Job 14:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
A person's days are determined; you have decreed the number of his months and have set limits he cannot exceed.

New Living Translation
You have decided the length of our lives. You know how many months we will live, and we are not given a minute longer.

English Standard Version
Since his days are determined, and the number of his months is with you, and you have appointed his limits that he cannot pass,

New American Standard Bible
"Since his days are determined, The number of his months is with You; And his limits You have set so that he cannot pass.

King James Bible
Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with thee, thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Since man's days are determined and the number of his months depends on You, and since You have set limits he cannot pass,

International Standard Version
Since his days have been determined, the number of his months is known to you. You've set his limit and he cannot exceed it.

NET Bible
Since man's days are determined, the number of his months is under your control; you have set his limit and he cannot pass it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If the number of his days and the number of his months are determined by you, and you set his limit, then he cannot go past it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with thee, thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass.

King James 2000 Bible
Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with you, you have appointed his bounds that he cannot pass;

American King James Version
Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with you, you have appointed his bounds that he cannot pass;

American Standard Version
Seeing his days are determined, The number of his months is with thee, And thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass;

Douay-Rheims Bible
The days of man are short, and the number of his months is with thee: thou hast appointed his bounds which cannot be passed.

Darby Bible Translation
If his days are determined, if the number of his months is with thee, [and] thou hast appointed his bounds which he must not pass,

English Revised Version
Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months is with thee, and thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass;

Webster's Bible Translation
Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months is with thee, thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass;

World English Bible
Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months is with you, and you have appointed his bounds that he can't pass;

Young's Literal Translation
If determined are his days, The number of his months are with Thee, His limit Thou hast made, And he passeth not over;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

14:1-6 Job enlarges upon the condition of man, addressing himself also to God. Every man of Adam's fallen race is short-lived. All his show of beauty, happiness, and splendour falls before the stroke of sickness or death, as the flower before the scythe; or passes away like the shadow. How is it possible for a man's conduct to be sinless, when his heart is by nature unclean? Here is a clear proof that Job understood and believed the doctrine of original sin. He seems to have intended it as a plea, why the Lord should not deal with him according to his own works, but according to His mercy and grace. It is determined, in the counsel and decree of God, how long we shall live. Our times are in his hands, the powers of nature act under him; in him we live and move. And it is very useful to reflect seriously on the shortness and uncertainty of human life, and the fading nature of all earthly enjoyments. But it is still more important to look at the cause, and remedy of these evils. Until we are born of the Spirit, no spiritually good thing dwells in us, or can proceed from us. Even the little good in the regenerate is defiled with sin. We should therefore humble ourselves before God, and cast ourselves wholly on the mercy of God, through our Divine Surety. We should daily seek the renewing of the Holy Ghost, and look to heaven as the only place of perfect holiness and happiness.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. - Seeing his days are determined. Job here returns to the consideration of the shortness of man's life. "His days are determined;" i.e. they are a limited period, known to and fixed beforehand by God. They are not like God's days, which "endure throughout all generations" (Psalm 102:24). The number of his months are with thee. "With thee" means here "known to thee," "laid up in thy counsels." Thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass. "His bounds" are "the limit of his lifetime." The three clauses are pleonastic. One idea pervades them all.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Seeing his days are determined,.... Or "cut out" (i), exactly and precisely, how many he shall live, and what shall befall him every day of his life; whose life, because of the shortness of it, is rather measured by days than vents:

the number of his months are with thee; before him, in his sight, in his account, and fixed and settled by him:

thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass; the boundaries of his life the period of his days, beyond which he cannot go; the term of man's life is so peremptorily fixed by God, that he cannot die sooner, nor live longer, than he has determined he should; as the time of a man's birth, so the time of his death is according to the purpose of God; and all intervening moments and articles of time, and all things that befall a man throughout the whole course of his life, all fall under the appointment of God, and are according to his determinate will; and when God requires of man his soul, no one has power over his spirit to retain it one moment; yet this hinders not the use of means for the preservation and comfort of life, since these are settled as well as the end, and are under the divine direction: the word for bounds signifies sometimes "statutes" (k): though not to be understood of laws appointed by God, either of a moral or ceremonial nature; but here it signifies set, stated, appointed times (l) Seneca (m) says the same thing;

"there is a boundary fixed for every man, which always remains where it is set, nor can any move it forward by any means whatsoever.''

(i) "exacte praefiniti sunt", Tigurine version. (k) "statuta ejus", V. L. Mercerus, Schmidt. (l) "Stata tempora", Beza. (m) Consolat. ad Marciam, c. 20.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

5. determined—(Job 7:1; Isa 10:23; Da 9:27; 11:36).

Job 14:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
Job Acknowledges the Finality of Death
4"Who can make the clean out of the unclean? No one! 5"Since his days are determined, The number of his months is with You; And his limits You have set so that he cannot pass. 6"Turn Your gaze from him that he may rest, Until he fulfills his day like a hired man.…
Cross References
Job 21:21
For what do they care about the families they leave behind when their allotted months come to an end?

Psalm 31:15
My times are in your hands; deliver me from the hands of my enemies, from those who pursue me.

Psalm 139:16
Your eyes saw my unformed body; all the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be.

Ecclesiastes 3:2
a time to be born and a time to die, a time to plant and a time to uproot,
Treasury of Scripture

Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with you, you have appointed his bounds that he cannot pass;

his days

Job 14:14 If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time …

Job 7:1 Is there not an appointed time to man on earth? are not his days …

Job 12:10 In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.

Psalm 39:4 LORD, make me to know my end, and the measure of my days, what it …

Daniel 5:26,30 This is the interpretation of the thing: MENE; God has numbered your …

Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined on your people and on your holy city, …

Daniel 11:36 And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, …

Luke 12:20 But God said to him, You fool, this night your soul shall be required …

Acts 17:26 And has made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all …

Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed to men once to die, but after this the judgment:

the number

Job 21:21 For what pleasure has he in his house after him, when the number …

thou hast

Job 23:13,14 But he is in one mind, and who can turn him? and what his soul desires, …

Psalm 104:9,29 You have set a bound that they may not pass over; that they turn …

Daniel 4:35 And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and …

Revelation 1:18 I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for ever …

Revelation 3:7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things …

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