Ezekiel 27:11
New International Version
Men of Arvad and Helek guarded your walls on every side; men of Gammad were in your towers. They hung their shields around your walls; they brought your beauty to perfection.

New Living Translation
Men from Arvad and Helech stood on your walls. Your towers were manned by men from Gammad. Their shields hung on your walls, completing your beauty.

English Standard Version
Men of Arvad and Helech were on your walls all around, and men of Gamad were in your towers. They hung their shields on your walls all around; they made perfect your beauty.

Berean Study Bible
Men of Arvad and Helech manned your walls all around, and the men of Gammad were in your towers. They hung their shields around your walls; they perfected your beauty.

King James Bible
The men of Arvad with thine army were upon thy walls round about, and the Gammadims were in thy towers: they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they have made thy beauty perfect.

New King James Version
Men of Arvad with your army were on your walls all around, And the men of Gammad were in your towers; They hung their shields on your walls all around; They made your beauty perfect.

New American Standard Bible
The sons of Arvad and your army were on your walls, all around, and the Gammadim were in your towers. They hung their shields on your walls all around; they perfected your beauty.

NASB 1995
"The sons of Arvad and your army were on your walls, all around, and the Gammadim were in your towers. They hung their shields on your walls all around; they perfected your beauty.

NASB 1977
“The sons of Arvad and your army were on your walls, all around, and the Gammadim were in your towers. They hung their shields on your walls, all around; they perfected your beauty.

Amplified Bible
The men of Arvad with your army were upon your walls, all around, and the Gammadim (men of valor) were in your towers. They hung their shields on your walls, all around; they perfected your beauty.

Christian Standard Bible
Men of Arvad and Helech were stationed on your walls all around, and Gammadites were in your towers. They hung their shields all around your walls; they perfected your beauty.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Men of Arvad and Helech were stationed on your walls all around, and Gammadites were in your towers. They hung their shields all around your walls; they perfected your beauty."

American Standard Version
The men of Arvad with thine army were upon thy walls round about, and valorous men were in thy towers; they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they have perfected thy beauty.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The sons of Arud and your army have been standing on your walls, and they guard your towers. They hung their shields circling your walls and they perfected your beauty

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The sons of the Aradians and thine army were upon the walls; there were guards in thy towers: they hung their quivers on thy battlements round about; these completed thy beauty.

Contemporary English Version
Your guards came from Arvad and Cilicia, and men from Gamad stood watch in your towers. With their weapons hung on your walls, your beauty was complete.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The men of Arad were with thy army upon thy walls round about: the Pygmeans also that were in thy towers, hung up their quivers on thy walls round about: they perfected thy beauty.

English Revised Version
The men of Arvad with thine army were upon thy walls round about, and the Gammadim were in thy towers: they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they have perfected thy beauty.

Good News Translation
Soldiers from Arvad guarded your walls, and troops from Gamad guarded your towers. They hung their shields on your walls. They are the ones who made you beautiful.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
" 'People from Arvad and Helech were guards all around your walls. People from Gammad guarded your towers. They hung their shields all around your walls, making your beauty perfect.

International Standard Version
Mercenaries from Arvad and Helech stood guard duty on your walls, while brave men manned your towers. They hung their shields all around your walls— just the right touch to perfect your interior decorating!"

JPS Tanakh 1917
The men of Arvad and Helech were upon thy walls round about, and the Gammadim were in thy towers; they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they have perfected thy beauty.

Literal Standard Version
The sons of Arvad, and your force, "" [Are] on your walls all around, "" And short swordsmen have been in your towers, "" They have hung up their shields on your walls all around, "" They have perfected your beauty.

NET Bible
The Arvadites joined your army on your walls all around, and the Gammadites were in your towers. They hung their quivers on your walls all around; they perfected your beauty.

New Heart English Bible
The men of Arvad with your army were on your walls all around, and valorous men were in your towers; they hanged their shields on your walls all around; they have perfected your beauty.

World English Bible
The men of Arvad with your army were on your walls all around, and valorous men were in your towers; they hanged their shields on your walls all around; they have perfected your beauty.

Young's Literal Translation
The sons of Arvad, and thy force, Are on thy walls round about, And short swordsmen in thy towers have been, Their shields they have hung up on thy walls round about, They -- they have perfected thy beauty.

Additional Translations ...
Context
A Lament for Tyre
10Men of Persia, Lydia, and Put served as warriors in your army. They hung their shields and helmets on your walls; they gave you splendor. 11Men of Arvad and Helech manned your walls all around, and the men of Gammad were in your towers. They hung their shields around your walls; they perfected your beauty. 12Tarshish was your merchant because of your great wealth of goods; they exchanged silver, iron, tin, and lead for your wares.…

Cross References
Song of Solomon 4:4
Your neck is like the tower of David, built with rows of stones; on it hang a thousand shields, all of them shields of warriors.

Ezekiel 27:8
The men of Sidon and Arvad were your oarsmen. Your men of skill, O Tyre, were there as your captains.

Ezekiel 27:10
Men of Persia, Lydia, and Put served as warriors in your army. They hung their shields and helmets on your walls; they gave you splendor.

Ezekiel 27:12
Tarshish was your merchant because of your great wealth of goods; they exchanged silver, iron, tin, and lead for your wares.


Treasury of Scripture

The men of Arvad with your army were on your walls round about, and the Gammadims were in your towers: they hanged their shields on your walls round about; they have made your beauty perfect.

of Arvad

Ezekiel 27:8
The inhabitants of Zidon and Arvad were thy mariners: thy wise men, O Tyrus, that were in thee, were thy pilots.

they have

Ezekiel 27:3,4
And say unto Tyrus, O thou that art situate at the entry of the sea, which art a merchant of the people for many isles, Thus saith the Lord GOD; O Tyrus, thou hast said, I am of perfect beauty…









(11) The Gammadims were in thy towers.--No people of this name is known, and it is extremely unlikely that the responsible posts upon the watch-towers would have been entrusted to foreigners. The word occurs only here, and is probably not a proper name, but should be translated brave men.

Verse 11. - (For Arvad, see Ver. 8.) Gammadim. The LXX. translates "guards" (φύλακες); the Vulgate, Pygmies, probably as connecting the name with Gamad (equivalent to "a cubit"). The Targum gives "watchmen;" Gesenius, "warriors:" Hitzig, "deserters." The name probably indicates that they were the flower of the Tyrian army - the life-guards (like the "Immortals" of the Persians) of the merchant-city. On the whole, we must leave the problem as one that we have no data for solving. The grouping with Arvad, however, suggests a Syrian or Phoenician tribe. They hanged their shields. The custom seems to have been specially Phoenician. Solomon introduced it at Jerusalem (Song of Solomon 4:4). The sight of the walls thus decorated, the shields being sometimes gilt or painted, must have been sufficiently striking to warrant Ezekiel's phrase that thus the beauty of the city was "made perfect" by it. The custom reappears in 1 Macc. 4:57.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Men
בְּנֵ֧י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Arvad
אַרְוַ֣ד (’ar·waḏ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 719: Arvad -- a city of Phoenicia

and Helech
וְחֵילֵ֗ךְ (wə·ḥê·lêḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 2428: A force, an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength

manned
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

your walls
חוֹמוֹתַ֙יִךְ֙ (ḥō·w·mō·w·ṯa·yiḵ)
Noun - feminine plural construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 2346: A wall of protection

all around,
סָבִ֔יב (sā·ḇîḇ)
Adverb
Strong's 5439: A circle, neighbour, environs, around

and the [men] of Gammad
וְגַ֨מָּדִ֔ים (wə·ḡam·mā·ḏîm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's 1575: Gammadim -- 'men of valor', defenders of Tyre

were
הָי֑וּ (hā·yū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

in your towers.
בְּמִגְדְּלוֹתַ֖יִךְ (bə·miḡ·də·lō·w·ṯa·yiḵ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 4026: A tower, a rostrum, a, bed of flowers

They hung
תִּלּ֤וּ (til·lū)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 8518: To suspend

their shields
שִׁלְטֵיהֶ֞ם (šil·ṭê·hem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 7982: Perhaps shield

all around
סָבִ֔יב (sā·ḇîḇ)
Adverb
Strong's 5439: A circle, neighbour, environs, around

your walls;
חוֹמוֹתַ֙יִךְ֙ (ḥō·w·mō·w·ṯa·yiḵ)
Noun - feminine plural construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 2346: A wall of protection

they
הֵ֖מָּה (hêm·māh)
Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1992: They

perfected
כָּלְל֥וּ (kā·lə·lū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 3634: To complete, perfect

your beauty.
יָפְיֵֽךְ׃ (yā·p̄ə·yêḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 3308: Beauty


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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 27:11 The men of Arvad with your army (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
Ezekiel 27:10
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