Romans 11:9
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
And David says: "May their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them.

New Living Translation
Likewise, David said, "Let their bountiful table become a snare, a trap that makes them think all is well. Let their blessings cause them to stumble, and let them get what they deserve.

English Standard Version
And David says, “Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them;

Berean Study Bible
And David says: "Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution to them.

Berean Literal Bible
And David says: "Let their table be for a snare and for a trap, and for a stumbling block and for a retribution to them.

New American Standard Bible
And David says, "LET THEIR TABLE BECOME A SNARE AND A TRAP, AND A STUMBLING BLOCK AND A RETRIBUTION TO THEM.

King James Bible
And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And David says: Let their feasting become a snare and a trap, a pitfall and a retribution to them.

International Standard Version
And David says, "Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a punishment for them.

NET Bible
And David says, "Let their table become a snare and trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them;

New Heart English Bible
David says, "Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumbling block, and a retribution to them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And again David said, “Their table shall be a trap before them and their reward, a stumbling block.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
And David says, "Let the table set for them become a trap and a net, a snare and a punishment for them.

New American Standard 1977
And David says,
            “LET THEIR TABLE BECOME A SNARE AND A TRAP,
            AND A STUMBLING BLOCK AND A RETRIBUTION TO THEM.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And David says, Let their table be turned into a snare and a net and a stumblingblock and a recompense unto them;

King James 2000 Bible
And David says, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumbling block, and a recompense unto them:

American King James Version
And David said, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumbling block, and a recompense to them:

American Standard Version
And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, And a stumblingblock, and a recompense unto them:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David saith: Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompense unto them.

Darby Bible Translation
And David says, Let their table be for a snare, and for a gin, and for a fall-trap, and for a recompense to them:

English Revised Version
And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, And a stumblingblock, and a recompense unto them:

Webster's Bible Translation
And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumbling-block, and a recompense to them:

Weymouth New Testament
And David says, "Let their very food become a snare and a trap to them, a stumbling-block and a retribution.

World English Bible
David says, "Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, a stumbling block, and a retribution to them.

Young's Literal Translation
and David saith, 'Let their table become for a snare, and for a trap, and for a stumbling-block, and for a recompense to them;
Study Bible
The Remnant of Israel
8as it is written: “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that could not see, and ears that could not hear, to this very day.” 9And David says: “Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution to them. 10Let their eyes be darkened so they cannot see, and their backs be bent forever.”…
Cross References
Psalm 69:22
May their table before them become a snare; And when they are in peace, may it become a trap.

Matthew 16:23
But Jesus turned and said to Peter, "Get behind Me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to Me. For you do not have in mind the things of God, but the things of men."

Romans 14:13
Therefore let us stop judging one another. Instead, make up your mind not to put any stumbling block or obstacle in your brother's way.
Treasury of Scripture

And David said, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumbling block, and a recompense to them:

David saith.

Psalm 69:22,23 Let their table become a snare before them: and that which should …

their table.

Deuteronomy 6:10-12 And it shall be, when the LORD your God shall have brought you into …

Deuteronomy 32:13-15 He made him ride on the high places of the earth, that he might eat …

1 Samuel 25:36-38 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, …

Job 20:20-23 Surely he shall not feel quietness in his belly, he shall not save …

Proverbs 1:32 For the turning away of the simple shall slay them, and the prosperity …

Isaiah 8:13,14 Sanctify the LORD of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, and …

Luke 12:20 But God said to him, You fool, this night your soul shall be required …

Luke 16:19-25 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine …

1 Timothy 6:17-19 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high minded, …

a recompence.

Deuteronomy 32:35 To me belongs vengeance and recompense; their foot shall slide in …

Psalm 28:4 Give them according to their deeds, and according to the wickedness …

Isaiah 59:18 According to their deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his …

Isaiah 66:9 Shall I bring to the birth, and not cause to bring forth? said the …

Hebrews 2:2 For if the word spoken by angels was steadfast, and every transgression …

(9) And David saith.--It appears highly improbable that this Psalm was really written by David. Nor can the Davidic authorship be argued strongly from this passage, as "David" merely seems to stand for the Book of Psalms, with which his name was traditionally connected.

St. Paul is quoting freely from the LXX. In the original of Psalms 69 these verses refer to the fate invoked by the psalmist upon his persecutors; here they are applied by St. Paul to the fiat of the Almighty which had been pronounced against the unbelieving people of Israel.

Let their table . . .--In the very moment of their feasting, let them be caught in a stratagem of their enemies.

And a trap.--These words are not found either in the Hebrew or in the LXX., and appear to be added by St. Paul. Translate rather, Let them be for a chase--i.e., instead of feasting, let them be hunted and persecuted.

And a recompence unto them.--Similarly the LXX. The Hebrew is, "When they are in peace, let it be a trap" ("that which should have been for their welfare, let it become a trap"--A.V.)--i.e., when they are eating and drinking securely, let them be caught as in a trap; let their security itself deceive them. By "recompence unto them" the Apostle means, Let their prosperity bring upon them retaliation for what they have done--namely, for their rejection of Christ.

And David saith,.... That is, Christ by the mouth of David, or David in the person of Christ; for the psalm out of which the following words are taken is a prophecy of the Messiah, as appears from some passages cited out of it in the New Testament, and applied to Christ; compare Romans 11:4 with John 15:25, and Romans 11:9 with John 2:17, and Romans 11:21 with John 19:28; and what are here cited are not so much imprecations, as predictions of what should befall the Jews, by way of recompense for their ill usage of the Messiah, in giving him gall for meat, and vinegar for drink, Matthew 27:34,

let their table be made a snare, and a trap and a stumbling block. By their "table" may be meant, the altar; see Malachi 1:7; and the sacrifices offered up upon it, their meat offerings and drink offerings, and all others; likewise the laws concerning the difference of meats, and indeed the whole ceremonial law may be intended, which lay in meats and drinks, and such like things: now the Jews placing their justifying righteousness before God, in the observance of these rites and ceremonies, and imagining that by these sacrifices their sins were really expiated and atoned for, they neglected and submitted not to the righteousness of Christ, but went about to establish their own; so that that which should have led them to Christ, became an handwriting of ordinances against them, and rendered Christ of no effect to them: moreover, the sacred writings, which are full of spiritual food and divine refreshment, the prophecies of the Old Testament, which clearly pointed out Christ, not being understood, but misapplied by them, proved a trap, a snare, and a stumbling block to them; so that they rejected the true Messiah, which issued in their utter ruin and destruction: yea, the preaching of the Gospel, the salutary truths and wholesome words of our Lord Jesus Christ, were a stumbling block to the Jews, nay, even the savour of death unto death. Though these words may be literally understood of their table mercies, the necessary provisions of life, their common food and drink, of which they had great scarcity in their last wars; so that they not only by wicked methods stole it from one another, but ate what was forbidden by their law, and what was abhorrent to nature, as one is said to eat her own child; nor is it to be overlooked what is suggested by some, that the passover may be meant by their "table"; which was their grand yearly feast, and which they were eating (s) when they were surrounded and taken by the Roman army, like birds in a net, or beasts in a trap: and all this as

a recompense to them; a just judgment upon them, by way of retaliation for their ill treatment of Christ when on the cross, giving him gall and vinegar for his meat and drink.

(s) Josephus de Bello Jud. l. 6. c. 9. 9. And David saith—(Ps 69:23), which in such a Messianic psalm must be meant of the rejecters of Christ.

Let their table, etc.—that is, Let their very blessings prove a curse to them, and their enjoyments only sting and take vengeance on them.11:1-10 There was a chosen remnant of believing Jews, who had righteousness and life by faith in Jesus Christ. These were kept according to the election of grace. If then this election was of grace, it could not be of works, either performed or foreseen. Every truly good disposition in a fallen creature must be the effect, therefore it cannot be the cause, of the grace of God bestowed on him. Salvation from the first to the last must be either of grace or of debt. These things are so directly contrary to each other that they cannot be blended together. God glorifies his grace by changing the hearts and tempers of the rebellious. How then should they wonder and praise him! The Jewish nation were as in a deep sleep, without knowledge of their danger, or concern about it; having no sense of their need of the Saviour, or of their being upon the borders of eternal ruin. David, having by the Spirit foretold the sufferings of Christ from his own people, the Jews, foretells the dreadful judgments of God upon them for it, Ps 69. This teaches us how to understand other prayers of David against his enemies; they are prophecies of the judgments of God, not expressions of his own anger. Divine curses will work long; and we have our eyes darkened, if we are bowed down in worldly-mindedness.
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