Matthew 21:44
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Anyone who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; anyone on whom it falls will be crushed."

New Living Translation
Anyone who stumbles over that stone will be broken to pieces, and it will crush anyone it falls on."

English Standard Version
And the one who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; and when it falls on anyone, it will crush him.”

Berean Study Bible
He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed."

Berean Literal Bible
And the one having fallen on this stone will be broken; but on whomever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder."

New American Standard Bible
"And he who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it will scatter him like dust."

King James Bible
And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Whoever falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; but on whoever it falls, it will grind him to powder!"

International Standard Version
The person who falls over this stone will be broken to pieces, but it will crush anyone on whom it falls."

NET Bible
The one who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, and the one on whom it falls will be crushed."

New Heart English Bible
He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it will fall, it will crush him."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“And whoever falls on this stone will be shattered, and it will pulverize to dust everyone upon whom it will fall.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Anyone who falls on this stone will be broken. If the stone falls on anyone, it will crush that person."

New American Standard 1977
“And he who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it will scatter him like dust.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken, but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

King James 2000 Bible
And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

American King James Version
And whoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

American Standard Version
And he that falleth on this stone shall be broken to pieces: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will scatter him as dust.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And whosoever shall fall on this stone, shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it shall grind him to powder.

Darby Bible Translation
And he that falls on this stone shall be broken, but on whomsoever it shall fall, it shall grind him to powder.

English Revised Version
And he that falleth on this stone shall be broken to pieces: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will scatter him as dust.

Webster's Bible Translation
And whoever shall fall on this stone, shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

Weymouth New Testament
He who falls on this stone will be severely hurt; but he on whom it falls will be utterly crushed."

World English Bible
He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but on whoever it will fall, it will scatter him as dust."

Young's Literal Translation
and he who is falling on this stone shall be broken, and on whomsoever it may fall it will crush him to pieces.'
Study Bible
The Parable of the Wicked Tenants
43Therefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce its fruit. 44He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed.”” 45When the chief priests and Pharisees heard Jesus’ parables, they knew He was speaking about them.…
Cross References
Isaiah 8:14
"Then He shall become a sanctuary; But to both the houses of Israel, a stone to strike and a rock to stumble over, And a snare and a trap for the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

Isaiah 8:15
"Many will stumble over them, Then they will fall and be broken; They will even be snared and caught."

Isaiah 28:13
So the word of the LORD to them will be, "Order on order, order on order, Line on line, line on line, A little here, a little there," That they may go and stumble backward, be broken, snared and taken captive.

Zechariah 12:3
"It will come about in that day that I will make Jerusalem a heavy stone for all the peoples; all who lift it will be severely injured. And all the nations of the earth will be gathered against it.

Matthew 21:43
Therefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce its fruit.

Matthew 21:45
When the chief priests and Pharisees heard Jesus' parables, they knew He was speaking about them.

Luke 2:34
Then Simeon blessed them and said to His mother Mary: "Behold, this Child is appointed to cause the rise and fall of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be spoken against,

Luke 20:18
Everyone who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed."
Treasury of Scripture

And whoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

whosoever.

Psalm 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and you perish from the way, when …

Isaiah 8:14,15 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and …

Isaiah 60:12 For the nation and kingdom that will not serve you shall perish; …

Zechariah 12:3 And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all …

Luke 20:18 Whoever shall fall on that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever …

Romans 9:33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumbling stone and rock …

2 Corinthians 4:3,4 But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost…

1 Peter 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense, even to them which …

but.

Matthew 26:24 The Son of man goes as it is written of him…

Matthew 27:25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.

Psalm 2:9 You shall break them with a rod of iron; you shall dash them in pieces …

Psalm 21:8,9 Your hand shall find out all your enemies: your right hand shall …

Psalm 110:5,6 The Lord at your right hand shall strike through kings in the day …

Daniel 2:34,35,44,45 You saw till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote …

John 19:11 Jesus answered, You could have no power at all against me, except …

1 Thessalonians 2:16 Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, …

Hebrews 2:2,3 For if the word spoken by angels was steadfast, and every transgression …

(44) Whosoever shall fall on this stone.--There is a manifest reference to the "stumbling and falling and being broken" of Isaiah 8:14-15. In the immediate application of the words, those who "fell" were those who were "offended" at the outward lowliness of Him who came as the carpenter's son, and died a malefactor's death. That "fall" brought with it pain and humiliation. High hopes had to be given up, the proud heart to be bruised and broken. But there the fall was not irretrievable. The bruise might be healed; it was the work of the Christ to heal it. But when it fell on him who was thus offended (here there is a rapid transition to the imagery and the thoughts, even to the very words, of Daniel 2:35; Daniel 2:44), when Christ, or that Church which He identifies with Himself, shall come into collision with the powers that oppose Him, then it shall "grind them to powder." The primary meaning of the word so rendered is that of winnowing by threshing the grain, and so separating it from the chaff, and its use was probably suggested by the imagery of Daniel 2:35, where the gold and silver and baser materials that made up the image of Nebuchadnezzar's vision were "broken in pieces together, and became as the chaff of the summer threshing-floor." In its wider meaning it includes the destruction of all that resists Christ's kingdom, and so represents the positive side of the truth which has its negative expression in the promise that "the gates of hell shall not prevail" against His Church (Matthew 16:18).

Verse 44. - Christ proceeds to show the positive and terrible results of such unbelief. Whosoever shall fall (πεσὼν, hath fallen) on this stone shall be broken (συνθλασθήσεται, shall be shattered to pieces). This may refer to the practice of executing the punishment of stoning by first hurling the culprit from a raised platform on to a rock or stone, and then stoning him to death. The falling on the stone has been explained in more ways than one. Some think that it implies coming to Christ in repentance and humility, with a contrite heart, which he will not despise. But the subject here is the punishment of the obdurate. Others take it to represent an attack made by the enemies of Christ, who shall demolish themselves by such onslaught. The original will hardly allow this interpretation. Doubtless the allusion is to those who found in Christ's low estate a stone of stumbling and rock of offence. These suffered grievous loss and danger even in this present time. The rejection of the doctrine of Christ crucified involves the loss of spiritual privileges, moral debility, and what is elsewhere called "the scattering abroad" (Matthew 12:30; comp. Isaiah 8:14, 15). On whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder (λικμήσει αὐτὸν, it will scatter him as chaff). The persons here spoken of are not those who are offended at Christ's low estate; they are such as put themselves in active opposition to him and his kingdom; on them he will fall in terrible vengeance, and will utterly destroy them without hope of recovery. The idea is rerepeated from Daniel 2:34, 35, and Daniel 2:44, 45. Christ in his humiliation is the Stone against which men fall; Christ in his glory and exaltation is the Stone which falls on them. And whosoever shall fall on this stone,.... This is not to be understood of believing in Christ, or of a soul's casting itself on Christ, the foundation stone; relying on him, and building all its hopes of happiness and salvation on him; which is attended with contrition and brokenness of heart, or repentance unto life, which needed not to be repented of nor of a believer's offending Christ by evil works, whereby his conscience is wounded, his soul is grieved, and his faith shaken; and though he is hereby in great danger, he shall not be utterly destroyed, but being recovered by repentance, shall be preserved unto salvation; but of such to whom Christ is a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence: for as he is the foundation and corner stone to some, and is set for the rising of them, and to whom he is precious; so he is a stone set for the fall of others, and at which they stumble and fall, and fall upon it: and such are they who are offended at Christ's state of humiliation on earth; at the manner of his birth, the meanness of his parentage, and education; the despicable figure he made in his person, disciples, and audience; and at his sufferings and death: and these "shall be broken": as a man that stumbles at a stone, and falls upon it, breaks his head or his bones, at least bruises himself, does not hurt the stone, but the stone hurts him; so all such as are offended at Christ, injure their own souls, being filled with prejudices against him, and contempt and disbelief of him, which if grace prevents not will issue in their everlasting destruction: but whilst there is life, the means of grace continue, the kingdom of God is not taken away; there is hope that such may be recovered from their impenitence and unbelief: "but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder". Just as if a millstone, or any stone of such like weight and bulk, was to fall upon an earthen vessel; or, as the stone cut out of the mountain without hands, by which the Messiah and his kingdom, are designed, brake in pieces the image in Nebuchadnezzar's dream, so that it became like the chaff of the summer threshing floor. As the former part of this verse expresses the sin of unbelievers, and the danger they are exposed unto by it, this sets forth their punishment; and has respect both to the vengeance of Christ, on the Jewish nation, at their destruction, which would fall heavy from him in his state of exaltation, for their evil treatment of him in his state of humiliation; and to his severe wrath, which will be executed at the day of judgment on all unbelievers, impenitent Christless sinners, who have both offended him, and been offended at him; when their destruction will be inevitable, their salvation irretrievable, and their souls irrecoverably lost, and ruined. Some have thought, that there is an allusion in these words to the manner of stoning among the Jews, which was this (e):

"the place of stoning was two men's heights; one of the witnesses struck him on his loins, to throw him down from thence, to the ground: if he died, it was well; if not, they took a stone, which lay there, and was as much as two men could carry, and cast it, with all their might, upon his breast: if he died, it was well; if not, he was stoned by all Israel.

Maimonides observes (f), that "stoning, or throwing down from the high place, was that he might fall upon the stone, or that the stone might fall upon him; and which of them either it was, the pain was the same.

(e) Misu. Sanhedrin, c. 6. sect. 4. T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 45. 1, 2. Maimon. Hilch. Sanhedrin, c. 15. sect 1. Moses Kotsensis Mitzvot Tora pr. Affirm. 99. (f) In Misn. Sanhedrin, c. 6. sect. 4. 44. And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder—The Kingdom of God is here a Temple, in the erection of which a certain stone, rejected as unsuitable by the spiritual builders, is, by the great Lord of the House, made the keystone of the whole. On that Stone the builders were now "falling" and being "broken" (Isa 8:15). They were sustaining great spiritual hurt; but soon that Stone should "fall upon them" and "grind them to powder" (Da 2:34, 35; Zec 12:2)—in their corporate capacity, in the tremendous destruction of Jerusalem, but personally, as unbelievers, in a more awful sense still.21:33-46 This parable plainly sets forth the sin and ruin of the Jewish nation; and what is spoken to convict them, is spoken to caution all that enjoy the privileges of the outward church. As men treat God's people, they would treat Christ himself, if he were with them. How can we, if faithful to his cause, expect a favourable reception from a wicked world, or from ungodly professors of Christianity! And let us ask ourselves, whether we who have the vineyard and all its advantages, render fruits in due season, as a people, as a family, or as separate persons. Our Saviour, in his question, declares that the Lord of the vineyard will come, and when he comes he will surely destroy the wicked. The chief priests and the elders were the builders, and they would not admit his doctrine or laws; they threw him aside as a despised stone. But he who was rejected by the Jews, was embraced by the Gentiles. Christ knows who will bring forth gospel fruits in the use of gospel means. The unbelief of sinners will be their ruin. But God has many ways of restraining the remainders of wrath, as he has of making that which breaks out redound to his praise. May Christ become more and more precious to our souls, as the firm Foundation and Cornerstone of his church. May we be willing to follow him, though despised and hated for his sake.
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