Job 4:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The lion perishes for lack of prey, and the cubs of the lioness are scattered.

New Living Translation
The fierce lion will starve for lack of prey, and the cubs of the lioness will be scattered.

English Standard Version
The strong lion perishes for lack of prey, and the cubs of the lioness are scattered.

New American Standard Bible
"The lion perishes for lack of prey, And the whelps of the lioness are scattered.

King James Bible
The old lion perisheth for lack of prey, and the stout lion's whelps are scattered abroad.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The strong lion dies if it catches no prey, and the cubs of the lioness are scattered.

International Standard Version
Full grown lions die when they cannot find prey; that's when the lion cubs are scattered.

NET Bible
The mighty lion perishes for lack of prey, and the cubs of the lioness are scattered.

New Heart English Bible
The old lion perishes for lack of prey. The cubs of the lioness are scattered abroad.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The old lions die without any prey [to eat], and the cubs of the lioness are scattered.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The old lion perisheth for lack of prey, And the whelps of the lioness are scattered abroad.

New American Standard 1977
“The lion perishes for lack of prey,
            And the whelps of the lioness are scattered.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The old lion perishes for lack of prey, and the stout lion's whelps are scattered abroad.

King James 2000 Bible
The old lion perishes for lack of prey, and the strong lion's whelps are scattered abroad.

American King James Version
The old lion perishes for lack of prey, and the stout lion's whelps are scattered abroad.

American Standard Version
The old lion perisheth for lack of prey, And the whelps of the lioness are scattered abroad.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The tiger hath perished for want of prey, and the young lions are scattered abroad.

Darby Bible Translation
The old lion perisheth for lack of prey, and the whelps of the lioness are scattered.

English Revised Version
The old lion perisheth for lack of prey, and the whelps of the lioness are scattered abroad.

Webster's Bible Translation
The old lion perisheth for lack of prey, and the stout lion's whelps are scattered abroad.

World English Bible
The old lion perishes for lack of prey. The cubs of the lioness are scattered abroad.

Young's Literal Translation
An old lion is perishing without prey, And the whelps of the lioness do separate.
Study Bible
Eliphaz: the Innocent Prosper
10"The roaring of the lion and the voice of the fierce lion, And the teeth of the young lions are broken. 11"The lion perishes for lack of prey, And the whelps of the lioness are scattered. 12"Now a word was brought to me stealthily, And my ear received a whisper of it.…
Cross References
Job 5:4
"His sons are far from safety, They are even oppressed in the gate, And there is no deliverer.

Job 5:15
"But He saves from the sword of their mouth, And the poor from the hand of the mighty.

Job 20:10
"His sons favor the poor, And his hands give back his wealth.

Job 27:14
"Though his sons are many, they are destined for the sword; And his descendants will not be satisfied with bread.

Job 29:17
"I broke the jaws of the wicked And snatched the prey from his teeth.

Psalm 34:10
The young lions do lack and suffer hunger; But they who seek the LORD shall not be in want of any good thing.
Treasury of Scripture

The old lion perishes for lack of prey, and the stout lion's whelps are scattered abroad.

old lion.

Job 38:39 Will you hunt the prey for the lion? or fill the appetite of the young lions,

Genesis 49:9 Judah is a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, you are gone up: …

Numbers 23:24 Behold, the people shall rise up as a great lion, and lift up himself …

Numbers 24:9 He couched, he lay down as a lion, and as a great lion: who shall …

Psalm 7:2 Lest he tear my soul like a lion, rending it in pieces, while there …

Jeremiah 4:7 The lion is come up from his thicket, and the destroyer of the Gentiles …

Hosea 11:10 They shall walk after the LORD: he shall roar like a lion: when he …

2 Timothy 4:17 Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that …

perisheth.

Psalm 34:10 The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger: but they that seek the …

the stout.

Job 1:19 And, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote …

Job 8:3,4 Does God pervert judgment? or does the Almighty pervert justice…

Job 27:14,15 If his children be multiplied, it is for the sword: and his offspring …

(11) The old lion perisheth . . .--This means that even though wickedness is joined with strength, it is equally unable to prosper. It is to be observed that no less than five different words are here used for lion, showing that these animals must have been common and of various kinds in Job's country.

Verse 11. - The old lion perisheth for lack of prey. The human counterpart of the "old lion" is the oppressor whose strength and cunning begin to fail him, who can no longer carry things with a high hand, enforce his will on men by bluster and throats, or even set traps for them so skilfully that they blindly walk into them. Political charlatans whose role is played out, bullies whose nerve is beginning to fail, cardsharpers whose manual dexterity has de-sorted them, come under this category. And the stout lion's whelps; rather, the whelps of the lioness (see the Revised Version). Are scattered abroad. Even the seed of ill-doers suffer. They are involved in their parents' punishment (see Exodus 20:5). Eliphaz darkly hints that Job may have been among the class of oppressors, or (at any rate) of transgressors, and that the untimely fate of his children may have been the consequence of his evil-doings. The old lion perisheth for lack of prey,.... Or rather "the stout" and "strong lion" (e), that is most able to take the prey, and most skilful at it, yet such shall perish for want of it; not so much for want of finding it, or of power to seize it, as of keeping it when got, it being taken away from him; signifying, that God oftentimes in his providence takes away from cruel oppressors what they have got by oppression, and so they are brought into starving and famishing circumstances. The Septuagint render the word by "myrmecoleon", or the "ant lion", which Isidore (f) thus describes;"it is a little animal, very troublesome to ants, which hides itself in the dust, and kills the ants as they carry their corn; hence it is called both a lion and an ant, because to other animals is as an ant, and to the ants as a lion,''and therefore cannot be the lion here spoken of; though Strabo (g) and Aelianus (h) speak of lions in Arabia and Babylon called ants, which seem to be a species of lions, and being in those countries, might be known to Eliphaz. Megasthenes (i) speaks of ants in India as big as foxes, of great swiftness, and get their living by hunting:

and the stout lion's whelps are scattered abroad; or "the whelps of the lioness" (k), these are scattered from the lion and lioness, and from one another, to seek for food, but in vain; the Targum applies this to Ishmael, and his posterity; Jarchi, and others, to the builders of Babel, said to be scattered, Genesis 11:8; rather reference may be had to the giants, the men of the old world, who filled the earth with violence, which was the cause of the flood being brought upon the world of the ungodly. Some think that Eliphaz has a regard to Job in all this, and that by the "fierce lion" he designs and describes Job as an oppressor and tyrant, and by the "lioness" his wife, and by the "young lions" and "lion's whelps" his children; and indeed, though he may not directly design him, yet he may obliquely point at him, and suggest that he was like to the men he had in view, and compares to these creatures, and therefore his calamities righteously came upon him.

(e) "leo major", Pagninus, Montanus, Mercerus, Schmidt; "leo strenuns et fortis", Michaelis; "robustior leo", Schultens. (f) Origin. l. 12. c. 3.((g) Geograph. l. 16. p. 533. (h) De Animal. l. 7. c. 47. & l. 17. c. 42. (i) Apud Strabo, l. 15. p. 485. (k) "filii leaenae", Bochart, Schultens. 4:7-11 Eliphaz argues, 1. That good men were never thus ruined. But there is one event both to the righteous and to the wicked, Ec 9:2, both in life and death; the great and certain difference is after death. Our worst mistakes are occasioned by drawing wrong views from undeniable truths. 2. That wicked men were often thus ruined: for the proof of this, Eliphaz vouches his own observation. We may see the same every day.
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