
Study Bible
Personal Greetings and Love
15Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas and all the saints with them. 16Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ send you greetings. 17Now I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who create divisions and obstacles that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. Turn away from them.…
Cross References
Acts 20:28
Keep watch over yourselves and the entire flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. Be shepherds of the church of God, which He purchased with His own blood.

1 Corinthians 16:20
All the brothers here send you greetings. Greet one another with a holy kiss.

2 Corinthians 13:12
Greet one another with a holy kiss.

1 Thessalonians 5:26
Greet all the brothers with a holy kiss.

1 Peter 5:14
Greet one another with a kiss of love. Peace to all of you who are in Christ.

Treasury of Scripture

Salute one another with an holy kiss. The churches of Christ salute you.

with.

Acts 20:37
And they all wept sore, and fell on Paul's neck, and kissed him,

1 Corinthians 16:20
All the brethren greet you. Greet ye one another with an holy kiss.

2 Corinthians 13:12
Greet one another with an holy kiss.

The.

Romans 16:4
Who have for my life laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles.







Lexicon
Greet
Ἀσπάσασθε (Aspasasthe)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Middle - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 782: To greet, salute, pay my respects to, welcome. To enfold in the arms, i.e. to salute, to welcome.

one another
ἀλλήλους (allēlous)
Personal / Reciprocal Pronoun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 240: One another, each other. Genitive plural from allos reduplicated; one another.

with
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

a holy
ἁγίῳ (hagiō)
Adjective - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 40: Set apart by (or for) God, holy, sacred. From hagos; sacred.

kiss.
φιλήματι (philēmati)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5370: A kiss. From phileo; a kiss.

All
πᾶσαι (pasai)
Adjective - Nominative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

the
αἱ (hai)
Article - Nominative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

churches
ἐκκλησίαι (ekklēsiai)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 1577: From a compound of ek and a derivative of kaleo; a calling out, i.e. a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation.

of Christ
Χριστοῦ (Christou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5547: Anointed One; the Messiah, the Christ. From chrio; Anointed One, i.e. The Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.

send you greetings.
Ἀσπάζονται (Aspazontai)
Verb - Present Indicative Middle or Passive - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 782: To greet, salute, pay my respects to, welcome. To enfold in the arms, i.e. to salute, to welcome.
(16) Salute one another.--As a mark of brotherly feeling among themselves, St. Paul desires those who are assembled at the reading of his Epistle to greet each other in a Christian way. It is to be their own act and not a salutation coming from him.

With an holy kiss.--A common Eastern and Jewish custom specially consecrated in Christianity. (Comp. 1Corinthians 16:20; 2Corinthians 13:12; 1Thessalonians 5:26; 1Peter 5:14.)

The churches of Christ.--The word "all" should be inserted. As being the Apostle of the Gentiles, and knowing as he did the interest which all would take in the church of the great metropolis, St. Paul feels himself fully justified in speaking for all the churches of his foundation.

Verse 16. - Salute one another with an holy hiss. All the Churches of Christ salute you. For allusions to the kiss of peace among Christians, cf. 1 Thessalonians 5:26; 1 Corinthians 16:20; 2 Corinthians 13:12; 1 Peter 5:14. Justin Martyr ('Apol.,' 85) speaks of it as exchanged before the Eucharist, and it is alluded to by many Fathers, directed in the 'Apostolical Constitutions,' and has its place in ancient liturgies (see Bingham, 15. 3:3). St. Paul, of course, in enjoining it here and in other Epistles, has in view the concord which it expressed. In sending salutations from "all the Churches of Christ" (πᾶσαι, omitted in the Textus Receptus, having authority decidedly in its favour), he may be understood as conveying to the Roman Christians the feeling towards them that had been expressed generally by the Churches he had visited. He may have spoken wherever he went of his intention of visiting Rome, and perhaps of meanwhile sending a letter thither; and the several Churches may have charged him with kind messages. Before authenticating these salutations with his usual autographic benediction, he feels bound to add one additional warning. The thought occurs to him, and he cannot but give expression to it. The warning is against a class of persons whose mischievous activity he had had experience of elsewhere, and attempts by some of whom to disturb the peace of the Roman Church he may possibly have heard cf. They may have been Judaists, or others who taught views contrary to the received faith, and so caused divisions and offences in the Churches. For allusions to such elsewhere, cf. Galatians 1:6, seq.; Galatians 3:1, seq.; Colossians 2:8, seq.; 2 Corinthians 11:13, seq. For proof of such having been at work afterwards at Rome, cf. Philippians 1:15, seq.; Philippians 3:2, 17, seq. 16:1-16 Paul recommends Phebe to the Christians at Rome. It becomes Christians to help one another in their affairs, especially strangers; we know not what help we may need ourselves. Paul asks help for one that had been helpful to many; he that watereth shall be watered also himself. Though the care of all the churches came upon him daily, yet he could remember many persons, and send salutations to each, with particular characters of them, and express concern for them. Lest any should feel themselves hurt, as if Paul had forgotten them, he sends his remembrances to the rest, as brethren and saints, though not named. He adds, in the close, a general salutation to them all, in the name of the churches of Christ.
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