Job 5:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The hungry consume his harvest, taking it even from among thorns, and the thirsty pant after his wealth.

New Living Translation
The hungry devour their harvest, even when it is guarded by brambles. The thirsty pant after their wealth.

English Standard Version
The hungry eat his harvest, and he takes it even out of thorns, and the thirsty pant after his wealth.

New American Standard Bible
"His harvest the hungry devour And take it to a place of thorns, And the schemer is eager for their wealth.

King James Bible
Whose harvest the hungry eateth up, and taketh it even out of the thorns, and the robber swalloweth up their substance.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The hungry consume his harvest, even taking it out of the thorns. The thirsty pant for his children's wealth.

International Standard Version
Then the hungry will devour his harvest, snatching it even from the midst of thorns, while the thirsty covet their wealth.

NET Bible
The hungry eat up his harvest, and take it even from behind the thorns, and the thirsty swallow up their fortune.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
What a stubborn fool gathers, hungry people eat. They take it even from among the thorns, and thirsty people pant after his wealth.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The hungry shall eat up his harvest, and even take it out from among the thorns, and the thirsty shall drink up their substance.

King James 2000 Bible
Whose harvest the hungry eats up, and takes it even out of the thorns, and the robber swallows up their wealth.

American King James Version
Whose harvest the hungry eats up, and takes it even out of the thorns, and the robber swallows up their substance.

American Standard Version
Whose harvest the hungry eateth up, And taketh it even out of the thorns; And the snare gapeth for their substance.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whose harvest the hungry shall eat, and the armed man shall take him by violence, and the thirsty shall drink up his riches.

Darby Bible Translation
Whose harvest the hungry eateth up, and taketh even out of the thorns; and the snare gapeth for his substance.

English Revised Version
Whose harvest the hungry eateth up, and taketh it even out of the thorns, and the snare gapeth for their substance.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whose harvest the hungry eateth up, and taketh it even out of the thorns, and the robber swalloweth up their substance.

World English Bible
whose harvest the hungry eats up, and take it even out of the thorns. The snare gapes for their substance.

Young's Literal Translation
Whose harvest the hungry doth eat, And even from the thorns taketh it, And the designing swallowed their wealth.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:1-5 Eliphaz here calls upon Job to answer his arguments. Were any of the saints or servants of God visited with such Divine judgments as Job, or did they ever behave like him under their sufferings? The term, saints, holy, or more strictly, consecrated ones, seems in all ages to have been applied to the people of God, through the Sacrifice slain in the covenant of their reconciliation. Eliphaz doubts not that the sin of sinners directly tends to their ruin. They kill themselves by some lust or other; therefore, no doubt, Job has done some foolish thing, by which he has brought himself into this condition. The allusion was plain to Job's former prosperity; but there was no evidence of Job's wickedness, and the application to him was unfair and severe.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. - Whose harvest the hungry eateth up. Covetous men rush in and "eat up" all that the family possesses, thus bringing it to the extreme of poverty and want. And taketh it even out of the thorns. Vain is any protection that may be devised. As hedges, even of the prickly pear, do not keep out a band of plunderers, so there is no obstacle which those bent on robbing them will not overcome. And the robber swalloweth up their substance; or, the thirsty; i.e. those who thirst after it.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Whose harvest the hungry eateth up,.... This is to be understood of the foolish rich man before described, as taking root and flourishing; though he sows, and reaps and gathers in his harvest, and fancies he has goods laid up for many years, to be enjoyed by him, yet he is taken away by death, and another eats what he has gathered; either his hungry heirs, that he has kept bare, and without the proper necessaries of life; or the poor whom he has oppressed, who, driven by hunger, seize upon his harvest, and eat it up, whether he be alive or dead: Sephorno interprets this of the wicked man himself, who should eat up his own harvest, and not have enough to satisfy him, the curse of God being upon his land; and another learned interpreter (s) thinks the sense is, that such should be the curse of God on the fields of wicked men, that they should produce no more than what was usually left to the poor, and therefore should have no need to gather it:

and taketh it even out of the thorns; that is, either the hungry man takes the harvest out of the thorns, among which it grows, see Matthew 13:7; or which he had gotten "through the thorns", as Mr. Broughton renders it; that is, the owner, through many difficulties; and hunger will break through many to get at it; or though his harvest being got in, is enclosed with a thorn hedge, the hungry man gets through it, and takes it out from it, surrounded by it; the above mentioned Jewish writer understands this also of the wicked man, who takes his own harvest out from among the thorns, so that there is nothing left for the poor and his friends, as it is meet there should: the word (t) for "thorns" has also the signification of armour, particularly of shields; hence the Targum is,"and armed men with warlike arms shall take it away;''to which agrees the Vulgate Latin version,"and the armed men shall take it away;''that is, soldiers should forage, spoil, and destroy it:

and the robber swalloweth up their substance; the house robber, who breaks in and devours all at once, and makes a clear riddance of it; some render it "the hairy man" (u) either that neglects his hair, as beggars, or such that live in desert places, as robbers, that they may appear the more terrible; or that take care of it, and nourish it, and tie it up in locks, and behind their heads, as Bar Tzemach and Ben Melech observe they do in Turkey; others translate it "the thirsty" (w), and so it answers to the hungry in the preceding clause, and designs such who thirst, and gape after, and covet the substance of others, and greedily catch at it, and swallow it up at once, at one draught, as a thirsty man does a large quantity of liquor, see Proverbs 1:12; this may have some respect to the Sabeans and Chaldeans, that swallowed up Job's substance, and took away his cattle from him at once, and were no other than bands of robbers; and the use of the word for a thief or a robber, as we take it, is confirmed by a learned man (x), who derives it from the Arabic word which signifies to smite with a club or stone.

(s) Schmidt. (t) "de lanceis", Bolducius. "est et elypeus, umbo", Codurcus. (u) "comatus", Cocceius, Schmidt; "horridus", Junius & Tremellius. (w) Sitientes, V. L. "sitibundi", Montanus, Bolducius; so Simeon Bar Tzemach. (x) Hinckelman. Praefat. ad Alcoran. p. 28, 29.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

5. even out of the thorns—Even when part of the grain remains hanging on the thorn bushes (or, "is growing among thorns," Mt 13:7), the hungry gleaner does not grudge the trouble of even taking it away, so clean swept away is the harvest of the wicked.

the robber—as the Sabeans, who robbed Job. Rather, translate "the thirsty," as the antithesis in the parallelism, "the hungry," proves.

Job 5:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
Eliphaz Continues
4"His sons are far from safety, They are even oppressed in the gate, And there is no deliverer. 5"His harvest the hungry devour And take it to a place of thorns, And the schemer is eager for their wealth. 6"For affliction does not come from the dust, Nor does trouble sprout from the ground,…
Cross References
Job 18:8
His feet thrust him into a net; he wanders into its mesh.

Job 20:22
In the midst of his plenty, distress will overtake him; the full force of misery will come upon him.

Job 22:10
That is why snares are all around you, why sudden peril terrifies you,

Psalm 109:11
May a creditor seize all he has; may strangers plunder the fruits of his labor.
Treasury of Scripture

Whose harvest the hungry eats up, and takes it even out of the thorns, and the robber swallows up their substance.

harvest.

Deuteronomy 28:33,51 The fruit of your land, and all your labors, shall a nation which …

Judges 6:3-6 And so it was, when Israel had sown, that the Midianites came up, …

Isaiah 62:8 The LORD has sworn by his right hand, and by the arm of his strength, …

the thorns.

Judges 6:11 And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which was …

2 Chronicles 33:11 Why the LORD brought on them the captains of the host of the king …

the robber.

Job 1:15,17 And the Sabeans fell on them, and took them away; yes, they have …

Job 12:6 The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that provoke God are …

Job 18:9 The gin shall take him by the heel, and the robber shall prevail against him.

Hosea 8:7 For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it …

swalloweth.

Job 2:3 And the LORD said to Satan, Have you considered my servant Job, that …

Job 20:15 He has swallowed down riches, and he shall vomit them up again: God …

Jeremiah 51:34,44 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon has devoured me, he has crushed …

Lamentations 2:5,16 The LORD was as an enemy: he has swallowed up Israel, he has swallowed …

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