Isaiah 17:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"In that day the glory of Jacob will fade; the fat of his body will waste away.

New Living Translation
"In that day Israel's glory will grow dim; its robust body will waste away.

English Standard Version
And in that day the glory of Jacob will be brought low, and the fat of his flesh will grow lean.

New American Standard Bible
Now in that day the glory of Jacob will fade, And the fatness of his flesh will become lean.

King James Bible
And in that day it shall come to pass, that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
On that day the splendor of Jacob will fade, and his healthy body will become emaciated.

International Standard Version
"At that time, Jacob's glory will have become weakened, and his strong flesh will turn gaunt;

NET Bible
"At that time Jacob's splendor will be greatly diminished, and he will become skin and bones.

New Heart English Bible
"It will happen in that day that the glory of Jacob will be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh will become lean.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"When that day comes, the honor of Jacob's people will fade away, and they will become skin and bones.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And it shall come to pass in that day, That the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, And the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean.

New American Standard 1977
Now it will come about in that day that the glory of Jacob will fade,
            And the fatness of his flesh will become lean.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And in that day it shall come to pass that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean.

King James 2000 Bible
And in that day it shall come to pass, that the glory of Jacob shall fade, and the fatness of his flesh shall grow lean.

American King James Version
And in that day it shall come to pass, that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean.

American Standard Version
And it shall come to pass in that day, that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And it shall come to pass in that day, that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall grow lean.

Darby Bible Translation
And in that day it shall come to pass, that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall become lean.

English Revised Version
And it shall come to pass in that day, that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean.

Webster's Bible Translation
And in that day it shall come to pass, that the glory of Jacob shall be diminished, and the fatness of his flesh shall become lean.

World English Bible
"It will happen in that day that the glory of Jacob will be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh will become lean.

Young's Literal Translation
And it hath come to pass, in that day, Wax poor doth the honour of Jacob, And the fatness of his flesh doth wax lean.
Study Bible
A Prophecy about Damascus
3"The fortified city will disappear from Ephraim, And sovereignty from Damascus And the remnant of Aram; They will be like the glory of the sons of Israel," Declares the LORD of hosts. 4Now in that day the glory of Jacob will fade, And the fatness of his flesh will become lean. 5It will be even like the reaper gathering the standing grain, As his arm harvests the ears, Or it will be like one gleaning ears of grain In the valley of Rephaim.…
Cross References
Genesis 41:3
Then behold, seven other cows came up after them from the Nile, ugly and gaunt, and they stood by the other cows on the bank of the Nile.

Isaiah 10:3
Now what will you do in the day of punishment, And in the devastation which will come from afar? To whom will you flee for help? And where will you leave your wealth?

Isaiah 10:16
Therefore the Lord, the GOD of hosts, will send a wasting disease among his stout warriors; And under his glory a fire will be kindled like a burning flame.

Isaiah 17:3
"The fortified city will disappear from Ephraim, And sovereignty from Damascus And the remnant of Aram; They will be like the glory of the sons of Israel," Declares the LORD of hosts.
Treasury of Scripture

And in that day it shall come to pass, that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean.

the glory

Isaiah 9:8,21 The Lord sent a word into Jacob, and it has lighted on Israel…

Isaiah 10:4 Without me they shall bow down under the prisoners, and they shall …

the fatness

Isaiah 10:16 Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness…

Isaiah 24:13,16 When thus it shall be in the middle of the land among the people, …

Deuteronomy 32:15-27 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: you are waxen fat, you are grown …

Ezekiel 34:20 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD to them; Behold, I, even I, will …

Zephaniah 2:11 The LORD will be terrible to them: for he will famish all the gods …

(4) The glory of Jacob shall be made thin.--The word is the same as that rendered "impoverished" in Judges 6:8. "Jacob" stands as commonly in the prophets, like Israel, for the northern kingdom, and the words point, therefore, to the downfall, or, adopting the prophet's figurative language, the emaciation, of that kingdom.

Verses 4-11. - A DENUNCIATION OF WOE ON ISRAEL, COMBINED WITH THE PROMISE OF A REMNANT. Israel, having united herself with Syria to resist the Assyrians, will incur a similar fate. Her glory will decay, her population dwindle and almost disappear. Still there will be a few left, who, under the circumstances, will turn to God (ver. 7). But it will be too late for anything like a national recovery; the laud will remain "a desolation" on account of the past sins of its inhabitants (vers. 9-11). Verse 4. - The glory of Jacob shall be made thin. There is reason to believe that the deportation of the Israelites was gradual. Sargon, on taking Samaria for the first time, in B.C. 722, carried off no more than 27, 290 of the inhabitants (G. Smith, 'Eponym Canon,' p. 125). Over the remainder he appointed governors, and required them to pay the same taxation as before. About B.C. 715 he placed a number of Arabs in Samaria, probably deporting natives to make room for them (ibid., p. 128). The continuant of a remnant of Israelites in the land down to B.C. 625 is indicated by 2 Chronicles 34:9. The fatness of his flesh shall wax lean (comp. Isaiah 10:16). Depopulation is primarily intended; but there is, perhaps, also a more general reference to depression, wasting, and misery. And in that day it shall come to pass,.... It being much about the same time that both kingdoms were destroyed by the Assyrians:

that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin; the same with Ephraim and Israel, the ten tribes, whose glory lay in the superior number of their tribes to Judah; in the multitude of their cities, and the inhabitants of them; but now would be thinned, by the vast numbers that should be carried captive:

and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean: like a man in a consumption, that is become a mere skeleton, and reduced to skin and bones: the meaning is, that all their wealth and riches should be taken away; so the Targum,

"and the riches of his glory shall be carried away.'' 4. glory of Jacob—the kingdom of Ephraim and all that they rely on (Ho 12:2; Mic 1:5).

fatness … lean—(See on [712]Isa 10:16).17:1-11 Sin desolates cities. It is strange that great conquerors should take pride in being enemies to mankind; but it is better that flocks should lie down there, than that they should harbour any in open rebellion against God and holiness. The strong holds of Israel, the kingdom of the ten tribes, will be brought to ruin. Those who are partakers in sin, are justly made partakers in ruin. The people had, by sins, made themselves ripe for ruin; and their glory was as quickly cut down and taken away by the enemy, as the corn is out of the field by the husbandman. Mercy is reserved in the midst of judgment, for a remnant. But very few shall be marked to be saved. Only here and there one was left behind. But they shall be a remnant made holy. The few that are saved were awakened to return to God. They shall acknowledge his hand in all events; they shall give him the glory due to his name. To bring us to this, is the design of his providence, as he is our Maker; and the work of his grace, as he is the Holy One of Israel. They shall look off from their idols, the creatures of their own fancy. We have reason to account those afflictions happy, which part between us and our sins. The God of our salvation is the Rock of our strength; and our forgetfulness and unmindfulness of him are at the bottom of all sin. The pleasant plants, and shoots from a foreign soil, are expressions for strange and idolatrous worship, and the vile practices connected therewith. Diligence would be used to promote the growth of these strange slips, but all in vain. See the evil and danger of sin, and its certain consequences.
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