An old lion is perishing without prey, And the whelps of the lioness do separate.
Job 4:11 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
The old lion perisheth - In this and the preceding verse the word lion occurs five times; and in the original the words are all different: -
1. אריה aryeh, from ארה arah, to tear off.
2. שחל shachal, which as it appears to signify black or dark, may mean the black lion, which is said to be found in Ethiopia and India.
3. כפיר kephir, a young lion, from כפר caphar, to cover, because he is said to hide himself in order to surprise his prey, which the old one does not.
4. ליש lavish, from לש lash, to knead, trample upon; because of his method of seizing his prey.
5. לביא labi, from לבא laba, to suckle with the first milk; a lioness giving suck; at which time they are peculiarly fierce.
All these words may point out some quality of the lion; and this was probably the cause why they were originally given: but it is likely that, in process of time, they served only to designate the beast, without any particular reference to any of his properties. We have one and the same idea when we say the lion, the king of beasts, the monarch of the forest, the most noble of quadrupeds, etc.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Job 38:39 Will you hunt the prey for the lion? or fill the appetite of the young lions,
Genesis 49:9 Judah is a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, you are gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion...
Numbers 23:24 Behold, the people shall rise up as a great lion, and lift up himself as a young lion: he shall not lie down until he eat of the prey...
Numbers 24:9 He couched, he lay down as a lion, and as a great lion: who shall stir him up? Blessed is he that blesses you...
Psalm 7:2 Lest he tear my soul like a lion, rending it in pieces, while there is none to deliver.
Jeremiah 4:7 The lion is come up from his thicket, and the destroyer of the Gentiles is on his way...
Hosea 11:10 They shall walk after the LORD: he shall roar like a lion: when he shall roar, then the children shall tremble from the west.
2 Timothy 4:17 Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known...
Psalm 34:10 The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger: but they that seek the LORD shall not want any good thing.
Job 1:19 And, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote the four corners of the house, and it fell on the young men...
Job 8:3,4 Does God pervert judgment? or does the Almighty pervert justice...
Job 27:14,15 If his children be multiplied, it is for the sword: and his offspring shall not be satisfied with bread...
Job 4:11 Parallel CommentariesAbroad Cubs Directions End Food Lion Lion's Need Perishes Perisheth Perishing Prey Scattered Separate She-Lion Stout Strong Wandering Whelps YoungAbroad Cubs Directions End Food Lion Lion's Need Perishes Perisheth Perishing Prey Scattered Separate She-Lion Stout Strong Wandering Whelps YoungTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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