Proverbs 3:20
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
by his knowledge the watery depths were divided, and the clouds let drop the dew.

New Living Translation
By his knowledge the deep fountains of the earth burst forth, and the dew settles beneath the night sky.

English Standard Version
by his knowledge the deeps broke open, and the clouds drop down the dew.

New American Standard Bible
By His knowledge the deeps were broken up And the skies drip with dew.

King James Bible
By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
By His knowledge the watery depths broke open, and the clouds dripped with dew.

International Standard Version
By his knowledge the depths broke open, and the clouds drip with dew.

NET Bible
By his knowledge the primordial sea was broken open, and the clouds drip down dew.

New Heart English Bible
By his knowledge, the depths were broken up, and the skies drop down the dew.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And in his knowledge the depths were broken up and the clouds sprinkle dew.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
By his knowledge the deep waters were divided, and the skies dropped dew.

JPS Tanakh 1917
By His knowledge the depths were broken up, And the skies drop down the dew.

New American Standard 1977
By His knowledge the deeps were broken up,
            And the skies drip with dew.

Jubilee Bible 2000
By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the heavens drop down the dew.

King James 2000 Bible
By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.

American King James Version
By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.

American Standard Version
By his knowledge the depths were broken up, And the skies drop down the dew.

Douay-Rheims Bible
By his wisdom the depths have broken out, and the clouds grow thick with dew

Darby Bible Translation
By his knowledge the deeps were broken up, and the skies drop down the dew.

English Revised Version
By his knowledge the depths were broken up, and the skies drop down the dew.

Webster's Bible Translation
By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.

World English Bible
By his knowledge, the depths were broken up, and the skies drop down the dew.

Young's Literal Translation
By His knowledge depths have been rent, And clouds do drop dew.
Study Bible
Blessed is He who Finds Wisdom
19The LORD by wisdom founded the earth, By understanding He established the heavens. 20By His knowledge the deeps were broken up And the skies drip with dew. 21My son, let them not vanish from your sight; Keep sound wisdom and discretion,…
Cross References
Genesis 7:11
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened.

Genesis 27:28
Now may God give you of the dew of heaven, And of the fatness of the earth, And an abundance of grain and new wine;

Deuteronomy 33:28
"So Israel dwells in security, The fountain of Jacob secluded, In a land of grain and new wine; His heavens also drop down dew.

Job 36:28
Which the clouds pour down, They drip upon man abundantly.

Proverbs 8:24
"When there were no depths I was brought forth, When there were no springs abounding with water.
Treasury of Scripture

By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.

the depths

Genesis 1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together …

Genesis 7:11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the …

Job 38:8-11 Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth, as if it …

Psalm 104:8,9 They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys to the place …

the clouds

Genesis 27:28,37-39 Therefore God give you of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the …

Deuteronomy 33:28 Israel then shall dwell in safety alone: the fountain of Jacob shall …

Job 36:27,28 For he makes small the drops of water: they pour down rain according …

Job 38:26-28 To cause it to rain on the earth, where no man is; on the wilderness, …

Psalm 65:9-12 You visit the earth, and water it: you greatly enrich it with the …

Jeremiah 14:22 Are there any among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? …

Joel 2:23 Be glad then, you children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your …

(20) Are broken up.--Or, burst forth: the word used in Genesis 7:11 of the breaking forth of the waters from the interior of the earth at the flood. (Comp. Job 38:8.)

Drop down the dew.--Of great importance in countries where for months together there is no rain

Verse 20. - By his knowledge the depths are broken up. This is usually taken to refer to that primary act in creation, the separation of the waters from the earth, when "the waters were gathered together unto their own place," as recorded in Genesis 1:9. So Munster, Zockler, Wardlaw. But it seems better to understand it (as Mercerus, Lapide, Delitzsch, and Authorized Version) of the fertilization of the earth by rivers, streams, etc., which burst forth from the interior of the earth. In this sense the correspondence is preserved with the second hemistich. where the atmospheric influence is referred to as conducing to the same end. The teacher passes from the creation to the wonderful means which Jehovah employs through Wisdom to sustain his work. The depths (t'homoth); Vulgate, abyssi; LXX., ἄβυσσοι, are here "the internal water stores of the earth" (Delitzsch), and not the depths of the ocean, as in Proverbs 8:24, 27, 28, and in Genesis 1:2. Are broken up (niv'kau); properly, were broken up, niph. perfect of baka,

(1) to cleave asunder,

(2) to break forth, as water, in Isaiah 35:6.

The perfect describes a past act, but one that is still continuing in effect. Cf. Vulgate eruperunt, "they burst forth;" LXX., ἐῥῤάγησαν, aorist 2 passive of ῤήγνυμι, "to burst forth," Targum, rupti sunt; and Syriac, ruptae sunt. The idea of division or separation is present, but it is not the predominant idea. There seems to be no allusion here either to the Deluge (Beds), nor to the cleaving of the waters of the Red Sea (Gejerus), though both of these historical events were undoubtedly well known to the teacher. And the clouds drop down the dew. The clouds (sh'khakim) are properly the ether, the higher and colder regions of the atmosphere, and then "the clouds," as in Psalm 77:15, which are formed by the condensation of vapours drawn by solar influence from the surface of the earth - seas, rivers, etc. The singular shakhak signifies "dust," and. secondly "a cloud," evidently from the minute particles of moisture of which a cloud is composed. Drop down (yir'aphu, kal future of raaph, used as a present or imperfect); LXX., ἐῥῤύησαν, "let flow." The clouds discharge their contents in showers, or distil at evening in refreshing dew. Modern science agrees with the meteorological fact here alluded to, of the reciprocal action of the heavens and the earth. The moisture drawn from the earth returns again "to water the earth, that it may bring forth and bud, to give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater" (Isaiah 55:10). Dew; tal, here used not only of dew, but of rain in gentle and fructifying showers. The Arabic word signifies "light rain;" LXX., δρόσους, "dew." Moses, in describing the blessing of Israel, says, "His heavens shall drop down dew" in the same sense (Deuteronomy 38:28; cf. Job 36:28). The fertilization of the earth is ordered by the Divine Wisdom. By his knowledge the depths are broken up,.... From whence fountains and rivers flow, and whereby that great cavity was made which holds that large confluence of waters called the sea, Genesis 1:9. Some refer this to the breaking up the fountains of the great deep at the flood, Genesis 7:11; and others to the dividing of the waters of the Red sea when Israel came out of Egypt, Psalm 78:13; all wonderful works of divine wisdom, and show the greatness of him, in whom are "hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge", Colossians 2:3, by whom they were done;

and the clouds drop down the dew; which makes the earth fruitful, and is put for all the blessings of nature, Genesis 27:28; the drops of dew are begotten by the Lord, they have no other father but him; the vanities of the Gentiles cannot produce them; he who fills the clouds with them, from whence they descend, is no other than the mighty God; and such is Christ the Wisdom of God. Some understand this in a mystical sense of Gospel ministers, and of the dew of Gospel doctrine, dropped and distilled by them under the influence and direction of Christ; see Deuteronomy 32:2; but the literal sense is best. 3:13-20 No precious jewels or earthly treasures are worthy to be compared with true wisdom, whether the concerns of time or eternity be considered. We must make wisdom our business; we must venture all in it, and be willing to part with all for it. This Wisdom is the Lord Jesus Christ and his salvation, sought and obtained by faith and prayer. Were it not for unbelief, remaining sinfulness, and carelessness, we should find all our ways pleasantness, and our paths peace, for his are so; but we too often step aside from them, to our own hurt and grief. Christ is that Wisdom, by whom the worlds were made, and still are in being; happy are those to whom he is made of God wisdom. He has wherewithal to make good all his promises.
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