Mark 6:13
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
They drove out many demons and anointed many sick people with oil and healed them.

New Living Translation
And they cast out many demons and healed many sick people, anointing them with olive oil.

English Standard Version
And they cast out many demons and anointed with oil many who were sick and healed them.

Berean Study Bible
They also drove out many demons and healed many of the sick, anointing them with oil.

Berean Literal Bible
And they were casting out many demons, and were anointing many sick with oil, and healing them.

New American Standard Bible
And they were casting out many demons and were anointing with oil many sick people and healing them.

King James Bible
And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And they were driving out many demons, anointing many sick people with olive oil, and healing them.

International Standard Version
They also kept driving out many demons and anointing with oil many who were sick, and healing them.

NET Bible
They cast out many demons and anointed many sick people with oil and healed them.

New Heart English Bible
They cast out many demons, and anointed many with oil who were sick, and healed them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they were casting out many evil spirits, and they were anointing the many sick with oil and they were healing them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They also forced many demons out of people and poured oil on many who were sick to cure them.

New American Standard 1977
And they were casting out many demons and were anointing with oil many sick people and healing them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they cast out many demons and anointed with oil many that were sick, and they were healed.

King James 2000 Bible
And they cast out many demons, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.

American King James Version
And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.

American Standard Version
And they cast out many demons, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.

Darby Bible Translation
and they cast out many demons, and anointed with oil many infirm, and healed them.

English Revised Version
And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they cast out many demons, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.

Weymouth New Testament
Many demons they expelled, and many invalids they anointed with oil and cured.

World English Bible
They cast out many demons, and anointed many with oil who were sick, and healed them.

Young's Literal Translation
and many demons they were casting out, and they were anointing with oil many infirm, and they were healing them.
Study Bible
The Ministry of the Twelve
12So they went out and preached that the people should repent. 13They also drove out many demons and healed many of the sick, anointing them with oil. 14Now King Herod heard about this, for Jesus’ name had become well known, and people were saying, “John the Baptist has risen from the dead! That is why miraculous powers are at work in him.”…
Cross References
Matthew 4:24
News about Him spread all over Syria, and people brought to Him all who were ill with various diseases, those suffering acute pain, the demon-possessed, those having seizures, and the paralyzed--and He healed them.

James 5:14
Is any one of you sick? He should call the elders of the church to pray over him and anoint him with oil in the name of the Lord.
Treasury of Scripture

And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.

cast. See on ver.

Mark 6:7 And he called to him the twelve, and began to send them forth by …

Luke 10:17 And the seventy returned again with joy, saying, Lord, even the devils …

anointed.

James 5:14,15 Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; …

(13) Anointed with oil.--St. Mark is the only Evangelist who mentions this as the common practice of the disciples, but we learn from James 5:14 that it was afterwards in use, at least, in the churches of Jerusalem and other Jewish communities. It was partly analogous to our Lord's treatment of the blind and deaf (Mark 7:33; Mark 8:23; John 9:6), i.e., it was an outward sign showing the wish to heal, and therefore a help to faith; but as the use of oil was more distinctly that of an agent recognised as remedial in the popular therapeutics of the time, it had also the character of uniting (and devout minds have since so regarded it) the use of natural outward means of healing with prayer for the divine blessing. It need scarcely be said that it had not the slightest affinity with the medival so-called sacrament of extreme unction, which, though it may still retain, in theory, a partial secondary connection with the cure of the diseases of the body, is practically never administered till all hope of cure is abandoned. The development of the latter aspect of the usage was obviously the after-growth of a later time, when the miraculous gift of healing was withdrawn, and when it became necessary to devise a theory for the retention of the practice.

Verse 13. - And anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them. It is hardly possible to separate this from the reference to the use of oil for the sick, in James 5:14. Unction was employed extensively in ancient times for medicinal purposes. It is recorded of Herod the Great by Josephus ('Antiq.,' 17:6, 5) that in one of his sicknesses he was "immersed in a bath full of oil," from which he is said to have derived much benefit. The apostles used it, no doubt not only on account of its supposed remedial virtues, but also as an outward and visible sign that the healing was effected by their instrumentality in the name of Christ, and perhaps also because the oil itself was significant of God's mercy, of spiritual comfort and joy" the oil of gladness." Neither this passage nor that in St. James can properly be adduced to support the ceremony of "extreme unction;" for in both these cases the result was that the sick were restored to health. The so-called sacrament of" extreme unction "is administered immediately before death, when the sick person is in articulo morris. And they cast out many devils,.... Which they had power given them to do; and this they did, in confirmation of their mission and doctrine, and for the benefit of miserable creatures, who were possessed by them; and to show their power over the devils, and as a prelude of what they were to be the instruments of, in casting Satan out of the souls of men, both Jews and Gentiles; and especially, in the ejection of him out of the Gentile world:

and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them. This they were doubtless directed to by Christ, as an outward sign of healing; but not as a medicine; otherwise there would have been no miracle in the cure: though it is certain, the Jews used anointing with oil medicinally in many cases, as the means of healing; but they did not always succeed, as the apostles did: on the day of atonement (w),

"it was not lawful to "anoint" part of the body, as the whole body; but if a man was sick, or had ulcers on his head, he might anoint according to his usual way, and no notice was taken of it.''

Again (x),

"a man may not anoint with wine, or vinegar, but he may anoint with oil: he that has a pain in his head, or has ulcers upon him, , "he may anoint with oil", but he may not anoint with wine and vinegar: wine of the second tithe, which they mix, is forbidden to anoint with; oil of the second tithe, which they mix, is lawful to anoint with.''

And it is elsewhere said (y), that

"R. Meir allowed of the mixing of oil and wine, , "to anoint the sick" on a sabbath; but when he was sick, and we sought to do so to him, he would not suffer us.''

But that oil was used by the apostles as a medicine for the healing of diseases, cannot well be thought; since oil, though it may be useful in some cases, it is not an universal medicine, which is proper to all; nor were the apostles instructed by Christ in the art of physic, but were possessed by him with extraordinary gifts, to cure the disorders of the body, for the confirmation of the Gospel, which they preached; and it is easy to observe, that healing the sick by anointing with oil, is joined with the extraordinary power of casting out devils; and it was the same power by which they performed the one, as the other; see Luke 9:1. Hence it appears, that this passage gives no countenance to the use of such a practice in our days; since these were apostles only, who used it, who were extraordinary persons, and whose office in the church was an extraordinary one, and is now ceased; and healing in this way, was by an extraordinary power bestowed upon them, which has ceased; and therefore the rite, or ceremony of anointing with oil, for such a purpose, should be of course discontinued; however, it cannot be supported by this instance, whatever countenance it may seem to have from James 5:14, for it must be owned, there is some difference in the passages: the persons that anointed here were apostles, there the elders of the church; the persons anointed there, were good people, the members of the church, but here any sort of persons, and chiefly, if not altogether unbelievers; the healing of them is ascribed to the prayer of faith in James, but here to the extraordinary power of the apostles, by anointing with oil; though it may be, the healing was equally miraculous in the one, as the other: but be this as it will, nothing can be concluded from hence, in favour of the sacrament of extreme unction, used by the Papists; who administer that to persons, just at the point of death, and that for the remission of their sins, and the saving of their souls; whereas oil was used by the apostles to sick persons, and for the recovery of their bodily health. But since these were extraordinary cures which they performed this way, why did they make use of oil at all, seeing the virtue of healing did not come from that, and they could as well have healed sicknesses without it, as with it? To which it may be replied, that they did not always make use of it; sometimes only words were expressed, sometimes only hands were laid on the sick, and sometimes the sick persons were healed by handkerchiefs and aprons taken from them; which show, that the "healing" virtue was not in the means, nor was it tied to any: moreover, this was only used as an outward sign of healing, and might have some spiritual significancy in it; it might show, that they were sent forth by Christ the anointed one, who is anointed with the oil of gladness above his fellows; it might be symbolical of the grace of the Spirit, which is often compared to oil, which they themselves were possessed of in a large measure, and which is communicated through the ministration of the Gospel; and it might be significative of the Gospel itself, which brings light and joy, health and comfort along with it, to the souls of men, which they were the happy messengers of.

(w) T. Bab. Yoma, fol. 77. 2. Maimon. Hikh. Shebitat Ashur, c. 3. sect. 9. (x) T. Hieros. Maaser Sheni, fol. 53. 2.((y) Ib. Betacot, fol. 3. 1. & Sabbat, fol. 14. 3.6:7-13 Though the apostles were conscious to themselves of great weakness, and expected no wordly advantage, yet, in obedience to their Master, and in dependence upon his strength, they went out. They did not amuse people with curious matters, but told them they must repent of their sins, and turn to God. The servants of Christ may hope to turn many from darkness unto God, and to heal souls by the power of the Holy Ghost.
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