Eder
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Eder

a flock

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Eder

(a flock).

  1. One of the towns of Judah, in the extreme south, and on the borders of Edom. (Joshua 15:21) No trace of it has been discovered in modern times.
  2. A Levite of the family of Merari, in the time of David. (1 Chronicles 23:23; 24:30)
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Flock.

(1.) A city in the south of Judah, on the border of Idumea (Joshua 15:21).

(2.) The second of the three sons of Mushi, of the family of Merari, appointed to the Levitical office (1 Chronicles 23:23; 24:30).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
EDER (1)

e'-der ('edher, "flock"):

(1) One of the "uttermost cities" of Judah in the Negeb ("South") near the border of Edom (Joshua 15:21), possibly Kh. el `Adar, 5 miles South of Gaza, but probably this is too far west.

(2) Eder (the King James Version Edar) or better Migdal Eder, mighdal `edher, "the tower of the flock"; Gader. After Rachel died and was buried "in the way to Ephrath (the same is Bethlehem). Israel journeyed, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Eder" (Genesis 35:19, 21). In Genesis 35:27 he is described as proceeding to Hebron. This "tower of the flock," which may have been only a tower and no town, must therefore be looked for between Bethlehem and Hebron. Jerome says that it was one Roman mile from Bethlehem. In the Septuagint, however, 35:16 and 21 are transposed, which suggests that there may have been a tradition that Migdal Eder was between Bethel and Bethlehem. There must have been many such towers for guarding flocks against robbers. Compare "tower of the watchman" (2 Kings 18:8, etc.). The phrase "Migdal Eder" occurs in Micah 4:8 where Jerusalem is compared to such a tower.

E. W. G. Masterman

EDER (2)

e'-der (`edher, "flock").

(1) A Merarite Levite in the days of David (1 Chronicles 23:23; 1 Chronicles 24:30); son of Mushi.

(2) A Benjamite (1 Chronicles 8:15, the King James Version "Ader").

Strong's Hebrew
4029. Migdal-eder -- "flock tower," a tower near Bethlehem
Migdal-eder. 4028, 4029. Migdal-eder. 4030 . "flock tower," a tower near
Bethlehem. Transliteration: Migdal-eder Phonetic Spelling ...
/hebrew/4029.htm - 6k

5740. Eder -- a Levite
... 5739, 5740. Eder. 5740a . a Levite. Transliteration: Eder Phonetic Spelling:
(ay'-der) Short Definition: Edar. Edar, Eder The same ...
/hebrew/5740.htm - 5k

5738. Eder -- a Benjamite
... 5737c, 5738. Eder. 5739 . a Benjamite. Transliteration: Eder Phonetic
Spelling: (eh'-der) Short Definition: Eder. Word Origin from ...
/hebrew/5738.htm - 6k

5740b. Eder -- a place in S. Judah
... Eder. 5741 . a place in S. Judah. Transliteration: Eder Short Definition: Eder.
Word Origin from adar Definition a place in S. Judah NASB Word Usage Eder (1). ...
/hebrew/5740b.htm - 5k

5740a. Eder -- a Levite
... 5740, 5740a. Eder. 5740b . a Levite. Transliteration: Eder Short Definition:
Eder. Word Origin from adar Definition a Levite NASB Word Usage Eder (2). ...
/hebrew/5740a.htm - 5k

5739. eder -- a flock, herd
... 5738, 5739. eder. 5740 . a flock, herd. Transliteration: eder Phonetic Spelling:
(ay'-der) Short Definition: flock. ... 5738, 5739. eder. 5740 . Strong's Numbers
/hebrew/5739.htm - 6k

145. eder -- glory, magnificence, a mantle, cloak
... 144, 145. eder. 146 . glory, magnificence, a mantle, cloak. Transliteration:
eder Phonetic Spelling: (eh'-der) Short Definition: magnificent. ... eder. 146 . ...
/hebrew/145.htm - 6k

5741. Adriel -- "my help is God," son-in-law of Saul
... Adriel. From eder and 'el; flock of God; Adriel, an Israelite -- Adriel. see HEBREW
eder. see HEBREW 'el. 5740b, 5741. Adriel. 5742 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/5741.htm - 6k

155. addereth -- glory, a cloak
... Feminine of 'addiyr; something ample (as a large vine, a wide dress); also the same
as 'eder -- garment, glory, goodly, mantle, robe. ... see HEBREW 'eder. ...
/hebrew/155.htm - 6k

Library

Books of the Hebrew Canon.
... xxxv.16 ff. The transposition in appears to be due to a desire to locate Eder (Gader;)
between Bethel and Bethlehem: see art. EDER in Hastings' DB (ip644). ...
/.../chapter ii books of the.htm

The Nativity of Jesus the Messiah.
... Equally so was the belief, that He was to be revealed from Migdal Eder, the tower
of the flock.' [950] This Migdal Eder was not the watchtower for the ordinary ...
/.../the life and times of jesus the messiah/chapter vi the nativity of.htm

Israel, Therefore, Avoiding the House of his Brother, Sent Forward ...
... rendering of the Hebrew. The LXX has "beyond the tower Gader"; while the
Revised English Version has "beyond the tower of Eder.". ...
/.../life and writings of sulpitius severus /chapter x israel therefore avoiding.htm

Appendix ix. List of Old Testament Passages Messianically Applied ...
... In Genesis 35:21 the Targum Pseudo-Jon. paraphrases the tower of Eder' (at
Bethlehem) as the place whence the Messiah would be revealed. ...
/.../edersheim/the life and times of jesus the messiah/appendix ix list of old.htm

In Judaea
... alone of all in or near Bethlehem were "keeping watch." For, close by Bethlehem,
on the road to Jerusalem, was a tower, known as Migdal Eder, the "watch-tower ...
/.../edersheim/sketches of jewish social life/chapter 5 in judaea.htm

Index i. Of Subjects
... Midrash, the, origin of, i.11, 21; subject of, 94, 102. Migdal Eder, prophecy
concerning, i.186, 187. Minim, Siphrey, i.23, 33. Miracles ...
/.../edersheim/the life and times of jesus the messiah/index i of subjects.htm

And ii.
... is not a tower which stands near the Sheep-gate, but a tower which is erected for
the protection of the flock, as is clearly seen from Migdal Eder in Genesis. ...
/.../hengstenberg/christology of the old testament/chap i and ii.htm

Thesaurus
Eder (6 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. EDER (1). ... (2) Eder (the King James Version Edar)
or better Migdal Eder, mighdal `edher, "the tower of the flock"; Gader. ...
/e/eder.htm - 10k

Migdal-eder (2 Occurrences)
Migdal-eder. Migdaleder, Migdal-eder. Migdalel . Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
MIGDAL-EDER. mig-dal-e-der. See EDER. Multi-Version Concordance ...
/m/migdal-eder.htm - 7k

Jerimoth (10 Occurrences)
... 1 Chronicles 23:23 Sons of Mushi: Mahli, and Eder, and Jerimoth, three. (YLT NIV).
1 Chronicles 24:30 The sons of Mushi: Mahli, and Eder, and Jerimoth. ...
/j/jerimoth.htm - 11k

Mahli (11 Occurrences)
... 1 Chronicles 23:23 The sons of Mushi: Mahli, and Eder, and Jeremoth, three. ... 1
Chronicles 24:30 The sons of Mushi: Mahli, and Eder, and Jerimoth. ...
/m/mahli.htm - 10k

Mushi (8 Occurrences)
... 1 Chronicles 23:23 The sons of Mushi: Mahli, and Eder, and Jeremoth, three. ... 1
Chronicles 24:30 The sons of Mushi: Mahli, and Eder, and Jerimoth. ...
/m/mushi.htm - 9k

Migdaleder
Migdaleder. Migdal-Edar, Migdaleder. Migdal-eder . Int. Standard
Bible Encyclopedia MIGDAL-EDER. mig-dal-e-der. See EDER. ...
/m/migdaleder.htm - 6k

Zebadi'ah (9 Occurrences)
Zebadi'ah. Zebadiah, Zebadi'ah. Zebah . Multi-Version Concordance Zebadi'ah
(9 Occurrences). 1 Chronicles 8:15 and Zebadiah, and Arad, and Eder; (See RSV). ...
/z/zebadi'ah.htm - 8k

Zebadiah (9 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Zebadiah (9 Occurrences). 1 Chronicles 8:15 and Zebadiah,
and Arad, and Eder, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV). ...
/z/zebadiah.htm - 11k

Kingship (17 Occurrences)
... Micah 4:8 And thou, O tower of Eder, Fort of the daughter of Zion, unto thee it
cometh, Yea, come in hath the former rule, The kingdom to the daughter of ...
/k/kingship.htm - 11k

Kabzeel (3 Occurrences)
... Joshua 15:21 The farthest cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the
border of Edom in the South were Kabzeel, Eder, Jagur, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE ...
/k/kabzeel.htm - 8k

Concordance
Eder (6 Occurrences)

Genesis 35:21
Israel traveled, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Eder.
(WEB JPS ASV DBY NAS RSV NIV)

Joshua 15:21
The farthest cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the border of Edom in the South were Kabzeel, Eder, Jagur,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 8:15
and Zebadiah, and Arad, and Eder,
(WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 23:23
The sons of Mushi: Mahli, and Eder, and Jeremoth, three.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 24:30
The sons of Mushi: Mahli, and Eder, and Jerimoth. These were the sons of the Levites after their fathers' houses.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Micah 4:8
And thou, O tower of the flock, the hill of the daughter of Zion, unto thee shall it come, yea, the former dominion shall come, the kingdom of the daughter of Jerusalem.
(See JPS YLT)

Subtopics

Eder

Eder: A City of Judah

Eder: A Grandson of Merari

Eder: A Place Near Ephrath

Related Terms

Migdal-eder (2 Occurrences)

Jerimoth (10 Occurrences)

Mahli (11 Occurrences)

Mushi (8 Occurrences)

Migdaleder

Zebadi'ah (9 Occurrences)

Zebadiah (9 Occurrences)

Kingship (17 Occurrences)

Kabzeel (3 Occurrences)

Jer'emoth (8 Occurrences)

Jeremoth (9 Occurrences)

Jer'imoth (6 Occurrences)

Jagur (1 Occurrence)

Farthest (33 Occurrences)

Extreme (11 Occurrences)

Edes

Edar (1 Occurrence)

Migdal (3 Occurrences)

Migdalel (1 Occurrence)

Mattock (2 Occurrences)

Pitched (101 Occurrences)

Arad (5 Occurrences)

Ader (1 Occurrence)

Traveled (104 Occurrences)

Southward (42 Occurrences)

Uttermost (48 Occurrences)

Limits (69 Occurrences)

Extremity (46 Occurrences)

Eden (19 Occurrences)

Coast (70 Occurrences)

Negev (39 Occurrences)

Direction (128 Occurrences)

Belonging (90 Occurrences)

Spread (257 Occurrences)

Joined (146 Occurrences)

Beyond (209 Occurrences)

Edom (108 Occurrences)

Tent (333 Occurrences)

South (170 Occurrences)

Flock (242 Occurrences)

Tires (3 Occurrences)

Tower (74 Occurrences)

Fort (8 Occurrences)

Households (117 Occurrences)

Judah (802 Occurrences)

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