skandalon: a stick for bait (of a trap), generally a snare, a stumbling block, an offenseOriginal Word: σκάνδαλον, ου, τό
Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter
Phonetic Spelling: (skan'-dal-on)
Short Definition: a snare, stumbling-block
Definition: a snare, stumbling-block, cause for error.
4625 skándalon – properly, the trigger of a trap (the mechanism closing a trap down on the unsuspecting victim); (figuratively) an offense, putting a negative cause-and-effect relationship into motion.
4625 /skándalon ("the means of stumbling") stresses the method (means) of entrapment, i.e. how someone is caught by their own devices (like their personal bias, carnal thinking).
["4625 (skándalon) is the native rock rising up through the earth, which trips up the traveler, hence, of Jesus the Messiah, to the Jews who refused him" (Souter); "properly, the bait-stick of a trap, a snare, stumbling-block" (Abbott-Smith); "the stick in the trap that springs and closes the trap when the animal touches it" (WP, 1, 46).]
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
of uncertain origin
a stick for bait (of a trap), generally a snare, a stumbling block, an offense
cause for stumbling (1), hindrances (1), offense (2), stumbling block (7), stumbling blocks (4).
Thayer's Greek LexiconSTRONGS NT 4625: σκάνδαλον
σκάνδαλον, σκανδάλου, τό, a purely Biblical ((occurring some twenty-five times in the Greek O. T., and fifteen, quotations included, in the New)) and ecclesiastical word for σκανδάληθρον, which occurs occasionally in native Greek writings; the Sept. for מוקֵשׁ (a noose, a snare) and מִכְשׁול;
a. properly, "the movable stick or tricker (`trigger') of a trap, trap-stick; a trap, snare; any impediment placed in the way and causing one to stumble or fall" (a stumblingblock, occasion of stumbling): Leviticus 19:14; πέτρα σκανκαλου (A. V. a rock of offence), i. e. a rock which is a cause of stumbling (Latinoffendiculum) — figuratively applied to Jesus Christ, whose person and career were so contrary to the expectations of the Jews concerning the Messiah, that they rejected him and by their obstinacy made shipwreck of salvation (see πρόσκομμα), Romans 9:33 and 1 Peter 2:8 (7) (from Isaiah 8:14).
b. metaphorically, "any person or thing by which one is (`entrapped') drawn into error or sin" (cf. Winer's Grammar, 32); α. of persons ((Joshua 23:13; 1 Samuel 18:21)): Matthew 13:41; Matthew 16:23 (where σκάνδαλον "non ex effectu, sed ex natura et condicione propria dicitur," Calov.); so Χριστός ἐσταυρωμένος is called (because his ignominious death on the cross roused the opposition of the Jews), 1 Corinthians 1:23. β. of things: τιθέναι τίνι σκάνδαλον (literally, in Judith 5:1), to put a stumbling-block in one's way, i. e. to do that by which another is led to sin, Romans 14:13; the same idea is expressed by βάλλειν σκάνδαλον ἐνώπιον τίνος (to cast a stumbling-block before one), Revelation 2:14; οὐκ ἐστι σκάνδαλον ἐν τίνι (see εἰμί, V. 4. e.), 1 John 2:10; plural σκάνδαλα, words or deeds which entice to sin (Wis. 14:11), Matthew 18:7 (cf. Buttmann, 322 (277) n.; Winer's Grammar, 371 (348)); Luke 17:1; σκάνδαλα ποιεῖν παρά τήν διδαχήν, to cause persons to be drawn away from the true doctrine into error and sin (cf. παρά, III. 2 a.), Romans 16:17; τό σκάνδαλον τοῦ σταυροῦ, the offence which the cross, i. e. Christ's death on the cross, gives (cf. α. at the end above), (R. V. the stumbling-block of the cross), Galatians 5:11; equivalent to a cause of destruction, Romans 11:9, from Psalm 68:23 Scandal; probably from a derivative of kampto; a trap-stick (bent sapling), i.e. Snare (figuratively, cause of displeasure or sin) -- occasion to fall (of stumbling), offence, thing that offends, stumblingblock. see GREEK kampto
Scandal; probably from a derivative of kampto; a trap-stick (bent sapling), i.e. Snare (figuratively, cause of displeasure or sin) -- occasion to fall (of stumbling), offence, thing that offends, stumblingblock.
see GREEK kampto
Englishman's ConcordanceStrong's Greek 4625
σκάνδαλα — 4 Occ.
σκανδάλων — 1 Occ.
σκάνδαλον — 8 Occ.
σκανδάλου — 2 Occ.
Matthew 13:41 N-ANP
GRK: πάντα τὰ σκάνδαλα καὶ τοὺς
NAS: all stumbling blocks, and those
KJV: all things that offend, and
INT: all the causes of sin and those who
Matthew 16:23 N-ANS