Eliphaz
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Eliphaz

the endeavor of God

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Eliphaz

(God is his strength).

  1. The son of Esau and Adah, and the father of Teman. (Genesis 36:4; 1 Chronicles 1:35,36)
  2. The chief of the "three friends" of Job. He is called "the Temanite;" hence it is naturally inferred that he was a descendant of Teman. On him falls the main burden of the argument, that God's retribution in this world is perfect and certain, and that consequently suffering must be a proof of previous sin. Job 4,5,15,22. The great truth brought out by him is the unapproachable majesty and purity of God. (Job 4:12-21; 15:12-16) [JOB, JOB, BOOK OF]
ATS Bible Dictionary
Eliphaz

A native of Teman, and friend of Job, Job 2:11. Compare Genesis 36:10. He seems to have been older than Bildad and Zophar, and was the first address Job, Job 4:1-5:27 15:1-35 22:1-30.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
God his strength.

(1.) One of Job's "three friends" who visited him in his affliction (4:1). He was a "Temanite", i.e., a native of Teman, in Idumea. He first enters into debate with Job. His language is uniformly more delicate and gentle than that of the other two, although he imputes to Job special sins as the cause of his present sufferings. He states with remarkable force of language the infinite purity and majesty of God (4:12-21; 15:12-16).

(2.) The son of Esau by his wife Adah, and father of several Edomitish tribes (Genesis 36:4, 10, 11, 16).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ELIPHAZ (1)

el'-i-faz, e-li'-faz ('eliphaz, "God is fine gold" (?)):

(1) Son of Esau by Adah, and father of Teman, Kenaz and Amalek (Genesis 36:4, 10 1 Chronicles 1:35 f).

(2) See next article.

ELIPHAZ (2)

The first and most prominent of the three friends of Job (Job 2:11), who come from distant places to condole with and comfort him, when they hear of his affliction.

That he is to be regarded as their leader and spokesman is shown by the greater weight and originality of his speeches (contained in Job 4; Job 5; Job 15; Job 22), the speeches of the other friends being in fact largely echoes and emotional enforcements of his thoughts, and by the fact that he is taken as their representative (Job 42:7) when, after the address from the whirlwind, Yahweh appoints their expiation for the wrong done to Job and to the truth.

He is represented as a venerable and benignant sage from Teman in Idumaea, a place noted for its wisdom (compare Jeremiah 49:7), as was also the whole land of Edom (compare Obadiah 1:8); and doubtless it is the writer's design to make his words typical of the best wisdom of the world. This wisdom is the result of ages of thought and experience (compare Job 15:17-19), of long and ripened study (compare Job 5:27), and claims the authority of revelation, though only revelation of a secondary kind (compare Eliphaz' vision, Job 4:12, and his challenge to Job to obtain the like, Job 5:1).

In his first speech he deduces Job's affliction from the natural sequence of effect from cause (Job 4:7-11), which cause he makes broad enough to include innate impurity and depravity (Job 4:17-19); evinces a quietism which deprecates Job's selfdestroying outbursts of wrath (Job 5:2, 3; compare Job's answer, Job 6:2, 3; Job 30:24); and promises restoration as the result of penitence and submission. In his second speech he is irritated because Job's blasphemous words are calculated to hinder devotion (Job 15:4), attributes them to iniquity (Job 15:5, 6), reiterates his depravity doctrine (Job 15:14-16), and initiates the lurid descriptions of the wicked man's fate, in which the friends go on to overstate their case (Job 15:20-35). In the third speech he is moved by the exigencies of his theory to impute actual frauds and crimes to Job, iniquities indulged in because God was too far away to see (22:5-15); but as a close holds open to him still the way of penitence, abjuring of iniquity, and restoration to health and wealth (22:21-30). His utterances are well composed and judicial (too coldly academic, Job thinks, 16:4, 5), full of good religious counsel abstractly considered.

Their error is in their inveterate presupposition of Job's wickedness, their unsympathetic clinging to theory in the face of fact, and the suppressing of the human promptings of friendship.

John Franklin Genung

Strong's Hebrew
464. Eliphaz -- "God is fine gold," a son of Esau, also a friend ...
... Eliphaz. 465 . "God is fine gold," a son of Esau, also a friend of Job.
Transliteration: Eliphaz Phonetic Spelling: (el-ee-faz') Short Definition: Eliphaz. ...
/hebrew/464.htm - 6k
Library

The Peaceable Fruits of Sorrows Rightly Borne
... Eliphaz is the best of the three friends, and his speeches embody much permanent
truth, and rise, as in this passage, to a high level of literary and artistic ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/the peaceable fruits of sorrows.htm

Chapter xxxvi
... Zibe'on signifies "hyena." Basemath (v. Genesis 36:3) means "perfume." 'Eliphaz
seems to mean "pure gold." Re'u'el (v. Genesis 36:4) is "friend of God," though ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter xxxvi.htm

Knowledge and Peace
... They mean little more than 'It pays to be religious.' What kind of notion of
acquaintance with God Eliphaz may have had, one scarcely knows, but at any rate ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/knowledge and peace.htm

The Death of the Christian
... remark concerning this chapter, that I cannot but regard it as being in the main,
not so much the utterance of the man"who here speaks"Eliphaz the Temanite ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 1 1855/the death of the christian.htm

Job
... Eliphaz, a man of age and wisdom, with much courtesy and by an appeal to a revelation
which had been given him in the night, seeks to reconcile Job to his lot ...
//christianbookshelf.org/mcfadyen/introduction to the old testament/job.htm

'The End of the Lord'
... I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.7. And it was so, that after the Lord
had spoken these words unto Job, the Lord said to Eliphaz the Temanite, My ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/the end of the lord.htm

The Story of Job
... When Job's three friends heard of all this trouble that had befallen him, they came
each from his own home: Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and ...
//christianbookshelf.org/sherman/the childrens bible/the story of job.htm

What Life May be Made
... For my text goes on to the second stage, 'He shall hear thee.' That was not true
as Eliphaz meant it. But it is true if we remember the preceding conditions. ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/what life may be made.htm

2 Kings iv. 25, 26.
... in such a manner, that there should be room, after all that we have boasted of the
Strength of religious Supports, to apply to us the Words of Eliphaz to Job[c ...
/.../submission to divine providence in the death of children/2 kings iv 25 26.htm

Christian Sympathy
... Among other accusations against the afflicted patriarch, Eliphaz the Temanite had
the cruelty to lay this at his door, "Thou hast not given water to the weary ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 8 1863/christian sympathy.htm

Thesaurus
Eliphaz (14 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ELIPHAZ (1). el'-i-faz, e-li'-faz ('eliphaz,
"God ... 2) See next article. ELIPHAZ (2). The first and most ...
/e/eliphaz.htm - 15k

El'iphaz (6 Occurrences)
El'iphaz. Eliphaz, El'iphaz. Eli'phaz . Multi-Version Concordance El'iphaz
(6 Occurrences). Genesis 36:4 Adah bore to Esau Eliphaz. Basemath bore Reuel. ...
/e/el'iphaz.htm - 7k

Temanite (8 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary A man of Teman, the designation of Eliphaz, one of
Job's three friends (Job 2:11; 22:1). Multi-Version Concordance ...
/t/temanite.htm - 8k

Eli'phaz (7 Occurrences)
... 1 Chronicles 1:35 The sons of Esau: Eliphaz, Reuel, and Jeush, and Jalam and Korah.
(See RSV). ... Job 4:1 Then answered Eliphaz the Temanite, and said: (See RSV). ...
/e/eli'phaz.htm - 7k

Bildad (5 Occurrences)
... 1; 18:1; 25:1), and delivered three speeches, very severe and stern in their tone,
although less violent than those of Zophar, but more so than those of Eliphaz...
/b/bildad.htm - 11k

Adah (8 Occurrences)
... had 77 sons by Ada and Zillah (Ant., I, ii, 2). (2) According to Genesis 36:2, 4,
10, 12, 16, the Hittite wife of Esau, daughter of Elon, and mother of Eliphaz...
/a/adah.htm - 10k

Omar (3 Occurrences)
... Eloquent, the son of Eliphaz, who was Esau's eldest son (Genesis 36:11-15). ... Genesis
36:11 The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz. ...
/o/omar.htm - 7k

Teman (12 Occurrences)
... ie "south"; Thaiman): The name of a district and town in the land of Edom, named
after Teman the grandson of Esau, the son of his firstborn, Eliphaz (Genesis 36 ...
/t/teman.htm - 12k

Te'manite (5 Occurrences)
... Te'manite (5 Occurrences). Job 4:1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered, (See
RSV). Job 15:1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered, (See RSV). ...
/t/te'manite.htm - 7k

Kenaz (11 Occurrences)
... Hunter. (1.) One of the sons of Eliphaz, the son of Esau. ... Genesis 36:11 The sons
of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz. ...
/k/kenaz.htm - 10k

Concordance
Eliphaz (14 Occurrences)

Genesis 36:4
Adah bore to Esau Eliphaz. Basemath bore Reuel.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Genesis 36:10
these are the names of Esau's sons: Eliphaz, the son of Adah, the wife of Esau; and Reuel, the son of Basemath, the wife of Esau.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Genesis 36:11
The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Genesis 36:12
Timna was concubine to Eliphaz, Esau's son; and she bore to Eliphaz Amalek. These are the sons of Adah, Esau's wife.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Genesis 36:15
These are the chiefs of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn of Esau: chief Teman, chief Omar, chief Zepho, chief Kenaz,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Genesis 36:16
chief Korah, chief Gatam, chief Amalek: these are the chiefs who came of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Adah.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Chronicles 1:35
The sons of Esau: Eliphaz, Reuel, and Jeush, and Jalam, and Korah. The Second Book of Chronicles
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Chronicles 1:36
The sons of Eliphaz: Teman, and Omar, Zephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Job 2:11
Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that had come on him, they each came from his own place: Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite, and they made an appointment together to come to sympathize with him and to comfort him.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Job 4:1
Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Job 15:1
Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Job 22:1
Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Job 42:7
It was so, that after Yahweh had spoken these words to Job, Yahweh said to Eliphaz the Temanite, "My wrath is kindled against you, and against your two friends; for you have not spoken of me the thing that is right, as my servant Job has.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Job 42:9
So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went, and did what Yahweh commanded them, and Yahweh accepted Job.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Subtopics

Eliphaz

Eliphaz: Friend of Job

Eliphaz: Son of Esau

Related Terms

El'iphaz (6 Occurrences)

Temanite (8 Occurrences)

Eli'phaz (7 Occurrences)

Bildad (5 Occurrences)

Adah (8 Occurrences)

Omar (3 Occurrences)

Teman (12 Occurrences)

Te'manite (5 Occurrences)

Kenaz (11 Occurrences)

Timna (6 Occurrences)

Esau's (13 Occurrences)

Am'alek (21 Occurrences)

Zepho (3 Occurrences)

Gatam (3 Occurrences)

Grandsons (9 Occurrences)

Reuel (14 Occurrences)

Reu'el (10 Occurrences)

Amalek (35 Occurrences)

Beareth (108 Occurrences)

Zophar (4 Occurrences)

Naamathite (4 Occurrences)

Job's (11 Occurrences)

Timnath (9 Occurrences)

Responded (35 Occurrences)

Duke (14 Occurrences)

Dukes (14 Occurrences)

Basmath (7 Occurrences)

Bashemath (6 Occurrences)

Bas'emath (7 Occurrences)

Basemath (7 Occurrences)

Chiefs (227 Occurrences)

Concubine (21 Occurrences)

Shuhite (5 Occurrences)

Esau (89 Occurrences)

Bare (250 Occurrences)

Bore (221 Occurrences)

Korah (51 Occurrences)

Job (60 Occurrences)

Descendants (326 Occurrences)

Zephi (1 Occurrence)

Na'amathite (3 Occurrences)

Je'ush (9 Occurrences)

Jalam (4 Occurrences)

Jeush (9 Occurrences)

Jaalam (4 Occurrences)

Egg (3 Occurrences)

Eliphalet (2 Occurrences)

Amalekite (12 Occurrences)

Asunder (37 Occurrences)

Appointment (16 Occurrences)

Sympathize (3 Occurrences)

Answereth (144 Occurrences)

Rightly (45 Occurrences)

Connection (72 Occurrences)

Descended (64 Occurrences)

First-born (110 Occurrences)

Homes (43 Occurrences)

Backslide

Troubles (94 Occurrences)

Firstborn (119 Occurrences)

Offspring (186 Occurrences)

Edom (108 Occurrences)

Kindled (83 Occurrences)

Accepted (82 Occurrences)

Comfort (130 Occurrences)

Accept (106 Occurrences)

Born (228 Occurrences)

Met (118 Occurrences)

Friends (152 Occurrences)

Arabia (9 Occurrences)

Chronicles (45 Occurrences)

Names (133 Occurrences)

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