Ezekiel 38:17
New International Version
"'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: You are the one I spoke of in former days by my servants the prophets of Israel. At that time they prophesied for years that I would bring you against them.

New Living Translation
"This is what the Sovereign LORD asks: Are you the one I was talking about long ago, when I announced through Israel's prophets that in the future I would bring you against my people?

English Standard Version
“Thus says the Lord GOD: Are you he of whom I spoke in former days by my servants the prophets of Israel, who in those days prophesied for years that I would bring you against them?

Berean Study Bible
This is what the Lord GOD says: ‘Are you the one of whom I have spoken in former days through My servants, the prophets of Israel, who for years prophesied in those times that I would bring you against them?

New American Standard Bible
Thus says the Lord GOD, "Are you the one of whom I spoke in former days through My servants the prophets of Israel, who prophesied in those days for many years that I would bring you against them?

King James Bible
Thus saith the Lord GOD; Art thou he of whom I have spoken in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel, which prophesied in those days many years that I would bring thee against them?

Christian Standard Bible
"'This is what the Lord GOD says: Are you the one I spoke about in former times through my servants, the prophets of Israel, who for years prophesied in those times that I would bring you against them?

Contemporary English Version
The LORD said to Gog: Long ago, I ordered my prophets to warn the people of Israel that someday I would send an enemy to attack them. You, Gog, are that enemy, and that day is coming.

Good News Translation
You are the one I was talking about long ago, when I announced through my servants, the prophets of Israel, that in days to come I would bring someone to attack Israel." The Sovereign LORD has spoken.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
This is what the Lord GOD says: Are you the one I spoke about in former times through My servants, the prophets of Israel, who for years prophesied in those times that I would bring you against them?

International Standard Version
"This is what the Lord GOD says: 'Surely you're the one about whom I spoke years ago in the writings of my servants, Israel's prophets, aren't you? They predicted back then that I would bring you up after many years, didn't they?

NET Bible
"'This is what the sovereign LORD says: Are you the one of whom I spoke in former days by my servants the prophets of Israel, who prophesied in those days that I would bring you against them?

New Heart English Bible
"'Thus says the Lord GOD: "Are you he of whom I spoke in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel, who prophesied in those days for many years that I would bring you against them?"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
" 'This is what the Almighty LORD says: You are the one I spoke about long ago through my servants the prophets of Israel. They prophesied in those days that I would bring you to attack them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thus saith the Lord GOD: Art thou he of whom I spoke in old time by My servants the prophets of Israel, that prophesied in those days for many years, that I would bring thee against them?

New American Standard 1977
‘Thus says the Lord GOD, “Are you the one of whom I spoke in former days through My servants the prophets of Israel, who prophesied in those days for many years that I would bring you against them?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thus hath the Lord GOD said: Art thou not he of whom I have spoken in days past by my slaves the prophets of Israel, who prophesied in those times that I would have to bring thee upon them?

King James 2000 Bible
Thus says the Lord GOD; Are you he of whom I have spoken in former times by my servants the prophets of Israel, who prophesied in those days for many years that I would bring you against them?

American King James Version
Thus said the Lord GOD; Are you he of whom I have spoken in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel, which prophesied in those days many years that I would bring you against them?

American Standard Version
Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: Art thou he of whom I spake in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel, that prophesied in those days for many years that I would bring thee against them?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thus saith the Lord God, to Gog; Thou art he concerning whom I spoke in former times, by the hand of my servants the prophets of Israel, in those days and years, that I would bring thee up against them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thus saith the Lord God: Thou then art he, of whom I have spoken in the days of old, by my servants the prophets of Israel, who prophesied in the days of those times that I would bring thee upon them.

Darby Bible Translation
Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: Art thou not he of whom I have spoken in old time through my servants the prophets of Israel, who prophesied in those days, for [many] years, that I would bring thee against them?

English Revised Version
Thus saith the Lord GOD: Art thou he of whom I spake in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel, which prophesied in those days for many years that I would bring thee against them?

Webster's Bible Translation
Thus saith the Lord GOD; Art thou he of whom I have spoken in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel, who prophesied in those days many years, that I would bring thee against them?

World English Bible
Thus says the Lord Yahweh: Are you he of whom I spoke in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel, who prophesied in those days for [many] years that I would bring you against them?

Young's Literal Translation
Thus said the Lord Jehovah: Art thou he of whom I spake in former days, By the hand of My servants, prophets of Israel, Who are prophesying in those days -- years, To bring thee in against them?
Study Bible
A Prophecy Against Gog
16You will advance against My people Israel like a cloud covering the land. It will happen in the last days, O Gog, that I will bring you against My land, so that the nations may know Me when I show Myself holy in you before their eyes.’ 17This is what the Lord GOD says: ‘Are you the one of whom I have spoken in former days through My servants, the prophets of Israel, who for years prophesied in those times that I would bring you against them? 18Now on that day, the day when Gog comes against the land of Israel, declares the Lord GOD, My wrath will flare up.…
Cross References
Isaiah 5:26
He lifts a banner for the distant nations and whistles for those at the ends of the earth. Behold--how speedily and swiftly they come!

Isaiah 34:1
Come near, O nations, to listen; pay attention, O peoples. Let the earth hear, and all that fills it, the world and all that springs from it.

Isaiah 63:1
Who is this coming from Edom, from Bozrah with crimson-stained garments? Who is this robed in splendor, marching in the greatness of His strength? "It is I who speak in righteousness, mighty to save."

Isaiah 66:15
For behold, the LORD will come with fire--His chariots are like the whirlwind--to execute His anger with fury and His rebuke with flames of fire.

Isaiah 66:16
For by fire and by His sword, the LORD will execute judgment on all flesh, and many will be slain by the LORD.

Joel 3:9
Proclaim this among the nations: "Prepare for war; rouse the mighty men; let all the men of war advance and attack!

Treasury of Scripture

Thus said the Lord GOD; Are you he of whom I have spoken in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel, which prophesied in those days many years that I would bring you against them?

whom

Ezekiel 38:10,11,16
Thus saith the Lord GOD; It shall also come to pass, that at the same time shall things come into thy mind, and thou shalt think an evil thought: …

Psalm 110:5,6
The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath…

Isaiah 27:1
In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea.

by [heb] the hands of







Lexicon
This is what
כֹּֽה־ (kōh-)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 3541: Like this, thus, here, now

the Lord
אֲדֹנָ֣י (’ă·ḏō·nāy)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 136: The Lord

GOD
יְהוִ֗ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3069: YHWH

says:
אָמַ֞ר (’ā·mar)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

‘Are you
הַֽאַתָּה־ (ha·’at·tāh-)
Article | Pronoun - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 859: Thou and thee, ye and you

the one
ה֨וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

of whom
אֲשֶׁר־ (’ă·šer-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

I have spoken
דִּבַּ֜רְתִּי (dib·bar·tî)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 1696: To arrange, to speak, to subdue

in former
קַדְמוֹנִ֗ים (qaḏ·mō·w·nîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6931: Anterior, oriental

days
בְּיָמִ֣ים (bə·yā·mîm)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

through
בְּיַד֙ (bə·yaḏ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

My servants,
עֲבָדַי֙ (‘ă·ḇā·ḏay)
Noun - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5650: Slave, servant

the prophets
נְבִיאֵ֣י (nə·ḇî·’ê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 5030: A spokesman, speaker, prophet

of Israel,
יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

who for years
שָׁנִ֑ים (šā·nîm)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8141: A year

prophesied
הַֽנִּבְּאִ֛ים (han·nib·bə·’îm)
Article | Verb - Nifal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5012: To prophesy, speak, by inspiration

in those
הָהֵ֖ם (hā·hêm)
Article | Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1992: They

times
בַּיָּמִ֥ים (bay·yā·mîm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

that I would bring
לְהָבִ֥יא (lə·hā·ḇî)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

you
אֹתְךָ֖ (’ō·ṯə·ḵā)
Direct object marker | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

against them?
עֲלֵיהֶֽם׃ (‘ă·lê·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against
(17) Of whom I have spoken in old time.--This is put in that interrogative form which is often used for emphatic assurance. The word many before "years" is not in the original, but is correctly inserted to mark the accusative of duration. The statement is then an emphatic one, that God had of old and for a long time foretold by His prophets this attack of Gog. But the name of Gog is not mentioned in any earlier prophecy now extant, nor is it likely that any such, far less that any long series of such prophecies, have been lost. This concurs with many other indications in the prophecy to show that it does not relate to any particular event, but that Gog and his allies represent the enemies of the Church in general, and that the prophet is here depicting the same great and prolonged struggle between evil and good, between the powers of the world and the kingdom of God, which has formed the burden of so much of both earlier and later prophecy.

Verse 17. - Art thou he of whom I have spoken in old time? As no existing prophecy, prior to Ezekiel's time, mentions Cog by name, it must be concluded either

(1) that Ezekiel refers to prophecies known in his day, though no longer extant; or

(2) that his words simply mean that earlier prophets had predicted such an invasion of Israel in the last times as that which he announces under the leadership of Gog. The former opinion, though countenanced by Ewald, Kuenen, and Smend, is less probable than the latter, which expositors both ancient and modern favor. Schroder considers the hypothesis that earlier prophets had spoken of Gog by name as excluded by the interrogatory form of the sentence, since, had Cog been thus explicitly pointed out, there would, he thinks, have been no need to ask, "Art thou he?" But it is doubtful if the interrogatory form of the words had any other intention than to lend emphasis to the assertion that Gog was he to whom the earlier prophets had unconsciously referred. As to which earlier prophets he alluded opinions vary. Ewald cites Isaiah 10:6; Isaiah 17:4; Smend adding Micah 5:11; Zephaniah 3:8; Keil, Isaiah 25:5, 10; Jeremiah 30:23, 25; Joel 4:2, 11, etc.; Hengstenberg, Deuteronomy 32; Isaiah 24-27; Isaiah 34; and Fairbairn, Numbers 24:17-24; Isaiah 14:28-32; Isaiah 18; Joel 3; Daniel 2:44, 45; though Schroder is probably correct in holding that all should be included which represent the hostility of the heathen world as culminating in the latter days in a grand concentrated attack upon Israel. Smend sees in the unusual phenomenon that Ezekiel reflects upon earlier prophecies an indication of the declining spirit of prophetism; it should, however, rather be regarded as a sign of superior spiritual insight on the part of Ezekiel, who could discern that from the first the prophets had been guided in their utterances by One who was intimately acquainted with the whole world-program, and knew the end from the beginning, so that however dark and enigmatical their predictions might be when taken separately, when viewed in connection they were recognized as forming parts of a harmonious whole. 38:14-23 The enemy should make a formidable descent upon the land of Israel. When Israel dwell safely under the Divine protection, shalt not thou be made to know it by finding that endeavours to destroy them are made in vain? Promises of security are treasured up in the word of God, against the troubles and dangers the church may be brought into in the latter days. In the destruction of sinners, God makes it appear that he is a great and holy God. We should desire and pray daily. Father, glorify thine own name.
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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 38:17 Thus says the Lord Yahweh: Are you (Ezek. Eze Ezk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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