Zechariah 4:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So he said, "These are the two who are anointed to serve the Lord of all the earth."

New Living Translation
Then he said to me, "They represent the two heavenly beings who stand in the court of the Lord of all the earth."

English Standard Version
Then he said, “These are the two anointed ones who stand by the Lord of the whole earth.”

New American Standard Bible
Then he said, "These are the two anointed ones who are standing by the Lord of the whole earth."

King James Bible
Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These are the two anointed ones," he said, "who stand by the Lord of the whole earth."

International Standard Version
He said, "These are the two anointed ones, who stand continuously beside the Lord of the whole earth."

NET Bible
So he said, "These are the two anointed ones who stand by the Lord of the whole earth."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So he said, "These are the two anointed ones who are standing beside the Lord of the whole earth."

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then he said, These two sons of oil are those that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.

King James 2000 Bible
Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.

American King James Version
Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the LORD of the whole earth.

American Standard Version
Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said: These are two sons of oil who stand before the Lord of the whole earth.

Darby Bible Translation
And he said, These are the two sons of oil, that stand before the Lord of the whole earth.

English Revised Version
Then said he, These are the two sons of oil, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.

World English Bible
Then he said, "These are the two anointed ones who stand by the Lord of the whole earth."

Young's Literal Translation
And he saith, 'These are the two sons of the oil, who are standing by the Lord of the whole earth.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:11-14 Zechariah desires to know what are the two olive trees. Zerubbabel and Joshua, this prince and this priest, were endued with the gifts and graces of God's Spirit. They lived at the same time, and both were instruments in the work and service of God. Christ's offices of King and Priest were shadowed forth by them. From the union of these two offices in his person, both God and man, the fullness of grace is received and imparted. They built the temple, the church of God. So does Christ spiritually. Christ is not only the Messiah, the Anointed One himself, but he is the Good Olive to his church; and from his fulness we receive. And the Holy Spirit is the unction or anointing which we have received. From Christ the Olive Tree, by the Spirit the Olive Branch, all the golden oil of grace flows to believers, which keeps their lamps burning. Let us seek, through the intercession and bounty of the Saviour, supplies from that fulness which has hitherto sufficed for all his saints, according to their trials and employments. Let us wait on him in his ordinances, desiring to be sanctified wholly in body, soul, and spirit.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 14. - The two anointed ones; literally, the two sons of oil; so the Revised Version; Vulgate, filii olei; Septuagint, υἱοὶ τῆς πιότητος, "sons of fatness" (comp. Isaiah 5:1). By them are intended the two powers, the regal and the sacerdotal, through which God's help and protection are dispensed to the theocracy. Oil was used in appointing to both these offices (comp. Leviticus 21:10; 1 Samuel 10:1). The expression, "son of," in many cases denotes a quality or property, like "son of Belial," "son of might;" so here Dr. Alexander considers that "sons of oil" means people possessed of oil, oil bearers, channels through which the oil flowed to others. Zerubbabel and Joshua are representatives of the civil and priestly authorities, but the text seems expressly to avoid naming any human agents, in order to show that the symbol must not be limited to individuals. Nor, indeed, must it be confined to the Jewish Church and state; it looks forward to the time when Jew and Gentile shall unite in upholding the Church of God. That stand by the Lord of the whole earth; i.e. ready as his ministers to do him service. There is a reference to this passage in Revelation 11:4, where the "two witnesses" are called "the two olive trees.., standing Before the Lord of the earth" (Perowne). The vision, as we have seen, prefigures primarily the completion of the temple and the restoration of its worship, and secondly the establishment of the Christian Church by the advent of Messiah. The several parts of the vision may be thus explained. The candelabrum is a symbol of the Jewish Church and theocracy, in accordance with the imagery in the Apocalypse, where the seven candlesticks are seven Churches (Revelation 1:20). It is made of gold as precious in God's sight, and to be kept pure and unalloyed; it is placed in the sanctuary, and has seven lamps, to indicate that it is bright with the grace of God, and is meant to shed its light around at all times, as Christian men are bidden to shine like lights in the world (Matthew 5:16; Philippians 2:15). The oil that supplies the lamps is the grace of God, the influence of the Holy Spirit, which alone enables the Church to shine and to accomplish its appointed work. The two olive trees are the two authorities, viz. the civil and sacerdotal, through which God communicates his grace to the Church; these stand by the Lord Because, instituted by him, they carry out his will in the ordering, guiding, extending, and purifying his kingdom among men. The two olive branches remit their oil into one receptacle, because the two authorities, the regal and priestly, are intimately connected and united, and their action tends to one end, the promotion of God's glory in the salvation of men. In Messiah these offices are united; he is the channel of Divine grace, the source of light to the whole world.





Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Then said he, These are the two anointed ones,.... Or "sons of oil" (t). Some think the gifts and graces of the Spirit are meant, which come from the God of all grace, remain with Christ, are given freely by him to the sons of God, and are always for the service of the church, and sufficient for it; others, Christ the Son of God, and the Holy Spirit. Christ is the anointed One, or son of oil, being anointed with the Holy Ghost to the office of Prophet, Priest, and King; and with which oil he has supplied his candlestick, the church, in all ages. The Holy Spirit is the oil of gladness, and that anointing which teacheth all things. And this is the sense of Capellus, as has been observed on Zechariah 4:2. And the learned and judicious Pemble makes a "query" of it, whether Christ and the Comforter; or Christ in his two natures; or Christ in his two offices of King and Priest of his church; or how else the words are to be understood: and this was the sense of Origen long ago, though censured by Jerom; it may be the rather, because he interprets the candlestick of the Father. But these epithets, "anointed ones", and "sons of oil", are very suitable to them; the one being called the Messiah, or anointed; and the other the unction, and the oil of gladness: and indeed, if by the golden oil emptied out of them is meant the grace of God, as it frequently signifies in Scripture, no other can be meant; since they are the inexhaustible fountain of all grace and gifts to the church in all ages, whereby it is supplied and supported; and may be said to "stand before the Lord of the whole earth", God the Father; who does not immediately by himself administer to the church, but by Christ the Head of it; and Christ communicates by his Spirit, whom he sends from himself, and from the Father: and the rather they may be thought to be meant, since the ministers of the word seem to be designed by the seven lamps which receive the oil, or gifts and graces of the Spirit, fitting them for their work, from the bowl on the top of the candlestick, which is supplied with it from these two olive trees; and therefore must be distinct from them, or otherwise they will be said to be supplied from themselves: though, whereas both Christ and the Spirit communicate by the word and the ordinances, administered by the faithful dispensers of the word; hence those witnesses of Christ, in all ages, may with propriety enough be called two anointed ones, and "the two olive trees", as they are in Revelation 11:4 where there is a plain allusion to this passage. The Targum renders the words, "these are the two sons of princes", or "great men". Some Jewish writers interpret them of their two Messiahs, Messiah ben Joseph, and Messiah ben David (u). Some interpreters understand by them Enoch and Elias; others Peter and Paul; others, better, with Kimchi and Ben Melech, Joshua and Zerubbabel, the one anointed for the priesthood, and the other for the kingdom; of which two offices Jarchi interprets them; and others the two churches, Jewish and Christian.

That stand by the Lord of the whole earth; the Creator and Governor of the universe: ministers of the word are on his side, abide by his truths and ordinances, and are faithful to his cause and interest: or, "before the Lord of the whole earth" (w); they are his ministers, and serve him; they "stand", as it becomes them, which shows their work is not done; and that it is the Lord's work they are engaged in; and that they continue and persevere in it: likewise it shows that they are under his eye, notice, dispose, care, and protection; that they are in his favour, and enjoy his presence. How this may be applied to the two divine Persons standing by or before God the Father has been before observed, and to be understood of them as in their office capacity.

(t) "filii olei", V. L. Pagninus, Montanus, Munster, Tigurine version, Vatablus, Cocceius, Burkius. (u) Tzeror Hammor, fol. 114. 3.((w) "super Dominum", Montanus.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

14. anointed ones—literally, "sons of oil" (Isa 5:1, Margin). Joshua the high priest, and Zerubbabel the civil ruler, must first be anointed with grace themselves, so as to be the instruments of furnishing it to others (compare 1Jo 2:20, 27).

Zechariah 4:14 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Two Olive Trees
13So he answered me, saying, "Do you not know what these are?" And I said, "No, my lord." 14Then he said, "These are the two anointed ones who are standing by the Lord of the whole earth."
Cross References
Exodus 29:7
Take the anointing oil and anoint him by pouring it on his head.

Exodus 40:15
Anoint them just as you anointed their father, so they may serve me as priests. Their anointing will be to a priesthood that will continue throughout their generations."

1 Samuel 16:1
The LORD said to Samuel, "How long will you mourn for Saul, since I have rejected him as king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil and be on your way; I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem. I have chosen one of his sons to be king."

1 Samuel 16:12
So he sent for him and had him brought in. He was glowing with health and had a fine appearance and handsome features. Then the LORD said, "Rise and anoint him; this is the one."

Isaiah 61:1
The Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me, because the LORD has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners,

Daniel 9:24
"Seventy 'sevens' are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the Most Holy Place.

Micah 4:13
"Rise and thresh, Daughter Zion, for I will give you horns of iron; I will give you hooves of bronze, and you will break to pieces many nations." You will devote their ill-gotten gains to the LORD, their wealth to the Lord of all the earth.

Zechariah 3:1
Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right side to accuse him.
Treasury of Scripture

Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the LORD of the whole earth.

These.

Zechariah 6:13 Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the …

Exodus 29:7 Then shall you take the anointing oil, and pour it on his head, and anoint him.

Exodus 40:15 And you shall anoint them, as you did anoint their father, that they …

Leviticus 8:12 And he poured of the anointing oil on Aaron's head, and anointed …

1 Samuel 10:1 Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it on his head, and kissed …

1 Samuel 16:1,12,13 And the LORD said to Samuel, How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing …

Psalm 2:6 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion.

Psalm 89:20 I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:

Psalm 110:4 The LORD has sworn, and will not repent, You are a priest for ever …

Isaiah 61:1-3 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed …

Daniel 9:24-26 Seventy weeks are determined on your people and on your holy city, …

Haggai 1:1-12 In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the …

Hebrews 1:8,9 But to the Son he said, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: …

Hebrews 7:1,2 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, …

Revelation 11:4 These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing …

anointed ones. Heb. sons of oil.

Isaiah 5:1 Now will I sing to my well beloved a song of my beloved touching …

that.

Zechariah 3:1-7 And he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel …

Zechariah 6:5 And the angel answered and said to me, These are the four spirits …

Deuteronomy 10:8 At that time the LORD separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark …

1 Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said …

Jeremiah 49:19 Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan …

Luke 1:19 And the angel answering said to him, I am Gabriel, that stand in …

the Lord.

Joshua 3:11,13 Behold, the ark of the covenant of the LORD of all the earth passes …

Isaiah 54:5 For your Maker is your husband; the LORD of hosts is his name; and …

Micah 4:13 Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion: for I will make your horn iron, …

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