Job 14:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
But a man dies and is laid low; he breathes his last and is no more.

New Living Translation
"But when people die, their strength is gone. They breathe their last, and then where are they?

English Standard Version
But a man dies and is laid low; man breathes his last, and where is he?

New American Standard Bible
"But man dies and lies prostrate. Man expires, and where is he?

King James Bible
But man dieth, and wasteth away: yea, man giveth up the ghost, and where is he?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But a man dies and fades away; he breathes his last--where is he?

International Standard Version
"But when a person dies and wastes away, when a person breathes his last, where will he be?

NET Bible
But man dies and is powerless; he expires--and where is he?

New Heart English Bible
But man dies, and is laid low. Yes, man gives up the spirit, and where is he?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But a human dies and is powerless. A person breathes his last breath, and where is he?

JPS Tanakh 1917
But man dieth, and lieth low; Yea, man perisheth, and where is he?

New American Standard 1977
“But man dies and lies prostrate.
            Man expires, and where is he?

Jubilee Bible 2000
But when man shall die and be cut off, and the man shall perish, where shall he be?

King James 2000 Bible
But man dies, and wastes away: yea, man expires, and where is he?

American King James Version
But man dies, and wastes away: yes, man gives up the ghost, and where is he?

American Standard Version
But man dieth, and is laid low: Yea, man giveth up the ghost, and where is he?

Douay-Rheims Bible
But man when he shall be dead, and stripped and consumed, I pray you where is he?

Darby Bible Translation
But a man dieth, and is prostrate; yea, man expireth, and where is he?

English Revised Version
But man dieth, and wasteth away: yea, man giveth up the ghost, and where is he?

Webster's Bible Translation
But man dieth, and wasteth away: yes, man yieldeth his breath, and where is he?

World English Bible
But man dies, and is laid low. Yes, man gives up the spirit, and where is he?

Young's Literal Translation
And a man dieth, and becometh weak, And man expireth, and where is he?
Study Bible
Job Acknowledges the Finality of Death
9At the scent of water it will flourish And put forth sprigs like a plant. 10"But man dies and lies prostrate. Man expires, and where is he? 11"As water evaporates from the sea, And a river becomes parched and dried up,…
Cross References
1 Chronicles 29:15
"For we are sojourners before You, and tenants, as all our fathers were; our days on the earth are like a shadow, and there is no hope.

Job 3:13
"For now I would have lain down and been quiet; I would have slept then, I would have been at rest,

Job 13:9
"Will it be well when He examines you? Or will you deceive Him as one deceives a man?

Job 14:9
At the scent of water it will flourish And put forth sprigs like a plant.
Treasury of Scripture

But man dies, and wastes away: yes, man gives up the ghost, and where is he?

wasteth away. Heb. is weakened, or, cut off. man

Job 3:11 Why died I not from the womb? why did I not give up the ghost when …

Job 10:18 Why then have you brought me forth out of the womb? Oh that I had …

Job 11:20 But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, …

Job 17:13-16 If I wait, the grave is my house: I have made my bed in the darkness…

Genesis 49:33 And when Jacob had made an end of commanding his sons, he gathered …

Matthew 27:50 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.

Acts 5:10 Then fell she down straightway at his feet, and yielded up the ghost: …

where is he

Job 14:12 So man lies down, and rises not: till the heavens be no more, they …

Job 7:7-10 O remember that my life is wind: my eye shall no more see good…

Job 19:26 And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh …

Proverbs 14:32 The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: but the righteous has …

Luke 16:22,23 And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the …

Verse 10. - But man dieth. "Man" is here גבר, "the brave, strong man," not אדם or אנושׁ, and the meaning is that man, however brave and' strong, perishes. And wasteth away; i.e. "comes to nought, remains no strength or vitality." Yea, man giveth up the ghost, and where is he? "Where is he?" Job could not answer this question. He might say, "In Sheol." But where was Sheol, and what was Sheol? There was no written revelation on this subject, and no traditional knowledge on which dependence could be placed. The Hebrew notions on the subject were very vague and indeterminate; Job's notions are likely to have been still vaguer. There is no reason to believe that he had any exact acquaintance with the tenets of the Egyptians. He may have known the Chaldean teaching, but it would not have carried him very far(see above, pp. 178, 179). Doubt and perplexity beset him whenever he turned his attention to the problem of man's condition after death, and, excepting when carried away by a burst of enthusiasm, he seems to have regarded it as the highest wisdom, in matters of this kind, "to knew that he knew nothing." The question, "Where is he?" is an acknowledgment of this profound ignorance. But man dieth, and wasteth away,.... All men, every man, "Geber", the mighty man, the strong man; some die in their full strength; the wise man, notwithstanding all his wisdom and knowledge, and even skill in the art of medicine; the rich man, with all his riches, with which he cannot bribe death, nor keep it off; the great and the honourable, emperors, kings, princes, nobles, all die, and their honour is laid in the dust; yea, good men die, though Christ has died for them; even those that are the most useful and beneficial to men, the prophets of the Lord, and the ministers of his word; and it is no wonder that wicked men should die, though they put the evil day far from them, make an agreement with death, or bid it defiance, their wickedness shall not deliver from it; all men have sinned, and death passes on them, it is appointed for them to die; not their souls, which are immortal, but their bodies, which return to dust, and are only the mortal part; death is a disunion or separation of soul and body: and now when this is made, the body "wasteth away" in the grave, and becomes rottenness, dust, and worms, and does not by the strength of nature spring up again, as a tree does; though some understand, by an inversion of the phrases, a wasting before death through diseases, as if the words were to be read, "but man wasteth away and dieth" (z); he is enervated by sickness, his strength is weakened in the way, and when he dies there is none left in him; he is cut off (a), as some choose to render it, or cut down as a tree is; but then there is no force or natural strength in him to rise again, as in a tree:

yea, man giveth up the ghost, and where is he? not in the same place he was; not in his house and habitation where he lived; nor in his family, and among his friends, with whom he conversed, nor in the world, and on the earth where he did business; he is indeed somewhere, but where is he? his body is in the grave; his soul, where is that? if a good man, it is in the presence of God, where is fulness of joy; it is with Christ, which is far better than to be here; it is with the spirits of just men made perfect; it is in Abraham's bosom, feasting with him and other saints; it is in heaven, in paradise, in a state of endless joy and happiness: if a wicked man, his soul is in hell, in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, with the devil and his angels, and other damned spirits; in a prison, from whence there is no release, and in the uttermost misery and distress, banished from the divine Presence, and under a continual sense of the wrath of God.

(z) So the Tigurine version, Vatablus, and some in Drusius; and some Hebrews in Ramban and Bar Tzemach. (a) "exciditur", Beza, Piscator, Mercerus; so Kimchi & Ben Gersom. 10. man … man—Two distinct Hebrew words are here used; Geber, a mighty man: though mighty, he dies. Adam, a man of earth: because earthly, he gives up the ghost.

wasteth—is reduced to nothing: he cannot revive in the present state, as the tree does. The cypress and pine, which when cut down do not revive, were the symbols of death among the Romans.14:7-15 Though a tree is cut down, yet, in a moist situation, shoots come forth, and grow up as a newly planted tree. But when man is cut off by death, he is for ever removed from his place in this world. The life of man may fitly be compared to the waters of a land flood, which spread far, but soon dry up. All Job's expressions here show his belief in the great doctrine of the resurrection. Job's friends proving miserable comforters, he pleases himself with the expectation of a change. If our sins are forgiven, and our hearts renewed to holiness, heaven will be the rest of our souls, while our bodies are hidden in the grave from the malice of our enemies, feeling no more pain from our corruptions, or our corrections.
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