Revelation 11:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They are "the two olive trees" and the two lampstands, and "they stand before the Lord of the earth."

New Living Translation
These two prophets are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of all the earth.

English Standard Version
These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth.

New American Standard Bible
These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth.

King James Bible
These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth.

International Standard Version
These witnesses are the two olive trees and the two lamp stands standing in the presence of the Lord of the earth.

NET Bible
(These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth.)

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“These are the two olive trees and the two menorahs, which stand before the Lord of the whole Earth.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These witnesses are the two olive trees and the two lamp stands standing in the presence of the Lord of the earth.

Jubilee Bible 2000
These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands standing before the God of the earth.

King James 2000 Bible
These are the two olive trees, and the two lampstands standing before the God of the earth.

American King James Version
These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

American Standard Version
These are the two olive trees and the two candlesticks, standing before the Lord of the earth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks, that stand before the Lord of the earth.

Darby Bible Translation
These are the two olive trees and the two lamps which stand before the Lord of the earth;

English Revised Version
These are the two olive trees and the two candlesticks, standing before the Lord of the earth.

Webster's Bible Translation
These are the two olive-trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

Weymouth New Testament
"These witnesses are the two olive-trees, and they are the two lamps which stand in the presence of the Lord of the earth.

World English Bible
These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands, standing before the Lord of the earth.

Young's Literal Translation
these are the two olive trees, and the two lamp-stands that before the God of the earth do stand;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

11:3-13 In the time of treading down, God kept his faithful witnesses to attest the truth of his word and worship, and the excellence of his ways, The number of these witnesses is small, yet enough. They prophesy in sackcloth. It shows their afflicted, persecuted state, and deep sorrow for the abominations against which they protested. They are supported during their great and hard work, till it is done. When they had prophesied in sackcloth the greatest part of 1260 years, antichrist, the great instrument of the devil, would war against them, with force and violence for a time. Determined rebels against the light rejoice, as on some happy event, when they can silence, drive to a distance, or destroy the faithful servants of Christ, whose doctrine and conduct torment them. It does not appear that the term is yet expired, and the witnesses are not a present exposed to endure such terrible outward sufferings as in former times; but such things may again happen, and there is abundant cause to prophesy in sackcloth, on account of the state of religion. The depressed state of real Christianity may relate only to the western church. The Spirit of life from God, quickens dead souls, and shall quicken the dead bodies of his people, and his dying interest in the world. The revival of God's work and witnesses, will strike terror into the souls of his enemies. Where there is guilt, there is fear; and a persecuting spirit, though cruel, is a cowardly spirit. It will be no small part of the punishment of persecutors, both in this world, and at the great day, that they see the faithful servants of God honoured and advanced. The Lord's witnesses must not be weary of suffering and service, nor hastily grasp at the reward; but must stay till their Master calls them. The consequence of their being thus exalted was a mighty shock and convulsion in the antichristian empire. Events alone can show the meaning of this. But whenever God's work and witnesses revive, the devil's work and witnesses fall before him. And that the slaying of the witnesses is future, appears to be probable.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 4. - These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks. The "two olive trees" and the "two candlesticks" are here identical. Thus, while St. John uses the figure of Zechariah, he does not apply it in every detail. In the prophet, but one candlestick is mentioned. "The two olive trees," which supply the material for the candlesticks, are fit emblems of the Old and New Testaments; the candlesticks typify the Jewish and Christian Churches. These are identical so far as being God's witnesses; the Church derives her stores from the Word of God, the light of the Word of God is manifested through the Church. Standing before the God of the earth; the Lord of the earth (Revised Version). The participle is masculine, though the preceding article and nouns are feminine, probably as being more in keeping with the masculine character under which the two witnesses are depicted. Perhaps he is described as the "Lord of the earth," since the witnesses are to prophesy before all the earth (cf. ver. 9 and Matthew 24:14).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

These are the two olive trees,.... Or represented by the two olive trees in Zechariah 4:3, which there design Joshua and Zerubbabel; and who in laying out themselves, their gifts and wealth, in rebuilding and finishing the temple, were types of these witnesses, the ministers of the Gospel, in the successive ages of the apostasy; who may be compared to olive trees, because of the oil of grace, and the truth of it in them; and because of the gifts of the Spirit of God bestowed on them, or their having that anointing which teacheth all things; and because they freely impart their gifts, and the golden oil of the Gospel unto others, and also bring the good tidings of peace and salvation by Christ, of which the olive leaf is a symbol; and because they are like the olive tree, fat, flourishing, and fruitful in spiritual things; they are sons of oil, and God's anointed ones:

and the two candlesticks; which hold forth the light of the word, in the midst of Popish darkness: this shows that churches, as well as ministers, are designed by the witnesses, since the candlesticks are explained of the churches, Revelation 1:20, though the simile well agrees with ministers of the word, who are the lights of the world, or hold forth the light of the Gospel, which is put into them by Christ: and these olive trees and candlesticks are represented as

standing before the God of the earth; ministering unto him, enjoying his presence, and having his assistance, and being under his protection. The Alexandrian copy, the Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Arabic versions, read, "the Lord of the earth"; and so the Complutensian edition; see Zechariah 4:14.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

4. standing before the God of the earth—A, B, C, Vulgate, Syriac, Coptic, and Andreas read "Lord" for "God": so Zec 4:14. Ministering to (Lu 1:19), and as in the sight of Him, who, though now so widely disowned on "earth," is its rightful King, and shall at last be openly recognized as such (Re 11:15). The phrase alludes to Zec 4:10, 14, "the two anointed ones that stand by the Lord of the whole earth." The article "the" marks this allusion. They are "the two candlesticks," not that they are the Church, the one candlestick, but as its representative light-bearers (Greek, "phosteres," Php 2:15), and ministering for its encouragement in a time of apostasy. Wordsworth's view is worth consideration, whether it may not constitute a secondary sense: the two witnesses, the olive trees, are THE TWO Testaments ministering their testimony to the Church of the old dispensation, as well as to that of the new, which explains the two witnesses being called also the two candlesticks (the Old and New Testament churches; the candlestick in Zec 4:2 is but one as there was then but one Testament, and one Church, the Jewish). The Church in both dispensations has no light in herself, but derives it from the Spirit through the witness of the twofold word, the two olive trees: compare Note, see on [2708]Re 11:1, which is connected with this, the reed, the Scripture canon, being the measure of the Church: so Primasius [X, p. 314]: the two witnesses preach in sackcloth, marking the ignominious treatment which the word, like Christ Himself, receives from the world. So the twenty-four elders represent the ministers of the two dispensations by the double twelve. But Re 11:7 proves that primarily the two Testaments cannot be meant; for these shall never be "killed," and never "shall have finished their testimony" till the world is finished.

Revelation 11:4 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Two Witnesses
3"And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for twelve hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth." 4These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth. 5And if anyone wants to harm them, fire flows out of their mouth and devours their enemies; so if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this way.…
Cross References
Psalm 52:8
But I am like an olive tree flourishing in the house of God; I trust in God's unfailing love for ever and ever.

Jeremiah 11:16
The LORD called you a thriving olive tree with fruit beautiful in form. But with the roar of a mighty storm he will set it on fire, and its branches will be broken.

Zechariah 4:3
Also there are two olive trees by it, one on the right of the bowl and the other on its left."

Zechariah 4:11
Then I asked the angel, "What are these two olive trees on the right and the left of the lampstand?"

Luke 21:36
Be always on the watch, and pray that you may be able to escape all that is about to happen, and that you may be able to stand before the Son of Man."
Treasury of Scripture

These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

two olive.

Psalm 52:8 But I am like a green olive tree in the house of God: I trust in …

Jeremiah 11:16 The LORD called your name, A green olive tree, fair, and of goodly …

Zechariah 4:2,3,11-14 And said to me, What see you? And I said, I have looked, and behold …

Romans 11:17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and you, being a wild …

two candlesticks.

Revelation 1:20 The mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my right hand, and …

Matthew 5:14-16 You are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid…

Luke 11:33 No man, when he has lighted a candle, puts it in a secret place, …

standing.

Deuteronomy 10:8 At that time the LORD separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark …

1 Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said …

the God.

Exodus 8:22 And I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in which my people …

Isaiah 54:5 For your Maker is your husband; the LORD of hosts is his name; and …

Micah 4:13 Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion: for I will make your horn iron, …

Zechariah 4:14 Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the …

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