Matthew 27:26
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then he released Barabbas to them. But he had Jesus flogged, and handed him over to be crucified.

New Living Translation
So Pilate released Barabbas to them. He ordered Jesus flogged with a lead-tipped whip, then turned him over to the Roman soldiers to be crucified.

English Standard Version
Then he released for them Barabbas, and having scourged Jesus, delivered him to be crucified.

New American Standard Bible
Then he released Barabbas for them; but after having Jesus scourged, he handed Him over to be crucified.

King James Bible
Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then he released Barabbas to them. But after having Jesus flogged, he handed Him over to be crucified.

International Standard Version
Then he released Barabbas for them, but he had Jesus whipped and handed over to be crucified.

NET Bible
Then he released Barabbas for them. But after he had Jesus flogged, he handed him over to be crucified.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Then he released Barabba to them and scourged Yeshua with whips and delivered him to be crucified.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then Pilate freed Barabbas for the people. But he had Jesus whipped and handed over to be crucified.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then he released Barabbas unto them; and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.

King James 2000 Bible
Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.

American King James Version
Then released he Barabbas to them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.

American Standard Version
Then released he unto them Barabbas; but Jesus he scourged and delivered to be crucified.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then he released to them Barabbas, and having scourged Jesus, delivered him unto them to be crucified.

Darby Bible Translation
Then he released to them Barabbas; but Jesus, having scourged [him], he delivered up that he might be crucified.

English Revised Version
Then released he unto them Barabbas: but Jesus he scourged and delivered to be crucified.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then he released Barabbas to them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.

Weymouth New Testament
Then he released Barabbas to them, but Jesus he ordered to be scourged, and gave Him up to be crucified.

World English Bible
Then he released to them Barabbas, but Jesus he flogged and delivered to be crucified.

Young's Literal Translation
Then did he release to them Barabbas, and having scourged Jesus, he delivered him up that he may be crucified;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

27:26-30 Crucifixion was a death used only among the Romans; it was very terrible and miserable. A cross was laid on the ground, to which the hands and feet were nailed, it was then lifted up and fixed upright, so that the weight of the body hung on the nails, till the sufferer died in agony. Christ thus answered the type of the brazen serpent raised on a pole. Christ underwent all the misery and shame here related, that he might purchase for us everlasting life, and joy, and glory.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 26. - Released he Barabbas - "him that for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired" (Luke). When he had scourged Jesus. This was the usual preliminary to crucifixion, especially in the case of shires, and was a punishment of a most severe and cruel nature. The verb here used, φραγελλόω, is formed from the Latin flagellum, and denotes the employment of that terrible implement the Roman scourge. This was no ordinary whip, but commonly a number of leather thongs loaded with lead or armed with sharp bones and spikes, so that every blow cut deeply into the flesh, causing intense pain. The culprit was stripped of his clothes, pinioned, and bound to a stake or pillar, and thus on his bare back suffered this inhuman chastisement. To think that the blessed Son of God was subject to such torture and indignity is indeed a lesson for us written in blood. When "he gave his back to the smiters" (Isaiah 50:6), he was taking the punishment of our sin upon his sacred shoulders. "He was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed" (Isaiah 53:5). Possibly Pilate thought that the sight of Christ's suffering might arouse at this last moment the pity of the Jews (John 19:1-16). But he was mistaken. The appetite of the bloodthirsty crowd was only whetted by this anticipatory taste; they insisted on the whole programme being canted out, and Pilate yielded to the demand, giving up the useless struggle. He delivered him to be crucified. Pilate delivered Jesus to the will of the people, directing the soldiers to carry out the ordered execution. On the view taken by the Romans themselves of crucifixion, commentators quote Cicero, 'In Verr.,' 2:5. 66, "It is a crime to bind a Roman citizen; to scourge him is an act of wickedness; to put him to death is almost parricide: what shall I say of crucifying him? An act so abominable it is impossible to find any word adequately to express."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Then released he Barabbas unto them,.... The seditious person, robber, and murderer, for which crimes he was in prison. This man was an emblem of the persons for whom Christ suffered, both in his character and in his release: in his character; for they are such as have rebelled against God, robbed him of his glory, and destroyed themselves; many of them are notorious sinners, the chief of sinners, and all of them by nature, children of wrath, as others; and as the descendants of Adam, under the sentence of condemnation and death; and yet in Christ, they are children of Abba, Father; being of God predestinated by him, to the adoption of children: and in his release; for when Christ was apprehended, they were let go; when he was bound they were loosed; when he was condemned, they were released, and acquitted; and when the sword of justice was awaked against him, the hand of grace and mercy was turned upon them.

And when he had scourged Jesus; which was done some time before his examination, trial, and condemnation were over, though mentioned here, as appears from John 19:1, and was done by Pilate, in order to move the pity and compassion of the Jews; hoping they would have been satisfied with it, and not have resisted upon his death: and he indeed moved it to them, that he might chastise him and let him go, Luke 23:22, but nothing would do but crucifixion. Whether the previous scourging sufficed, or whether he was not scourged again upon his condemnation, is not certain: if he was scourged twice, John may be thought to relate the one, and Matthew the other; for certain it is, that it was usual with the Romans to scourge either with rods or whips, just before crucifixion (w): our Lord was scourged with whips, as the word here used shows. Persons of birth and blood, and freemen of Rome, were beaten with rods; but such as were servants, which form Christ had taken, were scourged with whips; to which, sometimes were fastened, the hip bones of beasts (x); so that this kind of whipping, was very severe and cruel. The Jews themselves own this scourging of Jesus, only they ascribe it to the elders of Jerusalem, and relate it thus (y):

"the elders of Jerusalem took Jesus, and brought him to the city, and bound him to a marble pillar in the city, "and smote him with whips", or "whipped him"; and said unto him, where are all thy miracles which thou hast done?''

Hereby the prophecy in Isaiah 1:6, and our Lord's prediction in Matthew 20:19, had their accomplishment. This scourging of Christ, was an emblem of the scourges and strokes of divine justice, which he endured in his soul, as the surety of his people; being smitten of God by the sword of justice, as he stood in their place and stead, and stricken for their transgressions; and may furnish out several instructions: as that it is no wonder, if any of the followers of Christ have, do, or shall, meet with such like treatment from men; and that it becomes them to bear patiently the scourges of their heavenly Father, since these are in love; and that they need not fear being trodden down, or carried away by the overflowing scourge of God's wrath, since Christ has endured this in their room. This being done,

he delivered him to be crucified; either into the hands of the Jews, to their will and at their request; or into the hands of his soldiers, to execute the sentence he passed upon him; which was done in a judicial way, and according to the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God.

(w) Lipsius de Cruce l. 2. c. 2.((x) Ib. c. 3.((y) Toldos Jesu, p. 17.



Matthew 27:26 Additional Commentaries
Context
Pilate Washes his Hands
25And all the people said, "His blood shall be on us and on our children!" 26Then he released Barabbas for them; but after having Jesus scourged, he handed Him over to be crucified.
Cross References
Matthew 20:19
and will hand him over to the Gentiles to be mocked and flogged and crucified. On the third day he will be raised to life!"

Mark 15:15
Wanting to satisfy the crowd, Pilate released Barabbas to them. He had Jesus flogged, and handed him over to be crucified.

Luke 23:16
Therefore, I will punish him and then release him."

John 19:1
Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged.

John 19:16
Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified. So the soldiers took charge of Jesus.
Treasury of Scripture

Then released he Barabbas to them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.

released.

Mark 15:15 And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas to …

Luke 23:25 And he released to them him that for sedition and murder was cast …

scourged. This of itself was a severe punishment, the flesh being generally cut by the whips used for this purpose.

Matthew 20:19 And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to whip, and to …

Isaiah 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked …

Isaiah 53:5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our …

Mark 10:34 And they shall mock him, and shall whip him, and shall spit on him, …

Luke 18:32,33 For he shall be delivered to the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and …

Luke 23:16,24,25 I will therefore chastise him, and release him…

John 19:1,16 Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him…

1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bore our sins in his own body on the tree, that …

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