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International Standard Bible EncyclopediaCROWN OF THORNS
thornz (akdnthinos stephanos): Three of the four evangelists mention the crown of thorns, wherewith the rude Roman soldiers derided the captive Christ (Matthew 27:29 Mark 15:17 John 19:2). All speak of the akanthine (Acanthus) crown, but there is no certainty about the peculiar plant, from the branches of which this crown of cruel mockery was plaited. The rabbinical books. mention no less than twenty-two words in the Bible signifying thorny plants, and the word akantha in the New Testament Greek is a generic and not a specific term. And this word or its adjective is used in the three Gospels, quoted above. It is therefore impossible definitely to determine what was the exact plant or tree, whose thorny branches were selected for this purpose. Tobler (Denkbl., 113, 179) inclines to the Spina Christi, as did Hasselquist. Its botanical name is Zizyphus Spina Christi, It is very common in the East. Its spines are small and sharp, its branches soft, round and pliable, and the leaves look like ivy, with a dark, shiny green color, making them therefore very adaptable to the purpose of the soldiers. Others have designated the Paliurus aculeatus or the Lycium horridum. Both Geikie (Life of Christ, 549) and Farrar (Life of Christ, note 625) point to the Nubk (Zizyphus lotus). Says the latter, "The Nubk struck me, as it has all travelers in Palestine, as being most suitable both for mockery and pain, since its leaves are bright and its thorns singularly strong. But though the Nubk is very common on the shores of Galilee, I saw none of it near Jerusalem." The settlement of the question is manifestly impossible.
Greek174. akanthinos -- of thorns
... of thorns. Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: akanthinos Phonetic Spelling:
(ak-an'-thee-nos) Short Definition: made of thorns Definition: made of thorns ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/174.htm - 6k
173. akantha -- a prickly plant, thorn
4735. stephanos -- that which surrounds, ie a crown
Strong's Hebrew5621. sarab -- perhaps thorns
... 5620, 5621. sarab. 5622 . perhaps thorns. Transliteration: sarab Phonetic
Spelling: (saw-rawb') Short Definition: thistles. Word ...
/hebrew/5621.htm - 5k
7898. shayith -- thornbushes
6975. qots -- a thorn, thornbush
6796. tsanin -- a thorn, prick
6791. tsen -- perhaps a thorn, barb
5518b. sir -- a thorn, hook
329. atad -- a bramble, buckthorn, also a city in Canaan
7848. shittah -- acacia (a tree and a wood)
5544. sillon -- a briar
1698. deber -- pestilence
The Crown of Thorns
Seed among Thorns
The Crowning with Thorns.
The Crown of Thorns.
As the Lily among Thorns, So is My Love among the Daughters.
The Hedge of Thorns and the Plain Way
"Do Men Gather Grapes of Thorns?"
Sown among Thorns
The Crown of Thorns
Petilianus Said: "But You Scatter Thorns and Tares...
Smith's Bible DictionaryThorns
and Thistles. There appear to be eighteen or twenty Hebrew words which point to different kinds of prickly or thorny shrubs. These words are variously rendered in the Authorized Version By "thorns," "briers," "thistles," etc. Palestine abounded in a great variety of such plants. ("Travellers call the holy land a land of thorns.? Giant thistles, growing to the height of a man on horseback, frequently spread over regions once rich and fruitful, as they do on the pampas of South America; and many of the most interesting historic spats and ruins are rendered almost inaccessible by thickets of fiercely-armed buckthorns. Entire fields are covered with the troublesome creeping stems of the spinous ononis , while the bare hillsides are studded with the dangerous capsules of the puliuris and tribulus . Roses of the most prickly kinds abound on the lower slopes of Hermon; while the sub-tropical valleys of Judea are choked up in many places by the thorny lycium ." -- Biblical Things not generally Known.) Crown of thorns. --The crown which was put in derision upon our Lord's head before his crucifixion, is by some supposed to have been the Rhamnus , or Spina Christi ; but although abundant in the neighborhood of Jerusalem, it cannot be the plant intended, because its thorns are so strong and large that it could not have been woven into a wreath. The large-leaved acanthus (bear's-foot) is totally unsuited for the purpose. Had the acacia been intended, as some suppose, the phrase would have been ex akanthes . Obviously some small, flexile, thorny shrub is meant; perhaps Cappares spinosae . Hasselquist ("Travels," p. 260) says that the thorn used was the Arabian nabk . "It was very suitable for their purpose, as it has many sharp thorns, which inflict painful wounds; and its flexible, pliant and round branches might easily be plaited in the form of a crown." It also resembles the rich dark crown green of the triumphal ivy-wreath, which would give additional pungency to its ironical purpose.
ATS Bible DictionaryThorns
ThesaurusThorns (56 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia CROWN OF THORNS. ... Multi-Version Concordance Thorns
(56 Occurrences). Matthew 7:16 By their fruits you will know them. ...
/t/thorns.htm - 25k
Crown (94 Occurrences)
Briers (17 Occurrences)
Briars (11 Occurrences)
Choke (6 Occurrences)
Brier (10 Occurrences)
Choked (6 Occurrences)
Stifle (5 Occurrences)
Thistles (9 Occurrences)
Nettles (5 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceThorns (56 Occurrences)
Matthew 7:16 By their fruits you will know them. Do you gather grapes from thorns, or figs from thistles?
Matthew 13:7 Others fell among thorns. The thorns grew up and choked them.
Matthew 13:22 What was sown among the thorns, this is he who hears the word, but the cares of this age and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and he becomes unfruitful.
Matthew 27:29 They braided a crown of thorns and put it on his head, and a reed in his right hand; and they kneeled down before him, and mocked him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!"
Mark 4:7 Others fell among the thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit.
Mark 4:18 Others are those who are sown among the thorns. These are those who have heard the word,
Mark 15:17 They clothed him with purple, and weaving a crown of thorns, they put it on him.
Luke 6:44 For each tree is known by its own fruit. For people don't gather figs from thorns, nor do they gather grapes from a bramble bush.
Luke 8:7 Other fell amid the thorns, and the thorns grew with it, and choked it.
Luke 8:14 That which fell among the thorns, these are those who have heard, and as they go on their way they are choked with cares, riches, and pleasures of life, and bring no fruit to maturity.
John 19:2 The soldiers twisted thorns into a crown, and put it on his head, and dressed him in a purple garment.
John 19:5 Jesus therefore came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple garment. Pilate said to them, "Behold, the man!"
Hebrews 6:8 but if it bears thorns and thistles, it is rejected and near being cursed, whose end is to be burned.
Genesis 3:18 Thorns also and thistles will it bring forth to you; and you will eat the herb of the field.
Exodus 22:6 "If fire breaks out, and catches in thorns so that the shocks of grain, or the standing grain, or the field are consumed; he who kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.
Numbers 33:55 "But if you do not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you, then those you let remain of them will be as pricks in your eyes and as thorns in your sides, and they will harass you in the land in which you dwell.
Joshua 23:13 know for a certainty that Yahweh your God will no longer drive these nations from out of your sight; but they shall be a snare and a trap to you, a scourge in your sides, and thorns in your eyes, until you perish from off this good land which Yahweh your God has given you.
Judges 2:3 Therefore I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be as thorns in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare to you."
Judges 8:7 Gideon said, "Therefore when Yahweh has delivered Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand, then I will tear your flesh with the thorns of the wilderness and with briers."
Judges 8:16 He took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth.
2 Samuel 23:6 But all of the ungodly shall be as thorns to be thrust away, because they can't be taken with the hand,
2 Samuel 23:7 But the man who touches them must be armed with iron and the staff of a spear. They shall be utterly burned with fire in their place."
2 Chronicles 33:11 Wherefore the LORD brought upon them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, which took Manasseh among the thorns, and bound him with fetters, and carried him to Babylon.
Job 5:5 whose harvest the hungry eats up, and take it even out of the thorns. The snare gapes for their substance.
Job 30:7 They make noises like asses among the brushwood; they get together under the thorns.
Job 31:40 Then in place of grain let thorns come up, and in place of barley evil-smelling plants.
Psalms 58:9 Before your pots can feel the heat of the thorns, he will sweep away the green and the burning alike.
Psalms 118:12 They surrounded me like bees. They are quenched like the burning thorns. In the name of Yahweh I cut them off.
Proverbs 15:19 The way of the slothful man is as an hedge of thorns: but the way of the righteous is made plain.
Proverbs 22:5 Thorns and snares are in the path of the wicked: whoever guards his soul stays from them.
Proverbs 24:31 Behold, it was all grown over with thorns. Its surface was covered with nettles, and its stone wall was broken down.
Ecclesiastes 7:6 For as the crackling of thorns under a pot, so is the laughter of the fool. This also is vanity.
Song of Songs 2:1 As a lily among the thorns,
Song of Songs 2:2 As a lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.
Isaiah 5:5 And now, this is what I will do to my vine-garden: I will take away the circle of thorns round it, and it will be burned up; its wall will be broken down and the beasts of the field will go through it;
Isaiah 5:6 I will lay it a wasteland. It won't be pruned nor hoed, but it will grow briers and thorns. I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain on it."
Isaiah 7:19 And they shall come, and shall rest all of them in the desolate valleys, and in the holes of the rocks, and upon all thorns, and upon all bushes.
Isaiah 7:23 It will happen in that day that every place where there were a thousand vines at a thousand silver shekels, shall be for briers and thorns.
Isaiah 7:24 People will go there with arrows and with bow, because all the land will be briers and thorns.
Isaiah 7:25 All the hills that were cultivated with the hoe, you shall not come there for fear of briers and thorns; but it shall be for the sending forth of oxen, and for the treading of sheep."
Isaiah 9:18 For wickedness burns like a fire. It devours the briers and thorns; yes, it kindles in the thickets of the forest, and they roll upward in a column of smoke.
Isaiah 10:17 The light of Israel will be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame; and it will burn and devour his thorns and his briers in one day.
Isaiah 27:4 Wrath is not in me, but if I should find briers and thorns, I would do battle! I would march on them and I would burn them together.
Isaiah 32:13 Thorns and briars will come up on my people's land; yes, on all the houses of joy in the joyous city.
Isaiah 33:12 The peoples will be like the burning of lime, like thorns that are cut down and burned in the fire.
Isaiah 34:13 Thorns will come up in its palaces, nettles and thistles in its fortresses; and it will be a habitation of jackals, a court for ostriches.
Jeremiah 4:3 For thus says Yahweh to the men of Judah and to Jerusalem, Break up your fallow ground, and don't sow among thorns.
Jeremiah 12:13 They have sown wheat, and have reaped thorns; they have put themselves to pain, and profit nothing: and you shall be ashamed of your fruits, because of the fierce anger of Yahweh.
Ezekiel 2:6 You, son of man, don't be afraid of them, neither be afraid of their words, though briers and thorns are with you, and you do dwell among scorpions: don't be afraid of their words, nor be dismayed at their looks, though they are a rebellious house.
Ezekiel 28:24 And there is no more to the house of Israel A pricking brier, and paining thorn, Of all round about them -- despising them, And they have known that I 'am' the Lord Jehovah.
Hosea 2:6 Therefore, behold, I will hedge up your way with thorns, and I will build a wall against her, that she can't find her way.
Hosea 9:6 For, behold, they have gone away from destruction. Egypt will gather them up. Memphis will bury them. Nettles will possess their pleasant things of silver. Thorns will be in their tents.
Hosea 10:8 And the high places of Aven, the sin of Israel, will come to destruction; thorns and waste plants will come up on their altars; they will say to the mountains, Be a cover over us; and to the hills, Come down on us.
Hosea 13:14 I will ransom them from the power of Sheol. I will redeem them from death! Death, where are your plagues? Sheol, where is your destruction? "Compassion will be hidden from my eyes.
Micah 7:4 The best of them is like a waste plant, and their upright ones are like a wall of thorns. Sorrow! the day of their fate has come; now will trouble come on them.
Nahum 1:10 For entangled like thorns, and drunken as with their drink, they are consumed utterly like dry stubble.
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