Galatians 4:5
New International Version
to redeem those under the law, that we might receive adoption to sonship.

New Living Translation
God sent him to buy freedom for us who were slaves to the law, so that he could adopt us as his very own children.

English Standard Version
to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons.

Berean Study Bible
to redeem those under the Law, that we might receive our adoption as sons.

Berean Literal Bible
that He might redeem those under the Law, so that we might receive the divine adoption as sons.

New American Standard Bible
so that He might redeem those who were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.

King James Bible
To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

Christian Standard Bible
to redeem those under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons.

Contemporary English Version
so he could set us free from the Law, and we could become God's children.

Good News Translation
to redeem those who were under the Law, so that we might become God's children.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
to redeem those under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons.

International Standard Version
in order to redeem those who were under the Law, and thus to adopt them as his children.

NET Bible
to redeem those who were under the law, so that we may be adopted as sons with full rights.

New Heart English Bible
that he might redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of children.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
That he would redeem those who were under The Written Law, and that we would receive the position of children.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
God sent him to pay for the freedom of those who were controlled by these laws so that we would be adopted as his children.

New American Standard 1977
in order that He might redeem those who were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.

Jubilee Bible 2000
to redeem those that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

King James 2000 Bible
To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.

American King James Version
To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

American Standard Version
that he might redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

Douay-Rheims Bible
That he might redeem them who were under the law: that we might receive the adoption of sons.

Darby Bible Translation
that he might redeem those under law, that we might receive sonship.

English Revised Version
that he might redeem them which were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

Webster's Bible Translation
To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

Weymouth New Testament
in order to purchase the freedom of all who were subject to Law, so that we might receive recognition as sons.

World English Bible
that he might redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of children.

Young's Literal Translation
that those under law he may redeem, that the adoption of sons we may receive;
Study Bible
Sons and Heirs
4But when the time had fully come, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law, 5to redeem those under the Law, that we might receive our adoption as sons. 6And because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying out, “Abba, Father!”…
Cross References
Romans 8:14
For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God.

Romans 8:15
For you did not receive a spirit of slavery that returns you to fear, but you received the Spirit of sonship, by whom we cry, "Abba! Father!"

Romans 10:4
Christ is the end of the Law, in order to bring righteousness to everyone who believes.

Galatians 3:13
Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law by becoming a curse for us. For it is written: "Cursed is everyone who is hung on a tree."

Galatians 3:26
You are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus.

Treasury of Scripture

To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

redeem.

Galatians 4:21
Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law?

Galatians 3:13
Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:

Matthew 20:28
Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

that we.

Galatians 4:7
Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.

Galatians 3:26
For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.

John 1:12
But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:







Lexicon
to redeem
ἐξαγοράσῃ (exagorasē)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1805: From ek and agorazo; to buy up, i.e. Ransom; figuratively, to rescue from loss.

those
τοὺς (tous)
Article - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

under
ὑπὸ (hypo)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 5259: A primary preposition; under, i.e. of place, or with verbs; of place (underneath) or where (below) or time (when).

[the] Law,
νόμον (nomon)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3551: From a primary nemo; law, genitive case, specially, (including the volume); also of the Gospel), or figuratively.

that
ἵνα (hina)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2443: In order that, so that. Probably from the same as the former part of heautou; in order that.

we might receive
ἀπολάβωμεν (apolabōmen)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 1st Person Plural
Strong's Greek 618: From apo and lambano; to receive; also to take aside.

[our]
τὴν (tēn)
Article - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

adoption as sons.
υἱοθεσίαν (huiothesian)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 5206: From a presumed compound of huios and a derivative of tithemi; the placing as a son, i.e. Adoption.
(5) To redeem them that were under the law.--To redeem, or ransom, at the price of His death, both Jew and Gentile at once from the condemnation under which the law, to which they were severally subject, placed them, and also from the bondage and constraint which its severe discipline involved.

That we might receive the adoption of sons.--Redemption is followed by adoption. The admission of the believer into the Messianic kingdom, with its immunities from sin and from law, implies an admission into the Messianic family, of which God is the Father and Christ the Eldest Son, "first born amongst many brethren."

Verse 5. - To redeem them that were under the Law (ἵνα τοὺς ὑπὸ νόμον ἐξαγοράσῃ); that he might redeem (Greek, buy off) them which were under the Law. In what way Christ bought God's people off, not only from the curse, but also from the dominion of the Law, has been stated by the apostle above, at Galatians 3:13, "Christ bought us off (Ξριστὸς ἡμᾶς ἐξηγόρασεν) from the curse of the Law by being made on our behalf a curse" (see note). But why, in order to effect this object, was it prerequisite, as it is here implied that it was, that he should be himself "brought under the Law"? The directions which the Law in Deuteronomy 21:22, 23 gave with respect to those "hanged on a tree" were apparently held by Joshua (Joshua 8:29; Joshua 10:26, 27) to apply also to the case of persons so hanged who were not Israelites. If so, does it not follow (an objector may say) that Jesus, even if not an Israelite under the Law, would, however, by being crucified, have fallen under the curse of the Law, and thereby annihilated the Law for all who by faith should become partakers with him, whether Jews or Gentiles? why, then, should be have been brought under the Law? The objection is met by the consideration that, in order that Christ might abrogate the Law by becoming subject to its curse, it was necessary that he should himself be perfectly acceptable to God, not only as being the eternal "Son of his love," but also in the entire completeness of his life as a man, and, therefore, by perfect obedience to the will of God as declared in the Law, under which it had pleased God to place his people. The Law, whatever the degradation which its ceremonial institute inferred for "the sons of God" subjected to it, was, nevertheless, for the time, God's manifest ordinance, to which all who sought to serve him were bound to submit them° selves. They could not be righteous before him unless they walked in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless (Luke 1:6). That we might receive the adoption of sons (i%na th\n υἱοθεσίαν ἀπολάβωμεν); that is, that our adoptive sonship might be actually and in full measure made over to us. The" we" recites God's people; the same persons as those indicated by the preceding phrase, "those which were under the Law," which phrase was not meant to define one particular class among God's people, but to describe the condition in which God's people had been placed. Their Father had put them under the Law with the view of their being at his appointed time bought off from the Law and admitted to the full enjoyment of their filial privileges. This purpose of their Father, signified beforehand in the promises to Abraham, explains the article before υἱοθεσίαν: it was the adoptive sonship which had been guaranteed to them. Hence the use here of the verb ἀπολάβωμεν instead of λάβωμεν: for the prepositional prefix of this compound verb has always its force; generally denoting our receiving a thing in some way due to us, answering to its force in the verb ἀποδίδωμι, repay: sometimes our receiving a thing in full measure (comp. Luke 6:34, 35; Luke 16:25; Luke 18:30; Luke 23:41; Romans 1:27; Colossians 3:24 2John 8). In Luke 15:27 it is receiving back one lost. The second ἵνα is subordinate to the first; the deliverance of God's people from the Law was in order to their introduction into their complete state of sonship. The noun υἱοθεσία does not appear to occur in any Greek writer except St. Paul; though θέσθαι υἱόν υἱὸς θετός, υἱόθετος ὁ κατὰ θέσιν πατήρ, are found in various authors. After the analogy of other compound verbal nouns with a similar termination (ὁρκωμοσία ἀγωνοθεσία θεσμοθεσία, etc.), it means first the act of adoption, as, perhaps, Romans 8:23; Ephesians 1:5; and then, quite naturally, the consequent condition of the adopted child, as in Romans 8:15; Romans 9:4; and this seems its more prominent sense here. Romans 9:4 suggests the surmise that the term had been in use before among Palestinian Jews, with reference to Israel's state under the theocracy, and that St. Paul borrowed it thence with reference to the Christian Church, in which it found a more complete realization. 4:1-7 The apostle deals plainly with those who urged the law of Moses together with the gospel of Christ, and endeavoured to bring believers under its bondage. They could not fully understand the meaning of the law as given by Moses. And as that was a dispensation of darkness, so of bondage; they were tied to many burdensome rites and observances, by which they were taught and kept subject like a child under tutors and governors. We learn the happier state of Christians under the gospel dispensation. From these verses see the wonders of Divine love and mercy; particularly of God the Father, in sending his Son into the world to redeem and save us; of the Son of God, in submitting so low, and suffering so much for us; and of the Holy Spirit, in condescending to dwell in the hearts of believers, for such gracious purposes. Also, the advantages Christians enjoy under the gospel. Although by nature children of wrath and disobedience, they become by grace children of love, and partake of the nature of the children of God; for he will have all his children resemble him. Among men the eldest son is heir; but all God's children shall have the inheritance of eldest sons. May the temper and conduct of sons ever show our adoption; and may the Holy Spirit witness with our spirits that we are children and heirs of God.
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