Job 14:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
If someone dies, will they live again? All the days of my hard service I will wait for my renewal to come.

New Living Translation
Can the dead live again? If so, this would give me hope through all my years of struggle, and I would eagerly await the release of death.

English Standard Version
If a man dies, shall he live again? All the days of my service I would wait, till my renewal should come.

New American Standard Bible
"If a man dies, will he live again? All the days of my struggle I will wait Until my change comes.

King James Bible
If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When a man dies, will he come back to life? If so, I would wait all the days of my struggle until my relief comes.

International Standard Version
If a human being dies, will he live again? I will endure the entire time of my assigned service, until I am changed.

NET Bible
If a man dies, will he live again? All the days of my hard service I will wait until my release comes.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"If a person dies, will he go on living? I will wait for my relief to come as long as my hard labor continues.

Jubilee Bible 2000
If a man dies, shall he live again? All the days of my appointed time I will wait until my transformation comes.

King James 2000 Bible
If a man dies, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change comes.

American King James Version
If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come.

American Standard Version
If a man die, shall he live again ? All the days of my warfare would I wait, Till my release should come.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Shall man that is dead, thinkest thou, live again? all the days in which I am now in warfare, I expect until my change come.

Darby Bible Translation
(If a man die, shall he live [again]?) all the days of my time of toil would I wait, till my change should come:

English Revised Version
If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my warfare would I wait, till my release should come.

Webster's Bible Translation
If a man dieth, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change shall come.

World English Bible
If a man dies, shall he live again? All the days of my warfare would I wait, until my release should come.

Young's Literal Translation
If a man dieth -- doth he revive? All days of my warfare I wait, till my change come.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

14:7-15 Though a tree is cut down, yet, in a moist situation, shoots come forth, and grow up as a newly planted tree. But when man is cut off by death, he is for ever removed from his place in this world. The life of man may fitly be compared to the waters of a land flood, which spread far, but soon dry up. All Job's expressions here show his belief in the great doctrine of the resurrection. Job's friends proving miserable comforters, he pleases himself with the expectation of a change. If our sins are forgiven, and our hearts renewed to holiness, heaven will be the rest of our souls, while our bodies are hidden in the grave from the malice of our enemies, feeling no more pain from our corruptions, or our corrections.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 14. - If a man die, shall he live again? The question is clearly intended to be answered in the negative. It is not a dispassionate inquiry, but an expression of hopelessness. Let a man once die, and of course he cannot live again. Were it otherwise, then, Job says, all the days of my appointed time will I wait; or, rather (as in the Revised Version), all the days of my warfare would I wait; i.e. I would patiently endure any sufferings in the larger hope that would then be open to me. I would wait till my change (rather, my renewal) come. The exact nature of the 'renewal" which Job seems here to expect is obscure. Perhaps he is pursuing the idea, broached in ver. 13, of his being conveyed alive to Hades, and looks forward to a furthur renewed life after he is released from that "land of darkness."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

If a man die,.... This is said not as if it was a matter of doubt, he had before asserted it; as sure as men have sinned, so sure shall they die; nothing is more certain than death, it is appointed by God, and is sure; but taking it for granted, the experience of all men, and the instances of persons of every age, rank, and condition, testifying to it; the Targum restrains it to wicked men,

"if a wicked man die:''

shall he live again? no, he shall not live in this earth, and in the place where he was, doing the same business he once did; that is, he shall not live here; ordinarily speaking, the instances are very rare and few; two or three instances there have been under the Old Testament, and a few under the New; but this is far from being a general and usual case, and never through the strength of nature, or of a man's self, but by the mighty power of God: or it may be answered to affirmatively, he shall live again at the general resurrection, at the last day, when all shall come out of their graves, and there will be a general resurrection of the just, and of the unjust; some will live miserably, in inexpressible and eternal torments, and wish to die, but cannot, their life will be a kind of death, even the second death; others will live comfortably and happily an endless life of joy and pleasure with God; Father, Son and Spirit, angels and glorified saints: hence, in the faith of this is the following resolution,

all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come; there is an appointed time for man on earth when he shall be born, how long he shall live, and when he shall die, see Job 7:1; or "of my warfare" (d) for the life of man, especially of a good man, is a state of warfare with many enemies, sin, Satan, and the world; at the end of which there will be a "change"; for not a change of outward circumstances in this life is meant; for though there was such a change befell Job, yet he was, especially at this time, in no expectation of it; and though his friends suggested it to him, upon his repentance and reformation, he had no hope of it, but often expresses the contrary: but either a change at death is meant; the Targum calls it a change of life, a change of this life for another; death makes a great change in the body of a man, in his place here, in his relations and connections with men, in his company, condition, and circumstances: or else the change at the resurrection, when this vile body will be changed, and made like unto Christ's; when it will become an incorruptible, glorious, powerful, and spiritual body, which is now corruptible, dishonourable, weak, and natural; and, till one or other of these should come, Job is determined to wait, to live in the constant expectation of death, and to be in a readiness and preparation for it; in the mean while to bear afflictions patiently, and not show such marks of impatience as he had done, nor desire to die before God's time, but, whenever that should come, quietly and cheerfully resign himself into the hands of God; or this may respect the frame and business of the soul in a separate state after death, and before the resurrection, believing, hoping, and waiting for the resurrection of the body, and its union to it, see Psalm 16:10.

(d) "quibus nunc milito", V. L. "militiae maae", Montanus, Tigurine version, Drusius, Codurcus, Michaelis, Schultens.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

14. shall he live?—The answer implied is, There is a hope that he shall, though not in the present order of life, as is shown by the words following. Job had denied (Job 14:10-12) that man shall live again in this present world. But hoping for a "set time," when God shall remember and raise him out of the hiding-place of the grave (Job 14:13), he declares himself willing to "wait all the days of his appointed time" of continuance in the grave, however long and hard that may be.

appointed time—literally, "warfare, hard service"; imlying the hardship of being shut out from the realms of life, light, and God for the time he shall be in the grave (Job 7:1).

change—my release, as a soldier at his post released from duty by the relieving guard (see on [506]Job 10:17) [Umbreit and Gesenius], but elsewhere Gesenius explains it, "renovation," as of plants in spring (Job 14:7), but this does not accord so well with the metaphor in "appointed time" or "warfare."

Job 14:14 Additional Commentaries
Context
Job Acknowledges the Finality of Death
13"Oh that You would hide me in Sheol, That You would conceal me until Your wrath returns to You, That You would set a limit for me and remember me! 14"If a man dies, will he live again? All the days of my struggle I will wait Until my change comes. 15"You will call, and I will answer You; You will long for the work of Your hands.…
Cross References
Job 7:1
"Do not mortals have hard service on earth? Are not their days like those of hired laborers?

Job 14:13
"If only you would hide me in the grave and conceal me till your anger has passed! If only you would set me a time and then remember me!

Job 14:15
You will call and I will answer you; you will long for the creature your hands have made.
Treasury of Scripture

If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come.

shall he live

Job 19:25,26 For I know that my redeemer lives, and that he shall stand at the …

Ezekiel 37:1-14 The hand of the LORD was on me, and carried me out in the spirit of the LORD…

Matthew 22:29-32 Jesus answered and said to them, You do err, not knowing the scriptures, …

John 5:28,29 Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that …

Acts 26:8 Why should it be thought a thing incredible with you, that God should …

1 Corinthians 15:42-44 So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; …

1 Thessalonians 4:14-16 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also …

Revelation 20:13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell …

all the days

Job 14:5 Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with …

Job 7:1 Is there not an appointed time to man on earth? are not his days …

Job 42:16 After this lived Job an hundred and forty years, and saw his sons, …

Psalm 27:14 Wait on the LORD: be of good courage, and he shall strengthen your …

Psalm 40:1,2 I waited patiently for the LORD; and he inclined to me, and heard my cry…

Lamentations 3:25,26 The LORD is good to them that wait for him, to the soul that seeks him…

James 5:7,8 Be patient therefore, brothers, to the coming of the Lord. Behold, …

will I wait

Job 13:15 Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him: but I will maintain my …

1 Corinthians 15:51,52 Behold, I show you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall …

Philippians 3:21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like to …

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