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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

red; earthy; bloody

Smith's Bible Dictionary


ATS Bible Dictionary

The name given by the Greeks to the land of Edom, or mount Seir, which extended originally from the Dead sea to the Elanitic gulf of the Red sea, including a territory about on hundred miles long, and fifteen or twenty wide. Afterwards is extended more into the south of Judah, towards Hebron. A large part of it was occupied by the long chain of mountains lying between the great sandy valley El-Ghor and El-Arabah on the west, (see JORDAN,) and the Arabian Desert on the east. The northern part of this chain is now called Djebal, the ancient Gebal, which see; the remainder of the chain takes the name Jebel Shera. The whole chain is intersected with valleys and ravines, running down from the elevated desert on the east to the Arabah on the west. It contains traces of many towns and villages, long since destroyed, and many springs, and fertile valleys with tokens of its former productiveness, Genesis 27:39. But at this day, desolation reigns. The capital of East Idumaea was Bozra; but the chief capital of Edom was Petra, or Sela, that is, the rock, because it was excavated in part from a mountain. It is now called Wady Mousa, the valley of Moses. See SELA.

The original inhabitants of this country were called Horites, and were dispossessed by the Idumaeans of history, Genesis 14:6 36:21 De 12:2. The true Idumaeans, or Edomites, were, as their name implies, descendants of Edom, or Esau, elder brother of Jacob, Genesis 36:6-9. They were governed by dukes or princes, Genesis 36:15, and afterwards by their own kings, Genesis 36:31. Compare Exodus 15:15 Numbers 20:14. On the approach of the Israelites from Egypt to the western border of Edom, they were refused a peaceful passage through that country to Moab. See EXODUS. They were divinely charged, however, to preserve friendly relations with their "brother" Esau, Numbers 20:14-21 De 2:4-7 23:7. Yet, hostilities seemed inevitable. Saul was involved in war with them, 1 Samuel 14:47; but they continued independent till the time of David, who subdued them, in completion of Isaac's prophecy, that Jacob should rule Esau, Genesis 27:29 2 Samuel 8:14 1 Kings 11:15 1 Chronicles 18:11-13. The Idumaeans bore their subjection with great impatience, and at the end of Solomon's reign, Hadad, an Edomite prince who had been carried into Egypt during his childhood, returned into his own country, where he pronounced himself to be acknowledged king, 1 Kings 11:14-22. It is probable, however, that he reigned only in East Edom, 1 Kings 22:47 2 Chronicles 20:36; for Edom south of Judea continued subject to the kings of Judah till the reign of Jehoram, against who it rebelled, 2 Chronicles 21:8, in fulfillment of the second part of Isaac's prophecy, Genesis 27:40. Amaziah king of Judah also discomfited the Edomites, killed 1,000 men, and cast 10,000 more from a precipice, 2 Kings 14:7 2 Chronicles 25:11,12. But these conquests were not permanent. When Nebuchadnezzar besieged Jerusalem, the Idumaeans joined him, and encouraged him to raze the very foundation of the city; but their cruelty did not long continue unpunished. Many predictions of the prophets foreshadowed Edom's real doom, Obadiah 1:1-21 Jeremiah 49:7 Ezekiel 25:17 Malachi 1:3,4. Five years after the taking of Jerusalem, Nebuchadnezzar humbled all the states around Judea, particularly Idumaea, though he did not carry them captive; and subsequently John Hyrcanus drove them from Southern Judea, into which they had penetrated, entirely conquered them, and obliged them to receive circumcision and law. They continued subject to the later kings of Judea till the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans. Josephus informs us that 20,000 of them were summoned to aid in the defense of that city, but gave themselves up to rapine and murder. Ultimately, the Idumaeans were supplanted and absorbed by the Nabathean, descendants of Nabaioth, a son of Ishmael. In the time of their prosperity, the Edomites were numerous and powerful, devoted to commerce by land and by sea, and also to agriculture and the raising of cattle, Numbers 20:17. But neither their strong rock-fortresses, Jeremiah 49:16, nor their gods, 2 Chronicles 25:20 could save that rich and salubrious country from becoming a desert, and a striking monument to the truth of prophecy.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

id-u-me'-a, id-u-me'-anz.


2401. Idoumaia -- Idumea, a region South of Judea
... Idumea, a region South of Judea. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration:
Idoumaia Phonetic Spelling: (id-oo-mah'-yah) Short Definition: Idumea, Edom ...
// - 6k

745. Archelaos -- "people-ruling," Archelaus, a son of Herod the ...
... 744, 745. Archelaos. 746 . "people-ruling," Archelaus, a son of Herod
the Great and king of Judea, Samaria and Idumea. Part of ...
// - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
123. edom -- the name of a condiment
... Edom, Edomites, Idumea. ... 25:25); Edom, the elder twin-brother of Jacob; hence the
region (Idumaea) occupied by him -- Edom, Edomites, Idumea. see HEBREW 'adom. ...
/hebrew/123.htm - 6k

A Great Part of South Judea Cut Off under the Second Temple. ...
... This excluded portion is passed into the name of Idumea. Hence Pliny: "Presently
from the rising up of the lake Sirbon, begins Idumea ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 3 a great part.htm

How Esau and Jacob, Isaac's Sons Divided their Habitation;
... CHAPTER 1. How Esau And Jacob, Isaac's Sons Divided Their Habitation; And
Esau Possessed Idumea And Jacob Canaan. 1. After the death ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 1 how esau and.htm

... Josephus mentions "Betaris, and Cephartobas, two midland towns of Idumea":"where
by Idumea he means the southern part of Judea, especially that that was ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 52 betar.htm

Of the Predictions Concerning the Salvation of the World in Christ ...
... Obadiah, so far as his writings are concerned, the briefest of all the prophets,
speaks against Idumea, that is, the nation of Esau, that reprobate elder of ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 31 of the predictions concerning.htm

That Vespasian, after He had Taken Gadara Made Preparation for the ...
... He then overran the Acrabattene toparchy, and the places that reached as far as
the Great Idumea; for he built a wall at a certain village called Nain, and ...
/.../chapter 9 that vespasian after.htm

The Parthians Bring Antigonus Back into Judea, and Cast Hyrcanus ...
... Now as they were in their flight, many joined themselves to him every day; and at
a place called Thressa of Idumea his brother Joseph met him, and advised him ...
/.../chapter 13 the parthians bring.htm

The Choice of the Twelve
... "And Jesus with His disciples withdrew to the sea: and a great multitude from Galilee
followed: and from Judea, and from Jerusalem, and from Idumea, and beyond ...
/.../chadwick/the gospel of st mark/chapter 3 7-19 the choice of.htm

Cestius Sends Ambassadors to Nero. The People of Damascus Slay ...
... 4. They also chose other generals for Idumea; Jesus, the son of Sapphias, one of
the high priests; and Eleazar, the son of Ananias, the high priest; they also ...
/.../chapter 9 cestius sends ambassadors.htm

How Vespasian Upon Hearing of Some Commotions in Gall, Made Haste ...
... He then destroyed that place, and the neighboring places, by fire, and fortified,
at proper places, the strong holds all about Idumea; and when he had seized ...
/.../chapter 8 how vespasian upon.htm

How Antony Made Herod and Phasaelus Tetrarchs, after they had Been ...
... and his youngest brother, and all their servants, and the rest of the multitude
that was with him, and without the enemy's privity pursued his way to Idumea. ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 13 how antony made.htm

Idumea (5 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia IDUMAEA; IDUMAEANS. id-u-me'-a, id-u-me'-anz.
See EDOM. Multi-Version Concordance Idumea (5 Occurrences). ...
/i/idumea.htm - 8k

Idume'a (1 Occurrence)
Idume'a. Idumea, Idume'a. Ieddias . Multi-Version Concordance Idume'a (1
Occurrence). ... (See RSV). Idumea, Idume'a. Ieddias . Reference Bible.
/i/idume'a.htm - 6k

Judaea (45 Occurrences)
... After the death of Herod the Great, Archelaus received Judea, Samaria and Idumea
as his ethnarchy, but on his deposition Judea was absorbed into the Roman ...
/j/judaea.htm - 24k


/i/idumaeans.htm - 6k

Teman (12 Occurrences)
... 15, 42). (2.) A place in Southern Idumea, the land of "the sons of the
east," frequently mentioned in the Old Testament. It was ...
/t/teman.htm - 12k

Eliphaz (14 Occurrences)
... God his strength. (1.) One of Job's "three friends" who visited him in his affliction
(4:1). He was a "Temanite", ie, a native of Teman, in Idumea. ...
/e/eliphaz.htm - 15k

Elath (6 Occurrences)
... Grove; trees, (Deuteronomy 2:8), also in plural form Eloth (1 Kings 9:26, etc.);
called by the Greeks and Romans Elana; a city of Idumea, on the east, ie, the ...
/e/elath.htm - 10k

Edom (108 Occurrences)
... (2.) Idumea (Isaiah 34:5, 6; Ezek. 35:15). "The field of Edom" (Genesis 32:3),
"the land of Edom" (Genesis 36:16), was mountainous (Obadiah 1:8, 9, 19, 21). ...
/e/edom.htm - 53k

Eder (6 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Flock. (1.) A city in the south of Judah, on the
border of Idumea (Joshua 15:21). (2.) The second of the ...
/e/eder.htm - 10k

Who were the Hasmoneans? |

Who/what is Edom (Obadiah 1:1, 8)? |

Who was Herod the Great? |

Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus
Idumea (5 Occurrences)

Mark 3:8
And from Jerusalem, and from Idumea, and from beyond Jordan; and they about Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude, when they had heard what great things he did, came to him.

Isaiah 34:5
For my sword shall be bathed in heaven: behold, it shall come down upon Idumea, and upon the people of my curse, to judgment.

Isaiah 34:6
The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, and with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for the LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Idumea.

Ezekiel 35:15
As thou didst rejoice at the inheritance of the house of Israel, because it was desolate, so will I do unto thee: thou shalt be desolate, O mount Seir, and all Idumea, even all of it: and they shall know that I am the LORD.

Ezekiel 36:5
Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Surely in the fire of my jealousy have I spoken against the residue of the heathen, and against all Idumea, which have appointed my land into their possession with the joy of all their heart, with despiteful minds, to cast it out for a prey.



Related Terms

Idume'a (1 Occurrence)

Judaea (45 Occurrences)


Teman (12 Occurrences)

Eliphaz (14 Occurrences)

Elath (6 Occurrences)

Edom (108 Occurrences)

Eder (6 Occurrences)

Despiteful (3 Occurrences)

Dumah (4 Occurrences)

Moladah (4 Occurrences)

Masrekah (2 Occurrences)

Bittern (4 Occurrences)

Cave (40 Occurrences)

Archelaus (1 Occurrence)

Arabia (9 Occurrences)

Assyria (124 Occurrences)

Fatness (17 Occurrences)

Job (60 Occurrences)

Hor (14 Occurrences)

Palestine (1 Occurrence)

Bathed (45 Occurrences)

Heat (104 Occurrences)

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