Interest
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Nave's Topical Index
Exodus 22:25
If you lend money to any of my people that is poor by you, you shall not be to him as an usurer, neither shall you lay on him usury.
Nave's Topical Index

Leviticus 25:36,37
Take you no usury of him, or increase: but fear your God; that your brother may live with you.
Nave's Topical Index

Deuteronomy 23:19,20
You shall not lend on usury to your brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent on usury:
Nave's Topical Index

Nehemiah 5:1-13
And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against their brothers the Jews.
Nave's Topical Index

Psalm 15:5
He that puts not out his money to usury, nor takes reward against the innocent. He that does these things shall never be moved.
Nave's Topical Index

Proverbs 28:8
He that by usury and unjust gain increases his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.
Nave's Topical Index

Isaiah 24:2
And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of usury to him.
Nave's Topical Index

Ezekiel 18:8,9,13,17
He that has not given forth on usury, neither has taken any increase, that has withdrawn his hand from iniquity, has executed true judgment between man and man,
Nave's Topical Index

Ezekiel 22:12
In you have they taken gifts to shed blood; you have taken usury and increase, and you have greedily gained of your neighbors by extortion, and have forgotten me, said the Lord GOD.
Nave's Topical Index

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) To engage the attention of; to awaken interest in; to excite emotion or passion in, in behalf of a person or thing; as, the subject did not interest him; to interest one in charitable work.

2. (n.) To be concerned with or engaged in; to affect; to concern; to excite; -- often used impersonally.

3. (n.) To cause or permit to share.

4. (n.) Excitement of feeling, whether pleasant or painful, accompanying special attention to some object; concern.

5. (n.) Participation in advantage, profit, and responsibility; share; portion; part; as, an interest in a brewery; he has parted with his interest in the stocks.

6. (n.) Advantage, personal or general; good, regarded as a selfish benefit; profit; benefit.

7. (n.) Premium paid for the use of money, -- usually reckoned as a percentage; as, interest at five per cent per annum on ten thousand dollars.

8. (n.) Any excess of advantage over and above an exact equivalent for what is given or rendered.

9. (n.) The persons interested in any particular business or measure, taken collectively; as, the iron interest; the cotton interest.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
INTEREST

in'-ter-est (neshekh, mashsha'; tokos): The Hebrew word neshekh is from a root which means "to bite"; thus interest is "something bitten off." The other word, mashsa', means "lending on interest." The Greek term is from the root tikto, "to produce" or "beget," hence, interest is something begotten or produced by money. The Hebrew words are usually translated "usury," but this meant the same as interest, all interest being reckoned as usury.

Long before Abraham's time money had been loaned at a fixed rate of interest in Babylonia and almost certainly in Egypt. The Code of Hammurabi gives regulations regarding the lending and borrowing of money, the usual interest being 20 percent. Sometimes it was only 11 2/3 and 13 1/3, as shown by contract tablets. In one case, if the loan was not paid in two months, 18 per cent interest would be charged. Corn (grain), dates, onions, etc., were loaned at interest. Thus Moses and Israel would be familiar with commercial loans and interest. In Israel there was no system of credit or commercial loans in Moses' time and after. A poor man borrowed because he was poor. The law of Moses (Exodus 22:25) forbade loaning at interest. There was to be no creditor and no taker of interest among them (Leviticus 25:36, 37). Deuteronomy permits them to lend on interest to a foreigner (Deuteronomy 23:19, 20), but not to a brother Israelite. That this was considered the proper thing in Israel for centuries is seen in Psalm 15:5, while Proverbs 28:8 implies that it was an unusual thing, interest being generally exacted and profit made. Ezekiel condemns it as a heinous sin (Ezekiel 18:8, 13, 17) and holds up the ideal of righteousness as not taking interest (22:12). Isaiah 24:2 implies that it was a business in that age, the lender and borrower being social types. Jeremiah implies that there was not always the best feeling between lenders and borrowers (15:10). According to Nehemiah 5:7, 10, rich Jews were lending to others and exacting heavy interest. Nehemiah condemns such conduct and forbids its continuance, citing himself as an example of lending without interest. The lenders restored 1 percent of that exacted.

In the New Testament, references to interest occur in the parable of the Pounds (Luke 19:23) and of the Talents (Matthew 25:27). Here the men were expected to put their master's money out at interest, and condemnation followed the failure to do so. Thus the principle of receiving interest is not condemned in the Old Testament, only it was not to be taken from a brother Israelite. In the New Testament it is distinctly encouraged.

See also USURY.

J. J. Reeve

Greek
5110. tokos -- a bringing forth, birth, fig. interest, usury
... interest, usury. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: tokos Phonetic
Spelling: (tok'-os) Short Definition: interest, usury Definition: interest ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5110.htm - 6k

3552. noseo -- to be sick
... disease. Word Origin from nosos Definition to be sick NASB Word Usage has
a morbid interest (1), morbid interest (1). dote. From ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3552.htm - 6k

3199. melo -- to be an object of care
... of , "to care, be concerned") -- to care about (be concerned with), especially paying
attention (giving thought) to -- ie "taking an interest" () with the ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3199.htm - 7k

4878. sunantilambanomai -- to take hold with at the side, hence to ...
... sunantilambanomai Phonetic Spelling: (soon-an-tee-lam-ban'-om-ahee) Short Definition:
I assist, help Definition: I lend a hand along with, take interest in (a ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4878.htm - 7k

324. anadechomai -- to undertake, receive
... 1209 , "to welcome/receive") -- properly, receive up to the limit (); (figuratively)
to welcome with gladness (openness), ie interest (open-heartedly ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/324.htm - 7k

2204. zeo -- to boil, be hot
... a primitive verb) -- properly, to bubble over because enough to (J. Thayer);
(figuratively) to show great ; be (literally "boiling" with interest or desire ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2204.htm - 7k

278. ametameletos -- not repented of
... 278 (an adjective, derived from 1 "not" and 33387, "regret") -- properly, no change
of concern (interest), ie for an action because it was done from (true ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/278.htm - 7k

3338. metamelomai -- to regret, repent
... metamelomai Phonetic Spelling: (met-am-el'-lom-ahee) Short Definition: I change
my mind Definition: (lit: I change one care or interest for another), I change ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3338.htm - 7k

3403. mimnesko -- to remind, remember
... The high level of (self) involvement and interest motivating this remembering
accounts for why it is always in the Greek middle voice.]. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3403.htm - 7k

1731. endeiknumi -- to indicate (by word or act), to prove
... 1731 ("undeniably display") always occurs in the Greek voice which underlines the
high level of personal interest shown by the one making something . ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1731.htm - 8k

Strong's Hebrew
5391b. nashak -- to pay or give interest
... 5391a, 5391b. nashak. 5392 . to pay or give interest. Transliteration:
nashak Short Definition: interest. Word Origin denominative ...
/hebrew/5391b.htm - 5k

5392. neshek -- interest, usury
... 5391b, 5392. neshek. 5393 . interest, usury. Transliteration: neshek
Phonetic Spelling: (neh'-shek) Short Definition: interest. ...
/hebrew/5392.htm - 6k

4855. mashsha -- lending on interest, usury
... 4854, 4855. mashsha. 4856 . lending on interest, usury. Transliteration:
mashsha Phonetic Spelling: (mash-shaw') Short Definition: usury. ...
/hebrew/4855.htm - 6k

5377. nasha -- to lend on interest, be a creditor
... 5376, 5377. nasha. 5378 . to lend on interest, be a creditor. Transliteration:
nasha Phonetic Spelling: (naw-shaw') Short Definition: made. Word Origin a prim ...
/hebrew/5377.htm - 6k

8636. tarbith -- increment, interest, usury
... 8635, 8636. tarbith. 8637 . increment, interest, usury. Transliteration: tarbith
Phonetic Spelling: (tar-beeth') Short Definition: increase. ...
/hebrew/8636.htm - 6k

5391. nashak -- to bite
... bite, lend upon usury A primitive root; to strike with a sting (as a serpent);
figuratively, to oppress with interest on a loan -- bite, lend upon usury. ...
/hebrew/5391.htm - 5k

5378. nasha -- to beguile, deceive
... A primitive root (perhaps identical with nasha', through the idea of imposition);
to lend on interest; by implication, to dun for debt -- X debt, exact, giver ...
/hebrew/5378.htm - 6k

5383. nashah -- to lend, become a creditor
... A primitive root (rather identical with nashah, in the sense of nasha'); to lend
or (by reciprocity) borrow on security or interest -- creditor, exact ...
/hebrew/5383.htm - 6k

4768. marbith -- increase, great number, greatness
... From rabah; a multitude; also offspring; specifically interest (on capital) -- greatest
part, greatness, increase, multitude. see HEBREW rabah. 4767, 4768. ...
/hebrew/4768.htm - 6k

7737a. shavah -- to agree with, be like, resemble
... to agree with, be like, resemble NASB Word Usage alike (1), commensurate (1), compare
(1), compares (1), composed (2), equal (1), interest (1), level (1), like ...
/hebrew/7737a.htm - 5k

Library

The Interest of his Biography.
... I. The Interest of his Biography. "John, than which man a sadder or a greater
Not till this day has been of woman born; John, like ...
//christianbookshelf.org/meyer/john the baptist/i the interest of his.htm

In what Interest the Princes of the Nations Wished False Religions ...
... Book IV. Chapter 32."In What Interest the Princes of the Nations Wished False
Religions to Continue Among the People Subject to Them. ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 32 in what interest the.htm

He Bespeaks his Affectionate Interest for the Christians in his ...
... Book IV. Chapter XIII."He bespeaks his Affectionate Interest for the
Christians in his Country. "Imagine, then, with what joy ...
/.../the life of constantine/chapter xiii he bespeaks his affectionate.htm

Organizes a Church at Deland. Health Improves. Relapses. Starts ...
... Relapses. Starts Home. Resignation. Sells His Interest in the Guide. Begins Writing
again. ... Resignation. Sells His Interest in the Guide. Begins Writing again. ...
/.../chapter xviii organizes a church.htm

"But Clearly, as we Experienced, He Repaired, with Manifold ...
... Dialogues of Sulpitius Severus. Chapter XIV. "But clearly, as we experienced,
he repaired, with manifold interest� "But clearly ...
/.../severus/life and writings of sulpitius severus /chapter xiv but clearly as.htm

When Herod is Rejected in Arabia, He Makes Haste to Rome Where ...
... CHAPTER 14. When Herod Is Rejected In Arabia, He Makes Haste To Rome Where
Antony And Caesar Join Their Interest To Make Him King . ...
/.../chapter 14 when herod is.htm

Faustus Asserts that Even if the Old Testament could be Shown to ...
... Faustus asserts that even if the Old Testament could be shown to contain predictions,
it would be of interest only to the Jews, pagan literature subserving the ...
/.../faustus asserts that even if.htm

These Four Repair to John on Account of his Interest; for this ...
... Chapter XIII."These Four repair to John on account of his Interest; for this Reason,
Theophilus was enraged, and prepares himself to fight against John. ...
/.../the ecclesiastical history of sozomenus/chapter xiii these four repair to.htm

All the Above Illegalities were Carried on in the Interest of ...
... Section 6. All the above illegalities were carried on in the interest of
Arianism. Gregory then is an Arian, and has been sent to ...
/.../athanasius/select works and letters or athanasius/section 6 all the above.htm

The Poor Debtor.
... He didn't say any thing about interest, nor did I, though I am entitled
to, and ought to have received it. But, as long as he came ...
//christianbookshelf.org/arthur/words for the wise/the poor debtor.htm

Thesaurus
Interest (35 Occurrences)
... 1. (n.) To engage the attention of; to awaken interest in; to excite emotion or
passion in, in behalf of a person or thing; as, the subject did not interest him ...
/i/interest.htm - 21k

Usury (17 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary The sum paid for the use of money, hence interest;
not, as in the modern sense, exorbitant interest. The ...
/u/usury.htm - 15k

Banking
... 1. Introductory: "Banking" in the full modern sense, of taking money on deposit
and lending it out on interest, is of comparatively recent origin. ...
/b/banking.htm - 13k

Debt (48 Occurrences)
... The Mosaic law encouraged the practice of lending (Deuteronomy 15:7; Psalm 37:26;
Matthew 5:42); but it forbade the exaction of interest except from foreigners ...
/d/debt.htm - 28k

Loan (9 Occurrences)
... The Mosaic law required that when an Israelite needed to borrow, what he asked was
to be freely lent to him, and no interest was to be charged, although ...
/l/loan.htm - 16k

Lend (21 Occurrences)
... 2. History of Lending in the Bible and Apocrypha: (1) Lending on interest
to the poor is prohibited in the code in Exodus 22:25. ...
/l/lend.htm - 18k

Debtor (7 Occurrences)
... DEBT; DEBTOR. det, det'-er: It is difficult nowadays to think of debt without
associating with it the idea of interest, and even usury. ...
/d/debtor.htm - 16k

Lent (9 Occurrences)
... Deuteronomy 23:19 You shall not lend on interest to your brother; interest of money,
interest of food, interest of anything that is lent on interest: (WEB KJV ...
/l/lent.htm - 9k

Loaned (2 Occurrences)
... Deuteronomy 23:19 You shall not lend on interest to your brother; interest of money,
interest of food, interest of anything that is lent on interest: (See NAS). ...
/l/loaned.htm - 7k

Excessive (12 Occurrences)
... physicians. (YLT). Proverbs 28:8 He who increases his wealth by excessive
interest gathers it for one who has pity on the poor. (WEB). ...
/e/excessive.htm - 10k

Bible Concordance
Interest (35 Occurrences)

Matthew 25:27 You ought therefore to have deposited my money with the bankers, and at my coming I should have received back my own with interest.
(WEB WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 4:24 He also said to them, "Take care what you hear. With what measure you measure, it will be measured to you, and that with interest.
(WEY)

Luke 19:23 Then why didn't you deposit my money in the bank, and at my coming, I might have earned interest on it?'
(WEB WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

John 10:13 Because he is a servant he has no interest in the sheep.
(BBE)

John 11:50 You do not reflect that it is to your interest that one man should die for the people rather than the whole nation perish."
(WEY BBE)

John 18:14 It was Caiaphas who had said to the Jews that it was in their interest for one man to be put to death for the people.
(ASV)

1 Corinthians 7:35 Thus much I say in your own interest; not to lay a trap for you, but to help towards what is becoming, and enable you to wait on the Lord without distraction.
(WEY)

2 Corinthians 8:16 But thanks be to God that He inspires the heart of Titus with the same deep interest in you;
(WEY)

Galatians 1:14 And I went farther in the Jews' religion than a number of my generation among my countrymen, having a more burning interest in the beliefs handed down from my fathers.
(BBE)

Galatians 4:17 Their interest in you is not good; but their desire is that you may be shut out, so that you may go after them.
(BBE)

Galatians 4:18 But it is good to have an interest in a good cause at all times, and not only when I am present with you.
(BBE)

Ephesians 3:6 I mean the truth that the Gentiles are joint heirs with us Jews, and that they form one body with us, and have the same interest as we have in the promise which has been made good in Christ Jesus through the Good News,
(WEY)

Philippians 2:20 For I have no one else like-minded, who will truly care about you.
(See NIV)

Colossians 4:13 For I can bear witness to the deep interest he takes in you and in the brethren at Laodicea and in those at Hierapolis.
(WEY)

1 Timothy 6:4 he is conceited, knowing nothing, but obsessed with arguments, disputes, and word battles, from which come envy, strife, reviling, evil suspicions,
(See NAS NIV)

Exodus 22:25 "If you lend money to any of my people with you who is poor, you shall not be to him as a creditor; neither shall you charge him interest.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)

Leviticus 25:36 Take no interest from him or profit, but fear your God; that your brother may live among you.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Leviticus 25:37 You shall not lend him your money at interest, nor give him your food for profit.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Deuteronomy 23:19 You shall not lend on interest to your brother; interest of money, interest of food, interest of anything that is lent on interest:
(WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Deuteronomy 23:20 to a foreigner you may lend on interest; but to your brother you shall not lend on interest, that Yahweh your God may bless you in all that you put your hand to, in the land where you go in to possess it.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Deuteronomy 28:44 He will let you have his wealth at interest, and will have no need of yours: he will be the head and you the tail.
(BBE)

Nehemiah 5:7 And after turning it over in my mind, I made a protest to the chiefs and the rulers, and said to them, Every one of you is taking interest from his countryman. And I got together a great meeting of protest.
(BBE WBS RSV)

Nehemiah 5:10 Even I and my servants have been taking interest for the money and the grain we have let them have. So now, let us give up this thing.
(BBE RSV)

Esther 3:8 Haman said to King Ahasuerus, "There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the peoples in all the provinces of your kingdom, and their laws are different than other people's. They don't keep the king's laws. Therefore it is not for the king's profit to allow them to remain.
(See NAS NIV)

Job 21:21 For what interest has he in his house after him, when the number of his months is ended?
(BBE)

Job 22:3 Is it of any interest to the Ruler of all that you are upright? or is it of use to him that your ways are without sin?
(BBE)

Psalms 15:5 He that putteth not out his money to interest, Nor taketh reward against the innocent. He that doeth these things shall never be moved.
(ASV BBE JPS NAS RSV)

Proverbs 28:8 He who increases his wealth by excessive interest gathers it for one who has pity on the poor.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)

Isaiah 24:2 It will be as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the creditor, so with the debtor; as with the taker of interest, so with the giver of interest.
(WEB ASV BBE WBS)

Ezekiel 18:8 he who has not given forth on interest, neither has taken any increase, who has withdrawn his hand from iniquity, has executed true justice between man and man,
(WEB JPS ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 18:13 has given forth on interest, and has taken increase; shall he then live? he shall not live: he has done all these abominations; he shall surely die; his blood shall be on him.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 18:17 who has withdrawn his hand from the poor, who has not received interest nor increase, has executed my ordinances, has walked in my statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 22:3 You shall say, Thus says the Lord Yahweh: A city that sheds blood in the midst of her, that her time may come, and that makes idols against herself to defile her!
(See NAS)

Ezekiel 22:12 In you have they taken bribes to shed blood; you have taken interest and increase, and you have greedily gained of your neighbors by oppression, and have forgotten me, says the Lord Yahweh.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Habakkuk 2:7 Shall they not rise up suddenly that shall bite thee, and awake that shall vex thee, and thou shalt be for booty unto them?
(See JPS)

Subtopics

Interest

Related Terms

Usury (17 Occurrences)

Banking

Debt (48 Occurrences)

Loan (9 Occurrences)

Lend (21 Occurrences)

Debtor (7 Occurrences)

Lent (9 Occurrences)

Loaned (2 Occurrences)

Excessive (12 Occurrences)

Earn (6 Occurrences)

Bank (28 Occurrences)

Profits (19 Occurrences)

Borrowing (1 Occurrence)

Creditor (8 Occurrences)

Concern (35 Occurrences)

Innocents (2 Occurrences)

Massacre (1 Occurrence)

Countrymen (60 Occurrences)

Usurer (2 Occurrences)

Ostraca

Revival (1 Occurrence)

Privy (3 Occurrences)

Assignment (1 Occurrence)

Discrepancies

Exact (31 Occurrences)

Ruth (19 Occurrences)

Agrapha

Yield (78 Occurrences)

Vote (3 Occurrences)

Evangelist (2 Occurrences)

Undertake (16 Occurrences)

Joint (12 Occurrences)

Laws (184 Occurrences)

Lazarus (19 Occurrences)

Giver (21 Occurrences)

Withholds (11 Occurrences)

Increase (184 Occurrences)

Interested (4 Occurrences)

Intermeddle (1 Occurrence)

Flat (33 Occurrences)

Fellowship (114 Occurrences)

Thresher (1 Occurrence)

Take (11064 Occurrences)

Type (12 Occurrences)

Right (4703 Occurrences)

Remainder (33 Occurrences)

Rise (417 Occurrences)

Rate (23 Occurrences)

Eli (36 Occurrences)

Estate (40 Occurrences)

Executes (11 Occurrences)

Drama

Disadvantage (1 Occurrence)

Deposit (19 Occurrences)

Defraud (11 Occurrences)

Meddle (6 Occurrences)

Money-changers (5 Occurrences)

Modin

Puttest (18 Occurrences)

Private (32 Occurrences)

Principal (28 Occurrences)

Ptolemy

Behalf (140 Occurrences)

Buyer (7 Occurrences)

Credit (39 Occurrences)

Countryman (19 Occurrences)

Count (85 Occurrences)

Common (118 Occurrences)

Agrarian

Associate (20 Occurrences)

Attalia (1 Occurrence)

Seller (4 Occurrences)

Side (4225 Occurrences)

Sharing (18 Occurrences)

Self-seeking (2 Occurrences)

Sacrifice (300 Occurrences)

Self (28 Occurrences)

Selfishness (4 Occurrences)

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