Daniel 2:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He reveals deep and hidden things; he knows what lies in darkness, and light dwells with him.

New Living Translation
He reveals deep and mysterious things and knows what lies hidden in darkness, though he is surrounded by light.

English Standard Version
he reveals deep and hidden things; he knows what is in the darkness, and the light dwells with him.

New American Standard Bible
"It is He who reveals the profound and hidden things; He knows what is in the darkness, And the light dwells with Him.

King James Bible
He revealeth the deep and secret things: he knoweth what is in the darkness, and the light dwelleth with him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He reveals the deep and hidden things; He knows what is in the darkness, and light dwells with Him.

International Standard Version
He reveals what is profoundly mysterious and knows what is in the darkness; with him dwells light.

NET Bible
he reveals deep and hidden things. He knows what is in the darkness, and light resides with him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He reveals deeply hidden things. He knows what is in the dark, and light lives with him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He reveals that which is deep and hidden; he knows what is in darkness, and the light dwells with him.

King James 2000 Bible
He reveals the deep and secret things: he knows what is in the darkness, and the light dwells with him.

American King James Version
He reveals the deep and secret things: he knows what is in the darkness, and the light dwells with him.

American Standard Version
he revealeth the deep and secret things; he knoweth what is in the darkness, and the light dwelleth with him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He revealeth deep and hidden things, and knoweth what is in darkness: and light is with him.

Darby Bible Translation
It is he that revealeth the deep and secret things; He knoweth what is in the darkness, and the light dwelleth with him.

English Revised Version
he revealeth the deep and secret things: he knoweth what is in the darkness, and the light dwelleth with him.

Webster's Bible Translation
He revealeth the deep and secret things: he knoweth what is in the darkness, and the light dwelleth with him.

World English Bible
he reveals the deep and secret things; he knows what is in the darkness, and the light dwells with him.

Young's Literal Translation
He is revealing deep and hidden things; He hath known what is in darkness, and light with Him hath dwelt.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:14-23 Daniel humbly prayed that God would discover to him the king's dream, and the meaning of it. Praying friends are valuable friends; and it well becomes the greatest and best men to desire the prayers of others. Let us show that we value our friends, and their prayers. They were particular in prayer. And whatever we pray for, we can expect nothing but as the gift of God's mercies. God gives us leave in prayer to tell our wants and burdens. Their plea with God was, the peril they were in. The mercy Daniel and his fellows prayed for, was bestowed. The fervent prayers of righteous men avail much. Daniel was thankful to God for making known that to him, which saved the lives of himself and his fellows. How much more should we be thankful to God, for making known the great salvation of the soul to those who are not among the worldly wise and prudent!

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 22. - He revealeth the deep and secret things; he knoweth what is in the darkness, and the light dwelleth with him. The rendering of the Septuagint as it stands differs somewhat from the Massoretic text, "Revealing deep things and dark, and knowing the things which are in the darkness and the things which are in the light, and with him is a dwelling-place (κατάλυσις)." There is doubt as to the exact force of this last word; the last element in it suggests "solution." This meaning seems to have been given to it generally; for Paulus Tellensis renders it shari, which means a "solution," but as it is derived from shera, which means "to dwell," he retains the double meaning The reading of Kreysig is decidedly to be preferred, omitting τὰ ("the things which") before "in the light," and καὶ, "and," after. The rendering then would be, "in light is with him the dwelling-place." This rendering harmonizes the LXX. completely with the Massoretic. The other versions call for no remark. There is difference here between the Q'rl and K'thib. The Q'ri reads nehora, "light," a Chaldee or Western Aramaic form; the K'thib again is, neheera, the Eastern Aramaic form. God is not only the God of nature, of providence, and of man, but also of revelation. He can make known to man what otherwise man could never know. He is the very Source of all light and enlightenment. We may compare this statement with that of Paul in 1 Timothy 6:16; he speaks of God as "dwelling in light which no man can approach unto." It seems to us the words of the Old Testament song convey a loftier idea of God than does the Pauline statement - perhaps it is even loftier than the cognate phrase of the Apostle John (1 John 1:5), "God is light, and in him is no darkness at all." We may compare, in regard to this whole verse, Psalm 139:12, "The darkness hideth not from thee; but the night shineth as the day: the darkness and the tight are both alike to thee," where neheera is used as in the passage before us. Daniel ascribes to Jehovah all the powers of all the gods of Babylon.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

He revealeth the deep and secret things,.... The purposes of his own heart, which are the deep things of God, and the secrets that belong to him, and which are opened in providence by the execution of them; the "arcana imperii", or secrets of state, committed to men designed for government; the secrets or mysteries of grace, the deep things of the Gospel, made known to Gospel ministers; and particularly the deep and impenetrable secret of the king's dream, and the interpretation of it, revealed to Daniel:

he knoweth what is in the darkness; the actions of men committed in darkness; the schemes that are drawn in the privy councils and cabinets of princes; yea, the thoughts of men's hearts, which he in the utmost recesses of them, as well as their dreams in the night season; and particularly this of the king's, and which must have been buried in darkness, had he not revealed it:

and the light dwelleth with him; he is light itself, and the Father of lights; the light of nature, grace, and glory, is with him, and from him; the light of the word, the light of prophecy, and the light of the glorious Gospel; and also the Light of the world, the sun of righteousness, the Messiah; and of him some of the ancient Jews interpret this passage. R. Aba Serungia (p), mentioning this passage, "and the light dwelleth with him", adds, this is the King Messiah, as it is said, "arise, shine", &c.; and his commentator (q) observes, that the sense of it is, he (God) retains the Messiah with himself, and does not send him forth unto us; see Psalm 43:3, and elsewhere (r), in answer to the question, what is the name of the Messiah? among others, this is said, his name is Light, as it is said, "and the light dwelleth with him": and this is a name that is often given to Christ, and he takes to himself in the New Testament; see John 1:7 where he is called the "Light", that Light, the true Light, and the Light of the world; as he is both of Jews and Gentiles, even of all his people throughout the world: indeed, the light of nature, which every man has, is from him, as the Creator of all; and the light of grace, and the increase of it, which any are favoured with, is given by him; and all the light of knowledge in divine things, and of spiritual joy and comfort, beams from him the sun of righteousness: the light of the latter day, which will be so very great, as to be as the light of seven days, and to make the sun and moon unnecessary in a figurative sense, will be owing to him; as well as all that light of life and glory, the saints shall possess to all eternity, will be communicated through him: and Christ, who is this light, "dwells" with God; he who is the same with the divine Word, was with God, and dwells with him to all eternity; in the fulness of time this Word or Light was made flesh, or was clothed with it, and dwelt with men; when it was, that be came a light into the world, of which he often speaks; and having done his work, ascended to heaven, and now dwells with God in human nature; and will come again, and dwell with men on earth a thousand years, when he will be the light of the New Jerusalem state; and, after that, will take his people with him to heavens, and dwell with God, and they with him, for evermore. This shows that this Light, or the divine "Logos", is a person distinct from God the Father, with whom he dwells; that he is an eternal one, God never being without this Light and Word; and that he is all abiding light to his saints, and will be for evermore.

(p) In Bereshit Rabba, sect. 1. fol. 1, 3.((q) Auctor. Yade Moseh in ib. (r) Echa Rabbati, fol. 50. 2.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

22. revealeth—(Job 12:22). So spiritually (Eph 1:17, 18).

knoweth what is in … darkness—(Ps 139:11, 12; Heb 4:13).

light … him—(Jas 1:17; 1Jo 1:4). Apocalypse (or "revelation") signifies a divine, prophecy a human, activity. Compare 1Co 14:6, where the two are distinguished. The prophet is connected with the outer world, addressing to the congregation the words with which the Spirit of God supplies him; he speaks in the Spirit, but the apocalyptic seer is in the Spirit in his whole person (Re 1:10; 4:2). The form of the apocalyptic revelation (the very term meaning that the veil that hides the invisible world is taken off) is subjectively either the dream, or, higher, the vision. The interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar's dream was a preparatory education to Daniel himself. By gradual steps, each revelation preparing him for the succeeding one, God fitted him for disclosures becoming more and more special. In the second and fourth chapters he is but an interpreter of Nebuchadnezzar's dreams; then he has a dream himself, but it is only a vision in a dream of the night (Da 7:1, 2); then follows a vision in a waking state (Da 8:1-3); lastly, in the two final revelations (Da 9:20; 10:4, 5) the ecstatic state is no longer needed. The progression in the form answers to the progression in the contents of his prophecy; at first general outlines, and these afterwards filled up with minute chronological and historical details, such as are not found in the Revelation of John, though, as became the New Testament, the form of revelation is the highest, namely, clear waking visions [Auberlen].

Daniel 2:22 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Dream Revealed to Daniel
21"It is He who changes the times and the epochs; He removes kings and establishes kings; He gives wisdom to wise men And knowledge to men of understanding. 22"It is He who reveals the profound and hidden things; He knows what is in the darkness, And the light dwells with Him. 23"To You, O God of my fathers, I give thanks and praise, For You have given me wisdom and power; Even now You have made known to me what we requested of You, For You have made known to us the king's matter."
Cross References
Hebrews 4:13
Nothing in all creation is hidden from God's sight. Everything is uncovered and laid bare before the eyes of him to whom we must give account.

James 1:17
Every good and perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of the heavenly lights, who does not change like shifting shadows.

1 John 1:5
This is the message we have heard from him and declare to you: God is light; in him there is no darkness at all.

Genesis 41:16
"I cannot do it," Joseph replied to Pharaoh, "but God will give Pharaoh the answer he desires."

Job 12:22
He reveals the deep things of darkness and brings utter darkness into the light.

Job 26:6
The realm of the dead is naked before God; Destruction lies uncovered.

Psalm 25:14
The LORD confides in those who fear him; he makes his covenant known to them.

Psalm 36:9
For with you is the fountain of life; in your light we see light.

Psalm 139:12
even the darkness will not be dark to you; the night will shine like the day, for darkness is as light to you.

Isaiah 45:7
I form the light and create darkness, I bring prosperity and create disaster; I, the LORD, do all these things.

Jeremiah 23:24
Who can hide in secret places so that I cannot see them?" declares the LORD. "Do not I fill heaven and earth?" declares the LORD.

Daniel 2:19
During the night the mystery was revealed to Daniel in a vision. Then Daniel praised the God of heaven

Daniel 2:28
but there is a God in heaven who reveals mysteries. He has shown King Nebuchadnezzar what will happen in days to come. Your dream and the visions that passed through your mind as you were lying in bed are these:

Daniel 2:47
The king said to Daniel, "Surely your God is the God of gods and the Lord of kings and a revealer of mysteries, for you were able to reveal this mystery."

Daniel 5:11
There is a man in your kingdom who has the spirit of the holy gods in him. In the time of your father he was found to have insight and intelligence and wisdom like that of the gods. Your father, King Nebuchadnezzar, appointed him chief of the magicians, enchanters, astrologers and diviners.

Daniel 5:14
I have heard that the spirit of the gods is in you and that you have insight, intelligence and outstanding wisdom.
Treasury of Scripture

He reveals the deep and secret things: he knows what is in the darkness, and the light dwells with him.

revealeth.

Daniel 2:11,28,29 And it is a rare thing that the king requires, and there is none …

Genesis 37:5-9 And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it his brothers: and they …

Genesis 41:16,25-28 And Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, It is not in me: God shall give …

Job 12:22 He discovers deep things out of darkness, and brings out to light …

Psalm 25:14 The secret of the LORD is with them that fear him; and he will show …

Isaiah 41:22,26 Let them bring them forth, and show us what shall happen: let them …

Isaiah 42:9 Behold, the former things are come to pass, and new things do I declare: …

Matthew 13:13 Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; …

Romans 16:25,26 Now to him that is of power to establish you according to my gospel, …

1 Corinthians 2:9-11 But as it is written, Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, neither have …

Ephesians 3:5 Which in other ages was not made known to the sons of men, as it …

he knoweth.

Job 26:6 Hell is naked before him, and destruction has no covering.

Psalm 139:11,12 If I say, Surely the darkness shall cover me; even the night shall …

Jeremiah 23:24 Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? said …

Luke 12:2,3 For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither …

John 21:17 He said to him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, love you me? …

1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who …

Hebrews 4:13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight…

and the.

Daniel 5:11,14 There is a man in your kingdom, in whom is the spirit of the holy …

Psalm 36:9 For with you is the fountain of life: in your light shall we see light.

Psalm 104:2 Who cover yourself with light as with a garment: who stretch out …

John 1:9 That was the true Light, which lights every man that comes into the world.

John 8:12 Then spoke Jesus again to them, saying, I am the light of the world: …

John 12:45,46 And he that sees me sees him that sent me…

1 Timothy 6:16 Who only has immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can …

James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down …

1 John 1:5 This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare …

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