Proverbs 11:17
New International Version
Those who are kind benefit themselves, but the cruel bring ruin on themselves.

New Living Translation
Your kindness will reward you, but your cruelty will destroy you.

English Standard Version
A man who is kind benefits himself, but a cruel man hurts himself.

Berean Study Bible
A kind man benefits himself, but a cruel man brings trouble on himself.

New American Standard Bible
The merciful man does himself good, But the cruel man does himself harm.

King James Bible
The merciful man doeth good to his own soul: but he that is cruel troubleth his own flesh.

Christian Standard Bible
A kind man benefits himself, but a cruel person brings ruin on himself.

Contemporary English Version
Kindness is rewarded--but if you are cruel, you hurt yourself.

Good News Translation
You do yourself a favor when you are kind. If you are cruel, you only hurt yourself.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A kind man benefits himself, but a cruel man brings disaster on himself.

International Standard Version
A gracious man benefits himself, but the cruel person damages himself.

NET Bible
A kind person benefits himself, but a cruel person brings himself trouble.

New Heart English Bible
The merciful man does good to his own soul, but he who is cruel troubles his own flesh.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
A pure man lays down a good reward for his soul and an unmerciful man destroys his body.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A merciful person helps himself, but a cruel person hurts himself.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The merciful man doeth good to his own soul; But he that is cruel troubleth his own flesh.

New American Standard 1977
The merciful man does himself good, But the cruel man does himself harm.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The merciful man does good to his own soul, but the cruel man troubles his own flesh.

King James 2000 Bible
The merciful man does good to his own soul: but he that is cruel troubles his own flesh.

American King James Version
The merciful man does good to his own soul: but he that is cruel troubles his own flesh.

American Standard Version
The merciful man doeth good to his own soul; But he that is cruel troubleth his own flesh.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
A merciful man does good to his own soul: but the merciless destroys his own body.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A merciful man doth good to his own soul: but he that is cruel casteth off even his own kindred.

Darby Bible Translation
The merciful man doeth good to his own soul; but the cruel troubleth his own flesh.

English Revised Version
The merciful man doeth good to his own soul: but he that is cruel troubleth his own flesh.

Webster's Bible Translation
The merciful man doeth good to his own soul: but he that is cruel troubleth his own flesh.

World English Bible
The merciful man does good to his own soul, but he who is cruel troubles his own flesh.

Young's Literal Translation
A kind man is rewarding his own soul, And the fierce is troubling his own flesh.
Study Bible
Dishonest Scales
16A gracious woman attains honor, but violent men gain only wealth. 17A kind man benefits himself, but a cruel man brings trouble on himself. 18The wicked man earns an empty wage, but he who sows righteousness reaps a true reward.…
Cross References
Matthew 5:7
Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy.

Matthew 25:34
Then the King will say to those on His right, 'Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.

Treasury of Scripture

The merciful man does good to his own soul: but he that is cruel troubles his own flesh.

merciful

Psalm 41:1-4
To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. Blessed is he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble…

Psalm 112:4-9
Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness: he is gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous…

Isaiah 32:7,8
The instruments also of the churl are evil: he deviseth wicked devices to destroy the poor with lying words, even when the needy speaketh right…

but

Proverbs 15:27
He that is greedy of gain troubleth his own house; but he that hateth gifts shall live.

Job 20:19-23
Because he hath oppressed and hath forsaken the poor; because he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not; …

Ecclesiastes 4:8
There is one alone, and there is not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother: yet is there no end of all his labour; neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither saith he, For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good? This is also vanity, yea, it is a sore travail.







Lexicon
A kind
חָ֑סֶד (ḥā·seḏ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2617: Kindness, piety, reproof, beauty

man
אִ֣ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

benefits
גֹּמֵ֣ל (gō·mêl)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1580: To deal fully or adequately with, deal out to, wean, ripen

himself,
נַ֭פְשׁוֹ (nap̄·šōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion

but a cruel man
אַכְזָרִֽי׃ (’aḵ·zā·rî)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 394: Terrible

brings trouble
וְעֹכֵ֥ר (wə·‘ō·ḵêr)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5916: To roil water, to disturb, affict

on himself.
שְׁ֝אֵר֗וֹ (’ê·rōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7607: Flesh, as living, for, food, food of any kind, kindred by blood
(17) The merciful man.--Rather, one who shows love. (See above on Proverbs 3:3.) Our good and evil deeds return to us in blessings or curses. (Comp. Proverbs 11:25.)

Verse 17. - The merciful man; the kind, loving man. Septuagint, ἀνὴρ ἐλεήμων. His own soul; i.e. himself. His good deeds return in blessings upon himself. "Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy" (Matthew 5:7) Troubleth his own flesh; brings retribution on himself. Some commentators, comparing Ecclus. 14:5 ("He that is evil to himself, to whom will he be good?"), translate, "He who does good to himself is a kind man to others, and he who troubles his own body will be cruel to others." The sentiment is quite untrue. Self-indulgence does not lead to regard for others; and a severe, ascetic life, while it encourages stern views of human weaknesses, does not make a man cruel and uncharitable. The Vulgate takes "his own flesh" to mean "his neighbours," as Judah calls his brother Joseph "our flesh" (Genesis 37:27). But the parallelism confirms the Authorized Version. 11:1 However men may make light of giving short weight or measure, and however common such crimes may be, they are an abomination to the Lord. 2. Considering how safe, and quiet, and easy the humble are, we see that with the lowly is wisdom. 3. An honest man's principles are fixed, therefore his way is plain. 4. Riches will stand men in no stead in the day of death. 5,6. The ways of wickedness are dangerous. And sin will be its own punishment. 7. When a godly man dies, all his fears vanish; but when a wicked man dies, his hopes vanish. 8. The righteous are often wonderfully kept from going into dangerous situations, and the ungodly go in their stead. 9. Hypocrites delude men into error and sin by artful objections against the truths of God's word. 10,11. Nations prosper when wicked men are cast down. 12. A man of understanding does not judge of others by their success. 13. A faithful man will not disclose what he is trusted with, unless the honour of God and the real good of society require it. 14. We shall often find it to our advantage to advise with others. 15. The welfare of our families, our own peace, and our ability to pay just debts, must not be brought into danger. But here especially let us consider the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ in becoming Surety even for enemies. 16. A pious and discreet woman will keep esteem and respect, as strong men keep possession of wealth. 17. A cruel, froward, ill-natured man, is vexatious to those that are, and should be to him as his own flesh, and punishes himself. 18. He that makes it his business to do good, shall have a reward, as sure to him as eternal truth can make it. 19. True holiness is true happiness. The more violent a man is in sinful pursuits, the more he hastens his own destruction. 20. Nothing is more hateful to God, than hypocrisy and double dealing, which are here signified. God delights in such as aim and act with uprightness. 21. Joining together in sin shall not protect the sinners. 22. Beauty is abused by those who have not discretion or modesty with it. This is true of all bodily endowments. 23. The wicked desire mischief to others, but it shall return upon themselves. 24. A man may grow poor by not paying just debts, not relieving the poor, not allowing needful expenses. Let men be ever so saving of what they have, if God appoints, it comes to nothing. 25. Both in temporal and spiritual things, God commonly deals with his people according to the measure by which they deal with their brethren. 26. We must not hoard up the gifts of God's bounty, merely for our own advantage. 27. Seeking mischief is here set against seeking good; for those that are not doing good are doing hurt, even to themselves.
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