Zephaniah 1:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Wail, you who live in the market district; all your merchants will be wiped out, all who trade with silver will be destroyed.

New Living Translation
Wail in sorrow, all you who live in the market area, for all the merchants and traders will be destroyed.

English Standard Version
Wail, O inhabitants of the Mortar! For all the traders are no more; all who weigh out silver are cut off.

New American Standard Bible
"Wail, O inhabitants of the Mortar, For all the people of Canaan will be silenced; All who weigh out silver will be cut off.

King James Bible
Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the merchant people are cut down; all they that bear silver are cut off.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Wail, you residents of the Hollow, for all the merchants will be silenced; all those loaded with silver will be cut off.

International Standard Version
"Wail, you who live in the market district, because all of the merchants will be crushed and all of their customers will be eliminated.

NET Bible
Wail, you who live in the market district, for all the merchants will disappear and those who count money will be removed.

New Heart English Bible
Wail, you inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the people of Canaan are undone. All those who were loaded with silver are cut off.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Howl, inhabitants of the Mortar, because all the merchants will be destroyed and all who handle money will be killed.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Wail, ye inhabitants of Maktesh, For all the merchant people are undone; All they that were laden with silver are cut off.

New American Standard 1977
“Wail, O inhabitants of the Mortar,
            For all the people of Canaan will be silenced;
            All who weigh out silver will be cut off.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the merchant people are cut down; all those that brought ye silver are cut off.

King James 2000 Bible
Wail, you inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the merchant people are cut down; all they that trade with silver are cut off.

American King James Version
Howl, you inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the merchant people are cut down; all they that bear silver are cut off.

American Standard Version
Wail, ye inhabitants of Maktesh; for all the people of Canaan are undone; all they that were laden with silver are cut off.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Howl, ye inhabitants of the Morter. All the people of Chanaan is hush, all are cut off that were wrapped up in silver.

Darby Bible Translation
Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh; for all the people of Canaan are cut down, all they that are laden with silver are cut off.

English Revised Version
Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the people of Canaan are undone: all they that were laden with sliver are cut off.

Webster's Bible Translation
Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the merchant people are cut down; all they that bear silver are cut off.

World English Bible
Wail, you inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the people of Canaan are undone! All those who were loaded with silver are cut off.

Young's Literal Translation
Howl, ye inhabitants of the hollow place, For cut off hath been all the merchant people, Cut off have been all bearing silver.
Study Bible
The Day of the Lord
10"On that day," declares the LORD, "There will be the sound of a cry from the Fish Gate, A wail from the Second Quarter, And a loud crash from the hills. 11"Wail, O inhabitants of the Mortar, For all the people of Canaan will be silenced; All who weigh out silver will be cut off. 12"It will come about at that time That I will search Jerusalem with lamps, And I will punish the men Who are stagnant in spirit, Who say in their hearts, 'The LORD will not do good or evil!'…
Cross References
Job 27:16
"Though he piles up silver like dust And prepares garments as plentiful as the clay,

Job 27:17
He may prepare it, but the just will wear it And the innocent will divide the silver.

Hosea 9:6
For behold, they will go because of destruction; Egypt will gather them up, Memphis will bury them. Weeds will take over their treasures of silver; Thorns will be in their tents.

Zephaniah 2:5
Woe to the inhabitants of the seacoast, The nation of the Cherethites! The word of the LORD is against you, O Canaan, land of the Philistines; And I will destroy you So that there will be no inhabitant.

Zechariah 14:21
Every cooking pot in Jerusalem and in Judah will be holy to the LORD of hosts; and all who sacrifice will come and take of them and boil in them. And there will no longer be a Canaanite in the house of the LORD of hosts in that day.
Treasury of Scripture

Howl, you inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the merchant people are cut down; all they that bear silver are cut off.

Howl.

Jeremiah 4:8 For this gird you with sackcloth, lament and howl: for the fierce …

Jeremiah 25:34 Howl, you shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves in the ashes, …

Ezekiel 21:12 Cry and howl, son of man: for it shall be on my people, it shall …

Joel 1:5,13 Awake, you drunkards, and weep; and howl, all you drinkers of wine, …

Zechariah 11:2,3 Howl, fir tree; for the cedar is fallen; because the mighty are spoiled: …

James 5:1 Go to now, you rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come on you.

all the.

Nehemiah 3:31,32 After him repaired Malchiah the goldsmith's son to the place of the …

Hosea 12:7,8 He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loves to oppress…

John 2:16 And said to them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not …

Revelation 18:11-18 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for …

Verse 11.p - Maktesh; the Mortar; Septuagint, τὴν κατακεκομμένην, "her that is broken down." The word is found in Judges 15:19 of a hollow place in a rock, and it is here used in the sense of "valley," and probably refers to the Tyropoeum, or part of it, the depression that ran down the city, having Aera and Zion on its west side, and Moriah and Ophel on its east, and extended south as far as the pool of Siloam. It does not seem a very appropriate appellation for a lengthy valley like the Tyropceum, nor is there any trace of such a name being applied to it elsewhere. It may have been a name affixed to a certain locality where a bazaar was situated or certain special industries had their seat; or it may have been invented by Zephaniah to intimate the fate that awaited the evil merchants, that they should be, as it were, brayed in a mortar by their enemies. The merchant people; literally, people of Canaan. So Septuagint and Vulgate (comp. Hosea 12:7; Hist. of Susannah 56; Zechariah 14:21). The iniquitous traders are called "people of Canaan," because they acted like the heathens around them, especially the Phoenicians, who were unscrupulous and dishonest in their transactions. Are cut down; are silenced; Vulgate, conticuit (Isaiah 6:5; Hosea 10:7). They that bear (are laden with) silver. Those who have amassed wealth by trade and usury. The LXX. has, οι  ῾ἐηρμένοι ἀργυρίῳ "those who are elated with silver;" St. Jerome, involuti argento. Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh,.... The name of a street in Jerusalem, as Aben Ezra; perhaps it lay low in the hollow of the city, and in the form of a mortar, from whence it might have its name, as the word (q) signifies; which is used both for a hollow place and for a mortar, Judges 15:19 unless it might be so called from such persons dwelling in it, that used mortars for spice, and other things. The Targum is,

"howl, all ye that dwell in the valley of Kidron;''

and Jerom thinks the valley of Siloah is intended, which is the same; which, Adrichomius (r) says, was broad, deep, and dark, and surrounded the temple in manner of a foss, or ditch; and was disposed in the form of a mortar, called in Hebrew "machtes"; in Latin, "pila"; in which merchants and tradesmen of all kinds dwelt. It is thought by others to be the same which Josephus (s) calls "the valley of the cheese mongers", which lay between the two hills Zion and Acra. The reason of their howling is,

for all the merchant people are cut down; either cut to pieces by the sword of the enemy, and become silent, as the word (t) sometimes signifies, and the Vulgate Latin version here renders it; become so by death, and laid in the silent grave, and no more concerned in merchandise; or else stripped of all their wealth and goods by the enemy, and so cut down, broke, and become bankrupt, and could trade no more. The word for merchant signifies a Canaanite; and the Targum paraphrases it thus,

"for all the people are broken, whose works are like the works of the people of the land of Canaan:''

all they that bear silver are cut off; that have large quantities of it, and carry it to market to buy goods with it as merchants; these shall be cut off, and so a great loss to trade, and a cause of howling and lamentation; or such that wear it in their garments, embroidered with it; or rather in their purses, who are loaded with this thick clay, abound with it. The Targum is,

"all that are rich in substance shall be destroyed.''

(q) "mortarii", Vatablus, Tigurine version; "cavi", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "loci concavi", Calvin. (r) Theatrum Terrae Sanctae, p. 163. (s) De Bello Jud. l. 5. c. 4. sect. 1.((t) "conticuit", V. L. "in silentium redactus est", Drusius. 11. Maktesh—rather, "the mortar," a name applied to the valley of Siloam from its hollow shape [Jerome]. The valley between Zion and Mount Olivet, at the eastern extremity of Mount Moriah, where the merchants dwelt. Zec 14:21, "The Canaanite," namely, merchant [Chaldee Version]. The Tyropoeon (that is, cheese-makers') valley below Mount Akra [Rosenmuller]. Better Jerusalem itself, so called as lying in the midst of hills (Isa 22:1; Jer 21:13) and as doomed to be the scene of its people being destroyed as corn or drugs are pounded in a mortar (Pr 27:22) [Maurer]. Compare the similar image of a "pot" (Eze 24:3, 6). The reason for the destruction is subjoined, namely, its merchant people's greediness of gain.

all the merchant people—literally, the "Canaanite people": irony: all the merchant people of Jerusalem are very Canaanites in greed for gain and in idolatries (see on [1168]Ho 12:7).

all … that bear silver—loading themselves with that which will prove but a burden (Hab 2:6).1:7-13 God's day is at hand; the punishment of presumptuous sinners is a sacrifice to the justice of God. The Jewish royal family shall be reckoned with for their pride and vanity; and those that leap on the threshold, invading their neighbours' rights, and seizing their possessions. The trading people and the rich merchants are called to account. Secure and careless people are reckoned with. They are secure and easy; they say in their heart, the Lord will not do good, neither will he do evil; that is, they deny his dispensing rewards and punishments. But in the day of the Lord's judgment, it will clearly appear that those who perish, fall a sacrifice to Divine justice for breaking God's law, and because they have no interest by faith in the Redeemer's atoning sacrifice.
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